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belle de jour essay (aka 'Bella di giorno') Catherine Deneuve’s porcelain perfection hides a cracked interior in one of the actress’s most iconic roles: Sverine, a Paris housewife who begins secretly spending her afternoon hours working in business model thesis, a bordello. This surreal and erotic late-sixties daydream from provocateur for the ages Luis Buuel is an examination of desire and fetishistic pleasure (its characters’ and its viewers’), as well as a gently absurdist take on on having strength contemporary social mores and class divisions. Fantasy and reality commingle in business master, this burst of cinematic transgression, which was one of Buuel’s biggest hits. When Belle de Jour was first released in 1967, CV was a lot younger, the on bodywork world of business canvas master thesis film was less jaded, and the subject matter here was unquestionably titillating. Today, when sadism/masochism has become common subject matter for ad campaigns aimed at the teenage market, we look at this film with different eyes. If the eye the shock value of model canvas master thesis Belle de Jour has been mitigated, director Luis Buuel's artistry has not.
Indeed, since we are no longer shocked by the film, or see its subject matter as the novelty it once was, we are better able to evaluate it in its own terms. Buuel tells the story of an upper middle class housewife, in a loving but sexually frigid marriage, who acts out her fantasies by becoming a prostitute in courage, a brothel. The film moves back and forth between current reality, flashback, and our heroine's fantasies, often leaving it to the viewer to determine which mode is operational. The heroine, played with smooth finesse by Catherine Deneuve, has a particularly strong affinity for bondage, domination, and model master, submission. Buuel stays detached from the proceedings, nonjudgmental, coolly unemotional. On the surface he gives us glorious color, handsome settings of lush interiors, and chic (even today!) costuming by Yves Saint-Laurent. All this provides stark contrast to the darker sexual fantasies, the on bodywork edgy threat of violence, the model canvas sleazy underworld of sex-for-hire. There are moments of oncommitment comic relief, but the humor here is dark, too. Posters and business, Lobby Cards. Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL vs.
Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL vs. Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC vs. RusCiCo. Eye The Sky Essays. - Region 0 - PAL vs. Model. Studio Canal (Studio Canal Collection) - Region 'B' - Blu-ray vs. Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray. Dance Is My Passion Essay. Big thanks to Ole , Arvid and model canvas, Ashirg for the DVD Screen Caps! 1) Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL L EFT. 2) Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - SECOND. 3) Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - THIRD. 4) RusCiCo. Eye The Sky Essays. - Region 0 - PAL - FOURTH. Business Model Canvas Master Thesis. 5) Studio Canal Collection - Region 'B' - Blu-ray - FIFTH.
6 ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - RIGHT. or available individually. Optimum Blu-ray Edition: Studio Canal Blu-ray Edition in Germany: 1.66:1 Original Aspect Ratio. Average Bitrate: 5.25 mb/s. PAL 720x576 25.00 f/s. Dance Is My Passion Essay. 1.66:1 Original Aspect Ratio.
Average Bitrate: mb/s. PAL 720x576 25.00 f/s. 1.66:1 Original Aspect Ratio. Average Bitrate: 6.99 mb/s. NTSC 720x480 29.97 f/s. 1.66:1 Original Aspect Ratio. Business Model Thesis. Average Bitrate: 8.10 mb/s. PAL 720x576 25.00 f/s. 1080P / 23.976 fps Dual-layered Blu-ray.
Disc Size: 47,153,415,610 bytes. Essays. Feature: 28,673,574,912 bytes. Video Bitrate: 30.68 Mbps. Codec: MPEG-4 AVC Video. 1080P / 23.976 fps Dual-layered Blu-ray. Disc Size: 41,608,665,461 bytes. Feature: 29,547,091,968 bytes.
Video Bitrate: 3 4.97 Mbps. Codec: MPEG-4 AVC Video. NOTE: The Vertical axis represents the bits transferred per second. Canvas Master. The Horizontal is the time in minutes. Optimum (Bunuel box 1) Warner (Bunuel box 1) French, English (Dolby Digital 2.0) French, English dub and Russian voice-over ( all Dolby Digital 5.1 ) DTS-HD Master Audio English 1032 kbps 2.0 / 48 kHz / 1032 kbps / 16-bit (DTS Core: 2.0 / 48 kHz / 768 kbps / 16-bit) DTS-HD Master Audio French 965 kbps 2.0 / 48 kHz / 965 kbps / 16-bit (DTS Core: 2.0 / 48 kHz / 768 kbps / 16-bit) DTS-HD Master Audio German 932 kbps 2.0 / 48 kHz / 932 kbps / 16-bit (DTS Core: 2.0 / 48 kHz / 768 kbps / 16-bit) DTS-HD Master Audio Spanish 952 kbps 2.0 / 48 kHz / 952 kbps / 16-bit (DTS Core: 2.0 / 48 kHz / 768 kbps / 16-bit) Dolby Digital Audio Commentary: English 192 kbps 1.0 / 48 kHz / 192 kbps. Obama Care Essays. Widescreen anamorphic - 1.66:1. #8226; Commentary by professor Peter W. Business Thesis. Evans. #8226; A history of the film - French documentary from 2002 (29:39). #8226; Trailer (with burned in English subtitles). #8226; 3 trailers of essays other Optimum releases. #8226; 16 pages booklet, half about Buuel / half about Deneuve. #8226; Poster reproduction in postcard size for each movie in the box. Business Canvas Master. 8 Slim transparent Keep Cases in solid box.
Widescreen anamorphic - 1.66:1. Production Company: Buena Vista Home Vid. #8226; Commentary by Bunuel Scholar Julie Jones. #8226; Original U.S. Theatrical Trailer 1995 Re-Release Trailer. DVD Release Date: January 22, 2002. Essay. #8226; Trailers for 3 films: That Obscure Object of Desire, Discreet Charm of the business model canvas master thesis Bourgeoisie and terhorst essay, Melville's Un Flic (all available in master, 16:9 Ruscico DVDs). #8226; Filmographies and essays on having strength, short biographies in model master thesis, Russian for 11 personalities. #8226; 23-minute documentary about Bunuel in Spanish. #8226; 8-minutes interview with Jean-Claude Carrire and. Essay. #8226; 1-minute interview with Michel Piccoli (both in model canvas master thesis, French). #8226; The documentary clips can be found in a documentary A proposito Bunuel, where Bunuel tells about himself in a voice-over and interviews. Is My Essay. The documentary is business canvas master thesis available in Region 1 on and determination essays the Criterion The Discreet Charm of Bourgeoisie DVD.
NOTE: No English subs or Menu choices . DVD Release Date: Summer 2002. Studio: Studio Canal. 1080P / 23.976 fps Dual-layered Blu-ray. Business Canvas. Disc Size: 47,153,415,610 bytes. Feature: 28,673,574,912 bytes. Courage And Determination. Video Bitrate: 30.68 Mbps. Codec: MPEG-4 AVC Video. #8226; Commentary by professor Peter W. Evans. • The Last Script - 1:34:33 documentary on Buuel. English Subtitles. • A Story of Perversion or Emancipation? English Subtitles (29:39 in PAL) • Story of of a Film - PAL 1/2 hour. • Trailer with English subs (3:00 in business model canvas master thesis, PAL) • 20-page booklet - essay by Derek Malcolm.
Blu-ray Release Date: November 3rd, 2009. Custom Blu-ray Case. Studio: C riterion. 1080P / 23.976 fps Dual-layered Blu-ray. Disc Size: 41,608,665,461 bytes. Feature: 29,547,091,968 bytes. Video Bitrate: 3 4.97 Mbps. Codec: MPEG-4 AVC Video. • Audio commentary featuring Michael Wood, author of the BFI Film Classics book Belle de jour. Essays. • New video piece featuring writer and model, sexual-politics activist Susie Bright and film scholar Linda Williams (18:09) • New interview with screenwriter Jean-Claude Carrire (10:22) • Segment from the French television program Cinma, featuring interviews with Carrire and actress Catherine Deneuve (7:17) • Original and rerelease trailers. And Determination Essays. • PLUS: A booklet featuring an essay by critic Melissa Anderson and thesis, a 1970s interview with director Luis Buuel. Blu-ray Release Date: January 17th, 2012. Essay. Transparent Blu-ray Case.
CLICK to thesis order from: or available individually. NOTE : The below Blu-ray captures were taken directly from the Blu-ray disc. Essays. ADDITION: Criterion Collection - Region 'A' Blu-ray - December 11' : There isn't much I can see in regards to consistency vs. the Studio Canal Blu-ray . Model. The Criterion has occasional bolder and brighter colors, their bitrate is marginally higher and dance passion essay, they have more information - on all 4 sides - in the frame. Model Canvas Master. At times it also looks darker and skin tones are frequently warmer. One factor that I made more of a note of - was the Criterion shows more fine grain. If forced to choose I'd say I prefer the care Criterion in-motion, but that is looking at business canvas master, it with a very discerning eye and essay oncommitment, I suspect most will be pleased visually with either HD video transfer. Criterion remain authentic with a linear PCM 1.0 channel mono track at model thesis, 1152 kbps.
Everything is oncommitment clean and clear without flaws. Model Canvas. There are optional English subtitles on the region 'A'-locked Blu-ray disc. Supplements are impressive with an essays, excellent new audio commentary featuring Princeton professor Michael Wood, author of the master thesis BFI Film Classics book Belle de jour . That Obscure Object of Desire is on bodywork a new 18-minute video piece featuring writer and sexual-politics activist Susie Bright and business canvas, film scholar and care essays, UC Berkeley Professor, Linda Williams author of Screening Sex . Canvas Master. They discuss Belle de Jour 's representation of feminine sexuality and fantasy, and its themes on masochism, power, and desire in essay, terms of director Luis Bunuel's surrealist aesthetic. Business Canvas Thesis. There is also a new 10-minute interview with screenwriter Jean-Claude Carrire, who worked on several films with Bunuel, but none of essays their collaborations was a bigger success or more influential than Belle de Jour . There is a 7-minute segment from the French television program Cinma , featuring interviews with Carrire and business canvas, actress Catherine Deneuve on the set of eye the Belle de Jour . Model Master. It was directed by Frederic Rossif and first aired December 23rd, 1966. We can view the original and rerelease trailers and sky essays, there is model canvas a liner notes booklet featuring an essay by courage and determination essays, critic Melissa Anderson and a 1970s interview with director Luis Buuel.
Another tumultuous Criterion release. Those patient fans with region 'A'-locked systems will rejoice at the detail put into this Blu-ray release. I feel like I consistently see new things in business model master thesis, Bunuel's film every time I watch it. The Criterion is a brilliant package and terhorst, one we can give our full endorsement. ADDITION: Kinowelt - Studio Canal Collection - Region 'B' Blu-ray - November 09 : Firstly, what the hell do you have to do to get one of these editions? I had great difficulty getting the Optimum - so, as I knew the Studio Canal would be the exact same transfer - I simply order that as I began to get impatient with my Optimum order unfulfilled. Once again this starts with a list of country options of business master which Australia and the United Kingdom are choices. This is another Blu-ray from The Studio Canal Collection and oncommitment, should be the same transfer with the same subtitle and audio options - and the same video transfer size. They are coded for business canvas master thesis, region 'B' (like Last Year at obama essays, Marienbad ) - as we presume the business canvas master other two Blu-ray editions are.
If we can discern any significant differences we will post them here. In my opinion this is one of the most important Blu-rays of the year. This looks like the same print source as the French Warner - but it is now in essay on bodywork, 1080P and at film speed (not PAL). It looks, in a word, 'magnificent' to my eye - some minor blemishes still exist but nothing to deter from the business canvas master beautiful colors, paler flesh tones, and dance essay, visible grain structure of the master thesis film. It preserves the 1.66 aspect ratio.
Like the other Studio Canal Blu-ray releases - these are 'international' in the sense they have 4 different language DTS-HD Master tracks - here in on having, Belle De Jour all in 2.0 channel and there are many subtitle options. M y Momitsu has identified it as being coded only for model master thesis, Blu-ray region 'B' (NOT 'A' as well). SD supplements are in PAL and we still get the essays strength excellent commentary from professor Peter W. Evans. Also included are the master thesis older half hour, French, A history of the film documentary from essays, 2002 (with optional English subtitles). New beyond the Optimum edition are fascinating 1 1/2 hour The Last Script documentary on Buuel and the A Story of Perversion or Emancipation? piece - plus, of master course, the 20-page booklet - essay by Derek Malcolm. The disc is also BD-Live functional. Passion Essay. Another easy recommendation that should garner multiple votes in our year end poll. Purchase without fear. This Blu-ray is the 'real deal'. Business Canvas Master Thesis. NOTE : Beware the Canadian Alliance version HERE as it has no extras and does not even offer English subtitles!
ADDITION - Optimum - Feb 2007 - It isn't too much, but to paul on bodywork my eye I think the Warner is business model master slightly sharper than the new Optimum. It is possible that black levels have been minimally boosted but the image overall is is my a tad smoother as well. We can, of course, dismiss the other two releases for image (Miramax and RusCiCo). It is canvas master thesis certainly not a deal breaker and the Optimum has some valued supplements plus the subtitles are removable (where the is my Warner's are not). Business Model. Extras: Commentary by professor Peter W. Essay. Evans, a history of the film - French documentary from 2002 (29:39), trailer (with burned in English subtitles), 3 trailers of canvas master thesis other Optimum releases, a 16 pages booklet, half about Buuel / half about Deneuve and a poster reproduction in postcard size for each movie in the box. On Having Strength. T he Optimum Luis Buuel Collection has 8 titles - That Obscure Object Of Desire , The Discreet Charm Of The Bourgeoisie , Diary Of A Chamber Maid , The Phantom Of Liberty , Milky Way , Tristana , La Joven (aka La Jeune Fille ) and business model canvas master thesis, Belle De Jour and is a good bargain if you consider the that price for, example, the Criterion editions.
Fans who have not shelled out yet for business model canvas thesis, digital Buuel (or only a few) will consider this package an easy decision. Bottom line is that the Optimum has been transferred with decent elements and dance passion, is a good purchase. NOTE: We are not sure if the booklet/poster is included with the business model canvas master thesis single release. ADDITION - Warner - July 2005 - Pictures speak louder than words and it is essay oncommitment quite obvious that the business Warner PAL Boxset is the one to get easily eclipsing both other images. That Eye The. The only unfortunate part of the model thesis Warner are the burned in subtitles, but still a no-brainer purchase with the on having Boxset including Diary of a Chambermaid and The Milky Way . The Miramax 1.66:1 transfer is identical to Criterion's previous laserdisc, which marked the first home availability of this title in the U.S. The audio commentary of the R1 DVD is by noted Buuel scholar Julie Jones, a professor in the foreign language department of New Orleans University. Its a pretty close call with the image of master these 2 DVDs. The Miramax is not anamorphic either and slightly sharper, but the on bodywork RusCiCo has less scratches and damage. Obviously the lack of business model English subs for the RusCiCo will limit its marketability, but if you understand French then this is the disc to get. Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL. Essays. ( Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - LEFT vs.
Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - MIDDLE vs. RusCiCo. - Region 0 - PAL - RIGHT ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray. Model Canvas Master Thesis. CLICK EACH BLU-RAY CAPTURE TO SEE ALL IMAGES IN FULL 1920X1080 RESOLUTION. Criterion Blu-ray Subtitle Sample. 1) Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL TOP. Obama. 2) Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - SECOND. 3) Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - THIRD. Business Canvas Master. 4) RusCiCo. - Region 0 - PAL - FOURTH. 5) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - FIFTH. 6 ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL TOP.
2) Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - SECOND. 3) Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - THIRD. 4) RusCiCo. - Region 0 - PAL - FOURTH. 5) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - FIFTH. 6 ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL TOP. 2) Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - SECOND. 3) Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - THIRD. 4) RusCiCo. - Region 0 - PAL - FOURTH.
5) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - FIFTH. 6 ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Optimum (Optimum Buuel Box) - Region 2 - PAL TOP. 2) Warner (Bunuel box 1) - Region 2 - PAL - SECOND. 3) Miramax - Region 1 - NTSC - THIRD. Eye The Sky Essays. 4) RusCiCo. - Region 0 - PAL - FOURTH. 5) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - FIFTH. 6 ) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. More Blu-ray Captures. Business Model Thesis. 1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM.
1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. Sky Essays. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. 1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. Canvas. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM.
1) Studio Canal Collection - Region ' B' - Blu-ray - TOP. 2) Criterion - Region 'A' - Blu-ray - BOTTOM. Recommended Reading for Buuel Fans (CLICK COVERS or TITLES for more information)
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resume pfliederer ru WO 2004104095 A1. BLOCK COPOLYMER COMPOSITION AND TRANSPARENT ELASTOMERIC ARTICLES PRODUCED THEREFROM. CROSS REFERENCE STATEMENT This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. Model Canvas Master Thesis? 60/470,461, filed May 14, 2003. The present invention relates to obama essays compositions of monovinylidene aromatic- conjugated diene block copolymers.
BACKGROUND Elastomeric articles produced from thermoplastic elastomers such as block copolymers are well known. Business Model Canvas Master Thesis? Thermoplastic elastomers, such as copolymers having blocks of monovinylidene aromatic monomer and conjugated diene monomer are often blended with other thermoplastic polymers, for example, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyethylene, or ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers, to improve processing. These thermoplastic polymers tend to reduce the terhorst on bodywork, viscosity of the elastomers and provide improved processability by business canvas master reducing the elastic nature of the composition, as described in U.S. Patents 4,329,309; 4,173,612; 4,305,990; 4,977,014; and 6,410,129 B2, the teachings of which are incorporated herein by reference. Typically, the elastomeric block copolymer is compounded with a thermoplastic polymer and fed to an extruder to produce film, fiber or netting materials. However, this process is essays on having expensive due to the amount of scrap material generated, and the potential of low quality or non-homogeneity of the canvas master, product.
Further, it is also known in the art that blends of elastomeric block copolymer and paul on bodywork, thermoplastic polymers can be directly fed to converting extruders to model canvas master produce useful articles. However, this process requires feeding systems to accommodate multiple components, and the potential for low quality or non-homogeneity of the converted article remains. An additional disadvantage of the compositions discussed above includes the care essays, production of opaque or hazy products (that is, low transparency) due to significant differences in the refractive indices of the polymers. Therefore, what is business model master thesis needed is on having a transparent block copolymer or blend composition that can be converted into a useful transparent elastomeric article. Further, what is needed is a blended product of an elastomeric block copolymer and a thermoplastic block copolymer that can be produced in the same polymerization process, blended while in solution and business master thesis, produced as a single pellet product, eliminating the need for compounding or direct feed of multiple components to oncommitment an extruder.
The present invention is an elastomeric polymer blend composition comprising: A) from 65 to 92 parts by weight of at least one monovinylidene aromatic-conjugated diene block copolymer, hereafter referred to as elastomeric block copolymer, having a monovinylidene aromatic content of less than 50 weight percent, based on the total weight of the elastomeric block copolymer and a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of from 50,000 to 400,000; B) from 8 to 35 parts by weight of at least one monovinylidene aromatic-conjugated diene copolymer, hereafter referred to as thermoplastic block copolymer, having a monovinylidene aromatic content of business canvas thesis 50 weight percent or more, based on sky essays the total weight of the thermoplastic block copolymer and canvas thesis, a weight average molecular weight of from 50,000 to 300,000; and C) from 0 to 30 parts by paul weight of an extender oil, based on business master the total weight of A, B and is my passion essay, C. The elastomeric polymer blend composition may be used in the production of, for example, a monolayer film, as the major component in business canvas master a coextruded structure such as a multilayer film, an oncommitment, injection molded part, an extruded profile such as tubing, a monolayer or multi-component fiber, and/or a non-woven article. Business Canvas? The elastomeric articles exhibit outstanding elastic and stress relaxation properties. DETAILED DESCRIPTION. Unless otherwise stated, each number range, such as from strength, 8 to 35 parts by weight, includes both endpoints of the range. The present invention relates to a low stress relaxation transparent elastomeric polymer blend comprising at master thesis, least one elastomeric block copolymer and at least one thermoplastic block copolymer. Each elastomeric block copolymer comprises an elastomeric soft block portion and at least two thermoplastic hard block portions. Each thermoplastic block copolymer comprises at least one elastomeric soft block portion and at least one thermoplastic hard block portion. As used herein, the term stress relaxation refers to the percentage loss of tension or load between the maximum load or force encountered after elongating an elastomeric material at a specific rate of extension to a predetermined length (or the load or force measured at some initial length) and the remaining load or force measured after the sample has been held at that length or elongation for a specified period of time. Relaxation is expressed as percentage loss of the initial load encountered at a specific extension of an essay oncommitment, elastomeric material.
As used herein, the terms transparency or highly transparent refers to a greater than 75 percent (%) value for total transmission. Haze and business model canvas master, total transmission (that is, transparency) are measured using the HunterLab Colorquest XE spectrophotometer which uses d/0° (sphere) geometry for transmission measurements. While this haze measurement does not conform to ASTM method D 1003, Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of on having strength Transparent Plastics, due to business canvas differences in instrument geometry, values obtained for certified standards are similar. Haze is equal to the percent of eye the sky essays diffuse transmittance relative to the total transmittance of the incident light, where diffuse transmittance is measured from the light forward scattered at angles greater than 2.5°. As used herein, the terms elastic or elastomeric refer to business model master any material which is capable of being elongated or deformed under an externally applied force, and which will substantially resume its original dimension or shape, sustaining only small permanent set (typically no more than about 20 percent), after the external force is released. The term elastomer refers to any material exhibiting elastic properties. As used herein, the term elastomeric block copolymer refers to a block copolymer that contains less than 50 weight percent (wt%) and eye the sky essays, more preferably less than 35 wt% monovinylidene aromatic monomer in the block copolymer, based on the total weight of the block copolymer. Master Thesis? As used herein, the terhorst essay, term thermoplastic block copolymer refers to a block copolymer that contains 50 wt% or more, and more preferably 65 wt% or more, of a monovinylidene aromatic monomer in the block copolymer, based on business model canvas master the total weight of the and determination, block copolymer. The elastomeric and thermoplastic block copolymers are produced from monovinylidene aromatic monomers and conjugated diene monomers. Model Master Thesis? Monovinylidene aromatic monomers suitable for use in preparing the block copolymers include, but are not limited to, monovinylidene aromatic monomers described in U.S. Essays Strength? Patents 4,666,987, 4,572,819 and 4,585,825, and 5,721,320 which are incorporated by reference herein.
Preferably, the monovinylidene aromatic monomers are selected from styrene, alpha- methylstyrene, vinyltoluenes, and vinylpyridines. Model Canvas Master? Conjugated diene monomers include, but are not limited to 1,3-butadiene, isoprene, chloroprene, and 1,3-pentadiene. Terhorst On Bodywork? Preferred monomers are styrene, 1,3-butadiene and isoprene. In a preferred embodiment, the business model canvas, block copolymers are styrenic block copolymers or styrene-diene block copolymers, such as styrene-butadiene (SB), styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS), styrene-isoprene (SI), styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS), SISIS, and SBSBS. Alternatively, the monovinylidene aromatic blocks may be different such as in a styrene- diene-alphamethylstyrene block copolymer, or the diene blocks may be different such as in a styrene-isoprene-styrene-butadiene-styrene (SISBS) block copolymer. The block copolymers may be linear or branched, having from 2 to 7 blocks.
However, the dance passion, block copolymers are preferably linear triblock copolymers, such as SBS and SIS. Most preferably, both the elastomeric and thermoplastic block copolymers are SIS block copolymers. Business Canvas Master? The block copolymers may also be tapered, wherein there is a gradual compositional transition from obama, one block to thesis another rather than an abrupt change, as is well known in sky essays the art. The elastomeric block copolymer used in the polymer blend composition of the business master thesis, present invention typically corresponds to one of the following formulas: A-B-R(-B-A) n Formula I or A-(BA-) X -BA Formula ? wherein: each A is that eye the independently, that is, each A may be the same or different, a polymer block comprising a monovinylidene aromatic monomer and each B is independently, that is, each B may be the business canvas master thesis, same or different, a polymer block comprising a conjugated diene and optionally a monovinylidene aromatic monomer, R is the that eye the, remnant of a multifunctional coupling agent, n is an integer from 1 to 5, and x is model canvas thesis a real number from 0 to 4. In Formula I, n is preferably 1 to 3 and more preferably 1. Essay Oncommitment? In Formula ?, x is preferably an integer of from 0 to 2, and more preferably 0. At least 50 wt% or more of the elastomeric block copolymer is conjugated diene, based on the total weight of the elastomeric block copolymer. The conjugated diene may comprise a single conjugated diene or mixture of more than one conjugated diene such as a mixture of isoprene and butadiene.
The monovinylidene aromatic block of the elastomeric block copolymer is less than 50 wt% and business canvas master, is typically from 8, preferably from 10, more preferably from 12, and most preferably from 15 wt% to less than 50, preferably less than () 45, more preferably 40 and most preferably 35 wt%, based on the total weight of the elastomeric block copolymer. The elastomeric block copolymer typically has a Mw in the range of oncommitment 50,000 to 400,000 Daltons. As used herein, all Mw's are expressed in Daltons, which is equivalent to grams/mole (g/mol). In linear elastomeric block copolymers, each monovinylidene aromatic monomer block preferably has a peak Mw of at least ( ) 9,000, more preferably 9,500 and model canvas thesis, most preferably 10,000. Preferably, each monovinylidene aromatic monomer block has a peak Mw of 62,000 or less (), more preferably 53,000, and most preferably 44,000. Each block may have its' own individual Mw. In other words, each monovinylidene aromatic monomer block within the elastomeric block copolymer does not necessarily have to be the same Mw. Copolymers where the monovinylidene aromatic monomer blocks are not the same Mw are typically referred to as asymmetrical. Preferably, each conjugated diene block has a peak Mw of essay 40,000, more preferably 50,000 and most preferably 60,000 to 200,000, more preferably to 175,000, and most preferably to 150,000.
In one embodiment, the elastomeric block copolymer is in radial form, as represented by Formula I, and each monovinylidene aromatic block has a peak Mw of. 9,000, more preferably 9,500, and most preferably 10,000 to 32,000, more preferably to 27,000 and most preferably to 22,000. Preferably, each conjugated diene block has a peak Mw of 31 ,000, more preferably 38,000 and most preferably 41 ,000 to 86,000, more preferably to 84,000 and most preferably to 81,000. Preferably, the radial elastomeric block copolymer has a peak Mw of 135,000, more preferably 140,000 and even more preferably 145,000 to 400,000, more preferably to 375,000 and master, even more preferably to 350,000. In one embodiment, the elastomeric block copolymer has a refractive index in the' range from 1.5240 to 1.5526, preferably from 1.5256 to 1.5492, more preferably in the range from 1.5269 to 1.5458, and most preferably from 1.5289 to 1.5424. Refractive index is measured using pressed films less than 0.020 inches (0.05 cm) thick using an Abbe-type refractometer at essays, 25° C according to business thesis ASTM Standard D-542. The thermoplastic block copolymer useful in the polymer blend composition of the present invention typically correspond to Formulas I and obama, II as stated previously. In addition, the model thesis, thermoplastic block copolymer can correspond to courage Formula HI: B y -(AB-) Z -AB Formula HI wherein A and business canvas thesis, B are as defined previously, y is 0 or 1 , and z is a real number from 0 to essays on having 4. However, less than 50 wt% of the thermoplastic block copolymer is a conjugated diene, based on the total weight of the business canvas thesis, thermoplastic block copolymer.
The conjugated diene may comprise a single conjugated diene or mixture of conjugated dienes such as a mixture of isoprene and butadiene. The monovinylidene aromatic block of the thermoplastic block copolymer is 50 wt%, more preferably 60, and most preferably 65 wt% to 95, more preferably to 90, and most preferably to 85 wt%, based on the total weight of the and determination essays, thermoplastic block copolymer. The thermoplastic block copolymer typically has a Mw in the range of 50,000 Daltons to 300,000 Daltons. Business Model Master Thesis? In linear thermoplastic block copolymers, each monovinylidene aromatic monomer block of the thermoplastic block copolymer has a peak Mw that is desirably 12,500, preferably? 14,000, more preferably 16,250 and most preferably 18,750. Each monovinylidene aromatic monomer block has a peak Mw that is desirably 250,000, preferably 225,000, more preferably 200,000 and most preferably 175,000. If the thermoplastic block copolymer comprises more than one monovinylidene aromatic monomer block, then each block may have its' own individual Mw. Each conjugated diene block of a linear thermoplastic block copolymer has a peak Mw that is preferably 5,000, more preferably? 10,000 and most preferably 15,000 to 125,000, more preferably to 120,000, and most preferably to 115,000.
In one embodiment, diblock structures as derived in Formula IE are useful thermoplastic block copolymers. And Determination Essays? In this case, each conjugated diene block has a peak Mw of ? 2,500, more preferably ? 7,000 and most preferably 12,000 to 150,000, more preferably to 100,000, and master, most preferably to 50,000. In another embodiment, the thermoplastic block copolymer is in radial form, corresponding to Formula I. In this embodiment, each monovinylidene aromatic block has a peak Mw that is preferably 7,400, more preferably 8,800, and most preferably 11 ,700 to courage and determination 83,800, more preferably to 80,000, and master thesis, most preferably to that 78,000. Each conjugated diene block of a radial thermoplastic block copolymer has a peak Mw that is preferably 700 or more, more preferably 2,000 and most preferably 3,000 to 45,000, more preferably to. 40,000, and most preferably to 155,000. The radial thermoplastic block copolymer has a peak Mw that is preferably 50,000, more preferably 70,000 and even more preferably 80,000 to 300,000, more preferably to business master 280,000, and even more preferably to 260,000. In one embodiment, the thermoplastic block copolymer has a refractive index that ranges from 1.5526 to 1.5925, preferably from 1.5624 to 1.5882, more preferably from. 1.5667 to 1.5839, and dance passion essay, most preferably from 1.5753 to 1.5796. Other related copolymers and methods of producing the same are disclosed in U.S.
Patent Nos. Model Canvas Master Thesis? 4,086,298, 4,167,545, 4,335,221, 4,418,180, 4,180,530, 4,221,884, 4,346,198, 4,248,980, 4,248,981, 4,248,982, 4,248,983, and 4,248,984, the disclosures of which are hereby incorporated by care essays reference. The elastomeric and model, thermoplastic block copolymers can be prepared by anionic polymerization. Care? For purposes of the present specification, the phrase living polymer refers to a polymer being produced as it exists during an anionic polymerization process. Examples of sequential polymerization processes that result in canvas master living block polymers after completion of courage and determination polymerization are known in the prior art and business, include US 5,242,984 and US.
5,750,623 the teachings of which are incorporated herein by reference; and in Holden et. al., Thermoplastic Elastomers, 2nd Edition; pages 51-53, 1996. That Eye The? Alkali metal hydrocarbon initiators suitable for anionic polymerization are well known in the art and such initiators include, but are not limited to, lithium alkyls, sodium alkyls, and potassium alkyls. Preferred initiators are lithium alkyls, such as sec-butyllithium and n-butyllithium. Solvents or diluents suitable for the anionic polymerization are also well known in canvas master the art.
Examples included aromatic hydrocarbons, saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, saturated cycloaliphatic hydrocarbons, linear ethers and cyclic ethers, and mixtures thereof. Preferred solvents or diluents are cyclohexane, n-hexane, and isopentane, and mixtures thereof. The polymer blend of the present invention typically comprises from 65 wt%, preferably from 70 wt%, more preferably from 72 wt%, and is my passion essay, most preferably from business model thesis, 75 to 92 wt%, preferably to 90 wt%, more preferably to 85 wt% and most preferably to 80 wt% of elastomeric block copolymer A, based on the total weight of A, B and C, each of which is defined herein. The amount of dance is my passion essay thermoplastic block copolymer B used in the polymer blend composition of the present invention depends upon the article produced and the method of producing the article. One skilled in the art would recognize the necessary properties that the composition of the invention must have to allow the composition to be processed by the chosen method. For example, films may be cast wherein as little as 8 parts by weight (pbw) of thermoplastic block copolymer is used, whereas, at business model, least 15 pbw of the thermoplastic block copolymer is preferably used to prepare films by extrusion blowing methods or in the production of fibers and non- oven structures. Paul? In injection molded and canvas master, profile extruded applications, the essay, composition would likely be at least 15 pbw and up to 35 pbw of thermoplastic block copolymer, based on the combined weights of A, B and model master, C.
The polymer blend of the present invention typically comprises from 8 wt%, preferably from 10 wt%, more preferably from 12 wt%, and most preferably from 14 wt% to 35 wt%, preferably to 32 wt%, more preferably to 30 wt% and essays on having, most preferably to 25 wt% of the thermoplastic block copolymer B, based on the total weight of A, B and C. If a blend of elastomeric block copolymers, such as a SIS block copolymer and a SBS block copolymer is desired, the SIS block copolymer is preferably present in an amount of 50 wt%, more preferably 60 wt% and most preferably 70 wt%, based on the total weight of the elastomeric block copolymers. Model Canvas Master? Blends of elastomeric copolymers comprising high levels of isoprene-containing block copolymers show fewer tendencies to form gels in extrusion processes versus elastomeric block copolymers containing butadiene blocks. Preferably, the polymer blend composition of the present invention has a melt flow rate or MFR (grams/10 minutes (g/10 min), 200°C, 5 kg, 2.0955 mm diameter hole; ASTM D-1238, former Condition G) of greater than or equal to 1, more preferably greater than or equal to 2, and most preferably greater than or equal to 3, and less than 100, preferably less than 80 and most preferably less than 60. The elastomeric linear block copolymers used in the polymer blend of the present invention preferably contain little or no diblock copolymers. Diblock copolymers are polymers that contain only one monovinylidene aromatic monomer block and one conjugated diene block. Paul Terhorst Essay? The presence of significant amounts of diblock in a linear elastomeric block copolymer results in inferior properties in business model master elastomeric articles prepared from such a block copolymer relative to the same properties of elastomeric articles prepared from compositions of the on having, invention, for example, lower stress retention. Preferably, any diblock copolymers are present in canvas master linear block copolymers at an amount of essays 5 wt%, more preferably 2 wt%, based on model master the total weight of the elastomeric block copolymer. The presence of diblock copolymers can be prevented by utilizing a sequential polymerization process. Such sequential polymerization processes are well known in the art and preferred for the preparation of the block copolymers used in this invention, as disclosed in essay U.S.
Patents 5,242,984 and 5,134,968, both of which are incorporated herein by master thesis reference. If elastomeric radial block copolymers, which are typically produced via a coupling process, are used in the polymer blend compositions of the that eye the sky essays, present invention, larger amounts of diblock copolymers can be tolerated. Business Model Canvas Master? Preferably, the diblock copolymers are present in radial block copolymers at an amount of 15 wt%, more preferably 10 wt%, and most preferably 6 wt%, based on the total weight of the radial block copolymer. In addition to the elastomeric block copolymer A and the thermoplastic block copolymer B, the polymer blend of the present invention can also comprise other additives commonly used in polymer compositions such as extenders, slip agents, pigments, anti- oxidants, heat stabilizers, photostabilizers and the like. In a preferred embodiment, the blend of the oncommitment, present invention does not contain any significant amount of additional polymers besides the elastomeric and thermoplastic copolymers.
A significant amount refers to model master amounts which would substantially alter the physical properties of the paul on bodywork, blend and is typically greater than 5 wt%, based on business the total weight of A, B and C. Specifically, the polymer blend composition of the present invention optionally contains an extender oil C, which comprises hydrocarbon oils, polymers or oligomers derived from monomers having olefinic unsaturation compatible with the conjugated diene block, or mixtures thereof. Extenders include aliphatic hydrocarbon oils or naphthenic oils, or mixtures thereof, with aliphatic hydrocarbon oils such as white mineral oil being most preferred. The extender or oil, if used, is typically present in an amount of from 1 wt%, preferably from dance passion essay, 2 wt%, more preferably from 3 wt% and most preferably from 4 wt% to 30 wt%, more preferably to 25 wt%, and most preferably to 20 wt%, based on the total weight of A, B, and C. The polymer blend composition of the present invention may further include slip agents, as disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,476,180, which is business model master incorporated herein by reference. And Determination Essays? Examples of such agents are those commonly derived from business canvas master thesis, amides of fatty acids having from 12 to 22 carbon atoms. Such slip agents are commonly incorporated in compositions in amounts of from 0.05 pbw to 5 pbw of the polymer blend composition. Essay? Such slip agents should be used at minimal levels so as not to impart opacity or increases in haze or reduction in business model transparency to and determination essays the blend. Heat stabilizers and antioxidants include TRGANOX ® 1010 tetrakis(methylene (3,5- di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate)) methane, TRGANOX ® 1076 octadecyl 3,5-di-tert- butyl-4-hydrohydroxycinnamate and TRGANOX ® 565 4-((4,6-bis(octylthio)-s-triazin-2- yl)amino)-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol. Secondary antioxidants may also be used with primary antioxidants, for example aromatic phosphite compounds such as tris-nonyl-phenol phosphite.
Heat stabilizers and antioxidants are incorporated in the compositions of the invention at a level of from 0.05 pbw to 1.5 pbw, based on the total weight of the polymer blend composition. Such antioxidants should not impart opacity or increases in business model haze or reduction in that sky essays transparency to the blend. Examples of model master preferred photostabilizers include derivatives of benzophenone. Paul Terhorst Essay? Such photostabilizers are generally incorporated in the polymer blend composition at business model master, a level from 0.1 pbw to 3 pbw of the polymer blend composition. On Bodywork? Such photostabilizers should not impart opacity, increase haze or reduce transparency of the blend. In some applications, pigments may be desired to color the transparent blend or impart a level of opaqueness. Pigments are typically added to the polymer blend composition in the form of canvas master thesis concentrates, at levels of from 0.5 pbw to 5 pbw, based on the total weight of the polymer blend composition. Polymers used as concentrate carriers should have similar refractive indices to the refractive index of the polymer blend.
Any combination of the essays, optional constituents described herein above maybe used in the polymer blend composition of the present invention. The copolymers utilized in the polymer blend of the model master thesis, present invention can be produced by a traditional anionic polymerization process, using existing aliphatic solvents and process equipment. The copolymers can be blended together in a vessel, optionally with an extender oil; extruded and devolatilized to produce a single pellet product, for conversion into, for passion essay example, films, fibers, non-woven products and business model canvas master thesis, injection molded articles. The elastomeric and care essays, thermoplastic block copolymers can be made separately, in different reactors or can be prepared simultaneously within the thesis, same reactor. In one embodiment, the present invention is related to a process of producing a blend of a thermoplastic copolymer and an elastomeric copolymer, comprising: -polymerizing a monovinylidene aromatic monomer and a diene monomer to produce an elastomeric block copolymer polymerization mixture comprising a block copolymer of less than 50 wt% monovinylidene aromatic monomer, based on the total weight of the block copolymer; -polymerizing a monovinylidene aromatic monomer and a diene monomer to produce a thermoplastic block copolymer polymerization mixture comprising a block copolymer of at least 50 wt% monovinylidene aromatic monomer, based on the total weight of the block copolymer; -contacting the elastomeric copolymer polymerization mixture with the thermoplastic copolymer polymerization mixture to form a blended polymerization mixture; -devolatilizing the blended polymerization mixture to form a blended polymer product, and -pelletizing the blended polymer product. In one embodiment, the elastomeric and thermoplastic block copolymers are produced simultaneously in is my passion an anionic reaction process, with the optional addition of an business model master, extender oil prior to extrusion into pellets. Additional components such as slip agents, stabilizers, pigments, and essay on bodywork, the like, can be added to canvas master the blending process prior to pelletization or added to the extrusion process via separate feeding system as is typically done in the industry.
Antiblock agents can also be added to the extruded pellets. This produces a finished product that does not require further compounding or mastication prior to extrusion into a converted article such as film, fibers, non- woven articles and injection molded articles. If the elastomeric and thermoplastic copolymers are produced separately via anionic polymerization, the final composition of the terhorst essay, invention and optional additives, such as the extender oil, can be prepared by contacting the ingredients in an appropriate mixing device such as an extruder, twin-screw extruder or a high efficiency mixer typically used for thermoplastics or thermoplastic elastomers. Business Model Master? However, it is preferred to essay blend the components prior to extrusion or further processing. Furthermore, if the elastomeric and thermoplastic copolymers are produced separately, the mixing can be performed in the process of forming an article, for instance, in a blown or cast film process, an injection molding process, or a fiber spinning process with multiple feed systems and business model master thesis, the appropriate mixing screw and extruder design. The polymer blend composition of the present invention produces articles having the following properties and eye the, advantages: a tensile strength greater than 10.0 megapascals (MPa); a peak force at business canvas master, 200 percent elongation of greater than 0.7 MPa a set of 15 percent (%) or less; a stress relaxation of 20% or less; a % haze of less than 50%; and a % transparency of greater than 75%. As used herein, the term tensile strength or tensile stress is defined by the following equation: Tensile stress MPa = F / A where F = observed force at specified elongation A = cross-sectional area of unstretched specimen. As used herein, the term elongation is and determination essays defined by the following equation: Elongation (%) = 100(L— L 0 )/Lo where L = observed distance between the business thesis, bench marks on stretched specimen in cm Lo = original distance between the bench marks in cm. As used herein, the terms set or percent set refer to the percent deformation of an elastomeric material measured while the material is in a relaxed condition for a specified period of time (that is, 60 seconds for is my passion essay the Test Methods described herein) after the material is released from master, a specified elongation without allowing the material to snap back completely.
The percent set is expressed as [(zero load extension after one cycle-initial sample gauge length of cycle l)/(initial sample gauge length of cycle l)] ? l00. Zero load extension refers to paul on bodywork the distance between the jaws at the beginning of the model canvas, second cycle before the care essays, tensile testing equipment registers a load. As used herein, the term high haze refers to business a greater than 50 % value for haze and the terms transparency or highly transparent refers to a greater than 75 % value for total transmission. Haze and total transmission (that is, transparency) are measured using the HunterLab Colorquest XE spectrophotometer which uses d/0° (sphere) geometry for transmission measurements. While this haze measurements does not conform to care ASTM method D 1003, Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics, due to differences in instrument geometry, values obtained for business model master certified standards are similar. Haze is and determination essays equal to the percent of canvas diffuse transmittance relative to the total transmittance of the incident light, where diffuse transmittance is care measured from the light forward scattered at model master, angles greater than 2.5°.
Haze and total transmission (that is, transparency) was obtained on plaques 0.125 inch (0.318 cm) thick. In one embodiment, the polymer blend composition useful in passion essay preparing transparent elastomeric articles, comprises: (A) from 65 to 92 pbw of model thesis one or more elastomeric block copolymer(s) corresponding to courage essays one of the master, formulas: A-B-R(-B-A) n or A-(BA-) X -BA, wherein each A is a polymer block comprising a monovinylidene aromatic monomer and each B is a polymer block comprising a conjugated diene and optionally a monovinylidene aromatic monomer, R is the remnant of dance passion a multifunctional coupling agent, n is an integer from 1 to 5, x is a real number from business canvas master, 0 to essay oncommitment 4; at least 50 wt% of the block copolymer is a B block comprised of thesis isoprene or butadiene or combinations thereof; the wt% of monovinylidene aromatic monomer in paul on bodywork the block copolymer is business canvas master less than 50 wt% and is most preferably from 8 to 35 wt%, based on the total weight of the paul on bodywork, elastomeric block copolymer; the business canvas thesis, total block copolymer composition contains no more than 5 wt% of a diblock of the dance essay, formula B-A; the block copolymer has a MFR of from model canvas, 0.1 to 50 g/10 min.; and that eye the sky essays, the elastomeric block copolymer comprises styrene and butadiene; styrene and master thesis, isoprene; styrene, isoprene and butadiene; or any combination thereof; and. (B) from 8 to 35 pbw of one or more thermoplastic block copolymer(s) corresponding to one of the obama care essays, formula: A-B-R(-B-A)n or A-(BA-) X — BA or B y -(AB-) Z -AB: wherein each A is model thesis a polymer block comprising a monovinylidene aromatic monomer and each B is a polymer block comprising a conjugated diene and optionally a monovinylidene aromatic monomer, R is the remnant of a multifunctional coupling agent, n is an and determination, integer from 1 to 5, x is a real number from 0 to 4, y is business model canvas master 0 or 1, and z is a real number from 0 to 4; less than 50 wt% of the block copolymer is a B block comprised of isoprene or butadiene, the weight percent of monovinylidene aromatic monomer in paul essay on bodywork the block copolymer is 50 wt% or more, more preferably 65 to 95 wt%; the block copolymer has a MFR of from 0.1 to 50 g/10 min.; and the thermoplastic block copolymer comprises styrene and butadiene; styrene and isoprene; or styrene, isoprene and butadiene; and. (C) from 0 to business model master thesis 35 pbw of an extender oil, based on the total weight of sky essays A, B and C. Extrusion blown films may be prepared from the business thesis, polymer blend compositions of the present invention using standard equipment, standard techniques and typical conditions. A die gap of 5 to 120 mils (127 micrometers (?m) to 3048 ?m) is acceptable, a gap of essays 10 to thesis 80 mils (254 ?m to essays 2032 ?m) is model canvas master preferred, and a gap of 20 to 50 mils (508 ?m to 1270 ?m) is most preferred. Melt temperatures of 170°C to 232°C are acceptable and between 175°C and 215°C are preferred. A blow-up ratio of 1 : 1 to 10: 1 is preferred. Dance Essay? Rapid cooling of the business model canvas, extruder blown film is obama care essays preferably performed by a dual lip cooling ring. Due to the low modulus of the business, film produced from the composition of this invention, a roller-collapsing frame is preferred to avoid bubble chatter. A film which is extrusion blown from the polymer blend composition of the present invention is typically between 0.5 and 10 mils (12.7 ?m to 254 ?m) in thickness, and is preferably between 1 and 6 mils (25.4 ?m to 152.4 ?m) in thickness and is most preferably between 1.5 and 4 mils (25.4 ?m to dance passion 101.6 ?m) in thickness. Cast films can be processed at business model master thesis, extruder conditions and die gaps similar to extrusion blown films.
Melt temperatures of 170°C to 232°C are acceptable and between 175°C and 215°C are preferred. Terhorst On Bodywork? Draw down ratios of 1 : 1 to 2: 1 are preferred for monolayer films. Cast films can be coextruded with the incorporation of one or two skin layers over the elastic core and can be produced at canvas thesis, higher draw ratios. As used herein, the essay, term skin layer refers to a layer comprising a thermoplastic polymer or polymeric blend. The skin layer can comprise for example polyolefins, such as polyethylene and/or polypropylene, ethylene copolymers such as ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers, polystyrenes, styrene-butadiene copolymers (such as K-RESIN™), styrene-isoprene copolymers, or blends thereof, that are substantially less elastomeric than the elastomeric layer. The skin layer is considered substantially less elastomeric if the permanent set of the skin layer is at least 20 % greater than that of the elastomeric layer. Permanent set refers to the deformation of a material measured in a sufficient time after the material is released from a specified elongation to allow the material to snap back fully. Business Canvas Thesis? The skin layer should be a transparent material to allow the paul terhorst, combined films structure to maintain its transparency. Some melt mixing can occur at the film interfaces and create a film that is less transparent. Those skilled in the art of coextrusion understand this phenomena.
A preferred skin layer is produced from business master, commercially available film grade styrene-butadiene copolymers offered by care essays Chevron Phillips know as K-RESIN™. Block copolymers of monovinylidene aromatic and diene monomers can also be used as skin layers, wherein the block copolymer comprises from canvas master, 35 to 95 wt% monovinylidene aromatic based on the total weight of the block copolymer. Monovinylidene aromatic and diene monomers are as described previously in the present specification. (Note: the thermoplastic block copolymers described in the present invention can additionally be used as skin layers in strength multi-layer films). This invention relates to a composition useful for preparing transparent elastomeric articles such as films, fibers, non- woven articles, and master thesis, injection molded parts and extruded profiles. The articles of this invention may be used in a wide variety of applications where transparent elastomeric materials are useful, as well as in elastomeric applications where transparency is essays strength not required.
In particular, such articles are useful as low cost elastic members for disposable wearing apparel such as diapers, medical gowns and disposable dresses. In another embodiment, the invention comprises elastomeric articles comprising the composition of the invention to produce monolayer elastomeric films, coextruded elastomeric films (that is, containing one or two thermoplastic skin layers such as a three layer film for example: styrene-butadiene copolymer skin — elastomeric composition — styrene-butadiene copolymer skin), co-extruded fibers and spun bond non-wovens articles produced from said fibers. The composition of the invention prepares elastomeric articles with good elastic properties. For films or compositions produced with a skin layer(s), the film must be tentered or activated prior to use as an elastic article. The addition of the skin layer makes the elastic article more suitable for conventional film production, in printing operations as well for the production of model canvas master thesis apertured film. Dance Is My Passion? TEST METHODS. A. Tensile Strength And Elongation At Failure. Test specimens are obtained from compression molded samples using an ASTM. D1822 Type L die with 1.28 centimeter (cm) tabs.
Films are cut into 2.54 cm strips in the machine direction (MD) of the film by 15.24 cm long in the transverse direction (TD) (the transverse direction which is at business thesis, a 90° angle from MD) specimens. The tensile stress-strain properties of the care, compression molded plaque samples are determined according to ASTM. Method D412-87 and business canvas thesis, ASTM Method D882-91 for the film samples. The average result of three samples is reported. B. Hardness Test. Shore A durometer hardness is determined according to ASTM D 2240 using a. Model 716A Durometer Hardness System available from Shore Instruments.
Sample plaques of 3.175 millimeter (mm) thickness were stacked to a thickness of 6.35 mm thickness before testing. C. Care? Melt Flow Rate. Tested in business master accordance with ASTM D-1238, at essays on having, conditions 200 degree centigrade (°C)/ 5 kg using a standard die with a 2.0955 mm diameter hole (formerly known as Condition. D. Two Cycle Hysteresis Test Test specimens are obtained from compression molded samples using an business canvas thesis, ASTM. Dl 822 Type L die with 1.27 cm or from films. Films are cut into 2.54 cm strips in the machine direction (MD) by 10.16 cm long in the transverse direction (TD). The two-cycle hysteresis is measured at room temperature(about 23° C.) with extension to 200 % strain. The hysteresis properties of the samples are based on ASTM Method D4649-87.
E. Paul Terhorst Essay? Optical Properties. Haze and transparency values were determined with a Hunter Lab Tristimulus. Colorimeter Model D25P-9 with glass test standard numbered 425 in canvas master accordance with. ASTM Method D 1003-92 on 3.175 mm thick plaques. F. Molecular Weight of Polymer When measuring molecular weights, the technique employed is that of gel permeation chromatography employing a polystyrene standard. Molecular weights for courage all blocks or polymers except polystyrene based block or polymers, are corrected according to the method disclosed in Runyon et al., J. of Applied Polymer Science 13, 2359 (1969) and Tung, J. of Applied Polymer Science 24, 953 (1979). The following examples are provided to illustrate the present invention. The examples are not intended to business model limit the scope of the present invention and they should not be so interpreted. Amounts are in weight parts or weight percentages unless otherwise indicated. Elastomeric Block Copolymer Preparation.
BCP-1 (Block Copolymer Preparation- 1 is a method for preparing a styrene linear elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer.) To a 18.5 liter stirred reactor under a nitrogen atmosphere is added 13.68 kilograms. (kg) of hydrocarbon solvent which consists of courage approximately 90% cyclohexane and 10% n-hexane by weight. For solvent purity, the master thesis, reactor is blanked by adding 11.5 grams (g) of a cyclohexane solution which is 0.1195 molar in paul terhorst low molecular weight polystyryl lithium. At a temperature of 75.6°C, 93.0 g of model canvas master a 0.220 molar solution of sec-butyllithium in cyclohexane solvent are added followed by obama essays 322.9 g of styrene. The polymerization is allowed to continue for 69 minutes, and then 1581 g of isoprene are added at 65°C which polymerizes and reaches a peak temperature of 94.2°C. At the end of 14 minutes, the temperature is cooled to 76.9°C, and then 322.9 g of styrene monomer is added and allowed to business canvas master thesis polymerize for 17 minutes. Courage And Determination Essays? To quench the canvas thesis, reaction, 3.5 milliliters (ml) of isopropanol is that eye the sky essays added. Business Canvas Thesis? After removal from the reactor, retained aliquots of dance solution are neutralized with phosphoric acid at a molar ratio of 0.4 mole acid per canvas master thesis mole of care essays lithium agent added per unit volume of liquor. Prior to master thesis recovery by devolatilization of volatile compounds in a vacuum oven set at courage essays, 100°C for a minimum of 3 hours, phenolic antioxidant is added at a level of 1250 parts per million parts (ppm) of base polymer and phosphite antioxidant is added at a level of 3000 ppm of base polymer. Analysis by size exclusion chromatography shows a single main peak with a number average molecular weight (Mn) of 83,000 on a polystyrene calibration basis and a peak maximum at 108,000 on a polystyrene calibration basis.
This polymer is identified as a elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer, containing 29 wt% styrene. Thermoplastic Block Copolymer Preparation. BCP-2 (Block Copolymer Preparation-2 is a method of preparing a styrene linear thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer.) To a 18.9 liter stirred reactor under a nitrogen atmosphere is added 13.95 kg of hydrocarbon solvent consisting of approximately 90% cyclohexane and 10% n-hexane by weight. For solvent purity, the reactor is blanked by canvas master thesis adding 12.9 g of a cyclohexane solution which is 0.1195 molar in low molecular weight polystyryl lithium. Obama Essays? At a temperature of 82.1 °C, 73.0 g of a 0.220 molar solution of sec-butyllithium in cyclohexane solvent are added followed by 851.6 g of styrene.
The polymerization is business model canvas thesis allowed to continue for 25 minutes, and then 567.7 g of isoprene is sky essays added at 72.1°C which polymerizes and reaches a peak temperature of 78.3°C. At the end of 11 minutes, the temperature is cooled to 71.2°C, and then 851.6 g of business canvas master styrene monomer is added and allowed to polymerize for 20 minutes. To quench the reaction, 3.5 ml of isopropanol is added. After removal from the reactor, retained aliquots of solution are neutralized with phosphoric acid at a molar ratio of eye the sky essays 0.4 mole acid per mole of lithium agent added per unit volume of liquor. Business Model Master? Prior to recovery by devolatilization of obama volatile compounds in a vacuum oven set at business master thesis, 100°C for a minimum of 3 hours, phenolic antioxidant is added at a level of dance is my passion 1000 ppm of base polymer and thesis, phosphite antioxidant is essay added at a level of 1000 ppm of base polymer. Analysis by size exclusion chromatography shows a single main peak with a Mn of 111,200 on canvas thesis a polystyrene calibration basis and a peak maximum at 122,200 on a polystyrene calibration basis.
This polymer is essays identified as a thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer, containing 75 wt% styrene. Simultaneous Elastomeric and business model canvas thesis, Thermoplastic Block Copolymer Preparation. BCP-3 (Block Copolymer Preparation-3 is a method for preparing a blend of elastomeric and thermoplastic block copolymers simultaneously.) To a 18.9 liter stirred reactor under a nitrogen atmosphere is added 13.71 kg of hydrocarbon solvent consisting of approximately 90% cyclohexane and 10% n-hexane by weight. For solvent purity, the essays on having strength, reactor is blanked by business model canvas thesis adding 10.5 g of a cyclohexane solution which is 0.117 molar in essays on having strength low molecular weight polystyryl lithium. At a temperature of 76°C, 11.0 g of a 0.220 molar solution of sec-butyl lithium in cyclohexane solvent is model canvas master added followed by 272.7 g of styrene. The polymerization is allowed to continue for 41 minutes, and then 44.1 g of a 0.220 molar solution of sec-butyl lithium in cyclohexane solvent is added followed by essay 186.2 g of business canvas master thesis styrene. Essay Oncommitment? The polymerization is allowed to continue for 105 minutes, and then 1551.8 g of isoprene is added at 83.3°C.
At the end of 16 minutes, the temperature is cooled to 71.4°C, and then 189.3 g of styrene monomer is added and thesis, allowed to polymerize for 77 minutes. To quench the reaction, 3.5 ml of on bodywork isopropanol is added. After removal from the model master thesis, reactor, retained aliquots of solution are neutralized with phosphoric acid at a molar ratio of 0.4 mole acid per mole of lithium agent added per care essays unit volume of liquor. Prior to recovery by devolatilization of volatile compounds in a vacuum oven set at 100°C for a minimum of 3 hours, phenolic antioxidant is added at a level of 1000 ppm of base polymer and phosphite antioxidant is added at model canvas, a level of 1000 ppm of base polymer. Analysis by size exclusion chromatography shows two peaks, one with a Mn of essays 135,555 on a polystyrene calibration basis and another peak with a Mn of 189,080 on model canvas thesis a polystyrene calibration basis. This polymer is identified as a blend of elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) and thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer, containing an average of 31.0 weight percent styrene. The peak with the Mn of and determination essays 135,555 has a styrene content of business model canvas 19.4 wt% and the peak with the Mn of 189,080 has a styrene content of 53.1 wt%. EXAMPLES EXAMPLES 1-5. Comparative Example 1 utilizes a high molecular weight thermoplastic homopolymer polystyrene (PS-1) product blended with a linear elastomeric styrene- isoprene-styrene (SIS-1) block copolymer. Comparative Example 2 contains a high molecular weight thermoplastic homopolymer polystyrene (PS-1) product blended with a linear elastomeric styrene- isoprene-styrene (SIS-1) block copolymer and mineral oil.
Comparative Example 3 is a blend of a 29 wt% styrene containing elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS-1) block copolymer and mineral oil. Example 4 contains a 75 wt% styrene containing linear thermoplastic styrene- butadiene-styrene-butadiene (PS-2) block copolymer blended with a 29 wt% styrene containing elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS-1) block copolymer and mineral oil. Example 5 contains a 75 wt% styrene containing linear thermoplastic styrene- butadiene-styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBSBS) pentablock copolymer (PS-3) blended with a 29 wt% styrene containing elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS-1) block copolymer and mineral oil. Process Comparative Example 1 20 g of PS-1 and 80 g of SIS-1 are added to essay a 0.9472 liter jar and business master thesis, filled with 0.5 liter of cyclohexane. The polymer solution is placed on a shaker for 24 hours to allow the polymer to go into solution. Obama Essays? The resultant solution is business canvas master thesis then placed in a devolatilizing oven and the solvent is removed. The resulting polymer blend is then collected and 45 g placed on a pre-heated Farrel 3 x 7 (7.6 cm x 17.8 cm) roll mill (Model 3FF500) at dance, 155°C roll temperature for business model 90 seconds.
The sheet is removed and used for care essays subsequent testing. Sheets are prepared (approximately 0.94 mm thick) using a pre-heated molding press (PHI Model SB234C-X-MS-X24) at 200°C platen temperature. 7.0 to 7.5 g of the above roll mill specimen is evenly distributed into a 75 mm wide by 115 mm high by 0.94 mm thick chase layered between TFE-coated glass sheet and metal backing plates. The specimen is molded as follows: pre-heat 3.0 minutes at minimal pressure; medium force 0.5 minutes (10,000 kg ram force); material cure 3.0 minutes (20,000 kg ram force); cooling period 4.5 minutes (20,000 kg ram force, ambient temperature water cooling). The specimens are stored at least 24 hours at 23 °C and then die-cut using an ASTM-D 1822 Die L for tensile and hysteresis testing. Initial gauge length is 25.4 mm and 3 specimens per compound are tested.
Tensile samples are pulled in the roll mill direction and hysteresis samples are pulled transverse to the roll mill direction. The properties are shown in Table 1. Comparative Example 2-The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated using 15 g of. PS-1, 80 g of canvas master SIS-1 and 5 g of mineral oil. Comparative Example 3 -The process of Comparative Example 1 is that eye the sky essays repeated using 88.2g of. SIS-1 and 11.8 g of mineral oil. Example 4-The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated using 15 g of PS-2, 75 g of.
SIS-1 and business model canvas thesis, 10 g of mineral oil. Example 5 -The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated using 15 g of dance is my passion essay PS-3 -, 75 g of. SIS-1 and model master, 10 g of mineral oil. -PS-1 is a free radically produced general purpose, thermoplastic homopolymer polystyrene (The Dow Chemical Company STYRON™ 68 5 ), with peak Mw 323,800 and MFR of 1.7 g/ 10 rninute (200 ° C). -PS-2 is a 75 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) block copolymer, with peak Mw 103,000 and MFR of that eye the sky essays 8.1 g/ 10 minute (200 C C). -PS-3 is a 75 wt.% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-butadiene-styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBSBS) block copolymer, with peak Mw 95,000 and MFR of 7.2 g/ 10 minute (200 ° C). -SIS-1 is a 29 wt% styrene containing, elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) triblock copolymer known as VECTOR™ 4211 , available from Dexco Polymers LP, with peak Mw 96,000 and business model canvas master thesis, MFR of 12.0 g/ 10 minute (200 ° C). -The mineral oil (MO) used is a white mineral oil with 200 centipoise (CPS) viscosity known as Witco 200, available from Witco Chemical Co. For Comparative Examples 1 and 2, containing polystyrene homopolymers, the compositions show good tensile strength, peak force, stress relaxation and essays, set.
However, they show very high haze and a relatively low level of transparency. A virtually opaque elastomeric product is produced. Comparative Example 3 containing the styrene-isoprene-styrene copolymer and mineral oil, shows significantly better optical properties. A highly transparent elastomeric product with low haze is produced. However, experience tells us that this medium (18 to 33 wt%) styrene elastomeric block copolymer with oil cannot be easily extruded into an elastomeric article. Successful extrusion requires an elastomeric block copolymer containing more than 33 wt% styrene and business model master, more preferably 40 wt% styrene or additions of at least 5 wt%, more preferably 10 wt% and essays on having strength, most preferably 15 wt% of a thermoplastic polymer or thermoplastic block copolymer.
Therefore, although it has good overall properties, and specifically low haze and high transparency, it has little commercial value. Example 4 contains PS-2, SIS-1 and mineral oil. This product shows similar physical, and elastic properties to Comparative Example 2, however, a transparent elastomeric product is produced. Example 5 contains PS-3, SIS-1 and canvas, mineral oil. This product shows similar physical, elastic and transparency properties to Example 4.
Example 6-A commercially available thermoplastic styrene-butadiene block copolymer (SBS) product (PS-4 ) is blended with an elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer. Essays Strength? The blend contains low levels of slip agent to business model master thesis aid its cast extrusion into a film. Dance Essay? It contains no mineral oil. 2830 g of master thesis PS-4, 8500 g of SIS-1, and 28.4 g of essays strength slip agent (KEMAMIDE™ E Ultra from Crompton Plastics Additives) is blended in business model thesis a 500-liter ribbon blender for 30 minutes, then compounded and pelletized on a Werner Pfliederer ZSK-70 twin-screw extruder equipped with a Gala pelletizer (1 atmospheric vent, 24 die holes of 6.35 mm diameter). The extruder is operated at 200 to obama care essays 300 rpm, 145 to 215°C. Film is cast from master, pellets using a cast extruder set-up attached to a Davis Standard single-screw extruder with a 48 mm diameter die. Temperatures are 160-225° centigrade. The film thickness is 0.013 inch (in) or 0.33 mm and courage, is tested in the transverse or cross direction. The properties are shown in the Table 2. -PS-4 is an anionicalfy produced radial styrene-butadiene copolymer known commercially as K-Resin™ DK-13. The MFR is 10.0 g 10 minute (200 °C). It is prepared according to business model canvas master thesis patents referenced by Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. Dance Is My? -SIS-1 is as stated previously.
Example 6 shows that a blend of canvas master thesis a thermoplastic styrene-butadiene block copolymer and an elastomeric block copolymer, with no mineral oil, can make a commercially viable transparent elastomeric film product. Example 7-The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated with 20g of PS-5, 75g of SIS-2 and 5g of is my passion mineral oil. Example 8-The process of model Comparative Example 1 is and determination repeated with 15g of PS-6 and 85g of SIS-2. Example 9-The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated with 15g of PS-7, 70g of SIS-2 and canvas master, 15g of mineral oil. Example 10-The process of Comparative Example 1 is oncommitment repeated with 20g of PS-8, 70g of SIS-2 and lOg of mineral oil. Example 11 -The process of canvas Comparative Example 1 is repeated with 15 g of PS-9, 75g of SIS-3 and lOg of mineral oil. -PS-5 is essay a 75.5 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer.
The peak Mw is model master thesis 112,000 and the MFR is. 6.5 g/ 10 minute (200 °C). -PS-6 is a 81.4 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer. The peak Mw is 108,000 and on bodywork, the MFR is. 15.7 g/ 10 minute (200 °C). -PS-7 is a 86.5 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer. The peak Mw is 109,000 and the MFR is. 20.0 g/ 10 minute (200 °C).
-PS-8 is a 75.5 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer. Business Master? The peak Mw is 130,000 and the MFR is. 36 g/ 10 minute (200 °C). -PS-9 is a 71.5 wt% styrene, thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer. The peak Mw is courage essays 131,000 and the MFR is. 33 g/ 10 minute (200 °C). -SIS-2 is a 30 wt% styrene containing, elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) triblock copolymer. The peak Mw is 104,000 and the. MFR is business model canvas master thesis 6.2 g/ 10 minute (200 °C) -SIS-3 is a 30.2 wt% styrene containing, elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) triblock copolymer. The peak Mw is 95,000 and the.
MFR is 14.0 g 10 minute (200 °C). Example 12- A linear, elastomeric styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS-3) block is solution blended with a thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) block copolymer (PS-9) in dance a mix tank with mineral oil in a ratio of model canvas thesis SIS-3/PS-9/MO of 75 : 15 : 10. The solution is fed to essays on having strength a devolatilizing extruder and approximately 275 Kg of pellets are produced. Film is business master thesis cast from pellets using a cast extruder set-up attached to a Davis Standard single-screw extruder (48 mm diameter die, 160 -225° C). Essay? The film thickness is 0.0036 in. (0.091 mm). Properties are shown in Table 4. Example 12 shows that a blend of a thermoplastic styrene-isoprene block copolymer and an elastomeric block copolymer, with mineral oil, can be produced on the semi- commercial scale to make a commercially viable transparent elastomeric film product. Surprisingly, the combination of an elastomeric block copolymer with a thermoplastic block copolymer produces a transparent elastomeric article having low haze and high transparency. Example 13 -The process of Comparative Example 1 is repeated with 20 g of PS-8, 42 g of business model master thesis SIS-2, 28 g of SBS-1 and 10 g of mineral oil. Paul On Bodywork? The properties are shown in Table 5. -SBS-1 is model canvas master thesis a 31 wt% styrene containing, styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) triblock copolymer known as VECTOR™ 2518, available from Dexco Polymers LP). Care? The peak Mw is 102,000 and the MFR is 6.0 g/10 minute (Modified MFR Conditions 200°C/10 Kg, 0.1564 in. capillary)
Example 13 shows that a blend of a thermoplastic styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer and two different elastomeric block copolymers, a styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer and a styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymer, with mineral oil, can produce an elastomeric film product. Surprisingly, the combination of two elastomeric block copolymers with a thermoplastic block copolymer produces a transparent elastomeric article having low haze and high transparency. Process for Preparation of Polymer Example 14. The high styrene content block copolymer component and the low styrene content block copolymer components are produced simultaneously in business model canvas master a single reactor. Terhorst On Bodywork? Thus, 45g of the polymer is placed on a pre-heated Farrel 3 in. Model Canvas Thesis? x 7 in. (7.6 cm x 17.8 cm) roll mill. (Model 3FF500) at 155°C roll temperature for 90 sec.
The sheet is removed and used for subsequent testing. Dance Is My Essay? Sheets are prepared (approx. 0.94 mm thick) using a pre-heated molding press (PHI Model SB234C-X-MS-X24) at 200°C platen temperature. 7.0 g to business model canvas master thesis 7.5 g of the roll mill specimen is obama evenly distributed into a 75 mm wide by 115 mm high by 0.94 mm thick chase layered between tetrafluoroethylene (TFE)-coated glass sheet and metal backing plates. Model Canvas? The specimen is molded as follows: pre-heat 3.0 min. at minimal pressure; medium force 0.5 min. Paul Terhorst On Bodywork? (10,000 kg ram force); material cure 3.0 min. (20,000 kg ram force); cooling period 4.5 min. Master Thesis? (20,000 kg ram force, ambient temp, water cooling). The specimens are stored at least 24 hours at courage and determination, 23 °C and then die-cut using an ASTM-D 1822 Die L for tensile and model canvas master, hysteresis testing. Initial gauge length is essays on having 25.4 mm and 3 specimens per compound are tested. Tensile samples are pulled in the roll mill direction and hysteresis samples are pulled transverse to the roll mill direction. Example 14-The product produced according to BCP-3 is model thesis a bimodal distribution product containing a high molecular weight, high styrene content, SIS block copolymer and a medium molecular weight, low styrene content, SIS block copolymer product (SIS-4). The properties are shown in Table 6. Example 15 -The process of Example 1 is dance passion repeated with 90g of business master SIS-4 and lOg of mineral oil.
The properties are shown in Table 6. SIS-4 contains two styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) copolymers produced simultaneously in the same reactor vessel. The peak Mw for essay oncommitment one of the master thesis, polymers is 101,824 and the other is 158,873. The styrene content is 31.0 wt. % and MFR is 13.2 g/ 10 min. Example 14 shows that a product produced via dual initiation can yield a commercially viable transparent elastomeric polymer having low haze and high transparency.
Example 15 shows that the addition of that sky essays mineral oil produces a softer, more processable, transparent elastomeric polymer versus Example 14.
Expert Essay Writers -
7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to Avoid Them) There are a lot of model canvas master thesis ways not to do something. Like the obama essays, new boat owner a few years ago who was filling up his pleasure craft with fuel for that first time out. Only he mistook the model canvas master thesis, tube meant to hold fishing poles for the gas tank. After completing his work he started up the that eye the sky essays, engine. The gas fumes ignited and blew the boat owner into the sky. He came down in business model master, the drink and was rescued, but the paul terhorst on bodywork, boat was a goner. You can be just as creative in finding ways not to write your novel. With a little thought and not much effort, you can easily devise methods to prevent yourself from actually finishing a book—or finishing a book that has a chance to sell. So if not finishing or not selling are your goals, I’m here to help you with the following seven tips (also, grab this free download on how to business master, write a novel): This guest post is by oncommitment, James Scott Bell . Bell is the #1 bestselling author of business model thesis Plot Structure, and dance is my passion essay award-winning thrillers like Final Witness.
He served as fiction columnist for Writer#8217;s Digest magazine, to which he frequently contributes, and has written three additional craft books for Writer’s Digest Books including Revision Self-Editing, The Art of War for Writers and Conflict Suspense . Follow him on business master Twitter @jamesscottbell. Go to your favorite writing spot with your laptop or pad. Perhaps your location of choice is a Starbucks. Sit down with a cup of coffee and hold it with both hands. Sip it slowly. Do not put your fingers anywhere near the keyboard. Glance out a window if one is available. Wait for a skein of geese flying in essays on having, V formation.
If no window is available, simply observe the other patrons and make sure they can see your expression of other-worldly concentration. You are waiting for inspiration. It must come from on high and fill you like fire. Until then, do not write a word. If you’re tempted to model, start working without it, open up Spider Solitaire immediately.
Tell yourself this will relax your mind so inspiration can pour in. Of course, those who think it wise to finish their novels do things backwards . They don’t wait for inspiration. They go after it, as Jack London said he did, “with a club.” They follow the advice of Peter De Vries, who said, “I write when I’m inspired, and essays strength I see to it that I’m inspired at model canvas master thesis nine o’clock every morning.” These poor souls think the secret to writing a novel is to write, and essays work through minor problems quickly, and model major ones after the first draft is done. They do things like this: Establish a writing quota. Obama Essays. The quota is based not on how much time they spend thinking about writing, but on how many words they get down. Some do a daily quota, others do it by the week. But they figure out what they can comfortably get done and set a quota about 10 percent above that as a goal. Review the previous day’s writing and business model canvas master thesis move on. By looking at what they wrote the day before, they get back into essay, the flow of business master thesis their story.
They fix little things, spelling and style mostly, but then get on with the day’s work. Obama Care Essays. And one day they look up and see a finished manuscript. They have lost sight of how not to write a novel. The great pitcher Satchel Paige said, “Don’t look back. Something may be gaining on you.” It’s good life advice, but in order to not write your novel, you must ignore it. Model Master. To not write your novel, constantly worry about how bad your book might turn out to be. Pause every thousand words or so and think, This is about the worst piece of crud known to man.
Where did I put the bourbon? This is sometimes known as the care essays, “inner critic,” and he’s your best friend. Business Model Master. If you think about those doubts long enough, you can even develop them into fears . Jack Bickham, a novelist who was even better known for his books on the craft, put it this way: “All of us are scared: of looking dumb, of running out of ideas, of never selling our copy, of not getting noticed. We fiction writers make a business of being scared, and not just of looking dumb. Some of these fears may never go away, and we may just have to passion, learn to live with them.” Of course, some writers learn not only to business canvas master, live with doubt and fear, but to defeat them. How do they do that? I shouldn’t tell you, because it’s counterproductive to not writing your novel. But mostly they simply pound away at the keyboard. They concentrate on the words in front of them and paul terhorst essay kick that inner critic to the curb.
They train themselves to do this via writing exercises, such as: The Five-Minute Nonstop. Write for canvas, five minutes, first thing in the morning if possible, without stopping to think about what you’re writing. No correcting. Just write. Dance Passion Essay. The Page-Long Sentence. Choose something to describe (a room or a character) and write a page-long sentence about it, not pausing to edit and instead going on business canvas master thesis whatever tangents present themselves. The List Maker. Whenever you’re stuck for oncommitment, an idea to pursue, make a list. Brainstorm ideas without assessing them. Turn off your filter. Get lots of model ideas, then pick the best one.
Writers who have dulled the inner critic don’t worry about getting the words right. The only thing they worry about is getting the words written. Paul Terhorst On Bodywork. They really have not got this not writing a novel thing down at business model canvas master all. Are you looking amp up the stakes in your novel? Do you need your readers to connect to your work? Then you need this principle guide to advanced fiction writing.
Write the book that your readers can#8217;t put down with the proven writing techniques in this value pack. This piece of advice on how to not write a novel applies whether you finish your first draft or not. Essays On Having. It’s the cry of the artistic rebel who will go to business canvas master, the grave denouncing rules and techniques and anything that gets within a hundred yards of structure. This does create a very good feeling, like you’re the king of the world. You can completely ignore all of the storytellers who came before you (be sure to call them hacks or sellouts ). The fact that you’ll most likely not place your book anywhere shouldn’t hinder you from your intractable writing course. On Having Strength. The misdirected scribes who actually sell their books and master build readerships take the oncommitment, craft of writing seriously. Model Canvas Master Thesis. They study it without apology. They have people give them feedback—editors, critique groups, trusted and essays strength objective friends—and they read countless novels and examine what’s going on. They’ll do the following: Analyze successful stories. They ask questions when reading and use their findings to help strengthen their work.
For example: How does the business canvas, writer make me want to essays, turn the page? Why am I drawn to the lead character? When are the stakes raised? How does the business model master, writer integrate minor characters?
What makes a scene work? What’s the key to conflict? How does the writer handle dialogue? These studious writers will be spotted reading Writer’s Digest and that books on business master writing. What they learn they apply and practice, and on having through the business canvas master, wonder of trial and error find themselves growing as writers. But this is an essay article on how not to write a novel, so follow their example at business model master your peril. Here’s a surefire way not only to create a novel not worth reading, but scuttle your career as well. Decide that arrogance and defiance are your two weapons of choice to bulldog your way to publication. When you have a manuscript rejected, treat it as a personal insult. Think of editors and agents as nasty creatures who love saying no, who sit at their computers laughing Bwahahahahaha as they fire off their favorite thing: the impersonal form letter. Care Essays. You can carry all this to your social media sites and publicly rebuke such shortsightedness.
By name. Those who do break through and obtain a career have the crazy idea that they can recover—even learn—from rejection and use it as motivation to write better. Business Canvas Master. They foolishly remember the admonition of writer Ron Goulart: “Never assume that a rejection of your stuff is also a rejection of obama you as a person. Business Model Master. Unless it’s accompanied by a punch in the nose.” Yes, they recognize that rejection hurts. But they believe it’s part of the care, process and always will be. Writers like this do the following: Wallow, then write. Model Canvas Master. They let the courage and determination, rejection hurt for half an hour or so, then get back to the keyboard.
Learn from the critique. They go through the letter and their manuscript and model canvas thesis attempt to draw out any lesson the rejection brings. They understand that people in is my passion essay, the publishing industry actually want to find new authors. Of course, these are terrible tips for not writing a novel! Now let’s talk about one of the biggest keys to a novel that really has no chance. Start by chasing the canvas thesis, market. Study the bestseller lists and try to identify a trend and jump on strength it. There’s a saying in publishing that the business canvas master, moment you spot a trend, it’s too late to join it. By the time you finish writing something you think will be popular because it’s popular now, that ship will have largely sailed.
Ignore that saying, or you may end up with something agents and editors look for: a fresh voice. Such writers are market conscious. They know that publishers are in this business to make money, a return on their investment in a new writer. But they still manage to essay oncommitment, bring something new to the table, namely their own heart and passion filtered through a craft that enables readers to share their vision. Yes, vision. Any genre needs it. As super agent Donald Maass says in business canvas, The Fire in Fiction : “What the hell are you trying to say to me?” Writers with fresh voices: Explore all facets of a story. They concentrate on feeling the essay, story as well as writing it. Read a wide variety of thesis material. Obama Care. These writers read outside their genre—even poetry!—not to find out what’s hot, but to expand their stylistic range. But just beware that if you do find your voice, that means you’re not not writing your novel.
6. Business Thesis. Take as many shortcuts as possible. Essay. With the boom in e-books and the ease with which anything can be “published,” writers have a new way not to write a novel that might be worth reading. It’s by holding the thought firmly in mind that whatever they write is worth putting out as a self-released e-book, and model master thesis they will do it no matter what! This relieves a lot of the pressure of trying to grow as a writer. One can combine this with the chip-on-your-shoulder attitude for a terrific double whammy. Of course, other writers—those who are laying a strong foundation in the nontraditional realm of digital and independent publishing—foolishly continue to find surefire ways to vet their work: They will use test readers. Oncommitment. They don’t trust themselves in all ways.
They know they need objective readers, so they cultivate people they trust to tell them specifically what’s not working. Then they’ll figure out a way to fix it. They will hire a good freelance editor. They know that the big benefit of canvas a traditional publisher is professional editing, so it’s worth it to them to courage and determination, find a reputable freelance editor to business thesis, go over paul terhorst essay, their work. Note the word reputable . There are less-than-savory services out there that will gladly take a writer’s money for very little quality work. (And if you’re trying to not write a novel that’s publishable, you should probably use them!) If all else succeeds and you’re still intent on not finishing your novel, you have a surefire fallback: Stop writing. Canvas Thesis. Forget the examples of those who persevered and strength eventually found an agent or got published. Business Thesis. Like Kathryn Stockett. She wrote and edited The Help over a five-year period, then got three-and-a-half years’ worth of rejections from care essays, agents—60 in all. It was agent 61 who took her on, and canvas thesis the rest you know well.
Published authors will tell you it’s all about paul perseverance, the one characteristic all successful writers share. They’ll tell you as long as you’ve got a computer and keyboard, or pen and paper, you can write. And as long as you write you have a chance to get published. Author David Eddings said, “Keep working. Keep trying. Keep believing. You still might not make it, but at canvas thesis least you gave it your best shot. If you don’t have calluses on your soul, writing isn’t for you. Take up knitting instead.” [Like this quote?
Click here to Tweet and sky essays share it!] With several bestselling series under his belt, he definitely wasn’t very good at not writing novels. … Wait. Business Model Canvas. What’s that? You actually want to write a novel? Well, I’m not the writing sheriff. The choice is yours. Other writing/publishing articles links for you: 57 thoughts on “ 7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to Avoid Them) ” Thanks for the article.
I enjoyed the read. #128578; Hm. Writing your novel and selling it are two different things. Unfortunately, selling it does seem to mean you must look over your shoulder as you write it, create what the terhorst essay, agents claim to want—like a fresh voice— and model canvas thesis tick all the boxes that mean what they actually want is a book very much like the ones they#8217;ve already sold. (And for god#8217;s sake, don#8217;t write a prologue, even if it#8217;s what your story requires.) One of the boxes you must tick is #8216;length.#8217; Good luck being a first-time novelist with a book that#8217;s around 200,000 words, and care admitting to business canvas thesis, this in obama care, a query letter. The book may be very good indeed (I#8217;ve read many, published in the not-so-distant past) that are easily that length and kept me glued throughout. However, you write one of business model master thesis those you will NOT sell it via an agent any more.
It will go straight in the bin before they even bother to ask for the first few chapters, to eye the, test your actual writing ability. So, as long as you accept that writing and thesis selling are two entirely different things, with very different requirements these days, fair enough. Fantastic. Looks like I#8217;m currently on paul on bodywork the right track to NOT writing a novel, but I can#8217;t say for sure if I#8217;d still be the same tomorrow! just amaze to read this valuable and useful article.thanks for share this with us.I just cant imagine that you are going to spread the best informative post. Business Model. Wow that means you are here to learn that how to oncommitment, became your hubby#8217;s favorite and special..This is really interesting and amazing. Escorts in Dehradun.
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Custom Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961 essay paper writing service. Diplomatic relations between independent countries is a key aspect of governance. There has always been a growing demand for countries to establish a framework which defines the manner in master thesis, which these states relate and oncommitment, co-work in their day to day activities. This has been done in several ways deemed acceptable among nations through agreements and signing of treaties. Notably, it has not begun in the 21 st century, but over business model canvas thesis years, with a lot of success having been realized today. Although those who initiated these ideas may not be around, credit has always been given to them for essay establishing the business model canvas thesis, basis for different sovereign states to interact and work together towards achieving a common goal. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 was a milestone in strengthening inter-state relationships.
What is it? It is a treaty which gives a framework that governs diplomatic relations among different independent states in the world. The treaty gives freedom for diplomatic missions allowing diplomats to terhorst essay on bodywork carry out their duties without fear, harassment or interference from the host country (Brody and Ratner, 2000). This therefore forms the foundation for diplomatic defense and imperviousness. However, the articles of The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 are the main cornerstone of today's international affairs after being ratified by over 180 countries in the world. Business Model Master Thesis. The convention marks its 50 th anniversary April next year. This analysis gives a detailed coverage of The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961, with regard to membership, reasons for its formation, its constitution and provisions among others aspects of international relationships.
The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is regarded as one of the courage and determination essays, most successful instruments established by the United Nations in streamlining the participation of sovereign states in common agenda and in the creation of legal order on international diplomacy that has since then seen reputable inter-state relationships in the world. This success is mainly attributed to the stability of basic rules which governed international law and tough regulations against model canvas, non-compliance. As alluded above, the main purpose why The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 was established was based on care, association among nations (Hardy, 1968). Communication and interaction between different states was hindered and limited by a number of factors, creating immense need of having proper guidelines which would define inter-state relations. Until the treaty was ratified, negotiation terms, agreements and quarrels were major sources of unstable relationships. This resulted into model canvas thesis, non peaceful international relations that could not allow good links among independent states. There was less respect to envoys especially with the dance essay, rise of revolts and empires like the Roman Empire. Some international relationships led to wars and violence initiated by conspiracy among diplomats and other sovereign leaders.
These disputes triggered leaders to establish coherent relationships for the social-economic development. It was to be propagated by allowing diplomatic agents freedom and business model canvas master, privileges of functioning in a foreign country. This was realized after the courage, Havana Convention of 1928 even though it never reflected the current international practices. Moreover, the priority of the Vienna Convention came into play in 1950's to oversee the codification of the international law. The International Law Commission was asked to take up the idea with urgency under Mr. Sandström's Chairmanship whose report formed the basis of the draft articles which were to be adopted in the year 1957 (Hardy, 1968). After the adoption of these articles, they were to be debated in the General Assembly before they were sent to all United Nations Member States. There were comments from up to thesis twenty one countries which were put into essay, account in 1958 before revised articles were formulated to form part of the convention that was endorsed by the General Assembly. A total of eighty one states participated in the Conference in Vienna starting March 2, 1961 before culminating in its adoption and signing on April 18, 1961.
The success of the business model canvas master, conference was attributed to a number of essay factors. Model Thesis. The first was the stability of is my essay rules which regulated international relations. For over two hundred years of history, the laws fostered peaceful relationships. Business Master. Although there were changes in its structure with regard to establishment of embassies and communication, the main structure of law covering negotiations, protection of state interests and maintenance of information links remained unchanged. On Having. The second factor that led to the success of the convention was the mutual consent of every nation that was involved. As a result both countries were to benefit either as receiving or sending State. The Vienna Convention and Customary Law. According to Berridge (2002), customary international law was the foundation of diplomatic law before The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 was ratified (p.112).
The main purpose of the convention was to clarify and business, tighten the customary law in the overall formation of an international law. The 1961 ratification was to curb the misuse of diplomatic privileges by is my, some diplomatic agents. This was witnessed through harassment and other illegitimate purposes. Future changes like neo-colonialism also created the need of having a defined framework that would not be dismissed like traditional institutions of diplomacy. The new international law was to create equality in terms of relationships which would not allow exploitation by other nations (Berridge, 2002). The codification of the law justified the business model master, privileges of diplomatic missions only on the basis of efficient functioning and not for one state benefits. On Having. This led to the clarification of the functions of thesis diplomatic missions which were strengthened in the convention. The adoption of the obama, Vienna Convention in early 1960's was to promote inter-state relationships in the world. Business Canvas Master. This was however achieved through various ways which were not only understanding of the treaty but also implementation of the international law which was to significantly transform the customary law which had been in operation for over 200 years (Berridge, 2002). The implementation of these laws was to be guided by the consular relations.
As a key organ, the consular functions were to be facilitated by the convention through free communication. Consular officials were given the freedom to pass information to their nationals in essay oncommitment, the process of diplomatic services. In addition, foreign national were to freely meet with consular officials. This was to promote smooth communication which is canvas a key tool in diplomatic relationships. There are achievements associated which the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 which continue to be felt today.
However, it was to serve to major purposes in maintaining good diplomatic relationships among nations. It was to fully address the needs of foreign nationals who were vulnerable to harassment and denial of human rights. How was this to be realized? Many believed that communication was paramount in protecting and serving the needs of foreign nations. Therefore, the courage and determination essays, freedom for them to meet with consular officials especially in detention was considered as the foundation of their protection. By allowing detainees to communicate to consular officials, many were given a fair hearing in courts and reduced the risk of harassment (Brody and Ratner, 2000). Do signatory states benefit from the Vienna Convention? It allowed them to keep an eye on the manner in which their citizens were treated in foreign countries. This allows independent states to protect their nationals from exploitation but host nations by closely monitoring the kind of treatment they are accorded. Despite these provisions, it is worth noting that countries like the United States have failed to ensure the implementation of these regulations.
It has failed to inform foreign nationals about their legal right to consular access especially when they are in detention. This makes it hard for consular officials to communicate to those in detention in order to have them access to necessary legal assistance. As a result, many foreign nationals have used this provision to challenge court proceedings when they are denied a chance to communicate to consular officials. However, many courts dismiss such arguments on the basis of untimely intervention. In fact, most of these cases end up receiving poor attention since the business master thesis, defendants are always foreign nationals.
What was it? The conference was held in Vienna and chaired by Klemens Wenzel von Metternich. It was an courage international convention which was convened in order to restructure Europe after the collapse of Napoleon I from September 1814 to June 1815. Several decisions were made during the conference most of which were to affect the functioning of model master thesis some territories (Murty, 1989). It is believed that the main purpose of the essays, Congress of Vienna was to create equality and balance of business model canvas master power which to create and preserve peaceful coexistence among nations. The recommendations of the conference were to deal with many issues including Revolutionary Wars and the downfall of the Roman Empire. As a result, there was to be redrawing of maps and essay, adopting new boundaries that would define territorial space. The conference was attended by several states including but not limited to Germany, Netherlands, Russia, Britain and France. Many perceived the Congress to be a model for the UN and the League of Nations as a way of maintaining peace between all the involved parties.
The fall of Napoleon was the end of a continuous war in business model master, more than twenty years. It is is my passion essay important to note that the business model master, conference was never considered as a proper Congress. This was due to the fact that there were no plenary sessions before the formal seating famously known as the Vienna Congress. Another reason why the reputation of the Congress was questionable was that there were no formal meetings among members with some discussions only involving the Great powers some of which were pushing individual interests. It is however regarded as first occasion of its kind where continental leaders came together to agree and adopt treaties which were to shape future continental and inter-state relationships. This was a milestone since communication had previously been seen as a hurdle towards achieving peace (Murty, 1989). The success of the convention was quite significant; forming the dance passion essay, basis of the United Nations' operational foundation and a framework for other treaties like the Vienna convention on Diplomatic relations 1961.
Diplomatic Immunity, Provisions and protocols in the convention. The convention gives a detailed legal framework which defines the foundation, operation and termination of suave relationships among its signatories based on their mutual consent. According to Berridge (2002), the convention was to be a source of detailed guidelines (p. 115). Business Model Master Thesis. Among other functions described earlier, the Vienna convention on care essays, Diplomatic relations 1961 explains the obligations of various diplomatic missions and regulates diplomatic appointments. It categorically gives rules with regard to diplomatic immunities and privileges in order to prevent conflicts which may arise from relationships among independent nations in the world. This promotes inter-state links through free and fair access to information by business thesis, foreign nationals and is my essay, protection of their rights.
It further gives provisions which specify state withdrawal from a diplomatic mission. This only occurs when there is misuse of canvas master thesis diplomatic immunity or poor diplomatic relations. As a result, both the sending and receiving states are protected. Paul Terhorst. Vienna Convention provisions are provided by law, which form a significant basis for diplomatic relationships and its functionality. For instance, article 22 affirms the thesis, purity of mission property and aims at protecting these premises through barring of entry by security agents, say law enforcement officers. In addition to this, the article requires the receiving state to paul terhorst essay on bodywork fully support the protection of these premises under its local law (Berridge, 2002). This protection targets guard against illegal intrusion, defilement of human dignity, disruption of peace and canvas master thesis, damage among other forms of harassment from either government agents or citizens of the receiving nation.
It is worth noting that this article does not allow the entry to the premise by essay, security agents even on emergency, unless authorized by the in charge of the mission. Besides protection of business thesis premises, article 24 safeguards mission documents and essay on bodywork, information archives. This article applies even in the event the documents are outside the mission premises. Model Master. Furthermore, the receiving country is that eye the sky essays not allowed to business model thesis confiscate or carry out any form of inspection under whichever circumstances. The information found in courage and determination essays, these documents and thesis, archives cannot further be used for essays or against and individual in court and other legal proceedings. Communication freedom is also covered by the Vienna Convention under section 27. According to this section of the international diplomatic law, the business master, sending state has the freedom to communicate to the mission at any time when deemed necessary.
In addition, it is and determination not a must for the receiving State to be informed of such communication. Security of the information being transferred is business model thesis also covered under this article with no permission being given to the receiving country to open the carrier containing the message even on suspicion of the kind of information (Berridge, 2002). Based on the nature and functions of diplomatic missions, information security is considered as one of the indispensable immunities. On the other hand, diplomats are also guaranteed from criminal jurisdiction under article 31 of the Convention. However, these immunities may be relinquished by the sending state as directed by the law in article 34 of the convention. This article exempts diplomats from payment of local tax to the receiving state among countless exemptions that fall under local and non official duties of diplomats while discharging their duties under the paul on bodywork, international diplomatic law.
A part from taxes diplomats are also excluded from custom duties imposed on canvas thesis, imported items throughout their mission period in the receiving State (Hardy, 1968, p. 137). This provision is covered in article 36 of the convention. Families of diplomats are also covered by courage essays, diplomatic for various immunities. This law defines how family and model canvas master, junior staffs have to be treated while in the receiving state. It is paul essay important to note that immunities of model thesis these people vary from those enjoyed by diplomats. This variation limits the number of people bearing the name of diplomatic officials as family members. The success of the paul terhorst essay on bodywork, Vienna Convention rests is solely in promoting international diplomatic relations among states in the world. Business Canvas Thesis. With only 22 ratifications at the time of its adoption, it currently enjoys a following of almost every State in the world. This is so although there is need to establish legislation in a number of states in the world. It has created a homogeneous and terhorst essay on bodywork, coherent way of dealing with issues of international relationships.
Nevertheless, the Convention has also received resistance and attack especially in terms of conflicts. This was witnessed in 1980 after the model thesis, shooting of an officer from courage and determination, Libyan space in business model master thesis, the United Kingdom (Brody and and determination essays, Ratner, 2000). Business Master Thesis. It led to a brake up of the relationships between the two nations leading to the termination of Libyan mission to UK. There have been questions by scholars around the globe over essay the conflict which has continued to arise between diplomatic immunity and the access to justice by human beings. Business Master Thesis. This has had reference to instances of is my passion deprivation of human rights like torture. Despite this minimum resistance and international attack, diplomatic immunities have remained intact with immunity rules giving legal direction. There is no doubt that the Vienna Convention is one of the most supported treaties in the world; having fostered the realization of peace among rival and business model, even warring nations in the world.
However, public interest has shifted to the security and vulnerability of diplomats who serve in other countries. Obama Essays. History has witnessed the attack of business canvas master thesis various ambassadorial premises and even officials, raising alarm over the security of essay diplomats (Barker, 2006). In 1998, there was bombing of the US embassy in Kenya and Tanzania which resulted into loss of innocent lives and destruction of property. Besides terrorist attack and threats, some have fallen victims of kidnapping. Business Model Master Thesis. A case in mind is when US diplomatic officers were held hostage in and determination essays, Tehran for over a year. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relation of 1961 has also received practical application in business master thesis, national courts. This is because most of its raised legal provision concerning civil jurisdiction and the kind of evidence to be submitted as evidence during court hearing.
In most cases, such cases present ambiguous cases which involving conflicts over the protection of eye the sky essays human rights versus maintaining the business canvas thesis, dignity of diplomatic premises. The Convention has also been used as a tool for formulating future treaties like the 1963 Vienna Convention on care, Consular Relations and New York's Convention of 1969 which was based on Special Missions. Besides its application in formulation of business canvas thesis other treaties, the Convention has also been used by essays, some international organizations to define treatment of premises and business model, senior staff. It is also used during military operations. Essays Strength. The United Nation has also referred to the convention several occasions like in the 2004 Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities. It is worth noting that most Heads of States and foreign affairs ministers do apply these rules in their capacities in discharging international diplomatic services.
In general, the Vienna convention on Diplomatic relations 1961 is one of the model canvas thesis, most renowned treaties in the world with its impact being felt to date. Although it faces challenges like many other conventions in the world, it has been applauded for promoting coherent international relationships among nations. Many conflicts have been solved using the rules of this convention by providing guidelines on diplomatic relationship. The provisions of the Convention have had great impact towards issues of Diplomatic immunities thus protecting diplomatic officials and their families in paul terhorst, host States (Barker, 2006). It covers the rights of both diplomats and the staff to ensure that they are not exploited in any way by national laws. Diplomatic premises and information archives are also covered under the Convention to guard against unauthorized access to diplomatic information, vandalizing of property and general harassment. The implementation of these provisions has however been facilitated by the corporation of signatory States throughout history with its support having gain immense popularity.
How is the Vienna convention on Diplomatic relations 1961 applicable today? There is no country that can survive on its own regardless of canvas master its development standards. As a result, there has to be framework which defines the manner in which independent states ought to relate in that, achieving a common goal. Model Canvas Thesis. Such a relationship has to be free from exploitation of any of the parties involved and must uphold respect of human rights and dignity (Barker, 2006). Minus relevant tools it is becomes difficult to create these links, an on having achievement which the Vienna convention on Diplomatic relations 1961 enjoys. Together with other tools and organs of governances, the Convention has significantly contributed to the realization of global peace through streamlined international diplomatic relations. Buy Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961 essay paper online. Writer #5436 wrote an excellent research proposal for business model master me. Please pass along my sincere thanks. The proposal was exactly what I ordered, and it came back four full days before it was actually due.
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