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bpm resume After a decade of what has often been conflicting and contentious debate over the meaning of “BPM”, we at tufts questions, BPM.com have joined with other industry experts on the establishment of an official and definitive definition of BPM: “Business Process Management (BPM) is a discipline involving any combination of modeling, automation, execution, control, measurement and optimization of business activity flows, in support of enterprise goals, spanning systems, employees, customers and thesis partners within and beyond the enterprise boundaries.” The goal of this effort is to find the definition that closely represents the concept that most people (including both experts and otherwise) have for the term BPM. The goal was not offer judgment on different BPM methods, technologies or products, many of which are discussed on this site. This definition is by questions design short and concise, yet definitive and thesis statement about vacations complete. Optional! Some broader considerations. BPM is dream narrative essay a discipline; it is tufts essay a practice; it is does persuasive something you do.
Business stems from the state of being busy, and it implies commercially viable and essay profitable work. Cry Dom Essay! A business exists to provide value to customers in exchange for something else of value. Process means a flow of optional business activities and seeing those activities as connected toward the achievement of some business transaction. Flow is meant loosely here: the order may or may not be strictly defined. A person doing BPM must consider a process at the scope of interrelated business activities which holistically cooperate to fulfill a business objective. This is the key difference from a functional view of does god exist essay business where each function might be optimized independent of the other functions. In a complex system like a business, it is well known that local optimization of part of the system will rarely lead to good overall results. A BPM practitioner must consider the metrics of the entire system when evaluating a specific process.
Modeling means that they would identify, define, and make a representation of the optional, complete process to support communication about the process. There is no single standard way to pop culture compare essays model, but the model must encompass the process. Automation refers to the work that is done in advance to assure the smooth execution of the tufts optional, process instances. In many cases this means writing software, but it might include building machinery or even creating signage to direct participants. Execution meaning that instances of a process are performed or enacted, which may include automated aspects. Research On! Conceptually, the process instance executes itself, following the BPM practitioner’s model, but unfolding independent of the essay questions, BPM practitioner. Control means that the there is some aspect of making sure that the process follows the designed course.
This can be strict control and enforcement, or it might be loose control in the form of guidelines, training, and manual practices. Measurement means that effort is taken to quantitatively determine how well the process is working in terms of serving the needs of customers. Optimization means that the discipline of BPM is an ongoing activity that builds over time to steadily improve the measures of the process. Improvement is relative to narrative essay the goals of the organization, and ultimately in terms of meeting the needs of customers. Optional Questions! Enterprise is used here simply to mean a business organization; any organization where people are working together to meet common goals; it does not need to be exceptionally large, and cry dom essay it does not need to be for profit. Optional! The mention of enterprise goals is included here to emphasize that BPM should be done in pop culture compare the context of the goals of the enterprise, and not some small part of optional essay it. This might seem a bit redundant in one sense: any improvement of a process must be an improvement in terms of the enterprise goals anything else would not be called an improvement.
Within and beyond the enterprise boundaries recognizes that the enterprise is part of a larger system. Customers are part of the business process. Essay! Their interaction, along with those of employees should be considered as part of the end-to-end interaction. Assumptions and Understanding Beyond the optional questions, Definition Alone. The discussions and essay commentary that led to the official definition of BPM also uncovered several assumptions and immutable notions about BPM. These are presented below. BPM is an tufts questions, activity; a practice - BPM is something you do, not a thing you own or buy. It is described in many definitions as a practice. There was wide agreement on this, well over cry dom essay 90% of the participants expressed this view. BPM is about improving processes - It presumes the idea that you view business as a set of processes, and tufts optional essay questions BPM is the act of improving those processes. This is important: “skill” is different from “skill improvement”.
This can be confusing. For example in cry dom essay competitive situations the optional essay questions, two ideas are often intertwined - what is the act of playing tennis, if not also the act of trying to improve the way you play tennis? However, in other contexts it is dream easier to distinguish the activity of driving is different than taking a driving course to improve the tufts optional questions, way you drive. The implication is that BPM is not about automating business process (in the ‘paving the cowpaths’ meaning) but about improving them. The same way that ‘reengineering’ a process is about not simply automating what is currently there. Some will say that automation by itself is an improvement over a manual process. The BPM is the activity of discovering and pop culture designing the tufts optional questions, automated process, and is done when the finished application is deployed to the organization. The running of the processes is not part of BPM. However, monitoring the process to find areas of improvement would still be an cry dom essay, important part of BPM.
BPM is done by tufts optional essay questions people concerned primarily with improvement of the thesis vacations, process - A business process will involve many people, but how many of them are concerned with improving it? Some will insist that improvement is everyone’s job. That is, the receptionist should be thinking about how to improve the operations if possible. This interpretation is too broad to be useful. The cook who adds salt to tufts optional essay questions the food making it taste better, motivating more employees to eat in the building, cutting down on waste of time driving to compare contrast essays an outside restaurant, and tufts essay questions improving the amount of information interaction between worker, and resulting in better performance is NOT business process management by any account. Everybody in essay a business is working to do their best job, and optional essay every good job helps the business, but all of research this is not BPM. BPM must be narrowly defined as the activity done by people who actively and primarily look specifically at the business processes, and trying to improve them. Clearly those people must solicit input from as many others as possible, but those others are not doing BPM. Participating in a process is not doing BPM - A manager approving a purchase order is not doing BPM even though that approval is an questions, activity in a process. A bank manager rejecting a loan application is not doing BPM even though this activity is a step in a business process. These people are doing jobs that are part of cry dom essay a process, but they are not doing BPM.
Implementation (coding) of the process application is not BPM - An application developer designing a form for data entry as a step in a process is not doing BPM at tufts questions, that moment. Once the “to-be” process has been adequately spelled out, the actual implementation of the application that supports it is no longer actively engaged in improving the process. A small caution here: applications are often developed incrementally show to the customer, get feedback, improve, and iterate and the process may be improved incrementally as well. Those incremental improvements should be included as the brocher resume, activity of tufts essay BPM, but the activity of implementation of the application is not BPM. The criteria is clear: if you are actively and primarily engaged in improvement of the process, then it is BPM, otherwise it is cry dom essay engineering. Making a suggestion for process improvement is questions not BPM - This means that there is narrative a distinction between many people who make suggestions, and those who then actually do the BPM. When a process analyst is involved in essay questions BPM, it is expected that they will solicit lots of information about what is and is not working, as well as suggestions on how it might work. Those people who give the feedback are helping the BPM work, but not themselves doing BPM. Improving a single step of a process is not BPM - Some have the mistaken idea that any possible action that improves a process is BPM no matter how small. Essays! A person doing BPM needs to have some kind of big-picture view of the process. It has been described as an “end-to-end view” of the process.
Optimizing one step in a process, without knowledge of the entire process, is essay questions exactly what Hammer and Champy were warning about: to understand the correct optimizations we need to consider those optimizations within the context of a complete business process. A workman smoothing gravel on a road is improving all of the process that involved driving on that road, but it is not BPM because he does not have visibility of the whole process. The engineer finding a way to double the bandwidth of a fiber optic cable is improving all the processes that require communications, but this is not BPM either. An office worker who finds that OpenOffice4 helps to create documents faster than some other word processor is improving all the processes that involve writing documents; this is not BPM either. In order to brocher resume have a discussion about BPM, we can consider only those activities by people who have a view to, and optional questions consider the effect on, the vacations, entire end to end process. Here we get into a variety of different ways that people abuse the BPM term. BPM is not a product - There is a category called “BPMS” which is a BPM Suite or BPM System. Gartner has introduced a new product category called “intelligent BPMS.” What is tufts questions included depends very much on the vendor. Analysts have attempted to compare contrast essays list features and tufts essay questions capabilities that are necessary, but those features change from year to year. Dissertation! For example, in 2007 analysts commonly insisted that BPM Suites must have a BPEL execution capability, but today this is entirely ignored or forgotten. Most products designed to support BPM also include a lot of other capabilities beyond just those the BPM practitioner requires.
Particularly they generally include a lot of application development and data integration capability. It is very convenient to offer all this in a single package, while other vendors bundle collections of offerings together to get the same benefit. By analogy “driving” is an activity, but an automobile offers many more things than just those needed to drive. Tufts Optional Questions! BPM is pop culture compare contrast essays not a market segment again, there might be a market segment around products that support BPM, or BPMS products, but BPM itself is a practice. Vendors may be labeled as a “BPMS Vendor” which simply means they have some products which can support the activity of BPM, among other things. Tufts Essay! An application does not do BPM the application might be the pop culture compare contrast essays, result of BPM activity. Once finished, it either does the business process, or support people doing the business process. It may, as a byproduct, have metrics that help further improvement of the process. In this sense it supports BPM in optional essay questions the same way that receptionist may support BPM by thesis statement vacations coming up with good ideas, and that is not enough to say that the application, or the receptionist, is doing BPM. BPM as a Service is not application hosting We use the term business process as a service (BPaaS) to mean applications hosted outside the tufts, company that supports more than one function of a business process. Like the application above, it does the process, but it does not do BPM.
Entire organizational units don’t do BPM To say that a company is doing BPM is simply a way of saying that there are some people in the company that are doing BPM. This kind of abstraction is normal. It should be obvious that when a company or division claims to be doing BPM, the majority of the people there are not actually doing BPM. BPM is not anything that improves business some argue that every activity is part of a process because a process is just a set of activities. Then, any action taken to improve any activity is does persuasive essay BPM. I have argued against this interpretation because such a broad interpretation would make BPM meaningless: it would mean anything. There is broad acceptance that BPM is a practice of questions methodically improving a process that supports business, and that improvements in part of the process must be done only thesis after the consideration of the entire end to end process. Optional Essay Questions! BPM is not all activities supported by a BPMS as I mentioned earlier, a BPMS supports many things (e.g. application development) which is not BPM. A BPMS that only does supported the tufts essay questions, exact activity of BPM would not be as useful as one that bring a lot of capabilities together.
It is however a common mistake for people to say that because a BPMS supports something, it is then an aspect of BPM. While it is dream narrative essay true that someone who does BPM needs to document a process, it is not true that anyone who documents a process is optional questions doing BPM. While it is true that many BPMS support designing a screen form, it is not true that design a screen form is BPM. The activity of cry dom essay BPM is tufts essay fairly well defined, but a BPMS support a much wider set of activities. Because you can do something with a BPMS does not mean you are doing BPM A BPMS is thesis designed to support the activity of BPM.
However there are many things a BPMS can do that are not BPM. Home What Is BPM BPM Today Blogs and Articles Quotes of the Week Podcast In the Forum Headlines Login Resources Events and optional essay Webinars First Impressions Featured Whitepapers Webinar Archive Case Studies Partner Events Vendor Guide bpmNEXT 2017. Essay! 2017 Copyright Business Process Management, Inc.
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Plato#039;s Republic Republic [Politeia], Plato - Essay. Greek philosophical dialogues, written c. 3857-60 b.c. Regarded as Plato's most important work, the Republic has long been studied as a seminal text of the optional questions Western literary and does god exist, philosophical canon. In this group of optional questions, philosophical dialogues, Plato uses a conversational prose format to explore the nature of society, seeking to define the characteristics of an research, ideal society, or republic. Inspired by the teachings of essay questions, his mentor, Socrates, in the Republic Plato theorizes that the answer to society's ills lies not in reforming political systems but in adopting philosophic principles as guidelines.
To implement and oversee these principles in society, Plato proposes the creation of what he calls ruler philosophers—individuals who will lead society into an ethical existence based on predetermined principles that are expounded in the Republic. In addition to the Republic, Plato, who founded and ran an academy in Athens for many years, wrote a number of other dialogues as well as numerous letters. Because of the statement about influence of the ideas expressed in various dialogues, including the Republic , Plato has come to occupy a key position in the history of western philosophy and tufts optional essay, is often called the father of philosophic idealism. Additionally, he is lauded as a preeminent prose stylist and the Republic is regarded as one of the most exemplary texts in this genre, praised for its craftsmanship and poetic qualities. A citizen of Athens, Plato was born in approximately 428 b.c. and lived in a period of political tumult marked by the recent death of the great Athenian statesman Pericles in 429 b.c. and thesis statement, the strife of the Peloponnesian War, which lasted from 431 to 404 b.c. The era also exhibited remarkable cultural vitality and included the great dramatists Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, of whom Plato was a younger contemporary. Plato was descended from a distinguished family of statesmen; his mother's cousin Critias and his maternal uncle Charmides, both portrayed in eponymous dialogues, belonged to the Thirty Tyrants, the oligarchs who ruled Athens in cooperation with Sparta after the Peloponnesian War. The unsettled political climate during the period gave rise to a class of itinerant professional instructors called Sophists who made their living teaching rhetoric and public speaking—skills prized in tufts essay the political arena—as well as geometry, astronomy, and arithmetical calculation. Dissertation On? Socrates—whom the young Plato met while the optional elder Athenian discoursed in the streets and homes of the city on topics related to research dissertation, the virtuous life—objected to tufts essay, the aims of the Sophists, asserting that they manipulated language for their own ends, obfuscating and confusing in order to succeed in argumentation, rather than elucidating and research, searching for tufts optional, truth. Known primarily through Plato's dialogues, Socrates advocated a quest for self-knowledge and statement about vacations, cultivation of the soul, and claimed that contemplation is the noblest human activity. Plato's own career as a writer spanned the greater part of his life.
All of his known works, including thirty-four dialogues of varying length and thirteen epistles, are extant. Of these, the Republic is optional essay, considered his greatest work because of the representative nature of its content as well as because of its importance as the premier example of ancient Greek prose. Plot and Major Characters. Composed as a dramatic dialogue among various characters, the principal among them Socrates, the Republic is divided into brocher resume ten main books. This division, as scholars have repeatedly pointed out, is somewhat artificial and was dictated more by the limitations of book production in ancient times—in this case, the optional amount of material that would fit onto a papyrus roll—rather than any internal break in the sequence of the argument. The text begins with a prelude, where the main characters and setting are introduced and the subject of the dialogue—justice, or right conduct—explained briefly. In addition to brocher resume, Socrates, who is the main narrator of the dialogue, other characters include Glaucon and Adeimantus, elder brothers of Plato, and Polemarchus, a resident of Athens at whose house the essay conversation takes place. Also present are Thrasymachus, a Sophist and orator as well as the main respondent in Book I; Lysias and Euthydemus, Polemarchus's brothers; and Niceratus, Charmantides, and Cleitophon.
Ostensibly a discussion about the nature of justice, expounded on first by Thrasymachus, who states the Sophist position that justice and research, its related conventions are rules that were imposed on optional essay, society by narrative those in power, the rest of the dialogue is optional essay, mainly a response from Socrates to this statement. Does Essay? In essence, the argument to prove the inherent good of justice leads Plato, via Socrates, to lay out his vision of the ideal state, covering a wide range of topics, including the social, educational, psychological, moral, and philosophical aspects of the republic. The main intention of the optional Republic is to define the dream principles that govern an ideal society. In doing so, Plato touches upon many important ideas about education, ethics, politics, and morality in this text. Scholars have pointed out that the main argument of the Republic is partly a response to the political unrest and instability Plato witnessed in contemporary Athenian society. Following the end of the Peloponnesian War, Athens became a democracy of sorts, led mostly by optional essay laymen, who, in dream narrative Plato's view, tended to tufts, implement policies based more on popular demand rather than necessity or principle. Research On? Thus, Plato developed a perspective that viewed all contemporary forms of government as corrupt, theorizing that the tufts optional essay questions only hope for finding true justice both for society and thesis statement about vacations, the individual lies in philosophy, and tufts essay questions, that “mankind will have no respite from essays, trouble until either real philosophers gain political power, or politicians become by some miracle true philosophers.” This is the central theme of the Republic.
In the context of this premise, Plato touches upon several major issues, focusing the most significant discussions on the nature and definition of ethics, education, and the organization of society and politics, as well as religion and philosophy. In contrast to the Sophists, who advocated the essay questions primacy of rhetoric over moral training, Plato proposes the creation of an educational system that focuses on the molding of character, with the ultimate goal of the brocher resume educator being not just imparting knowledge, but also the ability “to turn the mind's eye to the light so that it can see for tufts optional essay, itself.” According to Plato, one of the main problems of thesis, his society was the inability to distinguish true reality from tufts questions, reflections or images of reality. Plato employs his famous allegory of the cave to illustrate how mankind learns and can be mislead by god exist persuasive the manner in which he learns. Plato's preferred educational system strictly controls the upbringing of the ruling class in order to help them differentiate between appearance and reality and optional essay questions, form correct views. He advocates the study of mathematics and abstract ideas rather than art, music, or literature because the latter deal with representation of ideas, not ideas themselves; he even goes so far as to advocate censorship of art, when necessary, in the service of proper education. Another powerful focus in the Republic is the discussion of justice. Responding primarily to the Sophists' position, that morality is important only contrast, because of the social and personal consequences that follow, Plato contends that morality and tufts questions, justice are key components of an does god exist persuasive, ideal society and tufts optional essay, that they must underlie all areas of human interaction.
The Republic has a unique place in the history of contrast essays, Western literature because of its importance as a literary, political, as well as philosophical text. Tufts Optional Essay? Its reception in early commentaries was particularly positive and for many centuries it was regarded as an ideal text, based on its literary and thematic merits. A. Dream Narrative Essay? E. Taylor's introduction to his translation of the Republic is an example of optional essay questions, this critical approach. Later commentators have been more critical, however, and many twentieth-century studies of the Republic have emphasized the on totalitarian nature of Plato's society, critiquing him for the degree of optional essay questions, power he invests in the philosopher rulers. In her introduction to the Republic Julia Annas remarks on the power of the pop culture contrast text and the persuasiveness of Plato's assessments, noting that in some ways, the tufts essay systematic treatment of pop culture compare essays, such important subjects as morality, politics, and knowledge is “designed to sweep the reader along,” often leading first-time readers to either accept the premise of the text without question or to reject it entirely. After further study, though, writes Annas, the optional essay Republic reveals itself as a work of great complexity, and thesis vacations, thus a text that rewards detailed analysis. In his assessment of the role of the good as it is explained by Plato, Mitchell Miller also comments on tufts, the multilayered nature of ideas presented in pop culture contrast the Republic and focuses his discussion by providing context from other contemporary sources of Greek prose. Optional? Other modern studies of Plato have also tended to focus on specific ideas explored in the Republic.
For example, R. E. Allen (see Further Reading) explores the speech of Glaucon to highlight the idea of statement vacations, justice and morality, while James O'Rourke ruminates about the respective positions accorded to myth and logic in Plato's ideal society. Optional? In his essay on slavery as it is defined in the Republic, Brian Calvert reviews other critical commentaries on this issue, concluding that Plato's republic “could not contain slaves.” Critical commentaries on the Republic continue to flourish, attesting to the sustaining power of the ideas contained in the text, whether they relate to society, politics, religion, education, or human nature. Access our Plato's Republic Study Guide for Free. Apology (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Charmides (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Crito (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Euthyphro (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Gorgias (dialogue) before 387 b.c.
Hippias Major (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Hippias Minor (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Ion (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Laches (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Lysis (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Protagoras (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Republic, Book I (dialogue) before 387 b.c. (The entire section is 257 words.) Get Free Access to this Plato#039;s Republic Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and statement about vacations, thousands more. Get Better Grades.
Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to tufts optional, ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. SOURCE: Taylor, A. Thesis Vacations? E. “The Republic. ” In Plato: The Man and His Work, pp. 263-98. London, Eng.: Methuen, 1948. [ In the following essay, first published in 1926 and optional, revised in 1937, Taylor provides a detailed analysis of the ideas, language, and philosophy of Plato's Republic.] The Republic is at once too long a work, and too well known by numerous excellent summaries and commentaries, to require or permit analysis on the scale we have found necessary in dealing with the Phaedo or Protagoras. We must be content to presume the student's acquaintance with its contents, and to offer some general considerations of the relation of its main.
(The entire section is 19658 words.) Get Free Access to this Plato#039;s Republic Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Lerner, Ralph. Introduction to cry dom essay, Averroes on Plato's Republic, translated by Ralph Lerner, pp. xiii-xxviii. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1974. [ In the following introduction to the medieval Arabic philosopher Averroes's commentary on Plato's Republic, Lerner discusses Averroes's approach to the text, noting that despite the essay differences in their religious backgrounds, Averroes exhibits a deep appreciation for Plato's philosophy. Statement Vacations? ] Why a Muslim like Averroes should choose to tufts optional essay, write on Plato's Republic is cry dom essay, not immediately self-evident. Of what use is this pagan closet philosophy to men who already hold what they believe to tufts essay questions, be the inestimable. (The entire section is 6273 words.)
SOURCE: Annas, Julia. Introduction to An Introduction to Plato's Republic, pp. 1-15. Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1981. [ In the following essay, Annas presents an overview of the Republic in the context of politics and philosophy during Plato's time, also focusing on Socrates' influence on Plato. ] The Republic is Plato's best-known work, and there are ways in which it is god exist essay, too famous for its own good. It gives us systematic answers to tufts essay questions, a whole range of questions about morality, politics, knowledge, and metaphysics, and the book is written in a way designed to sweep the reader along and give a general grasp of the way Plato sees all these questions as.
(The entire section is 7141 words.) SOURCE: Miller, Mitchell. “Platonic Provocations: Reflections on the Soul and the Good in the Republic. ” In Platonic Investigations, edited by Dominic J. Research Dissertation? O'Meara, pp. 163-93. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1985. [ In the following essay, Miller explicates the fundamental philosophical positions adopted by Plato in the Republic.] If we do not understand [the Good], then even the greatest possible knowledge of other things is of no benefit to us. The aim of this reflection is to explore the nexus of tufts optional questions, notoriously obscure notions that lies at the center of. (The entire section is 16239 words.) SOURCE: Calvert, Brian. “Slavery in Plato's Republic. ” Classical Quarterly ns.
37, no. 2 (1987): 367-72. [ In the following essay, Calvert summarizes the critical debate over whether Plato's ideal republic would include slaves or not, concluding that although the standard critical view supports the existence of slavery in statement about vacations the republic, there is an equally balanced argument opposing the existence of the practice. ] For a number of years, in the not too distant past, there was a lively debate between Plato's defenders and critics over the question of whether his Republic contained slaves. However, since the appearance of an article by. (The entire section is 3780 words.) James O#039;Rourke (essay date summer 1987) SOURCE: O'Rourke, James. “Mythos and Logos in the Republic. ” Clio 16, no. 4 (summer 1987): 381-96. [ Characterizing the Republic as a “foundational text in Western thought,” O'Rourke contends that the emphasis accorded to logic over optional questions, myth in this work imbues it with an inherent structural instability. ] The Republic is perhaps the foundational text in compare essays Western thought that gives dominion to optional, logos over research, mythos.
This paper is about the instability of that hierarchy in the text of the Republic, and the consequences of that instability. The justifications Socrates gives in the latter part of the Republic for why the. (The entire section is 7342 words.) Anthony Skillen (essay date July 1992) SOURCE: Skillen, Anthony. “Fiction Year Zero: Plato's Republic. ” The British Journal of Aesthetics 32, no. Tufts Optional Questions? 3 (July 1992): 201-08. [ In the following essay, Skillen presents an account of Plato's views on fiction as they are laid out in the Republic.] Then it will be our first business to supervise the production of stories, and choose only those we think suitable, and reject the rest … the worst fault possible, especially if the fiction is an ugly one, is misrepresenting the nature of gods and heroes, like a portrait painter whose portraits bear no resemblance to dream narrative essay, their originals … (The entire section is optional questions, 3793 words.)
SOURCE: Aune, Bruce. “The Unity of Plato's Republic. Dream Essay? ” Ancient Philosophy 17, no. 2 (fall 1997): 291-308. [ In the following essay, Aune investigates charges of tufts essay questions, structural disunity between the two books of the Republic, maintaining that a close examination of the two parts reveals a style and method of inquiry in part II that are very similar to those of part I. ] How well does Republic i fit together with the books that follow? Does it contribute to, or detract from, the unity of the dialogue as a philosophical work? There is brocher resume, still disagreement about this matter. 1 Irwin 1995, 169 speaks of book 1 as the first of tufts essay questions, two ‘long. (The entire section is 10235 words.)
Elizabeth F. Cooke (essay date spring 1999) SOURCE: Cooke, Elizabeth F. “The Moral and compare, Intellectual Development of the Philosopher in Plato's Republic. Tufts Optional Essay? ” Ancient Philosophy 19, no. 1 (spring 1999): 37-44. [ In the following essay, Cooke comments on Plato's view of the role of philosophy in does god exist persuasive essay everyday life, stating that for Plato, philosophy is not an abstract concept, but one that draws from all aspects of life, including the spiritual, moral, and intellectual. ] The metaphysical knowledge required for the philosopher is often seen as merely abstract and theoretical, though the philosophers share in the same early character education as that of the spirited auxiliaries. This is not a mere oversight by. (The entire section is tufts essay questions, 3589 words.) Donald Morrison (essay date spring 2001) SOURCE: Morrison, Donald. “The Happiness of the City and the Happiness of the Individual in Plato's Republic. ” Ancient Philosophy 21, no. On? 1 (spring 2001): 1-24. [ In the following essay, Morrison reflects on the relationship between the happiness of individuals and the happiness of the city as it is tufts optional essay questions, outlined in the Republic.] Is the polis, as conceived by Plato in the Republic, some kind of ‘super-individual’, or is brocher resume, it nothing over and above its component individuals?
Is the happiness of the polis a separate and transcendent value, for which the happiness of its citizens might be sacrificed, or not? Answers to these questions are often grouped into. (The entire section is tufts optional questions, 12492 words.) David N. McNeill (essay date December 2001) SOURCE: McNeill, David N. Thesis Statement About? “Human Discourse, Eros, and Madness in Plato's Republic. ” Review of Metaphysics 55, (December 2001): 235-68. [ In the tufts following essay, McNeill compares three variations on the idea of eros as presented in Plato's Republic, Phaedrus and Symposium.]
In book 9 of the Republic, Socrates tells Adeimantus that the “tyrant-makers” manage to defeat the relatives of the nascent tyrant in the battle over the young man's soul by contriving “to make in him some eros, a sort of great winged drone, to be the leader of the idle desires.” This “leader of the soul,” Socrates claims, (The entire section is 13291 words.) Allen, R. E. “The Speech of Glaucon in Plato's Republic. ” Journal of the History of Philosophy 25, no. 1 (January 1987): 3-11. Outline of Plato's position on the “good” as it is explicated via the dialogue between Glaucon and Socrates in the second book of the Republic. Kahn, Charles H. “Plato's Theory of Desire.” The Review of Metaphysics 41, no.1, issue no. About Vacations? 161 (September 1987): 77-103.
Investigates Plato's theory of the psyche and desire as it is expressed in the Republic, noting that Plato is the first western philosopher to deal with these topics in a systematic manner. . (The entire section is 379 words.) Plato's Republic Homework Help Questions. The main theme of Plato’s allegory of the cave is that we humans tend not to understand the true reality of our world. We think that we understand what we are looking at and sensing in our. Plato favored an aristocracy ruled by philosopher kings. He did not believe most societies could maintain it though. Tufts Essay Questions? Plato’s aristocracy was based on merit. The leaders were strong. Plato's ideal society is cry dom essay, built on the ideal of justice.
Just as he believed the soul was composed of three hierarchical parts—appetitive, rational, and spiritual—he believed a just society. Well, hate may be too strong of a word, but he certainly wasn't a fan. Tufts? The reason is because Plato was convinced that not all people had the intellectual ability to rule. It is an research dissertation, elitist. The Ring of tufts optional, Gyges was an oral legend told to Plato by his brother Glaucon, and recounted in The Republic.
The story concerned a magic ring that made its wearer invisible; this allowed the.
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9 Creative Resume Design Tips (With Template Examples) If you’re hunting for that dream role at a creative company you’re going to want to dust off your old resume and give it a modern refresh. But how can you make sure that—out of all the applicants—it’s your resume that catches your future employer’s eye? Today we take a look at nine resume design tips for overhauling the format, layout, and structure of your resume. Discover fantastic ideas for injecting creativity into your resume design without compromising on tufts optional, professionalism. We also share creative resume examples and templates throughout the post, visually demonstrating these design tips in action so you can readily put them to work for you. When you're ready to create your own resume, check out cry dom essay this tutorial on designing a creative resume in Adobe InDesign. Questions? You can also browse the does god exist persuasive, full selection of creative resume templates on GraphicRiver to tufts optional, get even more inspiration. Thesis? Tip 1: Use Columns to Maximize on Space.
One thing that is an absolute nightmare for tufts essay questions, employers tasked with trawling through resumes by the bucketload is encountering resumes that are more than one page long. Sure, you might want to go into cry dom essay, detail about that part-time training course you took seven years ago, but, frankly, all your future employer wants to tufts optional questions, know is pop culture compare contrast, how that qualification is tufts questions, relevant to research dissertation on, the job you’re applying for. The best advice for questions, putting together the content of your resume? Keep it short and sweet. Edit out compare essays qualifications and details that are irrelevant to the role. You’ll find that editing your text down to fill just one page can be tricky, but it’s well worth it—you’ll appear concise, organized and you’ll also be highlighting only the most important, and best, information about tufts questions yourself. This is does persuasive, going to make your resume easy-to-digest and tufts essay, a doddle to print ( you’re welcome, environment ). Pop Culture Compare Contrast Essays? But how can you even begin to essay questions, fit all your wonderful achievements on just one sheet of contrast essays paper? There are some design techniques you can employ to maximise the essay, space on your one page, without forcing the god exist persuasive, layout to feel overcrowded. Tufts Optional Questions? One tip is to try splitting your resume layout into two sections, with a narrow column running down the left- or right-side of the page, as shown below: Creative Resume Template example with functional columns and cry dom essay, organized layout format.
Place shorter sections of information, like a brief bio, skills, software competencies, languages and contact details in the column, along with a photo in the same column. Switch up the essay, background color of the column to research, keep it visually distinctive. Tufts Essay? Placing more detailed chunks of information, such as your job experience, education and qualifications, in the other wider column will help maximise the limited space available in your creative resume layout. Tip 2: Resume Layout Structure is All-Important. Though it may be dull, organization is the key to a successfully-designed resume. You want the design of your creative resume format to be well planned and organized. Once you have edited down your content to one-page’s worth, you need to visually separate that information into digestible chunks. Imagine you’ve been sat at your desk looking at resumes all day—you sure aren't going to linger long over someone’s essay-long summary of the cry dom essay, internship they did last summer. Don’t lump all your information together. Use a grid structure for your layout, with columns and rows, visual dividers and optional essay, white space to section out all the data you’re presenting to the reader.
This will also make it much easier for them to refer to individual items of information in conversation with a colleague or during an compare contrast, interview. You want to make your creative resume a pleasure to read, not a chore, and keeping your information visually organized is going to tufts, help you achieve this. Take a look at narrative this simple-yet-striking resume template, and particularly at how the information is tufts optional essay, sectioned up. This creative resume layout is based on a simple grid structure with two columns, and plenty of white space, the different sections are clearly marked out and divided from each other with subheadings and lines. Creative Resume Template with underlying grid formatting shown. It may seem a “well, duh!” sort of tip, but you’d be amazed at how many people crowd their resumes with waffle. Be brave and clinical, and create a resume that’s as well-organized as the company’s filing system. It will say something about your personality to your potential employer—your organizational skills and brocher resume, efficiency being immediately apparent. Tip 3: Catch the Eye with Resume Infographics. Infographic design details are a great way of introducing a more unique look to your resume, while looking data-driven and professional. How to achieve the tufts, infographic look?
First, divide your resume layout up into a grid with two columns and essays, four or five rows. Focus on placing one section of ‘data’ into each square of the grid, whether that’s your list of awards and certificates, or your educational history. Transform each section of data into its own individual infographic. Try transforming your list of past jobs into an experience timeline, ordered chronologically. Use graphic icons to represent different skills or hobbies (take a look at the huge range of free icons available at flaticon.com if you don’t fancy creating your own from scratch). Use the shape tools in your design software of choice to create simple charts and graphs to represent your language skills or software experience. Check out this simple tutorial on creating your own infographic elements in Adobe InDesign, and use them to embellish your resume layout. One final tip for infographic styles—keep your colors pared-back, neutral and minimal. With all those graphic elements going on, you’ll want to keep the design looking ultra-professional. Tip 4: Make a Nod to Your Profession. Optional? Odds are, you’ll be looking for thesis statement vacations, a particular role, which will make good use of your particular skillset.
If this is the case, you can fine-tune the design of your resume to tufts essay, make a nod to your chosen profession. For example, if you’re a publishing designer, make your resume look a little bookish. Use classic typefaces like Caslon and Baskerville, and structure the layout to mimic a beautifully typeset book page. If you’re a web designer, take inspiration from this digital-inspired resume template and give your layout a digital-inspired design with neon pops of pop culture color, data-like icons and essay, bars, and a precise, clean-cut layout. Brocher Resume? Just like a beautifully-designed webpage, right? Use your creative resume as an opportunity to show off your design skills in practice. This will make the look of your resume a great talking point at the interview stage, and will showcase your enthusiasm for tufts essay questions, your career of cry dom essay choice. Tufts Essay? Tip 5: Know When to cry dom essay, Keep it Simple. So I’ve encouraged you so far to get creative with grids, infographics and colors on your resume, but there's also a time and a place for minimal, simple design. Optional? Perhaps the role you’re applying for brocher resume, is more administrative, even if it’s within a creative company, or the company is not so much a youthful start-up but more an established, formal enterprise. Applying for tufts optional questions, a role at an architecture firm or marketing company?
Perhaps a more stripped-back resume design would be more fitting. Brocher Resume? This means no photos ( or at the very least, no colorful cropped images from Facebook. Tufts Essay Questions? but I’m trusting you wouldn’t subject any future employer to those anyway ), no graphics, and no colors that will give a CEO a headache. Take a lesson from this wonderfully minimal resume template: Choose a classic sans serif typeface, and keep the structure of your minimal resume conventional. Does God Exist Persuasive? Flush type to align left, to keep your text traditional in tufts optional style. Allow for white space to make the whole design appear serene and professional.
Use simple, thin lines (look to the Stroke Tools in Adobe software) to about, divide sections of content into tufts essay questions, manageable chunks, and use color sparingly—as a little pop of blue to mark out on subheadings catches the eye without being overbearing. If you’re sending a portfolio, resume, and tufts optional questions, cover letter to apply for cry dom essay, your dream creative role, think about how you can make all the elements of your application look more unified and professional. Treating your job application as an exercise in branding is a great way to both elevate your application to the next level and prove to your future employer that you can be creative while working within a set of brand rules. Tufts Essay Questions? Before you begin creating your portfolio, resume, and cover letter, you need to lay down some simple rules for does persuasive, your personal brand. First up, consider creating your own personal logo, like in this slick resume example. Try designing a simple icon using your initials and a simple shape or border. Apply the logo to tufts optional, the cover page of all your application documents. Simple personal branding element example. Secondly, you need to think about does being consistent with your choice of optional essay questions typeface and how you format your text. Choose a simple, legible sans serif for jobs in digital-related fields (take Aller for a spin), or go for pop culture compare contrast, a serif (you can’t go wrong with Caslon or Garamond ) if the role is more traditional.
Set rules for tufts optional questions, how you format headers, sub-headings and narrative essay, body text; as well as applying consistent text sizing and alignment throughout all your documents. Finally, a brand is really pulled together by a consistent use of color. Take a look at this colorful resume and portfolio template, which features a bold, four-color palette that is applied consistently across all the pages, with geometric shapes used to tie together the elements and create unusual grid sections for placing text and images. Create a complementary color palette in your software of tufts choice (in Adobe programmes, expand the Swatches panel and create new CMYK swatches, before saving them as a Swatch Library ), and stick to it! To take your branding exercise to the next level, design your portfolio website to match your brand look, so that the does god exist persuasive, impressive unified effect isn’t lost when the employer checks you out online. It’s one challenge to make your resume look presentable, but how are you going to optional essay questions, make it memorable ? What’s going to give the reader a lasting impression of your personality without you being physically present?
After all, you won’t even get to to the interview stage if your resume is instantly forgettable. To make it unforgettable, you need to think of ways to inject personality into does persuasive, your resume. This can partly be content-based—try sharing your hobbies and tufts essay questions, interests outside of work, or presenting a short bio in a punchy, informal way. In terms of design, there’s two ultra-simple ways to personalize your resume and make it more reflective of who you are. The first is to add your personal signature to the design.
Signing your name is pop culture essays, personal and intimate, and makes a nice nod to tradition in this overwhelmingly digital age. If your signature’s illegible or downright messy, just use a handwritten typeface to set your name instead. Try out Harabara Hand or Jimmy Script . Example of a handwritten font applied to a Personalized Resume Template. Guaranteed this will make your name more memorable than if it was set in optional essay plain ol’ Helvetica. Cry Dom Essay? The other thing you can do to personalize your resume is to include a photo.
A word of caution—don’t just pop in any old photo and optional, hope that will cut the narrative essay, mustard. Your photo should ideally be professionally taken, and present you in a professional yet approachable light. A warm smile is great, but avoid manic laughter. Equally, a stony-faced, serious photo could be off-putting to an employer looking for a team-player. A professional photographer will put you at ease and produce photos that look natural. Adjusting color photos to black-and-white (apply a Black White Adjustment Layer to your color photo in Adobe Photoshop ), like in essay this clean resume template, also adds an extra-professional touch.
Tip 8: Want to Be Really Creative? Go Digital! Print resumes have an old-fashioned charm and many companies will take it as a given that your application will be in a printable format. Sometimes, however, you really need to push the dream narrative essay, boundaries. If you’ve been eyeing up a designer role at tufts optional that ultra-creative start-up, you’re going to need to show your employer that you can think outside of the box. Most start-ups have a tech-forward ethos, and thesis about vacations, this creates the perfect opportunity for you to show off your web design skills. Hey, even if you’re lacking in coding prowess there are still loads of simple ways that you can customize personal website templates to make them your own. Moving your resume onto a digital platform allows you to get really creative with your presentation. You can now integrate interactive content into your resume, such as animation and video, and it also happens to be incredibly convenient for essay, your employer to access. No fiddly email attachments or postal application, just click and research, go. Make sure your site is mobile-responsive, just in case they decide to check you out on their morning commute.
This uber-professional resume portfolio theme is a fantastic example of integrating a resume, cover letter and portfolio into one slick webpage: Resume Website Theme - example profile and resume layout. Resume Website Theme - example of featured portfolio elements. The dark background and minimal design keeps the page from tufts essay questions, looking overly gimmicky or geeky (we’re looking at you, Robby Leonardi. Who am I kidding, his video game-inspired resume is awesome!). Dream Narrative? If you’re trying to convince your future boss of your technical skills, moving your resume onto a digital platform (or even better, creating both a hard and tufts questions, soft copy of your application— you’ll have no complaints ) is the perfect way of showcasing your digital skillset, before you’ve even got to the interview! Tip 9: Balance Creativity and Professionalism. In this article I’ve shared with you a few tips for how you can give your resume a modern refresh, and how to make your application memorable and impressive. A final—and arguably most important—tip is to strike a fine-tuned balance between creativity and god exist persuasive, professionalism in optional essay questions your resume design. Unlike other print items, like flyers or posters, a resume needs to be a bit more understated.
Before they’ve even met you in person an cry dom essay, employer will make judgements about your personality and professional capabilities based on the look of your resume alone. So you want to make sure those first impressions are as positive as possible, which will improve your chances of getting to the interview stage (where you will, of course, wow the essay, interviewer with your sparkling personality). Choosing an elegant, legible typeface and research, setting it nicely on the page will have more positive impact than a layout weighed down with gradients, eyesore colors and novelty fonts. You can show off your creative side in optional essay questions a subtle way, by proving that you know when there’s a time and a place for being ultra-experimental. and for a number of jobs you may apply for a professional resume is thesis about vacations, not the place to do it. Move away from loading down your resume with creative effects, and focus more on how you can improve the reader’s overall experience of your application. Tufts? Structuring the content of your resume, developing a personal brand, or moving your resume onto a digital platform will prove to thesis statement about, potential employers that you’re able to problem-solve, and present information in a memorable, skillful way. Balance creative presentation ideas with a professional design and tufts essay questions, you can’t go wrong! Share Your C reative Resume Design! Have you been looking to refresh your resume recently? Have you landed a dream job off the back of your resume design?
We’d love to know! Feel free to share your experiences, comments and tips below. Ready to brocher resume, create your own resume from scratch? Check out this tutorial on creating a unique, versatile resume. Tufts Optional Essay? Or browse the full range of creative resume templates available on GraphicRiver.
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essay side table Once your statistical analyses are complete, you will need to summarize the essay data and results for brocher resume, presentation to tufts optional your readers. Data summaries may take one of 3 forms: text, Tables and Figures. Text: contrary to what you may have heard, not all analyses or results warrant a Table or Figure. Some simple results are best stated in a single sentence, with data summarized parenthetically: Seed production was higher for plants in the full-sun treatment (52.3 +/-6.8 seeds) than for those receiving filtered light (14.7+/- 3.2 seeds, t=11.8, df=55, p0.001.) Tables: Tables present lists of numbers or text in cry dom essay columns, each column having a title or label. Do not use a table when you wish to show a trend or a pattern of relationship between sets of values - these are better presented in a Figure.
For instance, if you needed to optional questions present population sizes and sex ratios for your study organism at a series of sites, and you planned to focus on does essay, the differences among individual sites according to (say) habitat type, you would use a table. However, if you wanted to show us that sex ratio was related to population size, you would use a Figure. Figures: Figures are visual presentations of results, including graphs, diagrams, photos, drawings, schematics, maps, etc. Graphs are the most common type of figure and essay, will be discussed in detail; examples of other types of figures are included at the end of this section. Graphs show trends or patterns of relationship. Organizing your presentation: Once you have done your analyses and decided how best to present each one, think about on, how you will arrange them. Your analyses should tell a story which leads the reader through the steps needed to logically answer the question(s) you posed in your Introduction. The order in which you present your results can be as important in essay questions convincing your readers as what you actually say in the text. How to refer to Tables and Figures from the text: Every Figure and Table included in the paper MUST be referred to from the text. Use sentences that draw the reader's attention to the relationship or trend you wish to highlight, referring to the appropriate Figure or Table only parenthetically:
Germination rates were significantly higher after 24 h in running water than in controls (Fig. Contrast? 4). DNA sequence homologies for the purple gene from the four congeners (Table 1) show high similarity, differing by at most 4 base pairs. Avoid sentences that give no information other than directing the essay reader to essay the Figure or Table: Table 1 shows the summary results for male and tufts questions, female heights at Bates College. Abbreviation of the word Figure: When referring to a Figure in the text, the word Figure is abbreviated as Fig., while Table is not abbreviated. Both words are spelled out completely in descriptive legends. How to number Tables and Figures: Figures and Tables are numbered independently , in the sequence in which you refer to them in the text, starting with Figure 1 and Table 1. If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and tables, you must renumber them to reflect the new sequence. Placement of Figures and does persuasive essay, Tables within the essay Paper: In manuscripts (e.g. lab papers, drafts), Tables and Figures are usually put on separate pages from text material. Research? In consideration of your readers, place each Table or Figure as near as possible to the place where you first refer to it (e.g., the next page). Tufts Optional Essay? It is god exist essay, permissable to optional questions place all the illustrative material at the end of the Results section so as to avoid interrupting the on flow of text.
The Figures and Tables may be embedded in the text, but avoid breaking up the text into small blocks; it is better to have whole pages of text with Figures and tufts essay, Tables on their own pages. The Acid Test for Tables and Figures: Any Table or Figure you present must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and described by its legend to be understood by narrative, your intended audience without reading the results section, i.e., it must be able to stand alone and be interpretable. Overly complicated Figures or Tables may be difficult to understand in tufts or out of context, so strive for simplicity whenever possible. If you are unsure whether your tables or figures meet these criteria, give them to a fellow biology major (not in your course) and ask them to interpret your results. Descriptive Legends or Captions: To pass the acid test above, a clear and brocher resume, complete legend (sometimes called a caption) is essential.
Like the title of the paper itself, each legend should convey as much information as possible about what the Table or Figure tells the reader : the first sentence functions as the title for the figure (or table) and should clearly indicate what results are shown in the context of the study question, the summary statistics that have been plotted (e.g., mean and tufts optional essay, SEM), the organism studied in the experiment (if applicable), context for the results: the treatment applied or the relationship displayed, etc. location (ONLY if a field experiment), specific explanatory information needed to interpret the results shown (in tables, this is frequently done as footnotes) and may include a key to research dissertation on any annotations, culture parameters or conditions if applicable (temperature, media, etc) as applicable, and, sample sizes and statistical test summaries as they apply. Do not simply restate the axis labels with a versus written in between. Figure 1. Essay? Height frequency (%) of White Pines ( Pinus strobus ) in the Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary, Lewiston, Maine, before and narrative, after the Ice Storm of '98. Before, n=137, after, n=133. Four trees fell during the storm and were excluded from the post-storm survey. In the examples later in this section, note the completeness of the legends. When you are starting out, you can use one of these examples (or an appropriate example from a published paper) as a model to follow in constructing your own legends. NOTE : Questions frequently arise about optional essay, how much methodology to include in the legend, and how much results reporting should be done. Cry Dom Essay? For lab reports, specific results should be reported in essay the results text with a reference to the applicable Table or Figure.
Other than culture conditions, methods are similarly confined to the Methods section. The reality: How much methodology and results are reported in the legends is journal specific. Statement About Vacations? Hot-off-the-press journals like Science and Nature so limit the body text that virtually all of the Methods are presented in tufts optional the Figure and Table legends or in brocher resume footnotes. Much of the results are also reported in the legends. Format and placement of legends: Both Figure and Table legends should match the width of the Table or graph. Table legends go above the body of the tufts optional Table and are left justified ; Tables are read from the top down. Figure legends go below the graph and are left justified ; graphs and other types of Figures are usually read from the dream narrative bottom up. Use a font one size smaller than the body text of the document and be consistent throughout the document. Use the same font as the body text.
The Anatomy of a Table. Table 4 below shows the typical layout of tufts optional questions, a table in three sections demarcated by brocher resume, lines. Tables are most easily constructed using your word processor's table function or a spread sheet such as Excel. Tufts Optional Essay Questions? Gridlines or boxes, commonly invoked by pop culture compare essays, word processors, are helpful for setting cell and column alignments, but should be eliminated from the printed version. Tables formatted with cell boundaries showing are unlikely to be permitted in a journal. Example 1: Courtesy of Shelley Ball.
Example 2: Courtesy of Shelley Ball. Example 3: Courtesy of optional, Greg Anderson. In these examples notice several things: the presence of a period after Table #; the legend (sometimes called the caption ) goes above the Table; units are specified in research dissertation on column headings wherever appropriate; lines of demarcation are used to set legend, headers, data, and footnotes apart from one another. footnotes are used to clarify points in the table, or to convey repetitive information about entries; footnotes may also be used to essay denote statistical differences among groups. The Anatomy of essays, a Figure. The sections below show when and how to use the four most common Figure types (bar graph, frequency histogram, XY scatterplot, XY line graph.) The final section gives examples of other, less common, types of optional essay questions, Figures. Parts of a Graph: Below are example figures (typical line and cry dom essay, bar graphs) with the various component parts labeled in red. Refer back to tufts optional essay these examples if you encounter an unfamiliar term as you read the following sections. Some general considerations about Figures:
Big or little? For course-related papers, a good rule of thumb is to size your figures to dissertation fill about one-half of a page. Tufts? Use an easily readable font size for axes and ticks. Readers should not have to god exist persuasive essay reach for a magnifying glass to read the legend or axes. Tufts Optional Essay Questions? Compound figures may require a full page. Color or no color?
Most often black and white is cry dom essay, preferred. The rationale is tufts optional, that if you need to photocopy or fax your paper, any information conveyed by colors will be lost to the reader. However, for thesis, a poster presentation or a talk with projected images, color can be helpful in distinguishing different data sets. Every aspect of your Figure should convey information; never use color simply because it is pretty. Title or no title? Never use a title for Figures included in tufts optional a document ; the legend conveys all the necessary information and dissertation on, the title just takes up extra space. However, for posters or projected images , where people may have a harder time reading the small print of a legend, a larger font title is tufts questions, very helpful. Does God Exist Essay? Offset axes or not ? Elect to offset the axes only when data points will be obscured by being printed over the Y axis. Error bars or not ? Always include error bars (e.g., SD or SEM) when plotting means.
In some courses you may be asked to plot other measures associated with the mean, such as confidence intervals. When plotting data analyzed using non-parametric tests, you will most likely plot the median and questions, quartiles or the range. These might be dotplots or box and whisker plots. Tick marks - Use common sense when deciding on contrast, major (numbered) versus minor ticks. Major ticks should be used to reasonably break up the range of tufts optional essay, values plotted into integer values. Within the major intervals, it is usually necessary to add minor interval ticks that further subdivide the scale into logical units (i.e., a interval that is a factor of the major tick interval). For example, when using major tick intervals of cry dom essay, 10, minor tick intervals of 1,2, or 5 might be used, but not 3 or 4. When the data follow a uniform interval on the x-axis (e.g., a times series, or equal increments of concentration), use major ticks to match the data. No minor intervals would be used in essay questions this case.
Legend width - The width of the figure legend should match the width of the graph (or other content. Style considerations - When you have multiple figures, make sure to does god exist standardize font, font sizes, etc. such that all figures look stylistically similar. When you have multiple graphs, or graphs and tufts essay, others illustrative materials that are interrelated, it may be most efficient to statement about present them as a compound figure. Compound figures combine multiple graphs into one common figure and share a common legend. Each figure must be clearly identified by capital letter (A, B, C, etc), and, when referred to from the Results text, is specifically identified by that letter, e.g., . (Fig. 1b) . The legend of the compound figure must also identify each graph and the data it presents by letter. Four Common Figure Types.
Bar graphs are used when you wish to compare the value of essay questions, a single variable (usually a summary value such as a mean) among several groups. For example, a bar graph is appropriate to show the mean sizes of plants harvested from plots that received 4 different fertilizer treatments. (Note that although a bar graph might be used to show differences between only dream narrative essay 2 groups, especially for pedagogical purposes, editors of many journals would prefer that you save space by presenting such information in the text.) In this example notice that: legend goes below the figure; a period follows Figure 1 and tufts, the legend itself; Figure is not abbreviated ; the measured variable is labelled on the Y axis. In most cases units are given here as well (see next example); the categorical variable (habitat) is labelled on the X axis, and each category is persuasive essay, designated; a second categorical variable (year) within habitat has been designated by different bar fill color . Tufts Essay? The bar colors must be defined in compare essays a key , located wherever there is a convenient space within the graph. error bars are included, extending +1 SD or SEM above the mean. statistical differences may be indicated by a system of letters above the bars, with an accompanying note in the caption indicating the test and the significance level used. the completeness of the legend, which in this case requires over 3 lines just to describe the treatments used and variable measured. axis labels, with units; treatment group (pH) levels specified on X axis; error bars and group sample sizes accompany each bar, and tufts optional questions, each of these is does god exist essay, well-defined in legend; statistical differences in this case are indicated by lines drawn over essay, the bars, and the statistical test and pop culture compare contrast essays, significance level are identified in the legend. Frequency histograms (also called frequency distributions) are bar-type graphs that show how the measured individuals are distributed along an axis of the measured variable. Frequency (the Y axis) can be absolute (i.e. number of counts) or relative (i.e. percent or proportion of the sample.) A familiar example would be a histogram of exam scores, showing the number of students who achieved each possible score. Frequency histograms are important in describing populations, e.g. size and age distributions.
Notice several things about this example: the Y axis includes a clear indication (%) that relative frequencies are used. (Some examples of an absolute frequencies: Number of stems, Number of optional questions, birds observed) the measured variable (X axis) has been divided into statement about, categories (bins) of appropriate width to tufts essay questions visualize the on population size distribution. In this case, bins of 1 m broke the population into 17 columns of varying heights. Setting the optional questions bin size at 0.5 m would have yielded too many columns with low frequencies in research each, making it diffcult to visualize a pattern. Conversely, setting the bin size too large (2-3 m) would have yielded too few columns, again obscuring the underlying pattern. A rule of thumb is to start with a number of bins that is equal to the square root of the largest value in your data set(s) to be plotted. the tufts questions values labeled on the X axis are the bin centers ; in this example, bin 10 m contains values that range from 9.50 -10.49 m. sample size is narrative essay, clearly indicated, either in tufts optional questions the legend (as in this case) or in the body of the graph itself; the Y axis includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of bar values. These are plots of X,Y coordinates showing each individual's or sample's score on two variables. When plotting data this way we are usually interested in knowing whether the cry dom essay two variables show a relationship, i.e. do they change in value together in a consistent way? Note in this example that: each axis is labeled (including units where appropriate) and includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of the values of tufts essay questions, plotted points; sample size is included in cry dom essay the legend or the tufts questions body of the graph; if the does persuasive data have been analyzed statistically and a relationship between the variables exists, it may be indicated by plotting the essay questions regression line on the graph, and by giving the narrative essay equation of the regression and optional questions, its statistical significance in the legend or body of the figure; the range of dissertation on, each axis has been carefully selected to maximize the tufts essay spread of the points and to minimize wasted blank space where no points fall. For instance, the X axis is truncated below 50 g because no plants smaller than 52 g were measured.
The ranges selected also result in labeled ticks that are easy to read (50, 100, 150#133;, rather than 48, 96, 144#133;) Which variable goes on the X axis? When one variable is clearly dependent upon another (e.g. height depends on age, but it is hard to cry dom essay imagine age depending on height), the convention is to plot the dependent variable on the Y axis and the independent variable on the X axis . Sometimes there is tufts questions, no clear independent variable (e.g. length vs. width of leaves: does width depend on width, or vice-versa?) In these cases it makes no difference which variable is on which axis; the variables are inter -dependent, and an X,Y plot of these shows the relationship BETWEEN them (rather than the effect of one upon the other.) In the example plotted above, we can imagine that seed production might depend on plant biomass, but it is hard to see how biomass could depend directly on essay, seed production, so we choose biomass as the X axis. Alternatively, the relationship might be indirect: both seed production and tufts optional essay questions, plant biomass might depend on some other, unmeasured variable.
Our choice of axes to dream narrative essay demonstrate correlation does not necessarily imply causation . Line graphs plot a series of related values that depict a change in Y as a function of X. Two common examples are a growth curve for an individual or population over time, and a dose-response curve showing effects of increasing doses of a drug or treatment. When to tufts essay questions connect the dots? If each point in the series is obtained from the thesis same source and is dependent on optional questions, the previous values (e.g. a plot of a baby's weight over brocher resume, the course of tufts essay, a year, or of muscle strength on successive contractions as a muscle fatigues), then the points should be connected by a line in a dot-to-dot fashion. If, however, the series represents independent measurements of a variable to show a trend (e.g. mean price of computer memory over time; a standard curve of compare essays, optical density vs. solute concentration), then the optional trend or relationship can be modeled by about, calculating the best-fit line or curve by regression analysis ( see A Painless Guide to Statistics ) Do not connect the dots when the measurements were made independently. In this example notice: a different symbol is used for optional questions, each group (species), and the key to cry dom essay the symbols is placed in the body of the graph where space permits. Symbols are large enough to be easily recognizable in the final graph size; each point represents a mean value, and this is stated in the legend. Error bars are therefore plotted for each point and defined in the legend as well. because measurements were taken on independent groups for each species, the points are NOT connected dot-to-dot; instead a curve is fitted to the data to questions show the trend. Notice here that: this time the dots ARE connected dot-to-dot within each treatment, because cumulative percent germination was measured within the same set of seeds each day, and thus is dependent on the measurements of the prior days; a different symbol is used for each treatment, and symbols are large enough (and connecting lines fine enough) so that all can be easily read at the final graph size; in dream narrative essay addition to tufts the key to symbols, two other kinds of research on, helpful information are supplied in the body of the figure: the values of the highest and lowest final cumulative percents, and a dashed line (baseline) showing the lowest cumulative % germination achieved. This baseline is defined in essay questions the legend.
Some Other Types of Figures. Figure 9. Aerial photo of the dream essay study site ca. 1949 and in optional essay 1998 (inset) showing the regeneration of the compare essays forest. Photos courtesy of the USDA Field Office, Auburn, Maine. Notice here that: A photograph is a figure.
Any photograph from tufts essay questions, another source requires attribution in the legend. Photos must have sufficient resolution to reproduce well by dream narrative, standard photocopying.