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A Reflection of college essays 2012 Voltaire's Candide. Voltaire is the author of several texts written in scott yanow allmusic hard, the enlightenment period. He largely focused on essays 2012 philosophical conceptions because he was a great philosopher himself. In one of his texts titled Candide, Voltaire focuses on mirror takaki social issues that he feels are inadequate for “Enlightenment”. He uses experiences and life encounters of Candide to demonstrate how the society failed to application 2012 live to the standards of a society in its enlightenment course. Candide, from his young age, goes through many adventures. He learns that life is a cycle of hard bop happy, sad, weird, and eerie experiences before he opens his eyes to reality. College Essays 2012! Candide realizes that occurrences are not necessarily for analytical the best as Pangloss, a philosophers and metaphysician, had advised him. All characters come to consensus at the end of the text and settle in a farm purchased by college application essays, candide. They appreciate that happiness is only derived from honest and essay, hard work, which was Voltaire’s message to his society. A review of Candide, within the context of the Western movements and thought, reveals that Voltaire was highly critical on social institutions of the enlightenment era.
The author criticizes societal aspects such as the class system, religion, and detested monarchy. Notably though, Candide is not detached from biasness and the effects of the college essays 2012, enlightenment thoughts, which were the foundations of the French revolutionary movement. The book has several attacks on the church and its religious philosophies, which is achieved with absurd characters, satire, and irony. Seemingly, there is little that one may perceive as revolutionary based on revelations on the attack on the church. The book focuses largely on hypocrisy within the church. For instance, the Pope, holding the highest position in class, the clergy hierarchy, has a daughter despite the application 2012, vow of celibacy. Voltaire seems to thinking question the sort of enlightenment characterized with such a church. Candide expresses the author’s attitude that it was not realistic to brand the college, period as “the enlightenment era”. Evidence of lack of enlightened “enlightenment” practices is noticed in Voltaire’s portrayal of women.
The main female characters in summary by kenko, Candide are prostitutes, disease spreaders, women marrying for money, and targets of injustices. Clearly, Voltaire sought to critic the enlightenment by highlighting the undesirable position and roles of women. However, Voltaire does not think it is necessary to educate the 2012, lower class members of the society. When the populace meddles in reasoning, all is lost (Voltaire, 2013 ). This was satirical and intended to depict the social alignment of the time. A Different Essay! The poor would remain poor and serve the upper and middle class, which was a mockery to college application enlightenment. Overall, Candide was critical and even inflammatory of the idea of enlightenment by virtue of exposing the weaknesses of the societal structure of that period. Voltaire seems to seek a proactive solution to analytical narrative challenges and problems that persisted during the enlightenment. Finally, the group succeeds in alleviating their problems by engaging in hard labor. Application 2012! “The little society, one and all, entered into this laudable design and set them to exert their different talents.
The little piece of ground yielded them a plentiful crop” (Voltaire, 2013 ). Seemingly, Voltaire has sought to criticize overly dependence on philosophy. He believes that the problems emanating from the society versus philosophy controversy can be alleviated. Importantly, the thinking class, novel has interesting characters used to reveal the college essays 2012, uselessness of idle philosophy. Candide shows that philosophy, which was central in the enlightenment, caused notable harm and damage. For instance, Pangloss’, a strict follower of his philosophy called “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology” expresses the beliefs that “This world is the best of a different mirror by ronald takaki all possible worlds and that there is a concatenation of all events in the best of possible worlds” (Voltaire, 2013 ). The impression is that Voltaire was in great controversy with the constituents of the enlightenment such as the overly reference to philosophies. Contrary from being an advocate of philosophy in causing a positive development or change, Voltaire suggests that philosophy is useless and only causes damage. Much as he presents several philosophical perceptions about the world, the author does not prove any of the perceptions right or even viable. “Martin’s extreme cynicism is not the way, Pangloss’ blinding optimism isn’t either, and therefore it seems that the only way for a true revolution to college essays 2012 come about is if one turns off from philosophy completely” (Voltaire, 2013 ). This message is strange when coming from Voltaire considering he was once a renowned philosopher of his time. Rather, the management, ultimate message is 2012 that the use of philosophy in advancing the enlightenment was only grim.
Voltaire seems to have disapproved the idea of an analytical essay outline enlightenment or revolutionary undertakings. Although not stated, he would prefer working and college 2012, living on the old institutions of religion and philosophy. While it is evident that Voltaire is least interested in expressing revolutionary sentiments, readers notice that he does not highlight the popular concepts of the enlightenment in his text. The author seems focused in highlighting flaws that disqualify the notions of the society being in an enlightenment period. For instance, being a progressive thinker, Voltaire does not express views aligned with the need to uphold women’s dignity or even respect their rights. This is evident from the roles of women in his text. Notably, Voltaire may not have sought to demean women. Rather, he sought to express the perceptions of the society about women even at a time of the perceived enlightenment. A review of Candide, within the context of the Western movements and thought, reveals that Voltaire was highly critical on social institutions of the enlightenment era.
The author criticizes societal aspects such as the class system, religion, and detested monarchy. Notably though, Candide is not detached from of essays by kenko, biasness and 2012, the effects of the enlightenment thoughts, which were the foundations of the French revolutionary movement. Essay! The book has several attacks on the church and its religious philosophies, which is achieved with absurd characters, satire, and irony. Seemingly, there is little that one may perceive as revolutionary based on revelations on the attack on the church. The book focuses largely on hypocrisy within the church.
For instance, the Pope, holding the highest position in the clergy hierarchy, has a daughter despite the vow of celibacy. Voltaire seems to question the sort of enlightenment characterized with such a church. Candide expresses the author’s attitude that it was not realistic to brand the period as “the enlightenment era”. Evidence of lack of enlightened “enlightenment” practices is noticed in Voltaire’s portrayal of women. The main female characters in Candide are prostitutes, disease spreaders, women marrying for money, and targets of injustices. Clearly, Voltaire sought to critic the enlightenment by highlighting the application, undesirable position and roles of women.
However, Voltaire does not think it is necess.
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James Joyce's “Araby and John Updike's `AP' Visit each of the menu links on the EC OWL “Essay Zone” Resources site: http://www.mydistancecourses.org/owl/mod/resource/view.php?id=411 “Essay Formats” “Compare Contrast Essays” “Essay Techniques” “Cause Effect Essays” links: “Essay Techniques” “Think before you Begin” “What does it look like?” In no fewer than 500 words, compare or contrast at least two (2) significant literary elements from each of the stories you read for this module, discussing how those elements contribute to each story’s theme. Application Essays 2012! As you have been doing, you should think about the characters, how they move the story forward, or how their setting in time and place affects their actions, never forgetting that these are fictional characters constructed by an author. Most essays contain more than one rhetorical (type of essay) style. As a matter of fact, when you write a particular essay style, you, too, may use various rhetorical techniques. However, my point is not to confuse you, but rather, to prevent future confusion.
Please read on. All essays follow the same basic paragraph structure. Most essays contain more than one rhetorical style. However, many essays favor one particular rhetorical style. Once you learn the various rhetorical styles and learn how to identify them in digital rights drm research paper an essay, you may discover different styles while reading an essay. This may be the case even if you are reading an essay in a textbook that has placed the essay under a chapter heading titled, “Classification and college application essays 2012, Division Essay.” Main style (Classification and Division) Other styles (Illustration, Cause and summary of essays, Effect, Narration, etc.) Therefore, rather than deem an essay as purely a “Classification and Division Essay,” it would be best to think of it as the essay’s main rhetorical style. An essay that discusses the application essays 2012 various means of taking courses may give examples of scott allmusic essay how each student would manage his or her time while taking a specific course. The writer may use the Illustration rhetorical style to give examples of essays time management techniques in one of the paragraphs in the Classification and Division Essay. However, if for the most part, the writing essay categorizes the various means of taking courses, the essay would be called a Classification and Division essayeven though the college application Illustration rhetorical style is digital present.
One skill that may help you in determining and college application, deciphering essay styles is Active Reading . Most essays contain more than one rhetorical (type of essay) style. As a matter of drm research fact, when you write a particular essay style, you, too, may use various rhetorical techniques. However, my point is not to confuse you, but rather, to college essays, prevent future confusion. Please read on. All essays follow the same basic paragraph structure. Most essays contain more than one rhetorical style. Critical Class! However, many essays favor one particular rhetorical style. Once you learn the various rhetorical styles and learn how to identify them in an essay, you may discover different styles while reading an college application essays 2012 essay. This may be the case even if you are reading an essay in a textbook that has placed the essay under a chapter heading titled, “Classification and Division Essay.” Main style (Classification and Division) Other styles (Illustration, Cause and Effect, Narration, etc.) Therefore, rather than deem an critical class essay as purely a “Classification and Division Essay,” it would be best to college essays 2012, think of by kenko it as the application essays 2012 essay’s main rhetorical style.
An essay that discusses the various means of writing an analytical outline taking courses may give examples of how each student would manage his or her time while taking a specific course. The writer may use the Illustration rhetorical style to give examples of college application 2012 time management techniques in one of the summary paragraphs in the Classification and application 2012, Division Essay. Writing An Analytical Outline! However, if for the most part, the essay categorizes the various means of taking courses, the essays essay would be called a Classification and rights drm research paper, Division essayeven though the essays 2012 Illustration rhetorical style is present. One skill that may help you in determining and deciphering essay styles is Active Reading . Classification and Division. A Classification and class, Division Essay is a rhetorical style that in essay format takes a whole and splits it up into parts and then places the college application essays 2012 divided information into various categories. What is a Classification and Division Essay? A Classification and Division Essay combines two different techniques. Thinking! First, you would divide a complex and difficult topic into subtopics for clarity and explanation purposes. College Application 2012! Next, you would determine what categories are needed and critical class, what information fits into those categories.
Think of a newspaper. All of the information is college application 2012 divided into different parts: news, advertisements, and classifieds. Then the information is classified into different categories. For example, news may be categorized as sports, international, local, lifestyle, etc. You have to be very clear in a Classification and Division essay. Your reader needs to writing, understand, how you came up with your categories and why information fits into these categories. Therefore, be sure that you make the guidelines for your categories clear to the reader and that you do not merge, confuse, or have superficial categories. Classification and Division Essay Techniques. Take a complex topic and divide it Be sure that you have found a Principle of Classification (what the categories have in common) Make sure that your categories are distinct Make sure that your categories support your thesis. Your aim in a Classification and Division Essay is to help explain to your reader a complex topic. Application Essays 2012! To do this, first you need to outline, take the topic and divide it into more manageable parts or subtopics to college application, help your reader comprehend the topic.
Once you have divided your topic, you need to decide on a Principle of Classification. What do these items have in common? If you are picking a commonality that may not be very clear to the reader, be sure to an analytical essay outline, take the time to explain your categories in college detail and how each item fits. While you may need to explain your choice of categories or Principle of summary of essays Classification, avoid confusing the reader by using categories that overlap. Make sure that each category is essays distinct. Your information will be clear to the reader, and you will have a much stronger essay. Lastly, make sure that your categories support your thesis. If you find that they don’t, adjust your thesis to accommodate the change. If you have not been given a topic, select one that you can divide and put into specific categories. Summary Of Essays By Kenko! The topic must be broad or complex enough so that it can be easily divided into categories.
As for classifying information, make sure that you will be able to flesh out your categories and that you are not facing a topic that has too many categories. Writing for Your Audience: Does your division help the audience understand your topic better? Are your categories well-thought out, and is it clear to application essays, the reader how and why the summary information fits into each category? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to college application essays 2012, write your essay, or do you want to start with a rough draft? Graphic Organizers and Outlines may help you divide your topic and classify your information. Classification and Division in a Nutshell. When you write a Classification and Division Essay, you may get confused when you think about how you are going to take the broad topic and divide it and then place it into by ronald essay specific categories.
However, if you take one step at application essays 2012, a time, you will be able to follow the process. Remember to divide your complex or broad idea into more manageable parts. Then analyze the information and decide which Principles of critical thinking class Classification would apply to each category. Be sure that your categories are lucid, concise, and distinct. Lastly, be sure it is clear to the reader why the information fits into any specific category. A Cause and college, Effect Essay is a rhetorical style that discusses which events lead to writing an analytical essay outline, specific results. What is a Cause and college application essays 2012, Effect Essay? A Cause and Effect Essay is structured around the goal of digital management drm research paper discovering and essays, discussing events that lead to certain results. When writing a Cause and Effect Essay, you should be sure that you have researched the specific causes and are confident that you are demonstrating why they lead to scott, particular results. You may either concentrate on all causes, effects or a combination of both.
It is important to remember that just because an college application essays event occurs before an drm research effect does not mean that they are related. You may be mistaking chronological order for causality (to be discussed further). Cause and Effect Essay Techniques. Your essay may discuss only the causes, the results, or both the causes and results. Once you have decided if you are going to focus on causes, effects or both, you need to keep the following in college application essays mind. You need to research the events and search for many causes to be sure that you are only stating the obvious. Be aware that just because something occurs before something else it does not mean there is essay a cause and college, effect relationship. Once you are positive of a cause, you should follow chronological sequencing. There can be an immediate cause and a remote cause of an management drm research effect. Application 2012! If there is one, discuss a causal chain (one event leads to another that leads to another). When writing a Cause and Effect essay, take the time to research the causes.
Do not select the obvious cause without first doing substantial research to be sure that you are not missing any other causes. When you confuse event sequencing for causality, you are engaging in Post Hoc Reasoning. Writing An Analytical Essay! A simple way to understand Post Hoc Reasoning is to think about superstitions. For example, if you wore a new sweater the day you aced your exam, you may decide to wear that sweater every time you take an exam. You may believe that the application sweater led you to ace the exam, but a causal relationship has not been established. The chronology is you wore the sweater and did well on the exam. However, you cannot prove that you did well on the exam because of the sweater. Once you are sure that a causal relationship has been established, you should list the definite causes in sequential (chronological) order. When you explain to your reader which event happened before another, you help him or her better understand the essay causes and college 2012, effects. The immediate cause of an event is usually the easiest to find.
However, there may be many causes that have occurred back in time or at a distance. You should try to include remote causes in your essay to analytical essay, help the reader understand the essays importance of all the narrative essay causes. A causal chain can help you organize your essay and explain your thesis. If you have done the appropriate research and have found causality among events, you can see whether a causal chain has developed. A causal chain occurs when one event leads to a result and application 2012, that result leads to class, another result. Be sure that you do not leave out any of the 2012 events in allmusic hard the chain and be sure that you are following proper sequencing. For a variety of college essays easy to print graphic organizers that will help you organize your cause and effect essay, go to the following link at Education Oasis http://www.educationoasis.com/curriculum/GO/cause_effect.htm. You can click on any of the 11 charts and management, print a copy or save one to your desktop. If you have not been given a topic, select one you are able to verify with sources. While a conspiracy theory may seem an interesting idea, and you can demonstrate a cause and effect relationship in your essay, it may not be the college application best choice. Pick a topic that you can clearly demonstrate that the of essays effects are based on specific causes.
Writing for college application 2012 Your Audience: Are you explaining how the analytical essay causes lead to certain results? Are you assuming too much knowledge on essays, the part of your audience? Are you writing for your peers or for the general public? Are causal chains explained clearly? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to start with a rough draft? Graphic Organizers can help you determine and organize causal events.
Cause and by kenko, Effect in essays 2012 a Nutshell. When you write a Cause and Effect Essay, you are discussing events that lead to of essays, certain results. You must do proper research to be sure that you are not stating obvious causes. Essays! In your research, you may find remote causes or a causal chain. Use these causes to strengthen your essay. Remember to avoid confusing time sequencing with causality. Just because something occurs before something else, does not mean it is the management paper cause. You might be engaging in Post Hoc Reasoning.
A Compare and Contrast Essay is a rhetorical style that discusses the similarities and differences of two or more things: ideas, concepts, items, places, etc. What is college essays a Compare and Contrast Essay? A Compare and Contrast Essay does two things: it discusses the similarities and differences of at least two different things. First, you must find a basis of comparison to narrative essay, be sure that the application 2012 two things have enough in common. After that, you identify their differences. You may structure the allmusic essay Compare and Contrast Essay using either the college alternating method (stating one aspect of summary in idleness by kenko one thing and immediately discussing the same aspect of the other item and how they are similar or different) or the block method (discussing all of the aspects of one thing and then discussing all of the college application aspects of another). Compare and Contrast Pitfall : When you write a Compare and Contrast Essay, be sure that the two things have enough in common. Otherwise, you will have a difficult time writing your essay.
Compare and Contrast Essay Techniques. Once you have decided what things to critical thinking class, compare, keep the following in mind. Basis of Comparison Alternating Method Block Method Combination Method. In order for your essay to be a success, you need to have a basis of essays comparison about the narrative essay things that you are comparing. Do the things have enough in common for it to make sense to write about them in a Compare and 2012, Contrast Essay? For example, it would make sense to compare in person and narrative, online courses because the college application 2012 two have enough in common to critical thinking, justify discussing the similarities and differences of the two types of courses. When you use the Alternating Method, you discuss one aspect of the first item and then immediately discuss the same aspect of the second item.
You may discuss the college application amount of computer time required for an in analytical narrative essay person course and an online course. Application Essays 2012! You may state that while you need to analytical narrative, work on the computer for college application both courses, you would need to spend twice as much time on the computer for the online course. When you use the Block Method, you discuss one subject and summary of essays, then discuss the next subject. Usually, you would write one paragraph discussing the first subject and then write a second paragraph discussing the second subject and so on. For example, you may decide to discuss the costs associated with taking an online course. You may emphasize that while a person is getting the same education, he or she is saving by not having to drive to the college. In the application next paragraph, you may discuss the rights drm research costs associated with an in person course: gas, parking permits, babysitting, etc. Finally, when you combine the two, you are writing a Compare and Contrast Essay that follows the Combination Method. You may spend a couple of body paragraphs using the Alternating Method and then decide to switch to the Block Method for a deeper analysis of each of the subjects. If you have not been given a topic, select two things that have a basis of 2012 comparison. This is essential because if the thinking class items have too little in application 2012 common, you will not have a successful essay.
Writing for Your Audience: Is your audience familiar with what you are comparing and contrasting? Have you made your basis of digital paper comparison clear to college, the reader? Are you providing the reader with a new approach or knowledge about your topic? Try to introduce new ways of looking at summary in idleness by kenko, your items in order to give your reader a fresh outlook about what you are discussing. Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to college, write your essay, or do you want to yanow, start with a rough draft? Brainstorms are great for deciding how the two things differ, and essays, you may use a Graphic Organizer to by ronald takaki essay, help decide if there is a basis of comparison.
Compare and Contrast in a Nutshell. When you decide to compare (similarities) and contrast (differences) two things, you need to be sure that there is a basis of comparison. The two things must have enough in common (basis of college essays comparison) to address them in an essay. If not, you will be wasting time trying to convince the reader that the items should be compared. Once you have decided the two things to critical thinking class, be discussed, you must decide which method (Alternating, Block, or Combination) would suit your essay. A Definition Essay is a rhetorical style that uses various techniques to college application essays, impress upon the reader the analytical narrative essay meaning of a term, idea or concept. What is a Definition Essay? A Definition Essay is structured around the goal of college defining a term, concept, or idea. Digital Rights Management Paper! While you may start off with a simple dictionary definition, your essay will, ultimately, contain an extended definition. There are many techniques you can use to extend a definition in application 2012 a Definition Essay (to be discussed further). A common pitfall in writing a Definition Essay is assuming your reader knows the Connotation (to be discussed further) of a specific word.
Definition Essay Techniques. Denotation: Providing the literal or dictionary definition of a term. Online Class : A course that is taught over the Internet. Connotation: Illustrating the implied meaning. Class Act: A person who is considerate of others. Enumeration: Employing a list to analytical narrative, define. A person who did not complete college directly out of high school A person who took an college application 2012 alternative path to a different mirror by ronald takaki essay, college A person who may be older than traditional students (17-23 years old) A person who brings various life experiences to the classroom. Analogy: Implementing a comparison of college application essays two things that are similar. Discussion Board Posts: Think of summary of essays by kenko Discussion Board posts in an online class as your class discussion. In both cases, you share ideas, thoughts, and insights in college 2012 a learning environment. Negation: Defining something by stating what it is not.
Non-Credit Course: A course in which you do not receive college credit. If you are have not been given a topic, select one that you are familiar with and comfortable writing about. Think about how you will use the above techniques when deciding what to define in an analytical your essay. Writing for Your Audience: Are you writing a technical essay? Are you writing for your peers? Does your audience have prior knowledge on the topic?
Are you writing to a certain group? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to college essays 2012, start with a rough draft? Brainstorms may help you think of various connotations of analytical a word, term, or concept. Definition Essay in a Nutshell. When you write a Definition Essay, you use various techniques (denotation, connotation, enumeration, analogy, and college application 2012, negation) to extend the definition of the term, concept, or idea that you are defining in your essay. It is important to keep your audience in mind and to think about digital rights, how much or little your readers know about who or what you are defining. A Descriptive Essay rhetorical style that uses the five senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell) and other details to college essays, provide the reader with a vivid idea or picture of what is being represented. What is digital rights management drm research paper a Description Essay? A Descriptive Essay can be compared to a piece of artwork; the goal of the essay is to give enough details (often through the senses) to provide the reader with a “picture” of what is essays 2012 being discussed.
Sometimes, students rely too much on the sense of sight and critical class, neglect the other senses in a Description Essay. Also, students often tell by explaining, rather than show, through details, what is being described (to be discussed further). Descriptive Essay Techniques. Once you have decided on a topic, please keep the college application essays following in summary mind Use the five senses in your essay Show rather than tell Use active not passive sentence construction Include enough detail. Keep in mind that you want to include as much sensory detail as possible (and as appropriate) in your essay. Most of the time, students rely too heavily on application, the senses of sight and hearing, so be sure that you include the other three senses (taste, touch, smell) as well.
Imagine that you are painting a vivid picture with words. Writing Essay! You don’t want to tell the reader what you witnessed. Instead, you want to provide the reader with enough details so that he or she will get as close to the experience as possible. For example, you may like to have popcorn while you study. When you are only telling, you would write: “I love the taste of popcorn.” When you are showing, you would write: “Buttery, fluffy kernels of application 2012 salty, sweet fresh popcorn melt in my mouth as I read about proper comma usage.”
If you use active sentence construction, you will be much closer to achieving the “show do not tell” advice. Passive construction would be: “The popcorn was made so that there would be a snack there for the study session I was having because of a lot of scott yanow allmusic essay homework. 2012! Active construction would be: “I always make popcorn right before I study so that I have a delicious snack to get me through the pile of homework.” Be sure to critical, include enough detail to avoid bland descriptions. The following are bland descriptions: The popcorn was good. I have a lot of homework. I'd rather fly a kite. The following are vivid descriptions: The popcorn tastes like fresh corn picked at application 2012, its peak of sweetness and essay outline, slathered in delicious creamy butter. The mound of college essays 2012 homework has warped my coffee table as it moans under the weight of elephant sized text books. I ache for the salt wind swirling in my hair as it takes the rainbow colored kite on a visit to the sun.
But be wary of too much detail: The fluffy, white, round microwave popcorn tasted like fresh, yellow, corn on the cob from the farm that was picked by class, farmers at college application essays 2012, the ultimate peak of sweetness and slathered in delicious, cold, creamy, yellow-colored stick butter. If you have not been given a topic, select one you know very well and can connect to by using your senses. Make sure that you can show the reader what you are describing so that he or she may actively experience it rather than just being told about it. Writing for by ronald takaki essay Your Audience: Are you describing a place they are familiar with? Can your readers identify with the sensory details you are providing? Are you able to paint a picture with words for application essays your audience? Are you overwhelming them with too much detail? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to start with a rough draft?
Brainstorming may help you identify the five different senses, which you can then use as headings. Description in a Nutshell. When writing the Description Essay, keep in digital rights management drm research paper mind that you should use sensory details (taste, touch, smell, sight, sound) to make your essay come alive to the reader. Avoid the college application trap of telling rather than showing. Summary Of Essays By Kenko! Do not tell your reader about your experience; allow the reader to experience it for himself or herself. However, while details are important, too many details will confuse the reader and lead to ineffective sentences. College Essays! Lastly, be sure that you write active sentences so that the summary in idleness reader does not get bogged down with passive sentences. An Illustration Essay is a rhetorical style that uses examples to support the thesis of the essay. What is an Illustration Essay? An Illustration Essay is college application essays 2012 structured around the goal of using examples to make a point in an essay. You may use various examples to support your essay, but you must make sure that your examples are relevant, strong, and properly used.
You may find that when you are writing about your examples you wind up with very choppy paragraphs. To avoid this, combine examples that are related and relevant to a different mirror by ronald, one another. Illustration Essay Techniques. The Illustration essay is also known as an Exemplification Essay. Once you have gathered enough examples to college application essays, support your thesis, keep the following in mind. You should only choose examples that are relevant (support your thesis), You should arrange your examples chronologically. You should arrange your examples by order of importance. Scott Yanow Hard Bop! You should start with simple examples and build up to more complex examples. If you stray from your thesis by using examples that are not connected to your essay, you will lose your reader. Essays! Therefore, if the connection is of essays not immediately clear, be sure to point that out to your reader before you go on a tangent.
When you list your examples, you may list what occurs first in a time sequence. This helps to keep your essay organized and gives the essays reader a preset pattern to follow. Essentially, it is up to you how you arrange your examples in digital management drm research regard to importance. You may begin with the most important to catch the reader’s interest immediately. Essays 2012! However, if your technique is to leave the reader with a lasting impression, you may leave the a different mirror by ronald takaki essay most important example for last. Whichever choice you make, it is college application 2012 important to start with simple examples. This way, you provide the reader with a foundation of examples, which helps him or her comprehend the more complex examples. If you have not been given a topic, select one that you can come up with sufficient examples to support your thesis.
You are convincing your reader of your thesis, so do not choose weak examples. Writing for Your Audience: Will your audience believe your examples support your thesis? Are you writing for your peers? If you are using an example in a unique way, will your audience accept this example as being relevant? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to analytical, start with a rough draft? Brainstorms will help you to come up with various examples. Illustration in college essays a Nutshell. When you write an Illustration Essay, you are using examples to make a point. Summary Of Essays In Idleness! These examples must be strong, relevant, and clear.
The examples must make sense to application essays, your reader, and you must avoid confusing the reader by just listing examples without taking the time to explain the importance of each of them. Organization is very important in an Illustration Essay, and you may use one of these techniques to organize your essay: listing in chronological order, listing in order of importance, or listing from the simple to the complex. A Narration Essay is a rhetorical style that tells a story. What is a Narration Essay? A Narration Essay is structured around the mirror by ronald takaki essay goal of recounting a story. Essays 2012! Most of the an analytical time, students write Narration Essays that discuss personal stories; however, you may be asked to tell a story about another person’s experience or an event. Remember, that you are writing an essay, and thus, you must have a strong Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Conclusion. Narration Essay Techniques. Begin with the Story: Sometimes, it is college 2012 easier for students to write the story and then go back and make sure that the essay follows the proper essay format. Essay Format: After you have completed your story, read it to yourself.
Is there any particular moral or idea that the scott essay hard bop story is college demonstrating? If so, you may decide to use that idea in your thesis statement. Topic: Going Back to School. Write the story (this will become your body paragraphs) Read aloud and see if there is mirror essay a moral or underlying idea Write your thesis statement based on that idea or moral Continue to write your Introduction. Example: When you read your paragraphs about going back to school, you realize how much having a college education will improve your financial situation. Thesis: After careful consideration, I have decided that returning to school is an important step toward improving my financial outlook. If you have not been given a topic, select one that you are comfortable sharing with your professor and, possibly, the class. Be sure to select a topic that can be fully discussed within the confines of the essay’s assigned length.
Writing for Your Audience: Are you writing a personal story? Are you writing for application essays 2012 your peers? Have they had a similar experience? Are you comfortable sharing your story? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to essay, start with a rough draft? Outlines may help you avoid the Narration pitfall of only telling a story and not following the college application essays 2012 essay format. When you write a Narration Essay, you are usually telling a story. It is scott hard important to keep in mind the essay format and be sure that you have a strong Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Conclusion.
You are not simply telling a story from beginning to end, but rather, you are writing an essay with an college Introduction, a Body, and a Conclusion. A Process Essay is a rhetorical style that provides step by step directions or guidance. A Process Essay is structured around the goal of narrative providing the reader with directions or guidance. Most of the time, students write Process Essays that discuss how to do something. College Application 2012! Process Essays are the takaki essay recipes or technical brochures of college application essays essay writing. It is essential to keep the sequence of steps in mind. When writing a Process Essay, you should not skip steps or attempt to go back and explain something. You must follow strict chronological order when giving directions. Process Essay Techniques.
Create a List of Directions or Steps Make Sure You Are Not Missing Steps or Directions Organize Your Steps Do Not Confuse Your Reader Keep the Reader Interested. When writing a Process Essay, you need to digital rights drm research, first list the directions or steps. Remember that you are telling your reader how to do something. While you do not want to over explain the process, you want to be sure that you are giving the reader every step or direction he or she needs to be successful. Success can be determined either by the reader being able to achieve the desired results by following your directions or having a greater understanding of the process after reading your essay.
It is essential not to college essays 2012, miss any of the directions or steps. Take some time away from your list of steps and revisit it with fresh eyes to be sure that you did not miss anything. Remember, you already know how to do the thing you are explaining and may make assumptions that the reader may know something about the process he or she does not. However, you must balance this idea with the concept that you do not want to over explain to and, thus, insult the reader. After you have listed your steps, you have to decide if you need to follow chronological (time sequencing) order, address the digital drm research paper simple to the complex, or discuss the known to the unknown. Remember, do not confuse your reader. Do not bog him or her down with unnecessary information, but be sure that you are providing all of the college application 2012 steps. Never backtrack and discuss missed steps because this will only frustrate or confuse your reader. Lastly, keep your reader interested. You are writing an essay and not a manual show some personality and catch your reader’s interest. If you have not been given a topic, select one that you know a lot about.
Keep in mind that you need to mirror takaki, provide all of the directions necessary so be sure to do a Brainstorm or Outline to help you do so. Writing for Your Audience: Does your audience have any previous knowledge? Can you assume your audience already has certain skills? How much direction do you need to provide? Which Prewriting Techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to college 2012, use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to start with a rough draft? Outlines and Brainstorms are particularly helpful when you want to essay, be sure that you are not missing any steps or directions. When you write a Process Essay, you are providing directions or steps. You not only want to be sure that you do not miss any important steps or directions, but also that you do not over explain. You must provide all the steps in college application the process because you cannot go back to discuss any missed steps.
You must decide whether to follow a chronological order, address the simple to the complex, or discuss the digital management drm research paper known to the unknown. Assignment1: James Joyce’s “Araby and John Updike's `AP' In Araby and A P, desire is a major theme in the stories, whereby the narrator in the Araby desires to know his friend’s sister better. College Application Essays! The narrator seeks to get away from monotonous life in critical thinking the neighborhood in city of Dublin, and college application essays, wants to buy Mangan’s sister a gift from the essay Araby bazaar. Sammy the application main character in A P is also infatuated by a girl who walks in critical thinking class the A P grocery store where Sammy works, and college essays 2012, while there are three girls who walk around in their bathing suits, Sammy is analytical essay fixated at a girl christened ‘Queenie’.
This essay focuses on symbolism, imagery, oppressive cultures as used in Araby and application, A P to explore theme of management drm research paper desire to college essays, escape. Joyce uses symbolism in Araby to highlight on characters and the environment in Dublin at the time. The narrator seeks to escape from the realities of summary of essays in idleness by kenko Dublin and being infatuate by a girl allows him to 2012, desire on his fantasies. Rights Drm Research Paper! Like Sammy in A P, the character holds more disdain for the town as he describes with words like blind, dark, and muddy. In A P, the bathing suits symbolize the girl’s disregard for social rules in the society, it was normal to college application essays, wear such clothing while on the beach but not while shopping.
Though, Sammy has his principles, upon seeing the girls in their bathing suits he is drawn to ‘Queenie’, and this provides an avenue to writing an analytical essay outline, escape from reality and application, offers a sense of freedom. The desire to escape also represents feelings and a different mirror takaki essay, thoughts that the application 2012 protagonists live in oppressive societies with strict cultures. The narrator in Araby, sugge.
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Free Information Technology essays. 1.1 Brief Introduction. Log analysis is an art and science seeking to application essays, make sense out of computer-generated records. Log Analysis is also referred to as system or network log analysis. Analytical Narrative? The process of creating such records is called data logging. Logs are emitted by operating systems, network devices, applications and all manner of intelligent or programmable device .A stream of messages in time-sequence often comprise a log. Logs may be directed to college essays 2012, files and stored on disk, or directed as a network stream to a log collector. Log messages must usually be interpreted with respect to mirror takaki essay, the internal state of college essays, its source (e.g., application) and analytical narrative essay, announce security-relevant or operations-relevant events (e.g., a user login, or a systems error). Logs are often created by software developers. It is created to aid in college 2012 the debugging of the operation of mirror by ronald takaki essay, application .The syntax and college application, semantics of data within log messages are usually application or vendor-specific. Terminology may also vary; for example, the authentication of a user to an application may be described as a login, a logon, an user connection or authentication event.
Hence, log analysis must interpret messages within the context of an application, vendor, system or configuration in order to make useful comparisons to messages from different log sources. Log message format or content may not always be fully documented. Task of the analytical essay log analyst is to induce the system to emit the application essays full range of messages in order to summary of essays in idleness, understand the complete domain from which the college application 2012 messages must be interpreted. Essay? Through experience it makes the task of college application, finding out the bugs within the a different log files much easier. Similarly the products like W4N, ViPR, NCM, ECS, SRM, SMARTS etc. Also generates Log files which are to be analyzed by the log analyst to fix them at the e the bugs in the products in order to keep the product up and running without any interruption. If any bugs found it has to be fixed as soon as possible to avoid other malfunctions. To find out the bugs easily in the log files and to fix them at the earliest LOG ANALYZER was developed.
This tool helps the analyst to find out the bugs within the log files in 2012 many ways, it also provides 3 main functionalities to locate a bug in the Log Files. This project ensures finding bugs within the log files providing the below features:- o Standalone Desktop Based Tool. o Easy, Friendly User interface. o Ability to perform search on single and multiple files. o Support for Multiple Products: Logs from multiple products like W4N, ViPR, and NCM etc’can be searched within the framework. o Supports Multiple File Type. o Search Entire Folder. o Multiple Search Option.
o Multiple Options to Display Errors. o Provide Highlighters for the Errors found. o Panels in the UI should be Adjustable. Literature survey is carried out in order to analyze the rights management background of the college essays 2012 current project which helps to find out flaws in the existing system #038; guides on scott essay which unsolved problems can be workout. Log Analyzer tools are available in the market most of application, them are web based application with limited features. If Literature Survey is yanow allmusic hard bop carried out correctly then it helps the college application essays developer in development process. 2.1 What is a Search Log?
A search log is summary of essays a log file of the communications (i.e., transactions) between a system and the users of that system. Rice and Borgman (1983) present transaction logs as a data collection method that automatically captures the type, content, or time of transactions made by a person from a terminal with that system. Peters (1993) views transaction logs as electronically recorded interactions between on-line information retrieval systems and the persons who search for the information found in those systems. For Web searching, a search log is an college essays, electronic record of interactions that have occurred during a searching episode between a Web search engine and scott yanow allmusic hard bop, users searching for information on that Web search engine. A Web search engine may be a general-purpose search engine, a nice search engine, a searching application on college 2012 a single Website, or variations on these broad classifications.
The users may be humans or computer programs acting on behalf of humans. Interactions are the communication exchanges that occur between users and the system. Either the user or the system may initiate elements of these exchanges. 2.2 How are These Interactions Collected? The process of recording the data in the search log is relatively straightforward.
Servers record and analytical, store the interactions between searchers (i.e. ,actually Web browsers on a particular computer)and search engines in a log file (i.e., the transaction log) on the server using a software application. Application Essays 2012? Thus, most search logs are server-side recordings of interactions. Major Web search engines execute millions of these interactions per day. The server software application can record various types of data and interactions depending on thinking the file format that the essays 2012 server software supports. 2.3 Why Collect This Data?
Once the server collects and records the data in a file, one must analyze this data in order to obtain beneficial information. Few Tools are given below:- o PowerGREP:- PowerGREP is a powerful Windows grep tool. Analytical Narrative Essay? Quickly search through large numbers of college 2012, files on your PC or network, including text and binary files, compressed archives, MS Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDF files, OpenOffice files, etc. Find the information you want with powerful text patterns (regular expressions) specifying the form of digital drm research, what you want, instead of literal text. Search and replace with one or many regular expressions to comprehensively maintain web sites, source code, reports, etc.
Extract statistics and knowledge from college application essays 2012 logs files and large data sets. o Weblog expert:- WebLog Expert is a fast and powerful access log analyzer. It will give you information about your site’s visitors: activity statistics, accessed files, paths through the site, information about referring pages, search engines, browsers, operating systems, and more. The program produces easy-to-read reports that include both text information (tables) and charts. View the WebLog Expert sample report to get the scott yanow essay bop general idea of the college essays variety of summary of essays by kenko, information about your site’s usage it can provide.
o Log Parser Lizard:- Log Parser Lizard is a GUI for Microsoft Logparser, definitely the best one available on the market today. College 2012? Log Parser is a very powerful and versatile query software tool that provides universal query access (using SQL) to text-based data, such as log files, XML files, and an analytical essay, TSV/CSV text files, as well as key data sources on the Microsoft Windows operating system, such as the Windows Event Log, IIS log, the registry, the File System, the Active Directory services and much more. o Piwik, Oracle log analyser, Wget are few other log analysis tool . 2.2 Existing System. Presently there is no specific tool available for to find exact bugs in the log file. Different Log Analysts use different method to college application essays 2012, find the bugs within the log file .One such Tool which they currently use is analytical narrative Note Pad++.Note Pad++ searches a file for college application essays multiple keywords. You can specify a list of scott bop, keywords to search for college essays in the current file, and by ronald, filter out application essays 2012, lines that match any of the keywords in this list. It was developed mainly for analyzing log files where you are interested in more than one keyword and the order in which they appear. o Matching lines are listed with their line numbers in scott allmusic hard a separate panel in the plug-in window. o Double clicking a matched line in this panel will take you to the corresponding line in the original document.
o Options to application 2012, copy the filtered lines to a different, clipboard and highlight matches in the original file. o Supports case sensitive search, whole word matching and application, regular expressions. Regexp is enabled by default. 2.3 Problem Statement. Note Pad++ is not efficient in all ways.
o It only performs keyword search. o It does not perform other advance searches like automatic grepping the exceptions from the log file. o Fails to a load a log file more than few MB’s length. o Using this tool is not that effective. Log Analyst must go through the writing an analytical essay outline log files line by line in order to application 2012, fix a bug. o Time consuming. o If a larger log file has to be searched it has to be first split into critical class, many chunks, open each chunk and find the errors in college essays it manually. o To split the files some other tool should be used first and then open each split in Note Pad++ every time. o If there are many larger files as such the time complexity increases. o If the critical issue is critical it has to be escalated within short amount of time ,if this is the case to split it and them find errors in each split it will affect the client’s environment who is waiting for the issue to get fixed.
2.4 Proposed System. The proposed system has a lot of new features which would help the log analysts perform the log analysis quickly and accurately. Following are the features of the Log Analyzer. o Standalone Desktop Based Tool: The Tool will be a standalone desktop based application which helps the users to install them on Laptop or Personal computer. It is college application 2012 a light weight tool(uses minimum system resources) o Easy, User Friendly User interface: The Tool has a very understandable GUI where Tool Tips for all the components will be provided to allmusic, guide the user in the correct path in order to use the tool effectively and more efficiently. o Ability to application essays, perform search on single and multiple files: When other tools have problem opening a single file to in idleness by kenko, find errors this tool has a ability to college 2012, perform search on multiple files on a single selection. o Provides folder Search option: where a search error in a single large file is drm research a challenge here an entire folder could be searched. o Support for Multiple Products: Logs from multiple products like W4N, ViPR, and college application 2012, NCM etc’can be searched within the framework. This tool is not specific to a product. o Supports Multiple File Type: The tool supports different files types. A Different By Ronald Takaki Essay? Following files are accepted as input file .txt, .log.
o Multiple Search Options: ‘ Simple and 2012, Advance Search: In Simple Search log analyst can select a file or multiple files or a complete folder and search for both Warning and severe or restrict the thinking search for either of one. ‘ Manual Keyword Based Search: In Keyword Search log analyst can select a file or multiple files or a complete folder and search for college application 2012 the keyword of the Log Analyst’s choice. Again log analyst can select the kind of pattern he/she wants like Match Case, Starts With, Ends With (All Cases would display Match Case, Starts With and ends With). ‘ Automatic search of Standard Java Errors in analytical narrative the log File: When Simple, Keyword or Date and application essays 2012, Time range searches are performed on writing the log files Java Exception are automatically grepped and displayed to the User. ‘ Search based on Date and Time Range: This is a unique feature and more useful feature where a time range can be specified and everything within the college application time range will get displayed to user.
o Multiple Options to allmusic essay, Display Errors: Errors which are displayed to the user have different colour Example: – SEVERE ‘ Red and WARNING-Green For the number of files selected corresponding tabbed panes gets generated and displays the errors specific to the file names. o Close Options: The Tabs created can be independently closed or on college essays 2012 right click there is option available to close the entire tabs which are opened. o Provide Highlighters to the Errors found: For all the searches performed Simple, Keyword and Date and Time Range Search Colour Highlighters are provide for the Log Analyst to digital rights management drm research, locate the errors in essays 2012 the file. Different colours indicating severity level. SEVERE ‘Red, WARNING-Green.
Searched Keyword will get a Yellow Highlight. ‘ Date and Time Range search: Start Time- Green, End Time ‘Green. o Panels in the UI should be Adjustable: This feature is rights mainly for the Log Analyst’s readability. o Display the Progress of the Search: When the User is performing a search notify if it is progressing and when the search is college 2012 completed.
o Abort Operation: If the user is not interested in performing the search heshe must be able to abort the analytical narrative search at any point of time. o Open Files: The Tool also enables the Log Analyst’s to open the selected file from the tool with the supporting software required to essays 2012, open that particular file. The files are stored on a table for each of the writing an analytical search options. It is stored along with the path for the Log Analyst to identify which log file it is while performing search on college essays multiple files or a folder. 2.5 NETBEANS- IDE 8.0.1 TOOL. NetBeans is narrative a multi-language software development environment comprising an integrated development environment (IDE) and an extensible plug-in system. It is written primarily in Java and can be used to college essays 2012, develop applications in yanow allmusic bop Java and, by means of the college 2012 various plug-ins, in other languages as well, including C, C++, COBOL, Python, Perl, PHP, and essay, others.
NetBeans employs plug-ins in order to 2012, provide all of its functionality on top of of essays in idleness, (and including) the runtime system, in contrast to some other applications where functionality is typically hard coded. The NetBeans SDK includes the NetBeans java development tools (JDT), offering an college 2012, IDE with a built-in incremental Java compiler and a full model of the Java source files. Digital Management Drm Research Paper? This allows for advanced refactoring techniques and code analysis. The IDE also makes use of application, a workspace, in summary in idleness this case a set of metadata over a flat file space allowing external file modifications as long as the corresponding workspace “resource” is refreshed afterwards. For implementation purpose Java is 2012 chosen as the programming language because of few reasons like Platform Independent, object oriented, rich standard library, swing support, applet interface, distributed etc. SYSTEM REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION.
Software requirement Specification is thinking class a fundamental or a base document, which forms the foundation of the software development process. College Application Essays 2012? It plays a vital role during the development process. It not only summary of essays in idleness, lists the requirements of a system but also has a description of college application, its major feature. An SRS is basically an organization’s understanding (in writing) of a customer or potential client’s system requirements and dependencies at critical thinking class, a particular point in time prior to any actual design or development work. Application? The SRS also functions as a blueprint for completing a project with as little cost growth as possible. The SRS is often referred to scott essay, as the “parent” document because all subsequent project management documents, such as design specifications, statements of work, software architecture specifications, testing and validation plans, and documentation plans, are related to it. It is important to college application essays 2012, note that an SRS contains functional and non functional requirements only; it doesn’t offer design suggestions, possible solutions to technology or business issues, or any other information other than what the development team understands the customer’s system requirements to writing an analytical, be. 3.1 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT. Functional Requirement defines a function of a software system and how the application system must behave when presented with specific inputs or conditions. These may include calculations, data manipulation and processing and other specific functionality.
In this system following are the functional requirements:- o Select Search Options (Simple, Keyword or Date and Time Range). o Select file(s) or Folder. o If Simple Search is selected then select the error display option (Default, Warning, and Severe). o If Keyword Search is selected then specify a valid keyword and choose the analytical essay pattern (Match Case, Starts With, Ends With). o If Date and Time Range Search is selected then user should type the start and college application 2012, end time to perform the search. o And then Click on in idleness by kenko Start search Button. 3.2 NON-FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT. Non-functional requirements are the requirements which are not directly concerned with the specific function delivered by the system. Application? They specify the criteria that can be used to judge the operation of a system rather than specific behaviours. They may relate to emergent system properties such as reliability, response time and yanow allmusic bop, store occupancy.
Non-functional requirements arise through the user needs, because of budget constraints, organizational policies and the need for college essays interoperability with other software and hardware systems or because of external factors. All the information of the caller/callee must be available to the user at all the time after installing the application. This application should consume as much as less resource as possible and should run properly in a different by ronald takaki essay all circumstances. This application should be able to get upgrade with changing requirements at college application, various stages. 3.2.4 Platform Compatibility. This application must be compatible with the current platform on which it is built as well as its higher version. 3.2.5 Response Time.
This application must have low response time so user can access the information without any delay. This application must have an intuitive and critical thinking class, user friendly interface for displaying any information. System development method is a process through which a product will get completed or a product gets rid from any problem. Software development process is essays described as a number of phases, procedures and steps that gives the complete software. It follows series of steps which is used for product progress. The development method followed in this project is mirror waterfall model. 4.1 Model Phases. The waterfall model is a sequential software development process, in which progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards (like a waterfall) through the phases of application 2012, Requirement initiation, Analysis, Design, Implementation, Testing and outline, maintenance. Requirement Analysis: This phase is concerned about collection of requirement of the college application 2012 system. This process involves generating document and requirement review. System Design: Keeping the requirements in mind the system specifications are translated in to a software representation.
In this phase the designer emphasizes on:-algorithm, data structure, software architecture etc. Coding: In this phase programmer starts his coding in order to give a full sketch of product. In other words system specifications are only converted in to machine readable compute code. Implementation: The implementation phase involves the actual coding or programming of the software. Analytical? The output of this phase is typically the library, executables, user manuals and additional software documentation. Testing: In this phase all programs (models) are integrated and tested to ensure that the complete system meets the software requirements. The testing is concerned with verification and validation. Maintenance: The maintenance phase is the longest phase in which the software is updated to fulfil the changing customer need, adapt to accommodate change in application essays 2012 the external environment, correct errors and oversights previously undetected in the testing phase, enhance the efficiency of the software.
4.2 Waterfall Model as Development Method: o Clear project objectives. o Stable project requirements. o Progress of outline, system is measurable. o Strict sign-off requirements. o Helps you to college application 2012, be perfect. o Logic of software development is by kenko clearly understood. o Production of a formal specification. o Better resource allocation. o Improves quality. 2012? The emphasis on writing an analytical essay requirements and design before writing a single line of code ensures minimal wastage of time and effort and reduces the risk of schedule slippage. o Less human resources required as once one phase is finished those people can start working on to the next phase.
‘Design’ is defined as ‘The process of applying various techniques and principles for the purpose of defining a process or a system in sufficient detail to college 2012, permit its physical realization’. Various design features are followed to develop the system. The design specification describes the features of the system, the components or elements of the system and their appearance to end-users. 5.1 Fundamental Design Concepts. A set of mirror by ronald takaki, fundamental design concepts has evolved over the past three decades.
Although the degree of interest in each concept has varied over the years, each has stood the test of time. Each provides the software designer with a foundation from which more sophisticated design methods can be applied. The fundamental design concepts provide the necessary framework for ‘getting it right’. The fundamental design concepts such as abstraction, refinement, modularity, software architecture, control hierarchy, structural partitioning, data structure, software procedure and information hiding are applied in this project to getting it right as per the specification. 5.1.1 Input Design.
The input Design is the process of converting the user-oriented inputs in to the computer-based format. The goal of designing input data is to make the automation as easy and free from errors as possible. Providing a good input design for college essays 2012 the application easy data input and narrative, selection features are adopted. The input design requirements such as user friendliness, consistent format and interactive dialogue for giving the right message and help for college application essays the user at right time are also considered for the development of the project. Input design is a part of overall system design which requires very careful attention. Often the scott yanow allmusic hard bop collection of input data is the most expensive part of the system, which needs to be route through number of modules .It is the essays point where the user ready to send the data to class, the destination machine along with known IP address; if the IP address is unknown then it may prone to error. 5.1.2 Output Design. A quality output is one, which meets the requirements of the end user and presents the information clearly. In any system results of 2012, processing are communicated to the users and to other systems through outputs. Summary By Kenko? It is most important and direct source information to the user. Efficient and intelligent output improves the systems relationship with source and destination machine.
Outputs from computers are required primarily to get same packet that the user has send instead of corrupted packet and spoofed packets. They are also used to provide to permanent copy of 2012, these results for later consultation. 5.1.3 The MVC Design Method. Swing actually makes use of a simplified variant of the MVC design called the model-delegate. This design combines the view and the controller object into a single element that draws the component to the screen and allmusic essay bop, handles GUI events known as the UI delegate.
Communication between the essays 2012 model and the UI delegate becomes a two-way street. Each Swing component contains a model and critical class, a UI delegate. The model is responsible for maintaining information about the component’s state. Application Essays? The UI delegate is responsible for maintaining information about how to draw the component on thinking the screen. The UI delegate (in conjunction with AWT) reacts to application 2012, various events that propagate through the component. The design method that has been followed to design the digital drm research architecture of the application essays system is MVC design pattern. Swing uses the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture as the fundamental design behind each of its components. Essentially, MVC breaks GUI component into outline, three elements.
Each of these elements plays a crucial role in how the component behaves. College Essays 2012? The MVC design pattern separates a software component into three distinct pieces: a model, a view, and a controller. o Model: The model is the piece that represents the state and low-level behavior of the component. It manages the paper state and conducts all transformations on that state. College Application? The model has no specific knowledge of allmusic essay bop, either its controllers or its views. It encompasses the state data for each component. There are different models for different types of components. For example, the model of a scrollbar component might contain information about its current position of its adjustable ‘thumb’, its minimum and maximum values, and the thumb’s width. A menu on college application the other hand, may simply contain a list of the digital rights menu items the user can select from. The system itself maintains links between model and views and college application essays 2012, notifies the views when the model changes state.
Figure 5.1:- Combination of View #038; Controller into a UI delegate object. o View: The view refers to summary of essays in idleness, how you see the component in application essays 2012 the screen. Narrative Essay? It is the piece that manages the visual display of the state represented by the model. Almost all window frames will have a title bar spanning the top of the window. Application Essays 2012? However the title bar may have a close box on the left side or on the right side. These are the examples of different types of views for the same window object. A model can have more than one view, but that is typically not the case in the Swing set.
o Controller: The controller is the piece that manages user interaction with the model. A Different Mirror By Ronald Takaki Essay? It provides the mechanism by which changes are made to the state of the model. It is the portion of the user interface that dictates how the college component interacts with events. The view cannot render the scrollbar correctly without obtaining information from the analytical narrative essay model first. In this case the scrollbar will not know where to college essays 2012, draw its ‘thumb’ unless it can obtain its current position and a different essay, width relative to essays 2012, the minimum and writing an analytical essay outline, maximum. Likewise the view determines if the component is the recipient of user events, such as mouse clicks.
The view passes these events on to the controller, which decides how to handle them best. Based on the controller’s decision the college application 2012 values in the model may need to be altered. Essay? If the user drags the scrollbar thumb, the controller will react by incrementing the thumb’s position in the model. At that point the whole cycle can repeat. 5.2 Architectural Design. Architectural Design is the conceptual design that defines the structure and behaviour of a system. An architecture description is a formal description of a system, organized in a way that supports reasoning about the structural properties of the college system. It defines the system components or building blocks and provides a plan from which products can be procured, and systems developed, that will work together to implement the an analytical outline overall system.
The System architecture is shown below. Figure 5.2:- Log Analyzer System Architecture. Input: Input to the tool is Log file(s), Folder. Operation: Simple, Keyword and Date and Time Range Search. Output: Log Analyst expected parsed result. 5.2 Detailed System architecture. The detailed architecture explains how the of flow of the Log Analyzer Tool works Initially when the Log Analyzer Tool is accessed it loads the Initial screen with a tool bar and a display screen. Tool Bar contains all the components which facilitate different operation which the Log Analyzer provides and the display screen displays the analyst expected result. Figure 5.3:- Detailed Architecture of Log Analyzer. Operations which the tool provides are: – i. Simple Search.
ii. Application Essays? Keyword Search. iii. A Different By Ronald Takaki Essay? Date and college application essays, Time Range Search. 5.3 Sequence Diagrams for the System operation. Sequence diagram in Unified Modelling Language (UML) is a kind of interaction.
diagram that shows how processes operate with one another and in what order. It is a. construct of a Message Sequence Chart. 5.3.1 Sequence Diagram for Initiating the Tool. Figure 5.4:- Sequence Diagram for thinking Initiating Log Analyzer Tool. This is how the Log Analyzer Tool is initialized.
When the application essays user initiates the tool Home screen of the Log Analyzer Tool is displayed to user where the user can further interact with the tool to summary by kenko, find out bugs within the log files. User can perform Simple search, Keyword Search and Date and Time Range Search can be performed on application essays the log files to find the bugs in the product further the analyst fixes those bugs using available resources to overcome the bugs in order to keep the product up and running. These search options can be selected based on the analyst interest and experience to find out bugs. If the analyst is not aware of what could be the error in the logs then he/she could perform Simple search along with Error Display options. If the analyst guesses what could be the reason for the failure in the product then he/she could go with Keyword search operation where the Analyst could type the possible error query and check if the failure occurred for the same reason. And If the product was not working only from a particular time then the by kenko suggested search operation would be Date and Time and essays 2012, Search. 5.3.2 Sequence Diagram for Simple Search. Figure 5.5:- Sequence Diagram for Simple Search. This sequence diagram shows the interactions between the User and the Simple Search operation. 5.3.3 Sequence Diagram for Keyword Search.
Figure 5.6:- Sequence Diagram for Keyword Search. This sequence diagram shows the summary in idleness interactions between the User and the Keyword Search operation. 5.3.4 Sequence Diagram for Date and Time Range Search. Figure 5.7:- Sequence Diagram for Date and application essays, Time Range Search. This sequence diagram shows the interactions between the User and the Date and Time Range search operation. 5.2 Use case Diagram of the system. A use case diagram is a type of behavioral diagram created from a Use-case analysis. Its purpose is to present a graphical overview of the functionality provided by a system in terms of actors, their goals (represented as use cases), and any dependencies between those use cases. Figure 5.8:- Use case Diagram for Log Analyzer Tool.
The above use case diagram shows the scenario where the user can operate on the Log Analyzer Tool. Writing An Analytical? Firstly Initiate the Log Analyzer Tool, provide options for user to select the search type among the three modules and application, provide other inputs to a different takaki essay, the tool to application essays, successfully perform search on the Log Files and yield accurate result. The implementation phase of the project is where the detailed design is actually transformed into working code. Aim of the phase is to narrative essay, translate the application design into a best possible solution in scott allmusic essay bop a suitable programming language. This chapter covers the implementation aspects of the project, giving details of the programming language and development environment used. It also gives an overview of the core modules of the project with their step by step flow. The implementation stage requires the essays 2012 following tasks. ‘ Careful planning of how the project is to be carried out. ‘ Investigation of system and constraints required to accomplish the project. ‘ Design of methods to successfully abide to future changes.
‘ Evaluation of the changeover method. ‘ Selecting suitable platform to rights management drm research, develop the project. ‘ Selecting appropriate language for application development. 6.1 Language Used For Implementation. Implementation phase should perfectly map the design document in a suitable programming language in order to achieve the necessary final and correct product. Often the product contains flaws and gets ruined due to incorrect programming language chosen for implementation. In this project, for implementation purpose Java is essays chosen as the programming language.
Few reasons for which Java is selected as a programming language can be outlined as follows:- o Platform Independent: Java compilers do not produce native object code for a particular platform but rather ‘byte code’ instructions for the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Making Java code work on a particular platform is then simply a matter of writing a byte code interpreter to simulate a JVM. Summary Of Essays? What this all means is that the same compiled byte code will run unmodified on any platform that supports Java. o Java is object-oriented: Java is object-oriented because programming in Java is centred on college application creating objects, manipulating objects, and making objects work together. This allows creation of modular programs and reusable code. o Java is distributed: Distributed computing involves more than one computer on a network working together. Java is designed to make distributed computing easy with the networking capability that is writing inherently integrated into it. o Java is platform-independent: One of the most significant advantages of Java is its ability to move easily from one computer system to college essays, another. (c) Running programs within a Web browser: Java has a strong API support to run programs within web browser. o Rich Standard Library: One of Java’s most attractive features is critical thinking class its standard.
library. Application? The Java environment includes hundreds of classes and methods in six major functional areas. Analytical? Language Support classes for advanced language features such as strings, arrays, threads, and college essays 2012, exception handling. Utility classes like a random number generator, date and time functions, and container classes. ‘ Input/output classes to read and write data of many types to digital rights drm research paper, and from a variety of college application essays 2012, sources. ‘ Networking classes to allow inter-computer communications over a local network or the Internet. ‘ Abstract Window Toolkit for creating platform-independent GUI.
‘ Applet is a class that lets you create Java programs that can be downloaded and run on a client browser. o Applet Interface. In addition to being able to create stand-alone applications, Java developers can create programs that can download from a web page and run on a client browser. o Garbage Collection. Java does not require programmers to digital rights paper, explicitly free dynamically allocated memory. This makes Java programs easier to write and less prone to memory errors. o Swing Support. College Application Essays? Swing was developed to management drm research paper, provide a more sophisticated set of college essays 2012, GUI components than the earlier Abstract Window Toolkit. Swing provides a native look and feel that emulates the look and feel of analytical narrative essay, several platforms, and also supports a pluggable look and feel that allows applications to have a look and feel unrelated to the underlying platform.
6.2 Platform Used For Implementation. A platform is a crucial element in software development. A platform might be simply defined as ‘a place to launch software’. In this project, for implementation purpose. NetBeans -IDE 8.0.1 is used. 6.2.1 NETBEANS- IDE 8.0.1.
NetBeans is a multi-language software development environment comprising an integrated development environment (IDE) and an extensible plug-in system. It is 2012 written primarily in Java and can be used to a different, develop applications in Java and, by means of the various plug-ins, in other languages as well, including C, C++, COBOL, Python, Perl, PHP, and others. NetBeans employs plug-ins in college 2012 order to provide all of its functionality on top of (and including) the runtime system, in contrast to some other applications where functionality is typically hard coded. The NetBeans SDK includes the NetBeans java development tools (JDT), offering an IDE with a built-in incremental Java compiler and a full model of the Java source files. Class? This allows for advanced refactoring techniques and code analysis. The IDE also makes use of college application 2012, a workspace, in analytical essay this case a set of metadata over a flat file space allowing external file modifications as long as the corresponding workspace “resource” is refreshed afterwards. Swing: The Java Foundation Classes (JFC) consists of application essays 2012, five major parts: AWT, Swing, and Accessibility, Java 2D, and Drag and Drop. Analytical Narrative Essay? Java 2D has become an integral part of AWT, Swing is built on top of AWT, and Accessibility support is built into Swing. College 2012? The five parts of JFC are certainly not mutually exclusive, and Swing is expected to merge more deeply with AWT in writing an analytical essay outline future versions of Java. Swing is college application essays 2012 a set of classes that provides more powerful and scott, flexible components than are possible with the AWT. In addition to the familiar components, Swing supplies tabbed panes, scroll panes, trees, and tables.
It provides a single API capable of supporting multiple look-and feels so that developers and end-users are not locked into a single platform’s look-and-feel. The Swing library makes heavy use of the application MVC software design pattern, which conceptually decouples the data being viewed from the by ronald takaki essay user interface controls through which it is application viewed. Swing actually makes use of a simplified variant of the MVC design called the model-delegate. Swing possesses several traits such as’ o Look and feel. Platform independence both in rights management paper terms of its expression and its implementation, extensibility which allows for the “plugging” of various custom implementations of college application essays, specified framework interfaces Users can provide their own custom implementation of these components to override the scott yanow essay hard default implementations. Component-orientation allows responding to college application essays 2012, a well-known set of commands specific to the component. Specifically, Swing components are Java Beans components, compliant with the Java Beans Component Architecture specifications.
Through customizable feature users will programmatically customize a standard Swing component by assigning specific borders, colours, backgrounds, opacities, etc, configurable that allows Swing to respond at runtime to fundamental changes in its settings. Finally look and feel allows one to specialize the look and thinking, feel of application essays, widgets, by modifying the default via runtime parameters deriving from an existing one, by creating one from scratch, or, beginning with J2SE 5.0, by using the Look and Feel which is configured with an XML property file. This project mainly consists of 3 Modules. They are: – o Simple Search. o Keyword Search. o Date and Time Range Search. 6.3.1 Simple Search Module.
Figure 6.1:- Block Diagram for Simple Search. Initially the user is given option to select a single log file or multiple log files or an entire log folder based on the users choice to perform the simple search operation. Then user must select files for which log parsing must be performed .After the User selects the files, the selected file names along with entire path are displayed on a table which allows the analyst to know on scott hard what component the search is college essays performed, the tool also allows analyst to open the file within framework to cross check if the analyst is performing the operation on the file which is of interest. It also provides options to delete single file from the table or the critical thinking entire list of files from the tables. Then selects one of the error display options (Default, Severe, and Warning). By selecting Default the tool displays both Severe and Warning with highlighters for user to easily locate them, on selecting Warning or Severe it displays only them. Further the analyst clicks on Start Search button which performs the search on the files for the selected error display option , displaying the application essays 2012 grepped result by creating individual tabs for the files to avoid confusion to management paper, know which result belongs to application essays 2012, which file. Once the user has started the management drm research search, options are given to college application, abort the operation. Every tab changes colour to indicate that the operation has completed in that File. Progress Bar is provided to indicate the operation is still in essay progress and application 2012, also a text saying ‘Search Completed’ pops after the entire search has completed. 6.3.2 Keyword Search Module.
Keyword Search is used when the analyst already guesses what could be the reason for the failure of the product. So this module allows the analyst to selects the Log files or entire folder of log files, then the analyst enters the possible query for scott allmusic hard bop which they think the failure has occurred. Selects the college essays Matching Type (Match Case, Starts With, Ends With, All Cases). Essay? Further start search, here the grepped errors are displayed with yellow highlighter. College? At any point of time the search could be aborted and resumed providing flexibility for the analyst. 6.3.3 Date and Time Range Search Module. Similar to Simple and Keyword Searches Date and Time Range Search greps the content within the Start and End Time and displays it to the user/Analyst to study about the product with information available from the log files . Analyst studies the log information for which the failure occurred in analytical narrative essay the product and provides relevant solution to overcome the problem faced by the clients. System testing is college 2012 actually a series of critical thinking, different tests whose primary purpose is to fully exercise the computer-based system.
Although each test has a different purpose, all work to verify that all the system elements have been properly integrated and perform allocated functions .The testing process is actually carried out to college, make sure that the product exactly does the same thing what is supposed to do. Testing is the final verification and validation activity within the organization itself. In the testing stage following goals are tried to achieve:- o To affirm the quality of the project. o To find and eliminate any residual errors from previous stages. o To validate the software as a solution to the original problem. o To provide operational reliability of the system. During testing the class major activities are concentrated on the examination and application essays 2012, modification of the source code. 7.1 Unit Testing. Here each module that comprises the overall system is tested individually. Unit testing focuses verification efforts even in the smallest unit of software design in each module.
This is also known as ‘Module Testing’. A Different Mirror By Ronald Takaki? The modules of the system are tested separately. College Application Essays 2012? This testing is writing essay outline carried out in the programming style itself. Unit testing exercises specific paths in a module’s control structure to ensure complete coverage and maximum error detection. This test focuses on each module individually, ensuring that it functions properly as a unit.
Hence, the naming is Unit Testing. In this step each module is found to application 2012, work satisfactorily as regard to the expected output from the module. This testing is done to check for the individual block codes for narrative their working. It is done so that when we carry out functional testing then the units which are part of these functionalities should have been tested for working. After successful completion of unit testing or module testing, individual functions are integrated into classes. Again integration of college application 2012, different classes takes into by kenko, place and finally integration of front-end with back-end occurs.
o Integration of application, functions into classes. At the critical class start of coding phase only the functions required in different parts of the program are developed. Application Essays 2012? Each of the writing functions is coded and essays 2012, tested independently. After verification of correctness of the different functions, they are integrated into their respective classes. o Integration of different classes. Here the different classes are tested independently for their functionality. A Different Mirror By Ronald Takaki Essay? After verification of correctness of outputs after testing each class, they are integrated together and tested again. o Integration of front-end with back-end. The front-end of the project is developed in Java Swing environment. The user interface is designed to facilitate the user to input various commands to the system and application essays 2012, view the system’s normal and faulty behaviour and its outputs. The back-end code is then integrated with the analytical narrative essay GUI and tested.
7.3 Integration Testing. Data can be lost across interface. One module can have an adverse effect on college 2012 another. Yanow Allmusic Hard Bop? Sub functions when combined, should not reduce the desired major function. Application? Integration testing is a systematic technique for constructing the program structure. It addresses the issues associated with the digital management drm research dual problems of verification and program construction. The main objective in this testing process is to take unit tested modules and build a program structure that has been dictated by design. After the software has been integrated, a set of high order tests are conducted. All the modules are combined and tested as a whole. Here correction is difficult, because the isolation of errors is complicated by college application 2012, the vast expanse of the entire program.
7.3.1 Top down Integration. This method is an incremental approach to the construction of program structure. Modules are integrated by moving downward, beginning with the main program module. Modules that subordinates to the main program module are incorporated into scott yanow essay hard bop, the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. 7.3.2 Bottom-up Integration. This method begins the application essays 2012 construction and critical class, testing with the college essays modules at the lowest level in a different by ronald essay the program structure. Essays 2012? Since the modules are integrated from bottom to up, processing required for critical modules subordinate to a given level is always available. Therefore in this case the need for application essays stubs is eliminated. The following integration testing table shows the functions that were combined into different classes and the class as a whole tested for rights management drm research its functionality. This is important to check for error-free interaction between various classes, and maintenance of data integrity. Table 7.1:- Integration Testing Table.
Classes Integrated Functions Integrated in each class Tests Performed Remarks. Class : Main InitComponents() ‘ Check whether initial screen with appropriate components displayed to user. ‘ Check if proper Search Panel are opened on selection from the Initial Screen Success. Class: ClosableTabbedPane ClosableTabbedPane() ‘ Check if each Tabbed pane are closable within each search option Editor pane. Class: SimpleSearch DefaultOption() ‘ Check for the selected error display if the college 2012 grepped result is mirror by ronald takaki essay displayed with proper highlighters. Success. SSHLGreenWarning() ‘ Check if displayed result is with proper highlighters Success. SSSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class:SimpleTablePopUp SSTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and delete all files from the table. Essays 2012? Success.
Class:SimpleSearchClearPanel SSClearPanel() ‘ Check if on click of the clear button if components of Simple Search is Cleared Success. Class: KeywordSearch MatchCase() ‘ Check if the grepped result displayed correctly with respect to the pattern match type selected. Class:KeywordHighlighter KSHLYellowQuery () ‘ Check if the pattern matching the keyword entered is highlighted with yellow colour Success. Class:KeywordSelectFiles KSSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class:KeywordClearPanel KSClearPanel() ‘ Check if Clear Button clears the components of Keyword Search Panel. Class:KeywordTablePopUp KSTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and delete all files from the table. Success. Class: DATRSearch StartAndEndTime() ‘ Check if the displayed result is with respect to Start and end time specified. Success.
Class: DATRSelectFiles DATRSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class: DATRHighlighter DATRHLGreen() ‘ Check if the Start and End time Highlighted with green colour Success. Class: DATRClearPanel DATRClearPanel() ‘ Check if Clear Button clears the components of DATR Search Panel. Class: DATRTablePopUP DATRTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and delete all files from the analytical narrative essay table. College Application Essays 2012? Success. 7.4 SYSTEM TESTING.
In this stage the software is tested from all possible dimensions for all intended purposes and platforms. Critical Class? In this stage Black box testing technique is college normally used. System testing of software or hardware is testing conducted on a complete, integrated system to evaluate the system’s compliance with its specified requirements. System testing falls within the scope of black box testing, and as such, should require no knowledge of the inner design of the code or logic. As a rule, system testing takes, as its input, all of the “integrated” software components that have successfully passed integration testing and also the software system itself integrated with any applicable hardware system(s). By Ronald Essay? The purpose of college application 2012, integration testing is to detect any inconsistencies between the software units that are integrated together (called assemblages) or between any of the digital rights assemblages and the hardware. System testing is a more limited type of testing; it seeks to detect defects both within the “inter-assemblages” and college essays 2012, also within the system as a whole. 7.5 White Box Testing.
White box testing (clear box testing, glass box testing, and transparent box testing or structural testing) uses an internal perspective of the summary system to design test cases based on internal structure. Application 2012? It requires programming skills to narrative, identify all paths through the software. The tester chooses test case inputs to exercise paths through the code and college application essays, determines the narrative appropriate outputs. While white box testing is applicable at the unit, integration and system levels of the software testing process, it is typically applied to college essays 2012, the unit. While it normally tests paths within a unit, it can also test paths between units during integration, and critical, between subsystems during a system level test. Though this method of college application essays, test design can uncover an overwhelming number of test cases, it might not detect unimplemented parts of the specification or missing requirements, but one can be sure that all paths through the test object are executed. Scott Hard Bop? Using white box testing we can derive test cases that: o Guarantee that all independent paths within a module have been exercised at least once. o Exercise all logical decisions on their true and false sides.
o Execute all loops at their boundaries and within their operational bounds. o Execute internal data structure to assure their validity. 7.6 Black Box Testing. Black box testing focuses on college the functional requirements of the software. It is summary in idleness also known as functional testing. It is a software testing technique whereby the internal workings of the college item being tested are not known by the tester. Mirror? For example, in college application essays a black box test on of essays software design the tester only college application, knows the inputs and what the expected outcomes should be and not how the program arrives at those outputs. The tester does not ever examine the programming code and by ronald, does not need any further knowledge of the program other than its specifications.
It enables us to derive sets of input conditions that will fully exercise all functional requirements for application essays 2012 a program. Black box testing is an alternative to white box technique. Rather it is a complementary approach that is likely to summary of essays in idleness, uncover a different class of errors in the following categories:- o Incorrect or missing function. o Interface errors. o Performance errors. o Initialization and termination errors. o Errors in objects.
o The test is unbiased as the designer and the tester are independent of each other. o The tester does not need knowledge of any specific programming languages. o The test is essays 2012 done from the point of view of the summary in idleness user, not the designer. o Test cases can be designed as soon as the specifications are complete. 7.7 Preparation Of Test Data. Preparation of test data plays a vital role in the system testing. College Application 2012? After preparing the test data, the system under study is scott hard tested using that test data. Essays 2012? While testing the system by using test data, errors are again uncovered and corrected by using above testing steps and corrections are also noted for future use. 7.7.1 Using Live Test Data. Live test data are those that are actually extracted from organization files. After a system is partially constructed, programmers or analysts often ask users to suggest data for test from their normal activities.
Then, the digital management systems person uses this data as a way to partially test the system. In other instances, programmers or analysts extract a set of live data from the files that they have entered themselves. It is difficult to obtain live data in sufficient amounts to conduct extensive testing and although the realistic data that will show how the system will perform for the typical processing requirement. Assuming that the live data entered are in fact typical; such data generally will not test all combinations or formats that can enter the college essays system. This bias toward typical values then does not provide a true system test and in fact ignores the cases most likely to cause system failure. 7.7.2 Using Artificial Test Data. Artificial test data are created solely for test purposes, since they can be generated to test all combinations of narrative essay, formats and values. In other words, the artificial data, which can quickly be prepared by a data generating utility program in the information systems department, make possible the testing of all login and college 2012, control paths through the program. The most effective test programs use artificial test data generated by persons other than those who wrote the programs. Mirror Takaki Essay? Often, an independent team of testers formulates a testing plan, using the systems specifications.
7.8 Validation of components. Functionality to be tested Input Tests done Remarks. Initial Screen User Interaction with the essays Screen to Select search Options Check if appropriate panel open with respect to the Search option selected Success. Simple Search panel No files selected or/and No display error options selected Prompt the yanow essay hard bop user that files or/and error display options must be selected in order to perform search Success. Keyword Search Panel No files or/and No Query entered Prompt the user to select files or/and enter a keyword to college application, perform search Success. Date and Time Range Search No Start Time or/and No End Time Entered Prompt the user to enter Start Time or/and End Time Success. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS. The following snapshots define the results or outputs that we will get after step by step execution of all the modules of the system.
8.1.1 Log Analyzer Build. The above snapshot shows the time taken to successfully build the Log Analyzer Tool. NetBeans took only essay bop, 2second to launch the Log Analyzer. 8.1.2 LOG ANALYZER Initial Screen. The above snapshot shows the initial screen after the tool has launched. The Initial Screen has a Search Tab which contains different search options provided to the user with the help of the combo box. 8.1.3 Simple Search Initial Screen. The above snapshot is for the Simple Search Option Selected from Different search option provided in essays the combo box. The Simple Search tab contains a tool bar which holds the following components Select Files Button which opens a file chooser to select files to perform the simple search, a combo box from which the error options can be chosen (Default, Warning and Severe). Management Drm Research? It also contains a Selected Files table which displays the selected files full path name, the editor pane opens new tabs for essays the files present on a different essay the selected files tables and these tabs are closable, clear button is used to clear the components of the simple search screen. 8.1.4 Simple Search Select Files.
The above snapshot shows how files are selected by the file chooser to perform search. 8.1.5 Simple Search Selected Files Display. The above snapshot shows how the path name of the files selected are displayed on the Selected Table. 8.1.6 Simple Search Error Display Option (Default) In Progress. The above snapshot displays that the search is in progress, the error display option selected here is Default. When the search is still in progress the screen where the bugs grepped are displayed will have a white background and a progress bar is used to notify the user that the search is college still progressing. 8.1.7 Simple Search Error Display Option (Default) Completed with Highlighters. The above snapshot shows that the search is completed for files selected and for the error display option. The user gets to know if the search is completed for that particular tab when the background colour of the editor pane changes to grey from white and also to improve the readability highlighters are provided to highlight the error display option selected Warning is highlighted with Green and Severe which should be taken more care of is critical thinking class highlighted in Red.
Once after the search is complete for all the files selected it is also indicated to the user with a popup text Search Complete. 8.1.8 Simple Search Error Display Option (Warning) In progress. `The above snapshot is shows the output for the Warning error display option type which is progress, where the grepped result is highlighted with green. 8.1.9 Simple Search Error Display Option (Warning) Completed. `The above snapshot is shows the output for the Warning error display option type , where the grepped result is highlighted with green and search is completed. 8.1.10 Simple Search Error Display Option (Severe) Completed. The above snapshot displays the output for the simple search where the error display option selected is Severe which is highlighted with red colour when the search is completed. 8.1.11 Simple Search Error Display Option (Severe) NO RESULT. This snapshot displays the application essays 2012 result when the file does not contain Severe error. It indicates the user by displaying the Results Found is an analytical essay zero. 8.1.12 Simple Search Validation.
The above snapshot shows the validation for the simple search where a message pops up when the search button is clicked without selecting the files to perform search. 8.1.13 Keyword Search Initial Screen. This snapshot displays the Initial screen of the Keyword search. 8.1.14 Keyword Search Select Files. The above snapshot shows how files are selected by the file chooser to perform search. College Application Essays 2012? . It has a button for selecting the files to perform search, the keyword text field is mirror essay provided for the user to enter the keyword to be searched, a combo box is provided to college application, select the matching type (All Cases, Match Type, Starts With, Ends With) and digital management drm research, a button to start search. The Keyword search screen also contains the selected files table and a editor pane which opens different tabs for the files selected to perform search. The tabs are created with respect to the files selected and these tabs could be closed individually and also a popup menu is provided to close all the tabs at once. When the search is in progress at any point of time the search could be aborted at college application essays, resumed. 8.1.15 Keyword Search Open File from selected the Table. The above snapshot shows a log file from the selected table is opened within the framework.
Other menus provided in the popup menu are Delete Single File (Delete), Delete All the files from the table (Delete all). 8.1.16 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- All Cases. The above snapshot displays the result for the Pattern match type- All cases where it displays the result irrespective of the alphabet case sensitivity. 8.1.17 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Match Case. The above snapshot displays the result for scott yanow hard bop the Pattern match type- Match Case where it displays the application result only for those characters matching the text entered in yanow the keyword text field. 8.1.18 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Starts With (Result)
The above snapshot is the output displayed for the pattern matching type- Starts With. 8.1.19 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Starts With (No Result) The above snapshot is the application 2012 output displayed for the pattern matching type- Starts With. But here since there are no results which Starts With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the result shown to essay, the user is Result found is zero. 8.1.20 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Ends With (Result) The above snapshot is the output displayed for the pattern matching type- Ends With. The result is displayed for college application Ends With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the result shown to the user with yellow highlighter. 8.1.21Keyword Search Pattern Match Type-Ends With (No Result)
The above snapshot is the summary by kenko output displayed for the pattern matching type- Ends With. The result is displayed for college application 2012 Ends With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the a different by ronald essay result shown to the user is Results Found is zero since there are no such bug within the file which matches the keyword entered in application essays the keyword text field. 8.1.22 Keyword Search Select Files Validation. The above snapshot is the output for the validation where start search button only after entering the keyword without selecting the files to perform the search. 8.1.23 Keyword Search Query Field Validation. The above snapshot is the output for the validation where start search button is clicked only after selecting the files to perform search without entering the keyword.
8.1.24 DATR Initial Screen. The above snapshot is the screen which is displaying the critical thinking class Initial Screen for the Date And Time Range Search which has Start and End Time Field. 8.1.25 DATR Start Time. The above snapshot shows the result where the Start Time is highlighted with green colour for the grepped result. 8.1.26 DATR End Time.
The above snapshot shows the college application essays 2012 result where the End Time is highlighted with green colour for the grepped result. 8.1.27 DATR Select Files Validation. The above snapshot is a validation output shown for the Date And Time Range where only the time field is rights management drm research paper entered without selecting the files to perform search. 8.1.28 DATR Time Field Validation. The above snapshot is a validation output shown for the Date And Time Range where only files are selected to application essays, perform search without entering the Start and End Tie Fields. This Tool reduces the time of the Analyst in finding the bugs within the Log Files manually. It facilitates the critical thinking Analyst in finding the college 2012 bugs within the Log Files or the folder consisting log files in less time providing operations like Simple Search, keyword Search, Date and Time Range Search within the summary of essays in idleness by kenko same framework. The selection of the search type depends on the situation, experience of the Analyst.
When loading a single Log File onto the application was a problem Log Analyzer searches for errors/bugs in the log file or log files or a complete folder consisting of log files providing proper Highlighters for the Search Type. In future we could Add Remote host within the frame work which would directly search the bugs for the product on the client machine rather than asking the clients to make a copy of the Log Files in a shared location which the analyst and the client has access to. Another enhancement could be, provide an option to Display Errors like All errors or distinct errors where All errors option could be used when analyst is interested to know the count of the bugs within the log file and Distinct error option could be used to see only one occurrence of the a error which is the cause for the failure. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
Each of essays, us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Digital? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Log analysis . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/information-technology/essay-log-analysis/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to 2012, have it published on our website then please click on the link below to mirror, request removal: 10-05-17 - Image processing 09-05-17 - Integration of Cloud and Internet of Things 03-05-17 - Mobile ad-hoc network 02-05-17 - Technology used in hospitality industry 01-05-17 - The Personal Software ProcessSM (PSPSM) 21-04-17 - Software quality 20-04-17 - Data Warehouse for decision making 19-04-17 - Enhancing food security via a web based system 17-04-17 - Frame relay technology 15-04-17 - Competition and Innovation: A Comparative Study of college application 2012, Telecommunications and Insurance (WIP) We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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essay title Advice about writing an essay. The importance of application essays 2012 essays. Some suggestions for good essay writing: You will develop your own techniques for digital management paper essay writing, so use the application essays 2012 following plan as advice, not as a straightjacket. The plan starts with bullet points. Click on the coloured word by one of these to go to the advice about the point. Use your analysis to critical thinking class, start drafting your introduction.
Start your bibliography. Review your resources, starting with what you already know and moving on to what you need to research. Generate ideas and use these to draft a summary of what your essay may be about. Read and take notes from the recommended sources, guided by the preparation you have already done. Develop your ideas in the light of your reading. One way to do this is by college essays 2012, revising your draft summary. Draft the body of the essay without looking at your notes or books. Then turn to the notes and books for the evidence for the arguments you have made in the essay. Reference as you go along . Show your draft to someone else who will give you feedback on analytical essay the issues listed below. Rewrite your essay in the light of essays their feedback. Most courses give you essay titles that point you clearly in the direction your essay should go.
Begin by thinking, analysing this title and the guidance given in other ways, like the reading list. The parts of an essay title are its key words. Every aspect of the essay title needs to be covered by your essay. So analysing lets you see what your essay should contain. It also helps you to focus your essay. You should not just write around a subject in a general way. It is really important to college essays 2012, spend time thinking about what the essay title means, and how to answer it.
Analysing helps you see what is essay outline wanted. A title we can analyse as an example is Outline the concepts of reason and politics in Plato's Republic . Show how they relate. Application 2012? This tells you a source you must use (a book by Plato, called the Republic ), and an analytical outline, two concepts (reason and politics) that you should investigate in it. The title also tells you that you should outline the concepts of reason and politics that you find in the Republic , and that you should show how they relate . Sources are often suggested in college a reading list rather than in summary of essays the title. Now that you know what you are doing, review your resources : What you need to know. Where information can be obtained. Use your analysis to start drafting your introduction . The analysis has given you a plan of the essay, which is college application essays 2012 used to draft the rights drm research first outline of the essay introduction. Your introduction will eventually contain a summary and an argument, as well as an outline . Start your draft bibliography . College Application Essays 2012? Your bibliography will relate to references in digital rights management paper the body or text of the essay, which you add as you go along. Drafting the introduction and body of the college application text is discussed in digital rights management drm research greater detail below.
Use whatever technique you find necessary to start your ideas flowing. Once they have started to flow, you will be able to tighten them up. Develop your ideas. It is important to build the essays essay on ideas that you develop yourself, and not to just follow the pattern of ideas that someone else has provided. You will need, therefore, to develop a technique that uses your notes on books, but does not let the notes set the pattern of your essay. Your essay needs to be organised by you and to express your interpretation and understanding of the scott yanow hard subject. College Essays? This is rights paper what people mean when they say that you should write in your own words. The best way to application essays, do this is to force yourself to scott yanow, write without referring to books or notes. Having made your notes, put them aside for application 2012 a while and essay outline, write your first draft essay without looking at them or your books.
When you have the first draft of the essay written in your own words (that is, without referring to books or notes) you can go to books and notes for the quotations and references that you need to substantiate your argument and for college application material that will help you to develop your essay further. As you look for evidence in your notes and books you will probably find that you need to revise your arguments. Rewrite your essay including all the evidence that you can find to back up your argument in a different essay your notes, or in the books, articles etc you are using. Adjust your argument if the evidence does not fit it. Try drafting your essay in four parts: an college application essays 2012, introduction a body (which includes references) a conclusion a bibliography (which relates to the references in the body) If you draft on paper, the summary of essays in idleness by kenko draft of application each part should be on separate sheets to allow you to redraft more easily. Analytical Narrative? You will probably find you redraft the introduction more often than the application other parts. The parts will be physically put together in an analytical essay your final version. The introduction explains the essays academic problem as you see it and tells the reader what is in your essay. Writing An Analytical Essay? To do this, always include an college application 2012, outline (plan) of the organisation (structure) of the body of the essay.
You should also include a summary of the essay. A good introduction will also include an argument statement . The draft outline usually follows naturally from the analysis of the essay title . As a start, you may organise the by kenko essay in the order that the 2012 issues are raised in the title. As you proceed with the essay, its plan will become more complex (sophisticated), and the outline in the introduction should be updated as the essay develops. The issues you deal with in an essay should follow on from one another in a meaningful way. Regularly revising a summary of the mirror by ronald takaki essay will help you see if you are doing this.
Your argument is the case that you are making. You make a statement of it in the introduction and a demonstration of it in the body of the essay. The body of the essay presents the evidence for the statement. The body of an essay is college also called its content or text . It is the largest part of the essay and contains the points you want to make in greater detail than the introduction (because they are being explained) and with the evidence for thinking them. It must show the reader that you know your subject. You do this by college 2012, explaining the subject to the reader. It is a fatal mistake to think the marker already knows this subject. I will discuss it without explaining it.
The marker is looking for evidence that you know the subject. Just as a mathematician will want to see how students have worked out the analytical essay answers to their sums, an essay marker will want to see how students reach conclusions. It should also present the evidence for the essay's argument. The conclusion If your essay's argument has been stated in the introduction, your conclusion can be just a brief summary of college essays your main points. If you find that your conclusion includes important points not already fully covered, you should seriously consider whether they need including in the introduction, or omitting. The bibliography is the list of yanow allmusic hard bop books and other sources you use for the essay. The bibliography should relate to references in the essay. See ABC Referencing for 2012 a list of analytical what you need to reference . Reference as you go along is not just much easier than trying to write all the references when the essay is almost finished, it is also one of the most powerful ways of improving your academic writing. To prepare references as you proceed, you will need to begin a draft bibliography as soon as you begin reading, record the source of all notes you take, and enter references in drafts you write. To prepare a draft bibliography you should make a list of each book or article you use, recording: The author's surname and initial,
The year of edition you are using. This is at the front of most books. Essays? If several dates are given, the one you want is the copyright date. This is often shown by the sign © The place of publication, The Publisher. When you make notes from books, make sure that you make a note of the book the notes come from and the page number. Then, if you use those notes in an essay, you will know which book and what page to reference.
Referencing drafts is relatively easy if you have sorted out your bibliography entry for by ronald the work you are referencing. If you want to reference something on page ten of a book whose Bibliography entry is: Smith, A. 1997, Invented Book, Burke Publishers, London. You just need to enter (Smith, A. College? p.10) in by ronald takaki essay the text of application your draft at analytical the point you want to reference the book. You could get good ideas about making your essay clearer by asking a friend to look at the draft. Sometimes tutors will look at essay drafts and make comments. Or you may get comments from English Support Tutors. Click here for an explanation of feedback. and why friends and other students.
may be good at giving it. Points that other people could give you feedback on. The Bibliography and References . College 2012? The reader can check that there is a bibliography at the end of the scott hard essay and that the key word in each bibliography entry matches the key word in the relevant references. Essays 2012? The reader should feel confident that he or she would be able to critical thinking class, find the source that is being referred to in each case. References to books should give a page number. If the reader does not know the Harvard system of college application essays referencing, the writer should explain it. The Introduction . The essay should have an introduction that is distinct from the body of the essay and writing, explains what the essay is about. If this exists, does it give the reader a framework (outline or essay plan) of the order in application which issues are to be dealt with in the essay? If so, the of essays in idleness by kenko reader should look at the body of the essay to see if it is clear to him or her that the author is following the 2012 outline.
The outline indicates the organisation, or structure, of the essay essay. Readers will be able to say if this was clear to them, and may be able to application 2012, make suggestions for improvements. It is helpful if the introduction also says what the key texts used for the essay are. It does not need to use this term, but it should show what the essay is based on. The outline of the essay is the a different by ronald takaki essay essential part of an introduction. As students' essay writing skills develop they will also begin to include an argument and a summary of the essay in the introduction. Application 2012? Student groups can help one another by discussing what these terms mean, by seeing if they can recognise arguments in one another's essays, and by writing an analytical essay outline, discussing how to construct a summary.
Content Does the essay show to the reader what the college 2012 writer knows about the writing essay subject? Or are there issues that the reader is left in the dark about? How much does the college application reader feel he or she has learnt about the subject by of essays, reading the essay? Readability Can the reader understand the essay? Is it clearly written or are there words that are difficult to read, or which appear to college 2012, be missed out, or spelt in a way that the reader is not sure which word is meant? Does the essay explain the of essays in idleness terms it uses (especially terms relevant to college application essays, the title)? Is the meaning of every part of the yanow allmusic essay essay clear and unambiguous? If the college essays 2012 reader notes terms and passages that he or she finds difficult to understand, the writer can explain them verbally. This should help the writer to rewrite the passages and explain the terms in the essay.
It is useful to check (proof-read) your essay through for different things. Check that you have written the title at the top of the essay. Think about the title and check that your essay discusses every aspect of it . Check that the critical class introduction correctly describes the body of the essay. The structure of the essay should follow the outline and the summary should accurately describe what the essay says. Check that you say what you mean. It is college application essays 2012 suprising how often some of us write something different to what we meant to say.
These are mistakes that a friend may notice quicker than the writer does. Check for logical argument : Have you got an argument? Have you stated it in the introduction? Have you followed your argument through logically in yanow allmusic hard the body of the essay? Have you recapped it in the conclusion? Check for the use of evidence to back up the argument.
Evidence may be references to application essays 2012, an author you are interpreting. Have you shown how your argument is supported by quotations and other references to the authors your essay is about? Check for the accurate presentation of quotations and references . Are quotations clearly identified? Do the references use the Harvard system? Do the references allow the reader to trace the work and page they refer to?
If you are using a wordprocessor, take time to of essays, run the spellchecker. Then read the essay through for the spelling mistakes that a spellchecker misses, and for its grammar. College Application Essays 2012? You may have a friend who can read the essay through for spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. Someone else can often see errors that the writer misses. Some people find computer grammar checkers useful. Check that the essay is in idleness by kenko laid out in application logical paragraphs , with a clear line between each paragraph to make sure they do not become merged. When you have finished your essay, make a last check that the outline, argument and summary in your introduction correctly describe the rest of the essay. If they do not, rewrite the yanow allmusic essay bop introduction. Only submit your essay after you have made sure you have a copy and that the copy is safely filed where you will be able to recover it. College Application Essays? If your essay was written on a wordprocessor you will have an electronic copy of it. If not, make a photocopy.
It is important to keep a copy of critical thinking class your essay in case the original goes astray. Essays are also sources you will want to application 2012, refer to later. So file it in yanow a way that is convenient for future reference. Essays are valuable records for future reference. Click here for advice on record keeping.
There may be courses which are very strict about word limits, but usually the following student will be throwing away marks by application essays 2012, not writing an extra hundred words: I have written as concisely as I can, but there is an essential point I have not been able to explain properly because of the word limit. I need the material I have to explain the analytical narrative essay subject properly, but this means that my argument is not fully stated. I am already 10% over the limit and I would need an extra hundred words to college application, state it fully. The marks lost (if any) for taking the critical thinking extra hundred words will almost certainly be small compared by the marks gained by a fully stated argument. If your essay is more than 10% under the word limit, or if it is very long, you should not pad it out with material, or hack material out. Instead, look at the content of the essay to see if you can improve that by lengthening or shortening . What to do if your essay is too short. Sometimes essays are short because the writer has only done part of what was asked.
Check to see that every aspect of the title has been covered, that any other instructions have been followed and essays 2012, that you have an adequate introduction that is analytical narrative followed through in the body of the essay. An essay can be too short because it needs to be more explicit. Look at whether you have fully explained everything. It may be that you have left a lot of the thoughts in college 2012 your head to be inferred, rather than saying them. The reflections of paper this student may help you: I realised through my essay drafts that I tend to college essays 2012, condense information making the of essays in idleness essay very short and straight to the point. I have made improvements, but the habit is ingrained and I need to make more.
To do this, I must expand on my thoughts, ideas and opinions, explain in more depth the point I am trying to make, and college application essays, write an essay imagining that the scott yanow allmusic essay hard bop person who may read it has no clue about the subject. You may need to include quotations to illustrate what you have said, or you may find that you have used quotations without explaining them. If your essay is well explained and linked to the sources it draws on by referencing and quotation, see if there are points that could be better explained or more points that would benefit by referencing and quotation. What to college essays 2012, do if your essay is too long. Do you always know what you are saying, or are there places where you are just throwing words in? Replace vague passages that do not say anything important, and passages that ramble, with sentences that are to writing an analytical, the point. Try focusing your introduction more on the title, and then checking to see that the application essays body of the essay sticks to what you focused on and does not wander all over the place. Remove material that is not relevant to what you say you are doing.
Using ways like this should improve the essay and shorten it at the same time. Précising and paraphrasing are good practice for any writer. One use of Précising is to creat a summary or abstract of your writing for the introduction . Traditonal steps in précis writing. You could précis any piece of writing, including your own. In the class traditional précis students reduce a passage of writing to a third or a quarter of its original length by essays, taking these steps: Read through the whole passage to get an analytical narrative, overall view. Read it through again, underlining each important point. These will all need to be included in the précis. Write a summary of the passage with all the underlined (above) points in the appropriate order, omitting all unnecessary matter. Compare the essays summary with the original and add anything of importance that had been left out. Check the scott allmusic essay hard approximate length to application, see how close you are to writing outline, the length aimed at.
Re-read carefully to see if the summary flows smoothly and is grammatically correct. Some essays are difficult to 2012, understand because material has been copied from books with no understanding of the meaning. These essays are often too long as well, as the writer does not know what to a different mirror takaki essay, cut out. If this is what you do, read about: avoiding copying and plagiarism.