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Business Intelligence: Building Your First Cube. I like to introduce people to Microsoft SQL Server Analysis Services by creating a simple cube that contains a sampling of their own data. I have to be careful when I do this, though, because I have been pushed out of my chair on more than one occasion when new users got excited about what they were seeing and wanted to dive right in to explore the he, data in ways they never before thought possible. Whether you have data of your own you want to explore more easily or a data-hungry user community to essay, support, you'll find SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS) provides the homework he, tools. Essay Writing Styles? This article is the third installment of a series; the first two articles appeared in the August 2009 issue and are available at technet.microsoft.com/magazine/ee263919.aspx. This series will help you develop a better understanding of business intelligence (BI) by using the homework he, components available in harvard essay Microsoft SQL Server 2008 as you build a simple BI solution. Because I'll be referring to concepts and terminology introduced in the previous two articles, I recommend you take the time to review those articles first if you haven't read them already. In Planning Your First BI Solution, I explained the advantages of he building a data mart compared with retrieving data directly from a corporate database. I also provided instructions for downloading the essay, sample databases you'll need in order to follow the steps described in these articles. Then Derek Comingore, in Building a Data Foundation for a BI Solution, explained how to use Integration Services to populate a data mart with data from your corporate database. Homework? In this article, I'll show you how to build a cube based on a similar data mart design.
My first article summarized the reasons to harvard, consider moving data out of homework he your corporate database and into this book essay, a structure called a data mart. While querying a data mart certainly has its benefits, and is probably sufficient for some scenarios, there are additional benefits to be realized by repackaging that data one more time into a structure called a cube. In fact, the data mart exists as an intermediate stop as the data makes its way to its ultimate destination in the cube, so it's still important in the overall solution. An added benefit of building a cube to house your data is that you can centralize the business rules for calculations that you can't easily store in a relational data mart. Homework He? Furthermore, the ideas, structure of the cube makes it much easier to write queries to compare data year over year, or to create cumulative values such as year-to-date sales. Moreover, you gain the ability to he, transparently manage aggregated data in the cube. To improve query performance in a relational data mart that contains a lot of data, database administrators often create summary tables to prepare data for queries that don't require transaction-level detail. SSAS creates the logical equivalent of summary tables (called aggregations) and keeps them up-to-date. In this article, I'll continue the scenarios introduced in the first article. These scenarios define the basic analysis objectives for the BI solution you're building throughout this series. The solution must be able to show which sales channel is more profitable for Adventure Works, Internet Sales or Reseller Sales, and whether sales trends indicate that demand is growing or declining for certain products.
Your source data for do my accounting, the BI solutions is the AdventureWorksDW2008 database, which applies the dimensional modeling and ETL principles described in Derek's article. Homework? You can download the sample databases used to informative process essay paper, build the solution for Adventure Works from CodePlex at msftdbprodsamples.codeplex.com/Release/ProjectReleases.aspx?ReleaseId=18407. With a data mart available as a source, you're ready to homework, build an Analysis Services 2008 database. Preparing Your Analysis Services Database. Your first step is to harvard, create a project in Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS). Launch BIDS from the Microsoft SQL Server 2008 program group, click File | New | Project. In the New Project dialog box, select Analysis Services Project. In the Name text box, type ssas_TECHNET_AW2008 and, if you like, change the location for your project.
Click OK to create the homework he, project. Now add a data source to informative process analysis, define the connection string for your data mart. Homework? In Solution Explorer, right-click the Data Sources folder and click New Data Source. In the Data Source Wizard, click Next on the Welcome page if it hasn't been disabled. On the Select How to Define the Connection page, click New to set up a new connection. In the Connection Manager, the default is the SQL Server Native Client, which is correct for this project, though you could also use an OLE DB or .NET provider to this book essay, access other types of data. To define the connection, type the name of your server in the Server Name text box or select it from the drop-down list, then select AdventureWorksDW2008 in homework the database drop-down list and click OK. When you're back in the Data Source Wizard, click Next. On the Impersonation Information page, select Use the service account option. Should Be Used In Schools Essay? The service account is used to read data from the source when loading data into your SSAS database and must have read permissions to do so.
Click Next and then Finish to complete the wizard. Next, you create a data source view (DSV) as an abstraction of the tables (or views) from the homework he, data source you want to use to define dimensions and cubes. You can make changes to the DSV without modifying the underlying data source, which is technology be used in schools, handy if you have only read permissions to the data mart and can't make changes at the source. Homework He? In Solution Explorer, right-click the Data Source Views folder and technology then click New Data Source View. Click Next on the Welcome page if necessary. On the Select a data source page, select the he, data source you just added to the project and click Next. Add objects to the DSV by double-clicking each table or view you need. To create a DSV that helps you answer the BI questions posed at the beginning of this article, add the accounting, following tables to the DSV: DimDate, DimProduct, DimProductCategory, DimProductSubcategory, FactInternetSales and FactResellerSales. Homework? While you're learning how to work with SSAS, it's a good idea to start with a simple DSV like this one.
You can always add more tables later if you need to support other questions with your BI solution. Click Next in do my homework the Data Source View Wizard when you've finished adding tables and then click Finish. I recommend you simplify the names of homework your tables by this book essay, selecting each one in the Tables pane of the homework, DSV designer and removing the Dim and essay rules Fact prefixes from the FriendlyName property of each table. The wizards you use to create dimensions and cubes will then use the value in the FriendlyName property to assign names to objects. The complete DSV is shown in Figure 1 . In addition to changing a table's properties in homework he the DSV, you can define logical primary keys or logical relationships between tables if the physical source does not have them defined already. SSAS won't be able to display data correctly without these definitions in place physically in the data layer or logically in the DSV.
You can also add a named calculation, which is like adding a derived column to a view, or replace the table object with a named query, which is similar to creating a view. In preparation for building the date dimension in SSAS, you need to add two named calculations to the Date table -- Quarter and Month -- to concatenate the year column with the quarter and month columns. Otherwise, data will not roll up correctly by month, quarter and should in schools year when you want to view summarized data. To add the named calculation for Quarter, right-click on the Date table in homework he either the designer or the Tables pane and click New Named Calculation. Do My Accounting? In the Column Name text box, type Quarter. In the Expression text box, type the following expression: 'Qtr ' + convert(char(1), CalendarQuarter) + ' ' + convert(char(4), CalendarYear) Click OK and now repeat these steps to homework he, add the named calculation for Month, using the following expression: left(EnglishMonthName, 3) + ' ' + convert(char(4), CalendarYear) Notice that the essay, Date table in the designer (shown in Figure 2 ) displays your named calculations with a calculator icon to differentiate them from columns physically in the table. You can review the effect of adding the named calculations by right-clicking the table and clicking Explore Data.
A new window opens in homework BIDS to display the data from the source table. When you scroll all the way to accounting, the right, you can see the values for the named calculations. You should always use the Explore Data command to homework he, confirm that the named calculations display the way you intend before you proceed to building your dimensions. This Book Essay? Defining Dimensions in he Analysis Services. After adding dimension tables to this book essay, the DSV, you're ready to create dimensions in the SSAS database. As a reminder, you use a dimension to store information about business entities, such as people, places and things.
To be able to answer the BI questions posed at the beginning of this article, you need to create dimensions for Date and Product. To add a dimension to the project, launch the Dimension Wizard by right-clicking the he, Dimensions folder in Solution Explorer and selecting New Dimension. On the Select Creation Method page, keep the default selection to use an existing table because your DSV includes the DimDate table. For those situations when you might build a simple database based on a small transactional table that includes dates, you might not build out accounting homework a data mart and can instead use one of the other options on homework this page to generate a time table in the data source or on the server. Figure 2 Date Table with Named Calculations.
In either case, you supply a beginning date and an end date for the data in the transactional table. SSAS can create and populate a physical table in the data source it will use to populate the dimension maintained in the SSAS database, or it can simply maintain the dimension exclusively in the SSAS database. You might choose to generate the this book essay, physical table when you need to homework he, be able to support relational queries to the data source. Essay Are Meant To Be? Click Next to continue. On the homework he, Specify Source Information page, select Date in the Main Table dropdown list.
Note the opinion essay, Key Column is DateKey. The key column must uniquely identify each record in homework the table so that SSAS can correctly aggregate or group data when returning query results. Then, in the Name Column dropdown list, select FullDateAlternateKey. SSAS uses the name column as a label to display to the user instead of displaying the key column. On the Select Dimension Attributes page, you choose attributes to include in the dimension, which you use to define hierarchies or additional grouping labels. Whether you include all attributes from the dimension table depends on the types of questions you want to support in your BI solution. Add only as many as you need to ensure SSAS performs optimally, to avoid consuming storage space unnecessarily and to avoid confusing users with too many options. Informative Process Analysis Essay Paper? For this dimension, select Calendar Year, Quarter and Month. Click Next and then click Finish.
To ensure that each attribute can be uniquely identified, update the KeyColumn property. By setting this property to the key columns, you ensure that Month sorts correctly in numerical sequence rather than alphabetically by month name, which is the homework, default sort order. To update the KeyColumn property, select Month in the Attributes pane on the left. In the Properties window, click the KeyColumns property and then the ellipsis button. Be Used? In the Key Columns dialog box, click the left arrow to clear the current assignment and then double-click CalendarYear and MonthNumberOfYear. Now assign a label to this attribute by clicking the he, ellipsis button in this book essay the NameColumns property box. Select EnglishMonthName, and click OK. Repeat these steps to homework he, set the KeyColumns property of the Quarter attribute to CalendarYear and CalendarQuarter and to should be used in schools, set the homework he, NameColumns property to Quarter. Accounting? The dimension now appears in Solution Explorer as Date.dim and the dimension designer (shown in Figure 3 ) displays in the main workspace area in BIDS. Figure 3 Date Dimension Shown in the Designer. You can see the dimension with its associated attributes, including the key attribute, in the Attributes pane on the left.
If you decide later to add more attributes, you can drag them one by one from the Data Source View pane to the Attributes pane. You use the Dimension Wizard only when starting a new dimension, but can make any necessary changes later in the dimension designer. Now use the Dimension Wizard to homework, create the Product dimension, using Product as the main table and EnglishProductName as the name column. Because the Product dimension is a snowflake schema, the wizard includes an additional page to confirm that you want to include the opinion essay, related tables, ProductSubcategory and ProductCategory. Next, add the homework he, Color and Size attributes to the dimension. Notice that the informative analysis, wizard automatically selects the key columns for he, the snowflake tables, Product Subcategory Key and Product Category Key. You need to add in rules are meant the corresponding name columns for these attributes, but must first finish the wizard so you can modify the attribute properties.
When the he, dimension designer displays, select Product Category Key in the Attributes pane. In the Properties, locate the Name property and change the name to Category. Scroll down in the Properties window to locate the NameColumn property. Accounting Homework? Click in the property text box to display the homework he, ellipsis button, click the button, select EnglishProductCategoryName, and click OK. Now repeat these steps to rename Product Subcategory Key to Subcategory and to specify EnglishProductSubcategoryName as its name column. Last, rename the Product Key attribute as Product. Notice the blue wavy line that appears under the harvard styles, dimension name, Product, in the Attributes pane. Homework? When you hover your cursor over this line, a warning message appears, Create hierarchies in non-parent child dimensions.
This message is an example of the best practices warnings built into SSAS 2008 to help you build an SSAS database correctly. Return to the Date dimension designer, either by clicking the homework, applicable tab in the document workspace or by double-clicking Date.dim in he Solution Explorer, and you'll see the opinion ideas, same warning there. Adding a hierarchy to a dimension is homework he, considered a best practice for several reasons, in particular for user-friendliness and optimization purposes. More specifically, a hierarchy provides a navigation path for users to informative analysis essay paper, follow from summarized to detailed data. Moreover, it can improve query performance by enabling SSAS to compute and store aggregations in advance of user queries. For example, if the user wants to see reseller sales by homework, year and a hierarchy in the Date dimension defines the rollup path from the key attribute (Date Key) to the Calendar Year attribute, SSAS can calculate the sales data by year during processing and then put the results into permanent storage. This storage of aggregations avoids the need to compute each year's sales at query time and is the should technology in schools, key difference between retrieving data from a relational data mart or from a multidimensional database like SSAS. To add a hierarchy to the Date dimension, drag the Calendar Year attribute from the Attributes pane to the Hierarchy pane in the dimension designer.
After you add the first attribute, a hierarchy object appears with a new empty level below the attribute you just added. Add the Quarter and homework Month attributes to the hierarchy by dropping each one into the space for the empty level. Next, rename the hierarchy by right-clicking Hierarchy, then clicking Rename and process typing Year. Although you've added a hierarchy, a warning still appears for the Date dimension. Hover your cursor over the line to homework, see a new warning, Avoid visible attribute hierarchies for this book essay, attributes used as levels in user-defined hierarchies. This message suggests you prevent users from viewing an attribute by homework he, itself when that attribute has been included in a hierarchy.
In other words, a user should only be able view the attribute when navigating within the hierarchy. In my experience, this decision is really one you should make in conjunction with users. If you decide to heed this warning, select Quarter in the Attributes pane and then, in the Properties window, change the AttributeHierarchyVisible value to opinion, False. Homework He? Another warning appears on the hierarchy itself. In this case, the message cautions that a performance problem might arise because attribute relationships are missing between one or more levels of the hierarchy.
Attribute relationships are used by SSAS to optimize query performance and aggregation design, to reduce the amount of storage required for opinion essay ideas, a dimension, and to speed up database processing time. Click the Attribute Relationships tab in he the dimension designer. (Note that this tab is available only if you're using Analysis Services 2008.) By default, all attributes relate directly to the key attribute, Date Key. To optimize the design by reassigning relationships, drag the Month object to the Quarter object, and then drag the Quarter object to the Year object. The relationship in the designer now correctly represents the many-to-one relationship between each level from left to right, as shown in Figure 4 . Figure 4 Attribute Relationships. Next, add a hierarchy to the Product dimension called Categories that contains Category, Subcategory and Product from top to bottom. After you create the hierarchy, you'll find you don't need to fix the attribute relationships between levels because the foreign key relationships between the harvard essay styles, tables are already defined in the DSV. However, you can set the AttributeHierarchyVisible property value to False if you like. Now your project contains two dimensions that have hierarchies and attribute relationships correctly defined. As you learn more about dimension design, you'll find there are several properties available for tuning performance and he controlling specific behavior in the user interface. Also, you'll likely have several more dimensions in more complex BI solutions. However, at this point, you have mastered the basics of dimensions and have what you need to continue building a usable solution by creating a cube.
Just as you use the Dimension Wizard to start the process of defining your dimensions, you use the Cube Wizard to begin creating your cube. In Solution Explorer, right-click the ideas, Cubes folder, click New Cube and then Next on the Welcome page if applicable. On the Select Creation Method page, keep the default option. (You'd use the other two options when you have a design you want to create manually or with a template, then have SSAS generate tables in the data source based on that design, which you'd need to he, populate with data using Integration Services before you could browse your cube.) Click Next. On the Select Measure Group Tables page, choose Internet Sales and Reseller Sales and should in schools click Next. (Measure group tables are synonymous with fact tables.) The wizard then displays all the numeric columns found in the selected measure group tables. In keeping with the simple approach you've taken thus far, clear all the measures by clearing the he, Measure check box at the top of the page, and then select the following measures from this book essay each group (Internet Sales and Reseller Sales): Order Quantity, Total Product Cost and Sales Amount. You can also rename measures on homework this page. Just right-click on the measure name and type the new name, but make sure each measure name is unique. The measure name should be short, but not so short that it's cryptic.
Rename the measures in informative analysis essay the Internet Sales group as follows: Internet Order Quantity, Internet Cost and homework Internet Sales. Likewise, rename the Reseller Sales measures as Reseller Order Quantity, Reseller Cost and Reseller Sales. Click Next. On the Select Existing Dimensions page, the wizard displays the informative process paper, dimensions you've already created. Click Next. Homework? If there are any tables in the DSV that are not yet referenced as a measure group table or by should technology in schools essay, an existing dimension, the Select New Dimensions page will display to allow you to quickly add any other dimension you might need.
In this case, clear Internet Sales and Reseller Sales as you don't need these tables created as dimensions. (Although technically these are measure group tables, the presence of he sales order numbers in the tables would allow you to create dimensions to support reporting or analysis of sales by sales order number.) Click Next, rename the cube as Sales, and click Finish. This Book Essay? Congratulations! You've successfully built a simple cube! The cube designer displays the measure groups and the dimensions added to he, the cube in the panes on the left, and the source DSV on this book essay the right, as shown in he Figure 5 . Figure 5 Cube Designer Showing Measure Groups and Dimensions. The first step to take after building a cube is setting the process paper, FormatString property of each measure to make it easier to view values in the cube browser. He? The quickest way to do this is to view the measures in a grid. In the analysis paper, toolbar of the cube designer, click the fifth button from the left to toggle from homework he Tree View to Grid View. In Grid View, you can use the Ctrl key to select several measures at once. First, select Internet Order Quantity and Reseller Order Quantity. In the Properties window, in the FormatString dropdown list, select Standard.
Then select all remaining measures to should in schools essay, set the FormatString property to Currency. A powerful feature of SSAS is the ability to add calculations using the Multidimensional Expression language (MDX). If you can write formulas in Excel, you can create calculations in your cube using simple MDX expressions. For more complex expressions, you'll need to spend some time learning about MDX through study and homework lots of practice. Remember that one of the design goals of this solution is to measure profitability by sales channel. The cube now includes the measures you need to calculate profitability: Internet Cost, Internet Sales, Reseller Cost and Reseller Sales. The difference between sales and cost is the gross margin, but that calculation provides absolute dollars, which isn't useful for comparison between channels.
In addition to gross margin, you need to calculate the essay, gross margin percentage by dividing gross margin by the sales amount. In the cube designer, click the Calculations tab, the third tab from the left. Then click the New Calculated Member button on the toolbar, the fifth button from the homework, left. In the Name text box, type [Internet Gross Margin]. The brackets are required when the name includes spaces.
In the Expression text box, type [Internet Sales] - [Internet Cost], and then, in the Format String drop-down list, select Currency. Now repeat these steps to add the this book essay, calculations shown in Figure 6 . Homework? Figure 6 Adding Calculations to the Cube. Deploying an opinion essay, Analysis Services Database from BIDS. Thus far, although you have built the objects necessary to homework he, create an do my accounting, SSAS database on the server, the database itself doesn't yet exist. Homework? The design tasks you perform in BIDS produce XML files that must get deployed to the server. Once those files are deployed, you can process the database, which executes the commands necessary to build the storage structures defined by the XML files and to populate those structures by executing queries to the specified data source. Within BIDS, you start all of technology these activities by right-clicking the project in Solution Explorer and then clicking Deploy.
The Deployment Progress window opens to homework he, show you each step it performs and whether that step succeeds or fails. After you have deployed a project, you can still make changes in the designers. Just deploy the opinion, project again as previously described to move your changes to homework, the server and launch processing. If prompted that your database will be overwritten, click Yes if you're certain you're the only person making changes to the database. Sometimes the harvard writing, change you make won't trigger the command to process the database after deployment.
In this case, just right click the dimension or cube you changed, then click Process, and he Run. Do My Homework? If you process a dimension using the Process Full option (which is required if you make a significant structural change to homework he, the dimension), you might also need to process the cube. At each stage of development, as long as you have successfully deployed and do my processed the solution, you can review your progress from the he, user's point of this book essay view. In the cube designer, click the homework he, Browser tab. The pane on the left displays the objects in harvard styles the SSAS database in a metadata tree (shown in Figure 7 ). The top node of the tree is the homework, cube. Expand the Measures node and the folders it contains to view all of the technology in schools essay, measures available, and then expand the Order Date and Product nodes to he, view the attributes in informative process essay paper these dimensions. Figure 7 Sales Cube Metadata Tree. You might be wondering why the cube contains Due Date, Order Date and Ship Date when you created only homework, one Date dimension. These cube dimensions are called role-playing dimensions because they represent different logical versions of the same dimension. They appear automatically in the cube when you include the Date dimension because the fact table contains three different foreign key columns that all relate back to the single table on which the Date dimension is based to track the order, shipping and due events separately. (If these role-playing dates aren't useful for analysis, you can delete any you don't need on the Cube Structure page of the designer.) To view cube data, you drag objects from the metadata tree to the grid in the center of the technology be used in schools essay, designer.
Start by dragging Internet Sales to the area labeled Drop Totals or Detail Fields Here. Then repeat this process to add Internet Gross Margin Pct, Reseller Sales and Reseller Gross Margin Pct to the grid. Homework He? With the results of this simple query now visible in ideas the cube browser (as shown in Figure 8 ), you can see that Internet Sales are significantly more profitable than Reseller Sales. Figure 8 Query Results in homework the Cube Browser. You can continue exploring these results by dragging attributes to the sections of the grid for rows, columns or filters, which collectively are called axes, or by dragging attributes and measures off the grid. Should Technology In Schools? The process of adding objects to he, the axes to refine the query is should in schools essay, called slice and dice by BI users and is a very fast way to homework he, query data without writing any code.
For example, to slice by year, drag Order Date.Year to the section labeled Drop Row Fields Here. Because Order Date.Year is a hierarchy (as indicated by the pyramid-shaped icon), you can drill down to slice by quarter by expanding one or more of the informative process paper, years. Similarly, you can dice by category by he, dragging Categories to the columns axis above the measures. After you place objects on rows or columns, you can filter the list of items by clicking the arrow in the caption. To remove Components from the grid, click the arrow in the Category caption, clear the Components check box and click OK. Next, to simplify the view, drag Internet Sales and Reseller Sales off the grid. Opinion Essay Ideas? You can now easily compare the profitability of the homework, Internet and Reseller channels by year and essay ideas quarter and by product category, as shown in Figure 9 . Figure 9 Profitability of Sales Channels by Year and Quarter and by Category.
By default, the homework, cube is accessible only by the server administrator. However, once your cube is deployed to the Analysis Server, you can set permissions to grant users access to it, enabling them to essay writing styles, use their favorite tool to browse the homework he, cube. Microsoft Excel 2007 is rules, a popular choice for interactive browsing, but you can also use Reporting Services to homework he, distribute reports based on cube data, as I'll explain in a future article. Now that you've built a small database using the sample AdventureWorks data, you should apply what you've learned to your own data by building a simple cube. If you have a simple design and a relatively small data set (containing less than a few million rows, for example), you can build a database without going to the effort of accounting homework building and maintaining a data mart. Just set up a data source view to query the he, source using named queries that structure the data as closely as possible to a star schema. When your data source has new data, you can simply do a full process of your SSAS database to keep it current with your data source.
If you have more data to put into a cube, you should read more about SSAS in Books Online and other resources as this article explains only the essay are meant broken, very basic points you need to know to build a simple cube. For example, at the beginning of this article, I mentioned that one benefit of SSAS is aggregation management, but to explain more about homework he, that subject is beyond the scope of this article. You can learn more about aggregations and other advanced topics by ideas, reading Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Analysis Services Step by homework, Step (Microsoft Press, 2009), recently published by a good friend of mine, Scott Cameron, who started his business intelligence career with me many years ago. Now that you've built your first cube, keep enhancing your skills so that you can develop more advanced cubes and take full advantage of the Microsoft BI platform.
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Nightclub Sample Business Plan Sample. If you are looking into starting a nightclub then this sample business plan is a great guide. Homework He! Use this example to compile your own. The Nightclub will be the premier, high-energy, themed dance and nightclub in Waldport, Your State. Our goal is to remain a step ahead of our competition through an exemplary service provision. Homework! We expect our guests to have more fun during their leisure time. We will provide more video and electronic technology per square footage than anyone else in homework he, the region. A simple, yet unique, themed menu and atmosphere will create a sense of ‘belonging’ for this book essay locals and homework he, tourists alike. Informative Process Paper! Our operating credo is: “happy enthusiastic employees create happy enthusiastic guests.” The main objectives of the development of he, this new venue are: Capitalise on excellent location opportunity with swift commitment to the new Town Square development.
To launch the venue with a highly publicised grand opening event in the summer of Year 1. To maintain tight control of costs, operations, and essay, cash flow through diligent management and automated computer control. Homework! To maintain a food cost below 33% of food revenue. Harvard Essay Writing! To maintain a total beverage cost below 25% of beverage revenue. To exceed $3 million in he, annual sales by the fourth year of plan implementation. The keys to success in achieving our goals are:
Provide exceptional service that leaves an impression. Informative Process Essay Paper! Consistent entertainment atmosphere and product quality. Managing our internal finances and cash flow to enable upward capital growth. Strict control of homework, all costs, at all times, without exception. The key elements of should be used, The Nightclub’s concept are as follows:
Entertainment and dance based themes – The company will focus on themes that have mass appeal. Homework! Distinctive design features – The Nightclub will be characterised by the elaborate dance club situated in a spectator setting which comfortably accommodates 350 guests. The area will also offer three private sky boxes which can be combined for use in a conference or private party setting. This room is be used, intended for special events and homework he, daily use. The adjoining dining room and bar would present an inviting and essay rules are meant broken, relaxing atmosphere, which displays a collection of homework he, musical and dance memorabilia. A live dj will coordinate the events and entertain the patrons with music and technology be used in schools, games during music breaks and homework, off-times. Location, location, location – One of the major advantages that The Nightclub will have over its competition will be its location in the new, high-profile Your Town Centre. Gaming – The Nightclub will provide several interactive style video games and pool tables to provide for both additional entertainment and revenue. Quality food – All would be lost without special attention being paid to in schools essay the level of food quality. A simple menu offering foods similar to those found at homework a premier venue.
Traditional ‘bar’ appetizers will be on hand for people craving nachos, wings, or quesadillas while they drink and broken, enjoy themselves. Exceptional service – In order to reach and maintain a unique image of quality, the Nightclub will provide attentive and friendly service through a high ratio of service personnel to customers, and he, will also invest in the training and broken, supervision of its employees. He! We estimate nearly one service staff member for every 35 guests. The company is seeking a loan for start-up purposes for process analysis paper a new entertainment venue in Waldport. Funds needed to accomplish goal referenced above will be $x.x million. The applicant will require the entire $x.x million to homework he finish project build-out. We will utilise the anticipated loans in the amount of $x.x million to build out the approximate 10,000 square foot space and opinion essay ideas, purchase equipment necessary for the start-up of homework, a new nightclub venue.
The following tables and charts illustrate the capital requirements. The Nightclub is should be used in schools, a privately-held LLC, the details of which have not been solidified as of the date of this publication. The LLC consists of three principals DD, HK, BK. Homework He! D D holds a BS in business administration from the The State University. He has held restaurant management positions for the PepsiCo Corporation. He successfully opened and managed two nightclubs, and went on to open other operations including a sports bar.
He is rules broken, currently in his fifth year in homework, the hotel industry, where he manages a successful sales department. HK holds a BA in in schools essay, Industrial Media Management, with a concentration in marketing. She has held a financial analyst position with Lockheed Martin and L3 Communications for two years. BK has been managing a staff for eight years. He is currently in his fifth year in the automotive industry, where he is a successful finance manager. The emergence of the Main Street area of Waldport represents a unique opportunity for a high-energy, dance-themed venue. The development’s central location, demographics, and lack of direct competition are major advantages to this project. The proposed venue will provide a local solution to the lack of homework, social atmosphere and live sports venues geared primarily toward the 21-35 age group in the Waldport area and will help keep late night entertainment expenditures within the localised region. The new venue will specialise in high-energy themes, a quality video and opinion essay ideas, gaming area, and will offer beer, wine and an array of homework he, liquors and mixed drinks. In addition, the venue will sell non-alcoholic beverages such as soft drinks, juices and bottled water.
A “casual” food menu consisting mostly of appetizers and small entrees ranging in cost from six to nine dollars will also be available. The initial hours of operation will be 11:00 P.M. to essay writing 2:00 A.M., four nights a week. The establishment will draw primarily from the Waldport market while attracting guests from the area’s other surrounding cities and towns. The concept and management of the Nightclub has been well received, and homework he, has been offered key placement at process analysis essay paper the centre of Waldport’s new First Main Town Centre development. Homework He! This commercial centre spans 138 acres and styles, promises an immediate primary trade population of 332,000 people with a secondary population of 164,000 people. The Boulevard at homework the Avenue average daily traffic counts are currently 53,000, and will increase to 72,000 by 2003 following the Boulevard’s connection northward to I-25 in 2001. At the centre of the complex will be a 16-screen Cinemark and IMAX theatre opening March, 2000. The Centre’s planners having met the Nightclub’s management and have reviewed the concept. They have indicated that the Nightclub is “exactly” what they were looking for and wish to place it directly in front of the theatre.
The annual projected traffic for are meant to be what Cinemark is homework he, calling their ‘flagship’ location is essay ideas, 1.4 million people, which exceeds their current Tinseltown location at the arena. The Nightclub will be a 10,000 square foot unit, which will also house the company’s corporate business office. The dance club and bar will accommodate 750 people. With Waldport’s rapidly growing population, the variety of the Nightclub from he, across the informative essay, country would create mass appeal for all of the Nightclub’s customers. The store will be equipped with state-of-the-art audio and video systems like none other found in he, Your City. It will serve the this book essay, need for a true nightclub in Waldport. The general appearance will be clean, open, and pleasing to the customer. The demographics are favourable, with minimal competition from he, other dance-themed venues and bars. We see The Nightclub as appealing to three major market segments. Fortunately, the homework, long, late night hours of operation help The Nightclub lend itself to multiple segment appeal. Our market segmentation scheme allows some room for he estimates and informative process paper, nonspecific definitions.
Childless Young Professionals – Due to our proximity to the IMAX and Cinemark theatres, we must appeal to single adults and young couples. He! Whether it is a group of friends or a couple out to are meant to be broken see a movie together, these people need a place to eat/drink either before and/or after their movie. These customers will range in age from 27 to homework he 40. Harvard Writing! The Nightclub will appeal to this category by switching the homework he, tempo and entertainment to do my homework be more appealing to adults as it gets later into the evening. We also anticipate a 15% annual growth rate in tandem with the homework, growth rate of Waldport and rules are meant, through increased popularity. College Students – By creating an environment that is appealing to college students, we secure a natural progression between the high school student and he, the young professional. Through word of mouth, the Nightclub expects realise an should be used, increase of five percent annually from this segment. Tourists and homework, Business Travelers – More and more business and travelers and tourists are finding themselves in Waldport every year as is this book essay, made evident by the increased demand and subsequent expansion of the local airport. We plan to reach these people through direct marketing to he local hotel patrons.
We anticipate a 20% annual growth rate in this segment. As our relationships grow with the local hotels, so too will the this book essay, word of mouth recommendations from the hotel staff as well as the patronizing of our restaurant by homework, their families. Our future plan is to accounting publish a simple website in order to create awareness to any traveler who wants to he take an advanced look at the club before their visit. 4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy. Our strategy is based on should technology be used in schools, serving our niche markets exceptionally well. The nightclub enthusiast, the tourist and business traveler, the local nightclub crowd, the he, local service industry as well as groups going out together, can all enjoy The Nightclub experience. The marketing strategy is essential to the main strategy: Emphasise exceptional service.
Create awareness of The Nightclub’s unique features. Focus on our target markets. We must charge appropriately for the high-end, high-quality service and food that we offer. Our revenue structure has to match our cost structure, so the do my homework, wages we pay and the training we provide to assure superior quality and service must be balanced by the fees we charge. Part of the superior experience we offer is the simplicity o the menu items. While being unique, they are relatively inexpensive and easy to prepare. While a premium is appropriate for the experience, the pricing has to be balanced in accordance with what we are serving. All menu items will be moderately priced. We expect an average guest expenditure of $12.50 for beverages and homework he, $7.50 for this book essay the percentage of our guests who choose to take advantage of our food menu. Our target customer spends more than the industry average for moderately priced establishments.
This is due to our creating an he, atmosphere that encourages longer stays and more spending, while still allowing adequate table turns due to extended hours of should, appeal. High energy and dance themed venues have significantly impacted cities from coast to coast in the nineties. Los Angeles’ Hollywood, New York’s Times Square, and Seattle’s Pioneer Square are just a few examples. Entrancing their audiences with high-powered lights, sound, music, and interactive entertainment, these venues are still one of the highest cash flow businesses in the world. Our localised studies have shown that the average person will spend three to four hours per weekend in this type of an environment and will spend an average of twenty to fifty dollars in that time frame. As we approach the new millennium, this trend shows no signs of declining. The typical venue of our style is open from 8:00 P.M. to 2:00 A.M., and within this time frame, the homework, venue can achieve gross revenues anywhere from $3,500 to $25,000, nightly. The primary sources of revenue in a venue of this type are high volume traffic, coupled with comparably nominal spending. In addition to alcohol revenues, we will also generate substantial revenues from informative process analysis essay paper, food sales that can typically range from seven to ten dollars per he person, and this book essay, admission fees that range between five and ten dollars per homework he admit. Entertainment venues in the late 1980’s and 1990’s focused on high-energy light and this book essay, sound, multiple source video screens, and participative events.
This relatively simple concept is still quite popular today. However, these concepts have greatly evolved with society. In recent years this industry has become more sophisticated with the availability of new technology. Larger metropolitan areas have taken this technology to new heights with sound, lighting, video and interactive designs that create an exciting and memorable experience. Fortunately, no one in Your State area has been a pioneer in this specific segment of the industry as of the date of this report. Additionally, the nightclub and bar industry is he, shifting towards a more entertainment-oriented concept.
Guests of these venues are not only offered a dynamic place to rules to be broken gather and mingle, but also a place to participate in the entertainment through interactive contests, theme nights, and other events. We intend to heavily utilise entertainment-oriented marketing in an effort to withstand the perpetual shift in trends and cater to as large a client base as possible. Nightclubs and other drinking establishments rely heavily on their primary suppliers. The primary suppliers are the various beverage distributors that provide the establishment with both alcoholic and he, non-alcoholic beverages. The alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, and liquor) are the primary sources of income in this industry. Other beverage suppliers also play a crucial role by providing non-alcoholic beverages. These are either served alone or mixed with alcohol. In the area, all major brands of alcoholic beverages are available, in addition to several regional brands of beer. Initial research shows that the this book essay, major distributors in the market have a high rating in both product availability and delivery.
The Nightclub competition lies mainly with other casual facilities and less with conventional and chain entertainment establishments. We need to effectively compete with the widely held idea that you can’t get good service anymore, while maintaining the idea that being out can be a lot of fun. Our polling has indicated that consumers think of homework, atmosphere, price, and quality respectively. Additionally, price was frequently mentioned by pointing out that if the former concerns are present then they are willing to do my accounting pay more for the experience. Our review of the market concludes that there are four entertainment venues that can be considered direct competition to the proposed new venue. We do realise that the proposed venue will also compete indirectly for every entertainment dollar spent in the Waldport area. The main competitors of the Nightclub will be: Wednesday through Saturday.
Wednesday College Night ($1 beers) This nightclub appeals to a college crowd seeking cheap drinks. The club is known for being dingy and dirty. Hours of Operation: 10:00 A.M.- 2:00 A.M. Monday through Sunday. Thursday College/Ladies Nights.
This club appeals to 25-35 year olds. Pool and he, video games are central focus. Dancing is pushed to the back of the club. Wednesday through Saturday. This club’s target customer is 25 to harvard essay 45 years old / middle class or above. He! This club is essay broken, known for its older, dressed up crowd and cramped space. Monday through Sunday. This club’s target customer is 25 to 45 years old.
This club is known for live jazz and blues entertainment and their draught beers. The Nightclub will be part of the restaurant and bar industry, which includes several kinds of businesses: Locally Operated Bars and Nightclubs – This genre usually appeals to the local neighbourhood clientele. This same client base dictates that the he, average price structure be drastically scaled down in order to create “regulars.” Nightclub Entertainment Complexes – This type of complex represents the concept we will most closely compete with. They are typically placed in high traffic locations and are normally treated as destination entertainment.
An admission charge is usually in place and the associated price structure is also most like our proposed structure. Thankfully there is not an abundance if this type of entertainment within our region. Conventional Dining – Primarily owned by large national chains, usually less than 10,000 square feet, focused on serving good quality food in a reasonable amount of homework, time in homework he, a dining room setting. The service and food quality are superior to process analysis essay that of a fast food establishment. People go there to he eat and leave when they’re done eating since there’s rarely a reason to stay.
Formal Dining – Similar to conventional dining yet offering a higher quality of food and service for informative process essay paper the added expense. As with the conventional dining facilities, there is he, little interaction and when people are done eating, they leave. Casual Dining – Commonly building upon conventional dining with the harvard essay, addition of a bar, playing of music and sporting events on numerous televisions. Homework He! Some establishments offer their own brand of beer made on the premises. The food quality and technology essay, service are at best, similar to that found in homework, a conventional dining experience. Chain Entertainment – Typically manifested in each market through the Hard Rock Cafes, the Planet Hollywoods, etc. We expect to this book essay create an atmosphere that thrives on its trendy feel. These chain entertainment venues can not hope to draw the same “hip” clientele. HOW TO DEVELOP AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET. Sign up for Entrepreneur's Daily Newsletters to Download. Nightclub Sample Business Plan Sample.
Nightclub Dance Classes Business Plan. I am seeking for a night club/real estate commercial properties business opportunity to invest my fund for a period of 5 years, for a Joint Venture Partnership. i may also consider other industries, but i want to invest only the sum $1.5m Usd for homework a period of styles, 5 years. my email: email@example.com. Slikour’s Moto: If You Dream It, You Can Be It. How Mark Sham Earned His Suits #038; Sneakers. Freedom As A Franchise Owner With Less Risk. Finance For Non-Financial Managers. Workplace Evolution 2.0: Are You Ready For The New Era? Fleet Tools Will Help You Get More Done In Less Time. The Youngest Body20 Franchise Owners Share Their Success Story. Young CAs(SA) Shaping The Future Of Business. Meet The 2017 Entrepreneur Of The Year® Winners.
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7 Ways To Tailor Your Resume For A Leadership Position. Homework. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. Are you a prime candidate for a mid- to senior-level leadership role? Before you apply, make sure you leverage these seven strategies to accounting tailor your resume for maximum impact.
As you (hopefully) know, the homework he computer databases, or Applicant Tracking Systems, that store and analyze incoming resumes for job board, employer, and this book essay, recruiter sites, count the number of times certain words are used in your resume. He. These keywords are industry-specific and are unique to each role in each company. Your resume ranks higher if you include more of these words in the document. Include a keyword section in opinion essay your summary and homework, stock it full of 12 to 15 keywords pulled from the job description of the role you are pursuing. Even more importantly, use these keywords in each relevant job listing you include in this book essay your document. They can be easily woven into sentences in your position overview statements as well as your achievements.
If you’re a new grad, have recently attained an MBA, or don’t have all of the experience sought in the job posting you’re submitting for, try listing relevant coursework in your resume’s education section. He. This will boost your keyword count. Fairly universal keywords include terms such as strategic planning, operations leadership, business management, cross-functional, cross-cultural, global, talent management, organizational restructuring, and informative essay, PL accountability. 2. Homework He. Reposition Your Resume’s Summary. Each time you apply for a new role, you need to rules tweak your career summary to maximize the number of keywords and ensure you are laying emphasis on the right capabilities. Homework. When you apply for a leadership role, it is imperative to harvard styles showcase your strategy skills and homework he, experience. In lower-level jobs, you have to demonstrate your tactical execution strengths; in director-level plus positions, designing and implementing strategic plans is absolutely critical. Briefly describe the opinion essay highpoints of homework your leadership experience in your summary. Relevant details you may want to include are things like key industries, sizes of companies you’ve worked for, the largest team size you’ve led, and the largest budget or PL you’ve managed. Include brief descriptors of writing your leadership and communication style.
These are less hard-hitting issues which deserve more attention on executive resumes. Be sure to include your strategy experience in addition to listing strategic planning as one of homework your key skills. Consider including 2-3 brief but impactful career achievements as part of this book essay your summary. Choose accomplishments which demonstrate your core leadership strengths and ability to deliver top- and bottom-line impacts on sales, revenue, productivity, efficiency, and expense management. Homework He. 3. Clarify The Context Of Each Position, Promotion, Or Achievement.
One of the resume’s key tasks is to opinion essay tell the story of your career. Yours must convey the importance and he, relevance of each position change you’ve made while simultaneously clarifying the essay paper key challenges you faced in the role. Include a brief position overview or introduction to he each role on opinion ideas your resume. If the position was a promotion or special assignment, make that clear. Showcase the context of your hire or promotion. Homework. Were you the informative essay paper first sales person in a new territory or the newest manager in he a series of 5 within a short timeframe? Were you hired or promoted with specific challenges in mind? Were you hired or promoted based on specific skills or experience you possessed?
If you were placed in the role to this book essay resolve specific challenges, it’s vital to note the circumstances at your entry into homework he the position. For example, if you were hired to turn around declining sales, what was the sales level when you started? What sales level did you attain or position during your tenure? Keep it brief – your position introduction should take up only 2 to 3 lines of text. Opinion Essay Ideas. Make every word count! Do the same thing with your achievements by including key details that reveal the larger context of your actions.
If you averted a division closure by turning around sales, that’s vital to highlight. Homework. If your marketing efforts helped open new market sectors which paved the way for this book essay a mission-critical merger, say so. Don’t just focus on results – put your results in a larger context that makes your overall contributions more clear. 4. Front-Load Your Resume’s Achievements With A Strategic Focus. Most job seekers assume that recruiters read resumes the same way that they do. Not so. Many recruiters read a resume “out of order” or in pieces and homework, parts in order to nail down their big picture perspective of the harvard essay writing styles prospective candidate’s career. This often includes reading achievement statements differently than you and I do. Before reading them in their entirety some recruiters briefly review the first few words of each bulleted statement to test the waters, so to speak, and see if the accomplishments are more tactically or strategically focused. It thus imperative that you front-load your achievements with the strategic focus they’re looking for, assuming you have that experience. In leadership positions, your strategy influence is often a bigger deal than your monetary impact.
Begin your bulleted statements by he clarifying your strategic impact, then note the specific impacts you achieved. Here’s my revamp which shifts the emphasis to strategy: Roadmapped Greenfield plant start-up from strategic planning to on-time, on-budget rollout in 1 year. Outcome: Doubled throughput and harvard writing styles, increased revenue by he $42M. For example, here’s a typical “homemade” bullet written by a real job seeker: “Working on a green field project that would double the capacity of the ideas plant.” 5. Align Your Education Extra Sections With A Leadership Focus. It’s always vital to include up-to-date listings of homework he your educational credentials, of course, including certifications, relevant affiliations, and professional development coursework. But don’t overlook other details that can bolster the leadership focus of your resume.
Any evidence of your present or past leadership experience may be relevant. Thus, consider adding present or past volunteer leadership roles in professional or community organizations. Make sure you include any for profit or not-for-profit board or committee roles you have fulfilled. And if space permits, include key initiatives you have contributed to during your tenure on these boards or committees. Leadership courses completed at major grad schools deserve emphasis as well. When you list industry-specific certifications, include them in opinion ideas acronym form as well as spelled out homework he because either form is a keyword. If you have won leadership awards or been selected for rules to be leadership development programs with any of homework your employers, make sure you note these.
6. Use The Job’s Title As Your Resume’s Title. This Book Essay. This is a quick change but a critical one: make sure you insert the exact title of the position you’re pursuing into your resume as its title. This will of course add more keywords to your resume, but, more importantly, it will shape the homework he perception of your resume’s readers to see you as qualified for the position you are targeting. Now, this won’t work if you apply for a leadership role for which you have few, if any, qualifications. But if you are well-qualified for the position you’re targeting and opinion essay ideas, meet 75% or more of the role requirements, then this is a wise and appropriate thing to he do. 7. Harness Your Career Brand In A Tagline. Whether you call it a tagline or a power statement, these single-line headlines are the perfect length to encapsulate a key leadership trait you possess along with your most impactful and accounting homework, important career-long impacts.
These kinds of statements are big picture by nature and thus encompass the whole of your career rather than just your most recent role. Secondary or tertiary power statements can be used to spell out homework he additional role-specific achievements. For example, here’s the tagline I used for an executive resume I recently wrote: Fueled $12B in informative analysis revenue career-long while delivering 3X investor returns. As you can see, short statements are more powerful when used as headlines; key details can be provided in the work history section of your resume. He. Let’s say you’re a leader with a turnaround history – that would be important to note in a key location. Hence, a tagline such as this might be beneficial: Reversed the performance of 4 mid-size companies from negative to up to +$124M in 6 months. All of the foregoing are content shifts you need to opinion essay make in your resume to he properly position yourself as a leadership candidate. Should. In addition, consider overhauling your resume’s “look and feel” to call attention to executive-level experience.
Take a look at some formatting makeovers in homework he this blog post. This post was originally published on opinion an earlier date.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The DBQ, or document-based-question, is a somewhat unusually-formatted timed essay on the AP History Exams: AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History. Because of its unfamiliarity, many students are at homework a loss as to how to even prepare, let alone how to informative process analysis essay paper write a successful essay on test day. Never fear! I, the DBQ wizard and master, have a wealth of preparation strategies for you, as well as advice on he how to cram everything you need to cover into your limited DBQ writing time on exam day.
When you're done reading this guide, you'll know exactly how to essay rules to be write a DBQ. For a general overview of the DBQ—what it is, its purpose, its format, etc.—see my article “What is a DBQ?” Establish a Baseline. Take Another Practice DBQ. How Can I Succeed on Test Day? Reading the Question and he Documents. Planning Your Essay. Writing Your Essay. Your AP exam study timeline depends on a few things.
First, how much time you have to study per week, and how many hours you want to do my homework study in total? If you don’t have much time per week, start a little earlier; if you will be able to devote a substantial amount of time per homework he, week (10-15 hours) to prep, you can wait until later in the year. One thing to keep in mind, though, is that the earlier you start studying for your AP test, the less material you will have covered in class. Make sure you continually review older material as the school year goes on to keep things fresh in your mind, but in terms of process paper, DBQ prep it probably doesn’t make sense to start before February or January at the absolute earliest. Another factor is how much you need to work on. I recommend you complete a baseline DBQ around early February to see where you need to focus your efforts. If, for homework he, example, you got a six out of essay rules, seven and missed one point for doing further document analysis, you won’t need to spend too much time studying how to write a DBQ. Homework. Maybe just do a document analysis exercise every few weeks and check in a couple months later with another timed practice DBQ to make sure you’ve got it. However, if you got a two or three out of seven, you’ll know you have more work to do, and essay writing styles you’ll probably want to devote at least an homework he, hour or two every week to ideas honing your skills.
The general flow of your preparation should be: take a practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, and so on. Homework He. How often you take the practice DBQs and how many times you repeat the cycle really depends on how much preparation you need, and how often you want to check your progress. Take practice DBQs often enough that the format stays familiar, but not so much that you’ve done barely any skills practice in accounting between. He's ready to start studying! The general preparation process is to diagnose, practice, test, and repeat. First, you’ll figure out what you need to work on by establishing a baseline level for your DBQ skills. Then, you’ll practice building skills.
Finally, you’ll take another DBQ to homework see how you've improved and what you still need to essay rules to be broken work on. In this next section, I’ll go over the whole process. Homework. First, I’ll give guidance on how to establish a baseline. Then I’ll go over some basic, foundational essay-writing skills and how to build them. After that I’ll break down the DBQ rubric.
You’ll be acing practice DBQs before you know it! The first thing you need to do is to establish a baseline— figure out where you are at with respect to to be your DBQ skills. This will let you know where you need to focus your preparation efforts. To do this, you will take a timed, practice DBQ and have a trusted teacher or advisor grade it according to the appropriate rubric. For the AP US History DBQ, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of homework he, writing time. A selection of informative process essay paper, practice questions from the exam can be found online at the College Board, including a DBQ. (Go to page 136 in the linked document for the practice prompt.) If you’ve already seen this practice question, perhaps in class, you might use the 2015 DBQ question. Other available College Board DBQs are going to be in the old format (find them in the “Free-Response Questions” documents). This is homework he, fine if you need to use them, but be sure to use the new rubric (which is out of seven points, rather than nine) to grade. I advise you to save all these links , or even download all the essay, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides, for reference because you will be using them again and again for practice.
The College Board has provided practice questions for the exam, including a DBQ (see page 200 in the linked document). If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in the old format, because the 2016 DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History exam. Homework. Just be sure to use the new DBQ rubric if you want to essay to be broken use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to save all these links (or even download all the Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Who knows—maybe this will be one of your documents!
For this exam, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and homework he 40 minutes of writing time . Styles. As for the other two history exams, the College Board has provided practice questions. He. See page 166 for opinion essay, the DBQ. If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in homework the old format, because the process analysis paper, 2017 World History DBQ is in he a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History and AP European History exams. So be sure to use the opinion ideas, new DBQ rubric if you want to homework he use any of the homework, old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in he the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to save all these links (or even download all the harvard styles, Free Response Questions and he the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and this book essay again for practice. Finding a Trusted Advisor to Look at Your Papers.
A history teacher would be a great resource, but if they are not available to you in this capacity, here are some other ideas: An English teacher. Ask a librarian at your school or public library! If they can’t help you, they may be able to direct you to resources who can. You could also ask a school guidance counselor to direct you to in-school resources you could use. A tutor. This is especially helpful if they are familiar with the test, although even if they aren’t, they can still advise—the DBQ is he, mostly testing academic writing skills under pressure. Your parent(s)! Again, ideally your trusted advisor will be familiar with the essay, AP, but if you have used your parents for writing help in the past they can also assist here. He. You might try an older friend who has already taken the exam and did well. although bear in this book essay mind that some people are better at homework he doing than scoring and/or explaining!
If you know nothing about the DBQ and this book essay you’d like to homework he do a little basic familiarization before you establish your baseline, that’s completely fine. Informative Essay Paper. There’s no point in taking a practice exam if you are going to panic and muddle your way through it; it won’t give a useful picture of he, your skills. For a basic orientation, check out my article for a basic introduction to the DBQ including DBQ format. If you want to look at one or two sample essays, see my article for a list of informative paper, DBQ example essay resources. Keep in homework mind that you should use a fresh prompt you haven’t seen to essay styles establish your baseline, though, so if you do look at samples don’t use those prompts to set your baseline. I would also check out this page about the various “task” words associated with AP essay questions . This page was created primarily for the AP European History Long Essay question, but the definitions are still useful for homework he, the DBQ on all the this book essay, history exams, particularly since these are the definitions provided by the College Board. Once you feel oriented, take your practice exam!
Don’t worry if you don’t do well on he your first practice! That’s what studying is for. Accounting. The point of establishing a baseline is not to make you feel bad, but to empower you to focus your efforts on the areas you need to homework he work on. Even if you need to work on opinion ideas all the he, areas, that is completely fine and doable! Every skill you need for process essay, the DBQ can be built . In the following section, we’ll go over these skills and he how to build them for each exam. You need a stronger foundation than this sand castle. In this section, I’ll discuss the foundational writing skills you need to write a DBQ. I’ll start with some general information on crafting an effective thesis , since this is a skill you will need for should be used in schools, any DBQ exam (and for your entire academic life).
Then, I’ll go over homework he outlining essays, with some sample outline ideas for essay writing styles, the DBQ. Homework. After I’ll touch on time management. Finally, I’ll briefly discuss how to non-awkwardly integrate information from your documents into your writing. It sounds like a lot, but not only this book essay are these skills vital to your academic career in general, you probably already have the basic building blocks to master them in your arsenal! Writing a good thesis is a skill you will need to develop for all your DBQs, and for homework, any essay you write, on the AP or otherwise.
Here are some general rules as to what makes a good thesis: A good thesis does more than just restate the prompt. Let’s say our class prompt is: “Analyze the do my accounting homework, primary factors that led to the French Revolution.” Gregory writes, “There were many factors that caused the French Revolution” as his thesis. This is not an effective thesis . All it does is vaguely restate the prompt. A good thesis makes a plausible claim that you can defend in homework he an essay-length piece of this book essay, writing. Maybe Karen writes, “Marie Antoinette caused the French Revolution when she said ‘Let them eat cake’ because it made people mad.” This is not an homework he, effective thesis, either. For one thing, Marie Antoinette never said that.
More importantly, how are you going to write an entire essay on how one offhand comment by Marie Antoinette caused the entire Revolution? This is both implausible and are meant overly simplistic. A good thesis answers the question . If LaToya writes, “The Reign of Terror led to the ultimate demise of the French Revolution and ultimately paved the way for homework he, Napoleon Bonaparte to opinion essay seize control of France,” she may be making a reasonable, defensible claim, but it doesn’t answer the homework he, question, which is not about what happened after the this book essay, Revolution, but what caused it! A good thesis makes it clear where you are going in homework your essay. Let’s say Juan writes, “The French Revolution, while caused by this book essay, a variety of political, social, and economic factors, was primarily incited by he, the emergence of the highly educated Bourgeois class.” This thesis provides a mini-roadmap for the entire essay, laying out that Juan is going to discuss the political, social, and harvard essay writing economic factors that led to the Revolution, in that order, and that he will argue that the members of the Bourgeois class were the homework he, ultimate inciters of the Revolution.
This is a great thesis! It answers the question, makes an overarching point, and provides a clear idea of what the writer is going to discuss in technology be used essay the essay. To review: a good thesis makes a claim, responds to the prompt, and lays out what you will discuss in your essay. If you feel like you have trouble telling the difference between a good thesis and a not-so-good one, here are a few resources you can consult: This site from he, SUNY Empire has an exercise in choosing the opinion, best thesis from homework, several options. Essay Writing Styles. It’s meant for research papers, but the general rules as to what makes a good thesis apply. About.com has another exercise in choosing thesis statements specifically for short essays.
Note, however, that most of the homework he, correct answers here would be “good” thesis statements as opposed to “super” thesis statements. While you should definitely practice looking at DBQ questions and documents and writing a thesis in response to those, you may also find it useful to write some practice thesis statements in response to the Free-Response Questions. While you won’t be taking any documents into essay styles, account in homework your argument for the Free-Response Questions, it’s good practice on how to construct an effective thesis in general. You could even try writing multiple thesis statements in be used essay response to the same prompt! It is a great exercise to homework see how you could approach the prompt from different angles. Time yourself for 5-10 minutes to mimic the time pressure of the AP exam.
If possible, have a trusted advisor or friend look over your practice statements and do my accounting homework give you feedback. Barring that, looking over he the scoring guidelines for accounting homework, old prompts (accessible from the same page on the College Board where past free-response questions can be found) will provide you with useful tips on what might make a good thesis in homework he response to a given prompt. Once you can write a thesis, you need to be able to support it—that's where outlining comes in! This is not a good outline. Outlining and Formatting Your Essay. You may be the greatest document analyst and thesis-writer in the world, but if you don’t know how to opinion ideas put it all together in a DBQ essay outline, you won’t be able to write a cohesive, high-scoring essay on he test day. A good outline will clearly lay out your thesis and how you are going to this book essay support that thesis in your body paragraphs. It will keep your writing organized and prevent you from forgetting anything you want to homework mention! For some general tips on writing outlines, this page from Roane State has some useful information. While the be used, general principles of outlining an he, essay hold, the DBQ format is going to have its own unique outlining considerations.To that end, I’ve provided some brief sample outlines that will help you hit all the important points. Introduction Thesis.
The most important part of your intro! Body 1 - contextual information Any outside historical/contextual information Body 2 - First point Documents analysis that support the should in schools, first point If three body paragraphs: use about homework, three documents, do deeper analysis on two Body 3 - Second point Documents analysis that support the essay, second point Use about three documents, do deeper analysis on two Be sure to mention your outside example if you have not done so yet! Body 4 (optional) - Third point Documents and analysis that support third point Conclusion Re-state thesis Draw a comparison to another time period or situation (synthesis) Depending on your number of body paragraphs and he your main points, you may include different numbers of documents in each paragraph, or switch around where you place your contextual information, your outside example, or your synthesis. There’s no one right way to outline, just so long as each of your body paragraphs has a clear point that you support with documents, and you remember to do a deeper analysis on four documents, bring in outside historical information, and make a comparison to another historical situation or time (you will see these last points further explained in the rubric breakdown). Of course, all the harvard essay styles, organizational skills in homework the world won't help you if you can't write your entire essay in the time allotted. The next section will cover time management skills. You can be as organized as this library! Time Management Skills for Essay Writing.
Do you know all of your essay-writing skills, but just can’t get a DBQ essay together in a 15-minute planning period and do my 40 minutes of writing? There could be a few things at play here: Do you find yourself spending a lot of time staring at a blank paper? If you feel like you don’t know where to start, spend one-two minutes brainstorming as soon as you read the question and the documents. Write anything here—don’t censor yourself. No one will look at those notes but you! After you’ve brainstormed for he, a bit, try to organize those thoughts into homework, a thesis, and then into body paragraphs. It’s better to start working and change things around than to waste time agonizing that you don’t know the perfect thing to homework he say.
Are you too anxious to start writing, or does anxiety distract you in the middle of your writing time? Do you just feel overwhelmed? Sounds like test anxiety. Lots of people have this. (Including me! I failed my driver’s license test the first time I took it because I was so nervous.) You might talk to homework a guidance counselor about homework he, your anxiety. They will be able to essay provide advice and direct you to resources you can use. There are also some valuable test anxiety resources online: try our guide to mindfulness (it's focused on the SAT, but the same concepts apply on any high-pressure test) and check out tips from homework, Minnesota State University , these strategies from TeensHealth , or this plan for reducing anxiety from West Virginia University . Are you only two thirds of the way through your essay when 40 minutes have passed? You are probably spending too long on your outline, biting off more than you can chew, or both.
If you find yourself spending 20+ minutes outlining, you need to practice bringing down your outline time. Essay. Remember, an outline is just a guide for your essay—it is fine to homework switch things around as you are writing. It doesn’t need to be perfect. To cut down on your outline time, practice just outlining for shorter and shorter time intervals. When you can write one in essay paper 20 minutes, bring it down to 18, then down to 16. You may also be trying to homework cover too much in your paper. Be Used In Schools. If you have five body paragraphs, you need to scale things back to three. If you are spending twenty minutes writing two paragraphs of contextual information, you need to homework trim it down to a few relevant sentences. Be mindful of where you are spending a lot of time, and are meant target those areas. You don’t know the problem —you just can’t get it done! If you can’t exactly pinpoint what’s taking you so long, I advise you to simply practice writing DBQs in he less and less time.
Start with 20 minutes for your outline and 50 for your essay, (or longer, if you need). Should Essay. Then when you can do it in 20 and 50, move back to 18 minutes and 45 for writing, then to homework he 15 and 40. You absolutely can learn to manage your time effectively so that you can write a great DBQ in informative the time allotted. On to the next skill! The final skill that isn’t explicitly covered in the rubric, but will make a big difference in your essay quality, is integrating document citations into your essay. In other words, how do you reference the information in homework he the documents in a clear, non-awkward way? It is usually better to this book essay use the author or title of the document to identify a document instead of writing “Document A.” So instead of writing “Document A describes the riot as. ” you might say, “In Sven Svenson’s description of the riot…” When you quote a document directly without otherwise identifying it, you may want to include a parenthetical citation. For example, you might write, “The strikers were described as ‘valiant and true’ by the working class citizens of the city (Document E).” Now that we’ve reviewed the essential, foundational skills of the homework, DBQ, I’ll move into the rubric breakdowns. We’ll discuss each skill the AP graders will be looking for when they score your exam.
All of the history exams share a DBQ rubric, so the guidelines are identical. Don't worry, you won't need a magnifying glass to informative process essay paper examine the rubric. The DBQ rubric has four sections for homework, a total of should be used in schools essay, seven points. One point is for having a thesis that works and is historically defensible. Homework He. This just means that your thesis can be reasonably supported by the documents and historical fact. So please don’t make the main point of your essay that JFK was a member of the Illuminati or that Pope Urban II was an alien. Per the College Board, your thesis needs to be located in your introduction or your conclusion. You’ve probably been taught to place your thesis in your intro, so stick with what you’re used to. Plus, it’s just good writing—it helps signal where you are going in the essay and what your point is. You can receive another point for having a super thesis. The College Board describes this as having a thesis that takes into account “historical complexity.” Historical complexity is informative process analysis, really just the he, idea that historical evidence does not always agree about essay ideas, everything, and that there are reasons for agreement, disagreement, etc.
How will you know whether the historical evidence agrees or disagrees? The documents! Suppose you are responding to a prompt about women’s suffrage (suffrage is the right to vote, for those of you who haven’t gotten to that unit in class yet): “Analyze the responses to the women’s suffrage movement in he the United States.” Included among your documents, you have a letter from a suffragette passionately explaining why she feels women should have the vote, a copy of a suffragette’s speech at a women’s meeting, a letter from one congressman to ideas another debating the homework he, pros and cons of suffrage, and harvard essay a political cartoon displaying the homework he, death of accounting, society and the end of the ‘natural’ order at the hands of homework he, female voters. A simple but effective thesis might be something like, “Though ultimately successful, the women’s suffrage movement sharply divided the country between those who believed women’s suffrage was unnatural and those who believed it was an inherent right of essay, women.” This is good: it answers the question and clearly states the two responses to suffrage that are going to homework he be analyzed in the essay. A super thesis , however, would take the relationships between the documents (and the people behind the documents!) into account. It might be something like, “The dramatic contrast between those who responded in favor of should essay, women’s suffrage and those who fought against he it revealed a fundamental rift in American society centered on informative essay paper the role of women—whether women were ‘naturally’ meant to be socially and civilly subordinate to homework he men, or whether they were in fact equals.” This is a “super” thesis because it gets into the specifics of the relationship between historical factors and shows the broader picture —that is, what responses to women’s suffrage revealed about the essay are meant, role of women in the United States overall. It goes beyond just analyzing the specific issues to he a “so what”?
It doesn’t just take a position about history, it tells the reader why they should care . This Book Essay. In this case, our super thesis tells us that the reader should care about women’s suffrage because the issue reveals a fundamental conflict in he America over the position of women in society. Part B: Document Analysis - 2 Points. One point for analysis essay paper, using six or seven of the documents in homework your essay to support your argument. Easy-peasy! However, make sure you aren’t just summarizing documents in homework a list, but are tying them back to the main points of your paragraphs. It's best to avoid writing things like, “Document A says X, and homework he Document B says Y, and Document C says Z.” Instead, you might write something like, “The anonymous author of Document C expresses his support and admiration for the suffragettes but also expresses fear that giving women the right to vote will lead to conflict in the home, highlighting the common fear that women’s suffrage would lead to upheaval in accounting homework women’s traditional role in society.” Any summarizing should be connected a point. Essentially, any explanation of homework, what a document says needs to be tied to this book essay a “so what?” If it’s not clear to you why what you are writing about he, a document is related to essay your main point, it’s not going to homework be clear to the AP grader. You can get an additional point here for doing further analysis on 4 of the documents. This further analysis could be in any of these 4 areas:
Author’s point of analysis essay paper, view - Why does the author think the way that they do? What is their position in society and how does this influence what they are saying? Author’s purpose - Why is the author writing what they are writing? What are they trying to convince their audience of? Historical context - What broader historical facts are relevant to this document? Audience - Who is the intended audience for this document?
Who is the author addressing or trying to convince? Be sure to tie any further analysis back to homework he your main argument! And remember, you only have to do this for essay rules are meant, four documents for homework, full credit, but it’s fine to do it for more if you can. So how do you practice document analysis? By analyzing documents!
Luckily for analysis essay, AP test takers everywhere, New York State has an exam called the Regents Exam that has its own DBQ section. Before they write the essay, however, New York students have to answer short answer questions about the documents. Answering Regents exam DBQ short-answer questions is good practice for basic document analysis. While most of the questions are pretty basic, it’s a good warm-up in terms of thinking more deeply about the documents and how to use them. This set of Regent-style DBQs from the Teacher’s Project are mostly about US History, but the practice could be good for other tests too. This prompt from the he, Morningside center also has some good document comprehensions questions about a US-History based prompt. Note: While the informative analysis essay, document short-answer questions are useful for thinking about basic document analysis, I wouldn’t advise completing entire Regents exam DBQ essay prompts for practice, because the format and rubric are both somewhat different from the AP. Your AP history textbook may also have documents with questions that you can use to practice. Flip around in there! This otter is he, ready to swim in do my accounting the waters of the DBQ.
When you want to do a deeper dive on the documents, you can also pull out homework he, those old College Board DBQ prompts. Read the documents carefully. Accounting Homework. Write down everything that comes to your attention. Do further analysis—author’s point of view, purpose, audience, and historical context—on all the documents for practice, even though you will only need to do additional analysis on four on test day. He. Of course, you might not be able to do all kinds of further analysis on things like maps and this book essay graphs, which is fine. You might also try thinking about how you would arrange those observations in an argument, or even try writing a practice outline!
This exercise would combine your thesis and document-analysis skills practice. When you’ve analyzed everything you can possibly think of for all the documents, pull up the Scoring Guide for he, that prompt. It helpfully has an entire list of analysis points for harvard styles, each document. Consider what they identified that you missed. Do you seem way off-base in your interpretation? If so, how did it happen? Part C: Using Evidence Beyond the Documents - 2 Points.
Don’t be freaked out by the fact that this is two points! One point is homework he, just for context - if you can locate the issue within its broader historical situation. You do need to informative process analysis write several sentences to a paragraph about it, but don’t stress; all you really need to know to homework he be able to get this point is information about major historical trends over analysis essay time, and you will need to know this anyways for homework he, the multiple choice section. Should In Schools Essay. If the question is about the Dust Bowl during the Great Depression, for example, be sure to include some of the general information you know about the Great Depression! Boom. Homework He. Contextualized. The other point is for naming a specific, relevant example in your essay that does not appear in the documents.
To practice your outside information skills, pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and harvard writing styles then write down all of the contextualizing facts and as many specific examples as you can think of. I advise timing yourself—maybe 5-10 minutes to he read the process analysis essay paper, documents and prompt and list your outside knowledge—to imitate the he, time pressure of the DBQ. When you’ve exhausted your knowledge, make sure to fact-check your examples and your contextual information! You don’t want to use incorrect information on test day. If you can’t remember any examples or contextual information about that topic, look some up! This will help fill in harvard writing styles holes in your knowledge. All you need to do for homework he, synthesis is relate your argument about process, this specific time period to a different time period, geographical area, historical movement, etc. It is homework he, probably easiest to do this in the conclusion of the essay.
If your essay is about the technology be used, Great Depression, you might relate it to the Great Recession of homework he, 2007-2009. You do need to do more than just mention your synthesis connection. Essay. You need to make it meaningful. How are the two things you are comparing similar? What does one reveal about the other? Is there a key difference that highlights something important? To practice your synthesis skills—you guessed it—pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and then identify what historical connections you could make for your synthesis point. Be sure to write a few words on homework he why the connection is significant! A great way to make sure that your synthesis connection makes sense is to explain it to someone else. If you explain what you think the this book essay, connection is and they get it, you’re probably on the right track.
You can also look at sample responses and the scoring guide for the old prompts to homework see what other connections students and this book essay AP graders made. That's a wrap on the rubric! Let's move on to skill-building strategy. Don't let the DBQ turn you into a dissolving ghost-person, though. You’ve probably noticed that my advice on he how to do my accounting homework practice individual rubric skills is homework, pretty similar: pull out a prompt and analysis do a timed exercise focusing on just that skill. However, there are only so many old College Board prompts in the universe (sadly).
If you are working on several skills, I advise you to homework he combine your practice exercises. What do I mean? Let’s say, for essay are meant to be, example, you are studying for US History and want to work on homework writing a thesis, bringing in this book essay outside information, and document analysis. Homework. Set your timer for 15-20 minutes, pull up a prompt, and: Write 2-3 potential thesis statements in harvard essay styles response to the prompt Write all the homework he, contextual historical information you can think of, and a few specific examples Write down analysis notes on all the documents.
Then, when you pull up the Scoring Guide, you can check how you are doing on all those skills at once! This will also help prime you for test day, when you will be having to essay styles combine all of the homework, rubric skills in a timed environment. That said, if you find it overwhelming to combine too many exercises at once when you are first starting out in do my accounting homework your study process, that’s completely fine. You’ll need to put all the skills together eventually, but if you want to spend time working on them individually at first, that’s fine too. So once you've established your baseline and prepped for days, what should you do? It's time to take another practice DBQ to homework he see how you've improved! I know you're tired, but you can do it! So, you established a baseline, identified the skills you need to work on, and practiced writing a thesis statement and analyzing documents for hours.
What now? Take another timed, practice DBQ from a prompt you haven’t seen before to check how you’ve improved. Recruit your same trusted advisor to grade your exam and give feedback. After, work on any skills that still need to be honed. Repeat this process as necessary, until you are consistently scoring your goal score. Then you just need to make sure you maintain your skills until test day by doing an occasional practice DBQ. Eventually, test day will come—read on for my DBQ-test-taking tips.
How Can I Succeed On DBQ Test Day? Once you’ve prepped your brains out, you still have to this book essay take the test! I know, I know. But I’ve got some advice on how to make sure all of your hard work pays off on homework test day—both some general tips and some specific advice on homework how to write a DBQ. Most of these are probably tips you’ve heard before, but they bear repeating: Get a good night’s sleep for the two nights preceding the exam. This will keep your memory sharp! Eat a good breakfast (and lunch, if the exam is in the afternoon) before the exam with protein and whole grains. This will keep your blood sugar from he, crashing and making you tired during the exam.
Don’t study the night before the technology be used in schools, exam if you can help it. Instead, do something relaxing. You’ve been preparing, and you will have an easier time on homework he exam day if you aren’t stressed from trying to essay cram the night before. This dude knows he needs to homework he get a good night's rest! Below I’ve laid out how to use your time during the DBQ exam. I’ll provide tips on reading the question and docs, planning your essay, and writing! Be sure to keep an eye on the clock throughout so you can track your general progress.
Reading the Question and the Documents: 5-6 min. First thing’s first: r ead the question carefully , two or even three times. You may want to circle the essay rules are meant, task words (“analyze,” “describe,” “evaluate,” “compare”) to make sure they stand out. You could also quickly jot down some contextual information you already know before moving on to the documents, but if you can’t remember any right then, move on to the docs and let them jog your memory. It’s fine to homework have a general idea of a thesis after you read the question, but if you don’t, move on to the docs and let them guide you in the right direction. Next, move on to the documents. Mark them as you read—circle things that seem important, jot thoughts and notes in ideas the margins. After you’ve passed over the documents once, you should choose the four documents you are going to analyze more deeply and he read them again. You probably won’t be analyzing the styles, author’s purpose for sources like maps and charts.
Good choices are documents in which the author’s social or political position and stake in the issue at he hand are clear. Get ready to essay are meant to be go down the document rabbit hole. Once you’ve read the question and you have preliminary notes on the documents, it’s time to start working on a thesis. Homework He. If you still aren’t sure what to talk about, spend a minute or so brainstorming. Write down themes and concepts that seem important and create a thesis from those. Remember, your thesis needs to answer the question and make a claim! When you’ve got a thesis, it’s time to work on an outline . Once you’ve got some appropriate topics for your body paragraphs, use your notes on the documents to this book essay populate your outline. Which documents support which ideas? You don’t need to use every little thought you had about the document when you read it, but you should be sure to homework he use every document.
Here's three things to make sure of: Make sure your outline notes where you are going to include your contextual information (often placed in the first body paragraph, but this is up to you), your specific example (likely in one of the do my accounting homework, body paragraphs), and homework he your synthesis (the conclusion is a good place for this). Make sure you’ve also integrated the four documents you are going to further analyze and how to analyze them. Make sure you use all the documents! I can’t stress this enough. Take a quick pass over your outline and harvard writing the docs and make sure all of the docs appear in homework your outline. If you go over the planning time a couple of minutes, it’s not the end of the world. This probably just means you have a really thorough outline! But be ready to write pretty fast. Writing the Essay - 40 min. If you have a good outline, the hard part is out of the way!
You just need to process analysis paper make sure you get all of your great ideas down in the test booklet. Don’t get too bogged down in writing a super-exciting introduction. You won’t get points for it, so trying to be fancy will just waste time. Spend maybe one or two sentences introducing the issue, then get right to your thesis. For your body paragraphs, make sure your topic sentences clearly state the point of the paragraph . Homework. Then you can get right into your evidence and your document analysis. As you write, make sure to keep an eye on the time. You want to be a little more than halfway through at the 20-minute mark of the writing period, so you have a couple minutes to go back and edit your essay at the end. Keep in mind that it’s more important to clearly lay out your argument than to use flowery language. Sentences that are shorter and to analysis paper the point are completely fine. If you are short on time, the conclusion is the least important part of your essay . Even just one sentence to wrap things up is fine just so long as you’ve hit all the points you need to (i.e. don’t skip your conclusion if you still need to put in your synthesis example).
When you are done, make one last past through your essay. Make sure you included everything that was in your outline and hit all the rubric skills! Then take a deep breath and homework he pat yourself on the back. You did it!! Have a cupcake to celebrate.
I realize I've bombarded you with information, so here are the this book essay, key points to he take away: Remember the drill for essay to be, prep: establish a baseline, build skills, take another practice DBQ, repeat skill-building as necessary. Make sure that you know the rubric inside and out so you will remember to hit all the necessary points on homework he test day! It’s easy to lose points just for forgetting something like your synthesis point. On test day, keep yourself on track time-wise ! This may seem like a lot, but you can learn how to ace your DBQ! With a combination of opinion essay ideas, preparation and he good test-taking strategy, you will get the score you’re aiming for.
The more you practice, the essay, more natural it will seem, until every DBQ is homework, a breeze. If you want more information about the DBQ, see my introductory guide to opinion essay ideas the DBQ. He. Haven't registered for the test yet? See our article for help registering for AP exams. For more on process analysis essay studying for the AP US History exam, check out the best AP US History notes to study with. Studying for World History? See these AP World History study tips from one of our experts.
Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in he Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on essay social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.
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