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Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats Essay. Pets bring happiness to a person’s life. Phd Thesis. They create a special bond with their owners. This bond can help an owner and thesis direction his pet live in harmony. People usually get pets to have a companion in their homes. Couples get pets before having a child because taking care of e commerce phd thesis a pet is the simple and hardships in a similar in taking care of a child. E Commerce. Pets usually are fish, birds, mammals, and sometimes reptiles, but insects like spiders and ants are still owned by some people that consider them as pets. Editing Paper. Dogs and cats are one of the most popular pets to have. Dogs and e commerce cats make a big percentage in the world’s populations of pets, according to the Humane Society of the editing research United States (2011) there are 78.2 million owned dog and 86.4 million owned cats. Dogs show that they are loyal to e commerce phd thesis an owner and that are easily trained, cats on the other hand can take care of themselves better than dogs and can remove rat infestations from the house of the owner. Both dogs and cats have their pros and application essays tips cons, but dogs are better pets than cats because they show more qualities of a better pet than a cat.

Dogs provide an active lifestyle for an owner. Phd Thesis. Dogs are very energetic which requires constant walks. Software Research. This makes the owner and a dog have a healthier lifestyle than having a cat. Have you ever seen a person walk their cat? If someone would ever see a person walk their cat, that would be their first time seeing that sight. Cats are known as to stay at their home and wait for time to pass by. The energy of a dog can also excite their owner making them play together for e commerce phd thesis, a certain time. Dogs also learn a variety of tricks and can learn them easier than cats. The capability of a dog in write hmong, learning tricks can simply amaze a person, training a cat to e commerce phd thesis sit, rollover, or play fetch can be weird sight to see.

I personally have not seen a cat do the of life in a tricks a dog can do. If I ever see one, I do not know what would my reaction would be. While training a dog, the time spent in training can help in establishing a good relationship with their owner. A dog can also provide protection to a home. Dogs can be trained to e commerce phd thesis alert owners when seeing a stranger in their yard or attack on thesis, command when the owner says so. Certain breeds like German Sheperd and Labrador Retriever can be trained to e commerce phd thesis be police dogs. Thesis Direction. These dogs help in assisting police with their work, providing them help in searching for missing people or objects or in e commerce, detecting firearms or illegal substances on people. Dogs were also used for hunting purposes; their keen sense of smell has helped humans hunt their prey easily. Dogs can also be trained to book report guide blind people to destinations.

Cats can help out in rat infestations at home but they cannot help in phd thesis, sniffing out people with firearms or guiding people to destinations. Another reason dogs are better than cats is that dogs can understand humans better than cats. Training a dog requires hand gestures, these hand gestures when repeated over book report on hoot and over can be easily understood by a dog that will trigger the action that the owner wanted. Many people think that dogs show more affection than cats. Phd Thesis. According to the journal Animal Cognition, University of thesis direction London, researchers have found that dogs are more likely to phd thesis approach a crying person than someone who was humming or talking, and that they normally respond to weeping with submissive behaviors. Cats are known to thesis direction have an attachment with their owners because cats know that their owners bring them food every day. Lastly, dogs provide better companionship with their owners. Every time an e commerce phd thesis owner spends time with his/her dog, it develops their relationship to something better. Dogs are called a man’s best friend because they are always at your side, wanting to play with you, or trying to cheer you up. The bond between a dog and their owner is similar to a parent and editing research paper a child.

A child knows when their parent is e commerce phd thesis around or not. The child becomes happy when they see their parents while sad and report distressed when they see that they are gone. Cats can have a bond with their owners too, but they are more adept at being independent on their own. Dogs are better pets than cats but that does not mean that cats are not bad pets. E Commerce. Cats also have their positive sides like, independency. As mentioned earlier, cats are independent; they can feed off food that they find from the home of their owners, an example would be rats and mice. Cats also can bathe on their own, so they do not need their owners to the simple joys and hardships of life family essay give them a bathe regularly. The dependency of phd thesis a dog can sometimes frustrate an owner, the feeding it needs regularly, the book on hoot cleaning of the e commerce dog’s dirt, and the bath it needs to keep clean are the factors that can frustrate an law school essays owner. Cats are more silent than dogs. The barking of a dog can irritate an owner and e commerce phd thesis the neighbours. A cat’s “meow” cannot be loud enough to wake people up at midnight.

According to Douglas (2004), dogs can vocalize their moods, meaning the loudness of their bark depends on what emotion they have at the moment. Cats on the other hand do not, if they are happy, sad, or excited they will “meow” at the same level but evidence from (McComb et al., 2009) suggests that cats are capable of purring with a frequency that has a subliminal effect similar to that of argumentative a human baby#8217;s cry. This purr, known as the #8220;solicitation purr,#8221; is slightly different from the regular purr and is used to phd thesis ask for editing, food. I have never experienced owning a cat, my family has always owned dogs. From stray dog to a breeded one, it has always been dogs. The loyalty shown by e commerce, the dog, companionship to their owner, the text argumentative active lifestyle given by the dog, and capability of the e commerce phd thesis dog to learn tricks are the reasons why my family would own a dog than a cat. I have never thought of having a cat, even in the future.

The cats of our neighbours have helped me in making that decision. Every time we leave a door open, a cat would manage to go inside, hop on joys of life family essay, the dining table and get some of the food prepared. Another case would be that some cats bear their children at our garage which would make our dogs bark out e commerce phd thesis, loud. Report. These cases have lead me to make the decision that dogs are better pets than cats. Animal Cognition (May 30,2013), University of London, Arden Moore (2007), The Cat Behavior Answer Book, APPA National Pet Owners Survey (2011), The Humane Society of the United States, Douglas, K. E Commerce Phd Thesis. (9 December 2009).#8221;Dogs vs.

Cats: The Great Pet Showdown. New Scientist. McComb, K., Taylor, A., Wilson, C., Charlton, B. (2009). #8220;The Cry Embedded Within the Purr.#8221; Current Biology, 19(13). Retrieved 17. December 2009 from the Academic Search Premier database. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 21 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats. for editing research, only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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Modern Love College Essay Contest. We’re inviting college students nationwide to open their hearts and laptops and write an phd thesis, essay that tells the truth about what love is like for them today. Related Article. In early February we asked college students nationwide to send us their personal stories of modern love. Law School Essays Tips. Six weeks later, nearly 1800 students from e commerce 489 colleges and of life in a family essay, universities nationwide had answered our call. We are pleased to feature the writing of the winner and four finalists in e commerce the Modern Love column during May, with honorable mention essays also appearing in coming months. A book of software editing research, collected columns — “Modern Love: 50 True and Extraordinary Tales of Desire, Deceit and Devotion” — is available in phd thesis paperback and e-book at online booksellers. Leading off is our winning entry by Jordana Narin, a sophomore at Columbia University.

Many writers explored how they avoid labeling relationships (or even talking about what the text argumentative, relationship is) because doing so may lead to expectations and e commerce phd thesis, responsibilities that feel constricting. But for on hoot some this avoidance can have troubling consequences, as Ms. Narin’s essay eloquently illustrates. Subjects tackled by other top finishers cover a broad range, from e commerce phd thesis asexuality to Tinder matches and from hooking up to book report on hoot, purity pledges. Congratulations to Ms. Narin and our other winners, and thank you to e commerce phd thesis, all who participated. Text Argumentative. — Daniel Jones. Columbia University in the City of New York. New York, NY, Class of 2017. Fashion Institute of Technology. New York, NY, Class of 2016.

North Central College. Naperville, IL, Class of 2016. Santa Monica College - SMC (Official) Los Angeles, CA, Class of 2017 (after transfer to university) Colorado State University. Fort Collins, CO, Class of 2016. New York, NY, Class of e commerce phd thesis, 2018. Ithaca, NY, Class of thesis direction, 2015. New Haven, CT, Class of 2017.

Amherst, MA, Class of 2015. New York University, New York, NY, Class of phd thesis, 2015. Previous Finalists’ Essays The 10 Best Modern Love Columns Ever » View all Modern Love columns » Even in research paper Real Life There Were Screens Between Us. Eating the Forbidden Ham Sandwich. A Love for the Ages, but Which One? Stuck at the Border Between the Sexes.

Want to Be My Boyfriend? Please Define. Instant Message, Instant Girlfriend. My Dropout Boyfriend Kept Dropping In. Let’s Not Get to Know Each Other Better. The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest. NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. A PURCHASE OR PAYMENT OF ANY KIND WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING. The “Sponsor” is phd thesis The New York Times Company, 620 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10018. The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest (“the Contest”) is a skillbased competition in joys in a essay which participants will compete to be selected as author of the e commerce, top essay, as selected by essays tips Sponsor.

The author of the winning entry will be awarded $1,000.00 and e commerce phd thesis, his/her top essay will be published in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on Participants will be invited to submit essays, which will be voted on and rated by Sponsor. The Contest begins at 10:00 AM Eastern on Friday, February 6, 2015 and ends at how to write hmong, 11:59 PM Eastern on e commerce phd thesis, Sunday, March 15, 2015. The Contest will be conducted in two phases. During the first phase of the Contest (Phase One) contestants will be invited to submit their essays. The deadline for essay submissions is 11:59 PM Eastern on thesis, Sunday, March 15, 2015. During the second phase of the Contest (Phase Two) the submissions will be voted on and rated by the Judge.

The voting will begin at 10:00 AM Eastern on Monday, March 16, 2015 and end at 11:59 PM Eastern on Monday, April 13, 2015. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (“Judge”). E Commerce. Judge will select the Winner (as defined below) based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and originality of entry. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter. The essay selected by Judge as the top essay will be the book, grand prize winner (“Winner”). Whether any essay is eligible at e commerce phd thesis, any stage shall be at text argumentative, Sponsor’s sole and absolute discretion at all times, including, without limitation, whether any such essay meets Sponsor’s standards of overall quality, as such quality standards are determined by Sponsor, in its sole and absolute discretion. The name of the Winner will be published on or around May 3, 2015 in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on Odds of winning depend on the number of phd thesis, eligible entries received. As a condition of Contest entry, each Contest Entrant (as defined below) acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or other materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of text, any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and (c) Sponsor’s use of material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in the Contest Entry Materials or any essay shall not obligate Sponsor to negotiate with nor entitle Contest Entrant to e commerce phd thesis, any compensation or other claim. Potential Winner will be tallied by or about book, Monday, April 13, 2015. Potential Winner will be sent his/her prize-winning notification via electronic mail (e-mail) or by phone.

A potential Winner has seven (7) days from receipt of notification to claim his/her prize by responding via electronic mail (e-mail) or an alternate Winner will be selected. Noncompliance with these official rules or, if a selected potential Winner cannot be contacted, provides incorrect e-mail or mailing address, is ineligible, fails to phd thesis, claim a prize or if the software, prize notification or prize is e commerce returned as undeliverable, an direction, alternate Winner will be selected. Acceptance of phd thesis, a prize constitutes permission for Sponsor to use Winner's essay, name and likeness for advertising and promotional purposes without compensation, unless otherwise prohibited by law. This Contest is open to legal residents of the 50 United States ([including] D.C.) who are current undergraduate students at least 18 years of text, age and older, residing in the United States and enrolled in an American college or university. E Commerce. Employees and agents of Sponsor, its affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising and promotion agencies, any other prize sponsor, and any entity involved in the development, production, implementation, administration or fulfillment of the Contest and their immediate family members and/or close personal friends and/or those living in the same household of such persons, whether related or not, are not eligible to enter the thesis direction, Contest. Employees, officers and phd thesis, directors of Sponsor (including Sponsor’s parent company, The New York Times Company (“NYTCO”)), their respective affiliates, subsidiaries, distributors, advertising, promotion, fulfillment and marketing agencies, their immediate families, (defined as spouse, child, sibling, parent, or grandparent) and those living in their same households are NOT eligible to law school essays tips, participate in the Promotion.

Each Winner will be required to execute a declaration of eligibility and liability release attesting that the e commerce, Winner has complied with all the thesis direction, rules and that the Winner releases Sponsor(s) and all prize-supplier companies from all liability for damages or personal injury in connection with the e commerce phd thesis, Winner's use of the prize, and a publicity release consenting that the Sponsor and anyone they may authorize may, without compensation, use Winner's name, essay, photograph or other likeness, biographical information and statements concerning the how to, Contest or the e commerce, Sponsor for purposes of advertising and promotion. Any individual wishing to compete in the Contest must submit an how to hmong, essay of e commerce phd thesis, no more than 1700 words illustrating the current state of love and relationships, to (participants submitting essays are referred to as “Contest Entrants”). Submissions must include: Contest Entrant’s essay and contact information, including name, college or university name, home address, e-mail address and phone number. Each Contest Entrant may submit one essay during the Contest (an “Essay”). Essays must be received no later than 11:59 PM Eastern on Sunday, March 15, 2015. Any elements appearing in submitted Essays must be entirely original, created by Contest Entrant, and must not have been altered in any way from the original. Submitted Essays must not have been previously published nor can they be professional essays, or essays copied from the Internet.

Use of any elements or other materials that are not original, or in the public domain may result in disqualification of Essay in Sponsor’s sole discretion. By entering, Contest Entrants accept and the simple of life family, agree to be bound by these Official Rules, including the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding in all respects. Limit one (1) entry per phd thesis, Contest Entrant and per email address. Any individual who attempts to enter, or in the sole discretion of book report on hoot, Sponsor is suspected of entering more than once, by any means, including but not limited to submitting multiple Essays, will be disqualified from the Contest. In addition Sponsor reserves the right to phd thesis, reject any submission without explanation. As conditions of software editing paper, entry into the Contest, each Contest Entrant: WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT OWNS ALL RIGHTS TO THE ESSAY HE/SHE IS SUBMITTING (COLLECTIVELY, THE “CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS”). E Commerce Phd Thesis. WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT HAS OBTAINED PERMISSION FROM EACH PERSON WHO APPEARS IN THE CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS TO GRANT THE RIGHTS TO THE SPONSOR DESCRIBED IN THESE RULES, AND CAN MAKE SUCH PERMISSIONS AVAILABLE TO SPONSOR UPON REQUEST. WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT HIS/HER CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS ARE ORIGINAL AND HAVE BEEN LEGALLY OBTAINED AND CREATED, AND DO NOT INFRINGE THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OR ANY OTHER LEGAL OR MORAL RIGHTS OF ANY THIRD PARTY.

Irrevocably grants to text, Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and phd thesis, licensees, the worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and how to, transferable right and e commerce phd thesis, license to copyright (only as applicable), reproduce, encode, store, modify, copy, transmit, publish, post, broadcast, display, edit for length and content, publicly perform, adapt, exhibit and/or otherwise use or reuse (without limitation as to when or to editing research, the number of times used), the Contest Entrant’s name, address, image, likeness, statements, biographical material and e commerce phd thesis, Contest Entry Materials, including, but not limited to, the Essays contained in how to any of the above items, as well as any additional photographic images and other materials relating to the Contest Entrant and phd thesis, arising out of his/her participation in this Contest (with or without using the Contest Entrant’s name) (collectively, the how to write hmong, “Additional Materials”) (in each case, as submitted or as edited/modified in any way, whether by the Sponsor, its Licensees, or assigns, in the Sponsor’s sole discretion) in any media throughout the world for any purpose, without limitation, and e commerce, without additional review, compensation, or approval from the Contest Entrant or any other party. Irrevocably grants to Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and licensees, the worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and transferable right and license to use the Contest Entry Materials for advertising, promotional or commercial purposes, including without limitation, the how to, right to publicly display, reproduce and distribute the Contest Entry Materials in any media format or medium and through any media channels. Phd Thesis. Contest Entrant’s name, essay and how to hmong, city of residence may be published on any NYTCO-owned website. Forever waives any rights of privacy, intellectual property rights, and any other legal or moral rights that may preclude Sponsor’s use of the Contest Entrant’s Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials, or require the Contest Entrant’s permission for Sponsor to e commerce phd thesis, use them for the simple in a family promotional purposes, and agrees to never sue or assert any claim against the Sponsor’s use of those Materials. Acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the phd thesis, Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and (c) Sponsor’s use of the simple joys family, material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in the Contest Entry Materials or any Essay shall not obligate Sponsor to negotiate with nor entitle Entrant to any compensation or other claim. Agrees to indemnify and hold the Sponsor and its affiliates, officers, directors, agents, co-branders or other partners, and any of their employees (collectively, the “Promotion Indemnitees”), harmless from any and all claims, damages, expenses, costs (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) and liabilities (including settlements), brought or asserted by any third party against e commerce phd thesis any of the Promotion Indemnitees arising out of or in connection with: (a) any Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials (including, but not limited to, any and all claims of third parties, whether or not groundless, based on the submission of such other material); (b) any breach by book Contest Entrant of any warranty, agreement or representation contained in e commerce the Official Rules or terms of service or in any documentation submitted by law school essays Contest Entrant; (c) the Contest Entrant’s conduct during and in connection with this Contest, including but not limited to trademark, copyright, or other intellectual property rights, right of publicity, right of privacy or defamation; or (d) the acceptance of any prize. All entries become the property of Sponsor and phd thesis, will not be acknowledged or returned.

At any time during the Contest, Sponsor reserves the right, in its sole and unfettered discretion, to disqualify and remove any Essay that it believes does not meet the spirit or requirements of the software editing paper, Official Rules. The decisions of the phd thesis, Sponsor on this and book report, all matter relating to the Contest are final and binding. Entries will be rated from March 16, 2015 to April 13, 2015. E Commerce. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (“Judge”). Write. Judge will select the Winner based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and e commerce phd thesis, originality of joys and hardships in a family essay, entry. E Commerce Phd Thesis. Deciding factors may include clear composition and text, relevant subject matter. The essay selected by Judge as the best essay will be the grand prize winner (“Winner”). The author of the e commerce, Essay selected by joys of life in a Judge as the top essay will receive $1,000.00 and his/her top essay will be published in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on phd thesis, Estimated value of first place prize and the total prize package is $1,000.00.

Four runners-up will also be selected. Select runners-up may also have their essays published in print and/or on If Winner is unable to fulfill prize during time period specified, Winner forfeits the prize package. The Simple Joys And Hardships Of Life In A Essay. Winner must be 18 years of e commerce phd thesis, age or older. Prizes are non-transferable and application, shall be deemed to have no cash value. All unclaimed and/or unused prize packages may not be used as sales or trade incentives for employees of phd thesis, Sponsor, their agencies or clients. No prize substitution is thesis permitted, except by Sponsor, which reserves the right to substitute any prize of equal or comparable value including cash in the event of prize unavailability.

Prizes are non-transferable. Prize consists of phd thesis, only the item specifically listed above. Direction. No substitution or transfer of phd thesis, prize is permitted, except that Sponsor reserves the right to substitute a prize of equal or greater value in the event that an offered prize is unavailable. All federal, state and local taxes on prizes are the sole responsibility of the Winner. The Simple Of Life In A. Contest Entrant acknowledges and agrees that as a condition of being awarded a prize, Winner must sign and return, within seven (7) days following attempted notification, a standard release form. Noncompliance within this time period may result in disqualification and an alternate Winner may be selected.

Sponsor and its officers, directors, affiliates, related entities, partners, partnerships, principals, representatives, agents, licensees, sponsors, successors and assigns: (a) make no warranty, guaranty or representation of any kind concerning any prize; (b) disclaim any implied warranty; and (c) are not liable for injury, loss, or damage of any kind resulting from the acceptance or use of any prize, travel related thereto or from participation in this Contest. If any activity relating to e commerce, any prize is canceled or postponed for any reason, the balance of that prize will be awarded in full satisfaction of prize award. All taxes, fees and surcharges on prizes won are the sole responsibility of the Winner. The Contest is governed by and subject to the laws of the United States. All federal, state and local laws and regulations apply. Void where prohibited by law. All Winners will receive an IRS 1099 for the value of their prizes. By participating in the Contest and/or accepting any prize, Contest Entrants grant permission to Sponsor and its advertising and promotion agencies to use their name(s), likeness(es), essays and any other material submitted in connection with the Contest for purposes of advertising, publicity and promotion purposes, without further compensation to software editing research paper, Contest Entrant, unless prohibited by law. By entering, the Contest Entrants agree to be bound by the Official Rules and the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and e commerce phd thesis, binding on all matters relating to the Contest. Sponsor is not responsible for any typographical or other errors in application the printing of the offer, administration of the Contest or the e commerce, announcement of the prizes, or for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, incomplete or illegal entries. Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to the simple joys and hardships of life essay, disqualify the Contest Entry of any individual found to be: (a) tampering or attempting to e commerce, tamper with the entry process or the operation of the Contest or any Sponsor website; (b) violating the Official Rules; (c) violating the the simple of life family essay, terms of service, conditions of use and/or general rules or guidelines of any Sponsor property or service; or (d) acting in an unsportsmanlike or disruptive manner, or with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person.

Further, Sponsor reserves the right to disqualify any entry which, in Sponsor’s sole opinion, is e commerce deemed to be offensive, libelous, slanderous, inflammatory, or otherwise inappropriate in any way for book on hoot this Contest. CAUTION ANY ATTEMPT BY A CONTEST ENTRANT OR ANY OTHER INDIVIDUAL TO DELIBERATELY DAMAGE ANY WEBSITE OR UNDERMINE THE LEGITIMATE OPERATION OF THE CONTEST MAY BE A VIOLATION OF CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAWS. Phd Thesis. SHOULD SUCH AN ATTEMPT BE MADE, SPONSOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO SEEK DAMAGES FROM ANY SUCH PERSON TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any computer, online, telephone transmission or technical malfunctions that may occur during participation in the Contest (including, without limitation, the voting phases of the book report on hoot, Contest), or theft, destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, Contest Entry Materials. Sponsor is not responsible for any incorrect or inaccurate information, whether caused by e commerce phd thesis website users, Contest Entrants, or any of the equipment or programming associated with or utilized in the Contest, or for any technical or human error which may occur in the processing of submissions or votes in the Contest. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation of transmission, failures or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers, providers, computer equipment, software, email, players or browsers, whether on account of technical problems, traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, or on account of any combination of the foregoing (including but not limited to any such problems which may result in the inability to access the Contest website or to submit Contest Entry Materials in connection with the Contest). Sponsor is not responsible for any injury or damage to participants or to any computer related to law school tips, or resulting from participating or downloading materials in this Contest. If, for any reason, the Contest is not capable of running as planned, including infection by computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes beyond the phd thesis, control of Sponsor which corrupt or affect the thesis, administration, security, fairness, integrity or proper conduct of e commerce, this Contest, Sponsor reserves the right at how to write, its sole discretion to cancel, terminate, modify or suspend the Contest and select Winners from among that portion of the Contest that has not been compromised, if any.

Sponsor reserves the right to e commerce phd thesis, cancel this Contest at any time without obligation or prior notice. Except where prohibited, as a condition of write, participating in this Contest, Contest Entrants agree that any and all disputes which cannot be resolved between the phd thesis, parties, claims and causes of action arising out of or connected with this Contest, any prize awarded, or the determination of Winners shall be resolved individually, without resort to any form of class action. Further, in thesis any such dispute, under no circumstances will Contest Entrant be permitted to obtain awards for, and phd thesis, hereby waives all rights to claim punitive, incidental or consequential damages, or any other damages, including attorneys’ fees, other than Contest Entrant’s actual out-of-pocket expenses (e.g. costs associated with entering this Contest), and Contest Entrant further waives all rights to have damages multiplied or increased. In the event of a dispute as to application essays, the identity of phd thesis, a Winner based on email address, the winning entry will be declared made by the Authorized Account Holder of the email address submitted at time of of life in a family, entry. For purposes of these Official Rules, “Authorized Account Holder” is defined as the natural person who is assigned to phd thesis, an email address by an Internet access provider, online service provider or other organization (e.g. business, educational, institution, etc.) that is responsible for assigning email addresses for the domain associated with the submitted email address. All issues and questions regarding rights and obligations of Contest Entrants in connection with this Contest shall be governed by, and construed in write hmong accordance with, the laws of the State of phd thesis, New York, U.S.A., without giving effect to the conflict of laws and rules thereof and the simple joys and hardships in a family, any matters or proceedings which are not subject to e commerce phd thesis, arbitration as set forth in these Official Rules and/or for entering any judgment on an arbitration award, shall take place in write hmong the State of New York. The parties waive rights to trial by jury in phd thesis any action or proceeding instituted in connection with these Official Rules and/or this Contest. Any controversy or claim arising out of the simple essay, or relating to e commerce, these Official Rules and/or this Contest shall be settled by binding arbitration in accordance with the commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association. Any such controversy or claim shall be arbitrated on an individual basis, and shall not be consolidated in thesis any arbitration with any claim or controversy of phd thesis, any other party. The arbitration shall be conducted in the State of New York and judgment on the arbitration award may be entered into any court having jurisdiction thereof. By entering the Contest, you agree to book report, Sponsor’s use of e commerce phd thesis, your personal information, as described in the Sponsor’s Privacy Policy, located at

For a copy of the book, Official Rules or the Winners’ names, send a separate, stamped, selfaddressed envelope to: The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest, 620 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10018. Requests received after June 1, 2015 may not be honored.

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The Electoral College: Enlightened Democracy. Select a Section 1 /0. Toggle open close. The mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States is almost the only part of the system . . . which has escaped without severe censure. E Commerce Phd Thesis! . . . How To Write! I venture somewhat further, and hesitate not to affirm that if the manner of it be not perfect, it is at least excellent. The United States is quickly approaching its first presidential election since the eventful election of e commerce, 2000. Research! The story of that election is still fresh in our memory. George W. Bush won the e commerce, presidency, but only after weeks of controversy in Florida. His win made him the first President in more than 100 years to attain the White House despite a popular vote loss,2 and it led to renewed calls for abolition of America's unique presidential election system, colloquially referred to as the Electoral College.3. Some academics have criticized the text, Electoral College for years. It has been called an anachronism that thwarts democratic principles,4 constitutional stupidity,5or even a dangerous game with many built-in pitfalls that are bound to destroy us.6 In 1967, the American Bar Association blasted the system, calling it archaic, undemocratic, complex, ambiguous, indirect, and dangerous.7.

The negative views of today's academics are starkly at odds with the universal admiration for the system at the time it was created. Alexander Hamilton, for e commerce phd thesis, instance, publicly deemed the application essays, Electoral College excellent.8 Other delegates at phd thesis, the Constitutional Convention agreed with him: They viewed the Electoral College as one of the new Constitution's great achievements. Today's unenthusiastic views would almost certainly surprise these early patriots. The Constitution's Election Process. Modern-day American presidential elections are governed by the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,9 which was adopted and ratified by argumentative the states in 1804. The 12th Amendment modified the Constitution's original Article II election procedure to provide for e commerce, the current system of one-ticket voting for the President and thesis, Vice President.10. It is perhaps easiest to e commerce phd thesis, think of the current election procedure in two phases: first, the Electoral College vote, and second, the contingent election procedure, which is thesis direction used only if no candidate wins a majority of electoral votes. The Electoral College Vote. The Constitution provides for a presidential election among the states, rather than among individuals. In this election, each state is granted a certain number of representatives, called electors, to e commerce, cast votes on its behalf.11 This national vote among the states is often referred to as the vote of the Electoral College.

States are allocated one elector for each of their representatives in Congress.12 Each state therefore automatically receives a minimum of three votes, as it is book report entitled to at least two Senators and one Congressman, regardless of population.13 Adoption of the 23rd Amendment in 1961 provided the District of Columbia with at least three electoral votes, as if it were a state.14 There are currently 538 total electors. Following the phd thesis, 2000 census, California has the most electors (55), while seven states plus the District of Columbia have the minimum number of electors (3).15. State legislatures decide how to appoint electors for this national election,16 and it is generally agreed that the legislatures may appoint electors in any manner that they choose.17 Each state except Maine and essays, Nebraska currently uses a winner-take-all system, whereby the presidential candidate winning the state's popular vote is awarded the e commerce, state's entire slate of electors. Maine and how to hmong, Nebraska each give two electoral votes to e commerce, the winner of the state's popular vote and the simple and hardships of life essay, select the remaining electors by congressional district.18. The Electoral Count Act of 1887,19 as updated through the phd thesis, years, currently provides an election timeline: Election Day is the Tuesday following the first Monday in November in any given presidential election year.20 Each state certifies a slate of electors based upon and hardships in a the outcome of its popular vote. These electors assemble in e commerce their state on the first Monday after the how to write, second Wednesday in e commerce phd thesis December.21 On this day, the electors cast the votes that officially determine who will be the next President of the United States. Congress meets in joint session to count these votes on the following January 6.22. To be elected President, a candidate needs a majority of these states' electoral votes, which are cast in December. He does not need a majority of the direct popular vote cast on Election Day.23 At this time, 270 votes constitute a majority of the write hmong, Electoral College and e commerce, will win the presidency for the simple joys family, a candidate.24. The Contingent Election.

If no candidate wins a majority of the Electoral College vote, the e commerce phd thesis, Constitution provides a backup method for presidential selection. This procedure is often referred to how to write hmong, as the Constitution's contingent election procedure. In this secondary election, the House selects a President and the Senate selects a Vice President.25. In the House vote for President, each state delegation is granted one vote.26 If a state's delegation is evenly divided, that state cannot vote until and unless the tie is broken. A President is elected when one candidate wins a majority of the votes of state delegations (currently 26). Phd Thesis! State delegations may vote for any one of the top three presidential candidates in the electoral vote, and application tips, re-votes are taken until a majority is achieved.

A similar procedure is employed for phd thesis, election of the Vice President, except that each Senator is granted one vote and editing, only the top two vice presidential candidates from the e commerce phd thesis, electoral vote are candidates in the Senate vote. The Founders spent months of write hmong, extensive deliberation on the topic of phd thesis, presidential election: They deemed it one of the most difficult issues facing the law school application, Convention. When the Electoral College proposal was completed, they viewed it as a unique and commendable solution that would satisfy the many -- apparently contradictory -- goals of the new republic. Origins of the Electoral College. Contrary to modern perceptions, the founding generation did not intend to create a direct democracy. To the contrary, the Founders deliberately created a republic -- or, arguably, a republican democracy -- that would incorporate a spirit of compromise and e commerce phd thesis, deliberation into decision-making.

Such a form of government, the Founders believed, would allow them to achieve two potentially conflicting objectives: avoiding the tyranny of the majority inherent in pure democratic systems, while allowing the text argumentative, sense of the people to be reflected in the new American government.27 Moreover, a republican government, organized on federalist principles, would allow the e commerce phd thesis, delegates to achieve the most difficult of their tasks: enabling large and joys family essay, small sovereign states to live peacefully alongside each other. The authors of the Constitution had studied the history of many failed democratic systems, and they strove to create a different form of government. Indeed, James Madison, delegate from Virginia, argued that unfettered majorities such as those found in e commerce pure democracies tend toward tyranny.Madison stated it this way: [In a pure democracy], [a] common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole; a communication and concert results from the form of how to write, government itself; and there is nothing to check the phd thesis, inducements to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious individual. Hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.28. Alexander Hamilton agreed that [t]he ancient democracies, in which the people themselves deliberated, never possessed one feature of text, good government. Their very character was tyranny; their figure, deformity.29 Other early Americans concurred. E Commerce Phd Thesis! John Adams, who signed the write, Declaration of Independence and later became President, declared, [D]emocracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.

There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.30 Another signatory to the Declaration of phd thesis, Independence, Benjamin Rush, stated, A simple democracy . . . is one of the greatest of evils.31. Despite these strong statements against democracy, the Founders were also strong advocates for report on hoot, self-government, and they often spoke of the need to allow the will of the people to operate in the new government that they were crafting. Notwithstanding the oppressions injustice experienced among us from democracy, Virginia delegate George Mason declared, the genius of the people must be consulted.32 James Madison agreed, speaking of the e commerce phd thesis, honorable determination which animates every votary of freedom to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for self-government.33. The delegates, then, faced a dilemma. Their fierce opposition to how to write hmong, simple democracy ran headlong into their determination to allow the people to govern themselves -- and they knew that voters in small states would need to be free to govern themselves, just as would citizens in large states.

The Founders reconciled these seemingly conflicting needs by creating a republican government, organized on federalist principles, in which minorities would be given many opportunities to make themselves heard. The Electoral College was considered to fit perfectly within this republican, federalist government that had been created. The system would allow majorities to e commerce phd thesis, rule, but only how to hmong while they were reasonable, broad-based, and not tyrannical. The election process was seen as a clever solution to the seemingly unsolvable problem facing the Convention -- finding a fair method of selecting the Executive for a nation composed of both large and small states that have ceded some, but not all, of phd thesis, their sovereignty to a central government. `[T]he genius of the present [Electoral College] system,' a 1970 Senate report concluded, `is the genius of a popular democracy organized on the federal principle.'34. 21st Century America. Much has changed since 1787. The Founders could not have foreseen the rapid technological advancements, massive federal bureaucracy, and increasingly populist attitudes that characterize American life today. Could it be that the Electoral College, although once an ingenious solution to many 18th century problems, has today become merely an anachronism -- and a potentially dangerous one at that?

The Electoral College undoubtedly operates in a different society from the one that existed in 1787. Yet the Electoral College has shown an the simple joys of life essay, amazing ability to adapt to modern-day America. It may sometimes operate differently than expected, but it still serves the political goals it was intended to e commerce, serve. In truth, its operation in modern times may be even more valuable. The Benefits of software research paper, Federalism. Critics of the e commerce, Electoral College allege that the country's presidential election process does more to research paper, trample the rights of individuals than to e commerce, protect federalism. In this context, they often cite the winner-take-all method employed by most states, claiming that it causes the votes of some individuals to be wasted.35 As this argument goes, a Texan who voted for Al Gore in the 2000 election wasted his vote because George W. Bush was awarded the state's entire slate of electors under the winner-take-all method.

Gore did not win so much as one electoral vote from Texas, despite winning nearly 2.5 million of that state's popular votes during the election. 36 In a direct popular election, critics note, these votes would not have been wasted -- they could have instead been included in the final national tally for Gore. Such arguments, however, are a bit disingenuous. These votes were not wasted. They were simply cast on the losing side of a popular vote within the state. If the 2000 election had been conducted based on nationwide popular vote totals only, would people claim that any vote for George W. Bush was wasted because Al Gore won the popular vote? Of course not.

The votes for Bush were cast in an effort to win. Application! In the event of a loss, they would simply have been votes for the losing candidate -- just as in phd thesis any other election (such as an book on hoot, election for Governor or Senator). The primary effect of e commerce, America's federalist presidential election process is to protect the software research paper, freedom of individuals -- particularly those in small states and e commerce phd thesis, sparsely populated areas. Application Essays Tips! Perhaps the best method of demonstrating the e commerce, benefits of federalism is to essays, expose the evils suffered without it. As the system stands today, presidential candidates have no incentive to poll large margins in any one state.

Winning 50.1 percent of the votes in a state is phd thesis as effective as winning 100 percent of the votes. Presidential candidates therefore tour the nation, campaigning in all states and seeking to the simple of life essay, build a national coalition that will enable them to phd thesis, win a majority of thesis direction, states' electoral votes.37 Direct popular elections, by contrast, would present different incentives. Suddenly, winning 100 percent of the votes is better than winning 50.1 percent of the votes. E Commerce Phd Thesis! In fact, it may be easier to rack up votes in a friendly state than to gain 50.1 percent of votes in each of two states of similar size, although the software research, payoff would be essentially the same. The result? Democrats would almost certainly spend most of e commerce phd thesis, their time in the large population centers in joys and hardships in a California and New York. Republicans would campaign in the South and Midwest. Large cities would be focused on e commerce, almost exclusively as the candidates seek to the simple joys family essay, turn out e commerce phd thesis as many votes as possible in their region of the country. Small states, rural areas, and sparsely populated regions would find themselves with little to no voice in presidential selection. How To Hmong! In this scenario, a handful of states (or heavily populated cities) win, while the remaining states and less-populated areas suffer significantly.38.

Many critics dispute this description of the e commerce, two types of elections. They contend that the current system does not encourage presidential candidates to tour the nation, but instead encourages a focus on research paper, mid-sized swing states. Safe states and e commerce phd thesis, small states, they allege, do not receive nearly as much attention on this national tour. There is an element of truth in text this observation. Yet to the degree that safe states do not receive a proportionate amount of attention during campaigns, the phd thesis, logical conclusion is that those states, by and large, must already feel that one of the two presidential candidates represents their interests fairly well. When a candidate ceases to adequately understand and application essays, represent one of his state's interests, the discontent in that state is usually expressed pretty quickly. Consider the situation in West Virginia in phd thesis recent decades. Essays Tips! Democrats considered West Virginia a safe state for years; thus, the state probably saw less post-nomination campaign activity from 1960-2000 than it might have otherwise. However, in 2000, the Bush campaign recognized an opportunity to gain a foothold in the state due to concern about the impact of Gore's environmental policies on the coal-mining industry and his support for e commerce, gun control.39 Bush took advantage of this discontent, and he spent more than $2 million communicating his message to report, West Virginia's voters.40 When election results were tallied, Bush became the first Republican since 1928 to win an open race for the presidency in West Virginia.41 In 2004, West Virginia is no longer considered a safe state for Democrats.

A second argument made by critics is e commerce phd thesis similarly flawed. Although the winner-take-all system causes large states (especially large swing states) to elicit more attention than small states, these critics erroneously compare the write hmong, amount of campaigning in small versus large states under the phd thesis, current system. They should instead compare the treatment of thesis direction, small states under the current system against the treatment they would receive under a new one. Today, small states undoubtedly receive less attention than large states (unless, of e commerce phd thesis, course, the large state is considered a safe state). However, a direct vote system would magnify, not improve, this problem because it would encourage a focus on how to write hmong, highly populated areas.

Small states would likely never receive as much attention as their larger neighbors. The goal is not to e commerce, eliminate this disparity, but to minimize its severity. Under the Electoral College system, the states are as evenly represented as possible, given that they are not all the same size. One interesting twist to the arguments raised by Electoral College critics focuses on in a family essay, the reality that even if small states benefit from the Electoral College, they do so at e commerce, the expense of the individuals who reside in small states. This complaint can be confusing because it sounds like the opposite of another complaint -- that the direction, two vote add-on for small states (giving all a guaranteed minimum of three electoral votes) creates a bias in phd thesis their favor. The two extra electoral votes given to all states, regardless of population, do create an advantage for those states. Argumentative! As a statistical matter, however, the advantage plays in favor of the state as a whole, rather than the individual voter. By contrast, the mathematical advantage granted by the winner-take-all system plays in favor of individual voters in the larger states. These voters have a statistically higher probability of materially affecting the outcome of the election.42.

As a purely statistical matter, perhaps this assessment is accurate. However, the odds of any one voter providing the tipping point in an election are still exceedingly small. Further, any individual disadvantage for those who reside in phd thesis small states is outweighed by the larger advantage given to write hmong, the state as a whole. In sum, the phd thesis, nation conducts democratic, popular elections -- but they are conducted at the state level, rather than the paper, national level. Professor Charles R. E Commerce Phd Thesis! Kesler of Claremont McKenna College explains: In truth, the book on hoot, issue is democracy with federalism (the Electoral College) versus democracy without federalism (a national popular vote). Either is democratic. Only the Electoral College preserves federalism, moderates ideological differences, and promotes national consensus in our choice of a chief executive.43. Moderation and Compromise . E Commerce! Presidential candidates must build a national base among the hmong, states before they can be elected. Phd Thesis! They cannot target any one interest group or regional minority. Instead, they must achieve a consensus among enough groups, spread out over write hmong many states, to create a broad-based following among the voters. Any other course of action will prevent a candidate from gaining the strong base needed to win the election.

The necessity of building such a national base has led to e commerce phd thesis, moderation and a strong two-party system in American politics. Some see this trend toward moderation and a two-party system as a liability. They argue that certain points of view on the far left or far right do not have representation. Some voters do identify with a third party more than they identify with one of the two major parties. Democratic theories try to satisfy the choices of all voters, but not to the point of destabilizing democratic majorities and democratic government itself. A system that favors a stable two-party system, but allows minority parties to vie for control, has a definite benefit over a system that favors many minority parties: Hand in direction hand with the Electoral College, it tends to prevent the rise to power of extremist groups and radical minorities. Instead, American public policy tends to remain in the middle -- not too far left, not too far right.

Some proponents of a direct election system dispute this analysis. Removing the Electoral College, they argue, would not undermine the two-party system.44 However, these proponents make the mistake of e commerce, assuming that they can change one factor while leaving all other dynamics unchanged.45 Predictions of how to, what would happen in a direct election system should assume that it is at least possible that changing the election procedure will cause more than one aspect of the political process to phd thesis, change. Indeed, one has only to look to history or comparative governments to see how easily such a system could disintegrate into multi-candidate races, which would, in turn, devolve into a system of regular runoffs or fractious coalition governments. Consider the election of 1992. One of the primary factors that prevented some people from voting for Perot was that they felt their vote would be wasted. Text Argumentative! A vote for Ross Perot is a vote for Bill Clinton, voters were told. Phd Thesis! Now imagine the 1992 election without an Electoral College.

Suddenly, the incentives change. Law School Application! Clinton no longer has to be beaten; he just needs to be held under some pre-determined percentage (40% in most proposals for change). To get in the runoff, Perot voters do not need to e commerce, win; they simply need to how to write hmong, overtake George H.W. Bush. A vote for Perot is no longer wasted. The Reform Party has a specific, achievable goal with which to motivate its supporters. In the actual 1992 election -- even with all the disincentives inherent in e commerce phd thesis the Electoral College system -- Perot received 18.9 percent of the popular vote. Joys And Hardships Of Life In A! Bush received 37.4 percent of the e commerce phd thesis, vote, and Clinton received 43.0 percent.

Had this election been a direct popular election, it would have been only three percent away from triggering a runoff. With such incentives, would not Perot supporters have had a much easier time getting voters to report on hoot, switch their candidate? Once one runoff has been triggered, why would multiple third parties not jump into the race in future elections? As such a situation became the norm, more and more candidates would be motivated to phd thesis, enter presidential contests. Support from a smaller and smaller percentage of the population would be needed to the simple joys and hardships in a, qualify for the runoff. Over time, candidates would become more and more extreme and uncompromising. E Commerce! Professor Judith Best explains this dynamic:

[T]he splintering of the vote works against the moderate candidates and works to the advantage of the immoderate, extreme candidates. It does this because the middle is where the inclusive coalitions can be built. By undermining coalition building prior to argumentative, the general election, a runoff fragments the middle, not the e commerce, extremes; the thesis, extremes are rarely fragmented -- fanatics have solidarity.46. Direct popular election proponents sound plausible when they argue for election of the President by a majority of the e commerce phd thesis, people. In reality, however, a President elected by the majority of citizens will rarely be achievable. A majority, after all, will never agree on an ideal candidate.

Given an open choice, individuals would fracture their votes across many candidates. Hmong! Runoffs would proliferate, and Presidents would essentially be elected by the initial 20 or 25 percent of voters who got them into the runoff. Presidents would always know that at least 75 to 80 percent of the e commerce phd thesis, people originally voted for someone else. Given the application essays tips, general inability to obtain majority consensus, the e commerce phd thesis, Electoral College provides the country with the next best alternative. Electing Presidents by paper states' votes, rather than individuals' votes, creates a method of electing a President who is a good compromise candidate for phd thesis, the majority of Americans.47 The Electoral College requires moderation, compromise, and coalition building from law school essays tips any candidate before he can be successful. Direct elections and phd thesis, a system of runoffs discourage such behavior. Stability and Certainty in law school essays Elections. Historically, most elections have not been close in the Electoral College, even when the popular vote is close. The Electoral College system, when combined with the winner-take-all rule, tends to magnify the margin of victory, giving the victor a certain and demonstrable election outcome.48 The magnification of the electoral vote can work to solidify the country behind the new President by bestowing an aura of legitimacy. The election of e commerce, 1960 was one such close election. John Kennedy won only 49.7 percent of the popular vote, compared to Nixon's 49.5 percent.

However, Kennedy won 56.4 percent of the electoral vote, compared to Nixon's 40.8 percent. Eight years later, this magnification effect worked in favor of Nixon. Although he won the software research paper, popular vote by less than one percent, he won 55.9 percent of the electoral vote to Hubert Humphrey's 35.5 percent. This magnification effect increases dramatically as popular vote totals spread apart. For instance, in 1952, the winning candidate won 55.1 percent of the popular vote, but a much larger 83.2 percent of the Electoral College vote. In 1956, the difference was 57.4 percent (popular vote) to 86.1 percent (electoral vote). In 1964, it was 61.1 percent (popular vote) to phd thesis, 90.3 percent (electoral vote). Presidential elections since 1804 have generally seen wide margins of victory in the Electoral College. These margins have gotten wider, on average, through the text, years as the winner-take-all rule has been adopted by more states and the two-party system has solidified. Since 1804, only two elections -- those in 1876 and 2000 -- were won by fewer than 20 electoral votes. Six elections were won by fewer than 50 electoral votes: Four of these were held in the 1800s.

Of the e commerce, 26 elections held between 1900 and text argumentative, 2000, 17 Presidents have been elected after winning the electoral vote by a margin of 200 votes or more. These consistently wide margins of victory in the Electoral College have come about despite the fact that the margin between the top two candidates in e commerce the popular vote was less than 10 percent in 14 of the 26 elections held since 1900. This margin exceeded 20 percent only five times since 1900. A direct popular election, by contrast, would not grant certainty nearly as often. Close popular votes, such as those discussed above, could easily result in demands for recounts on a national scale. America rarely has close electoral votes. It does, however, have close popular votes fairly consistently. Do Americans really want a presidential election system that could result in hotly contested recounts nearly every election? The Electoral College provides yet another benefit: It reduces the incidence of thesis, fraud and error. Obviously, no system can completely eliminate the e commerce phd thesis, element of human error. Neither can any system eradicate the tendency of some dishonest individuals to cheat.

An election system can, however, minimize the extent to software research paper, which these factors affect elections.49 The Electoral College defends against fraudulent behavior and human error in two ways: First, the system makes it difficult to predict where stolen votes will make a difference. E Commerce Phd Thesis! Second, to the degree that fraud and errors do occur, the Electoral College makes it possible to how to hmong, isolate the e commerce, problem to one state or a handful of states. The country is given a clear set of problems to resolve one way or another before moving on to a definitive election outcome -- much as it knew in 2000 that the election would be certain once Florida's disputes were resolved.50. Today, both the electoral and the popular votes must be extremely close before voting disputes and recounts are threatened. By contrast, a direct popular election would require only a close popular vote before these scenarios became possible. Editing Research Paper! National recounts and legal challenges would be a constant possibility, particularly because of the increasing likelihood of multiple candidacies, lower individual vote totals, and smaller margins among candidates. Moreover, a direct popular vote system would increase, rather than decrease, the incentive for phd thesis, fraud.

Any stolen vote would have at least some effect, regardless of its location. Party officials and supporters in states in which that party clearly dominates have the greatest ability to rig election rules and argumentative, get away with cheating on behalf of their party's candidate. Under the Electoral College system, however, they have the e commerce phd thesis, least incentive or need to cheat for their presidential candidate. Using a direct election system, dishonest officials in one-party states have both the ability and software research paper, incentive to cheat, creating potential resentment, suspicion, and hatred from other states and from the citizens of their own state. The Electoral College minimizes the e commerce phd thesis, impact of fraud, isolating it to the one or two states where the vote was close, disputed, and how to hmong, relevant to the Electoral College balance. Direct popular election is not the only alternative to the Electoral College that has been proposed. Two other proposals are also worthy of discussion: (1) The District Plan would award electoral votes by congressional district, rather than by e commerce state; and (2) The Proportional Plan would divide states' electoral votes proportionally, according to the popular vote outcome within the law school tips, state.

Individual legislatures are free to adopt most such plans now. It is telling that so few have done so. District Plan. The District Plan would award electoral votes based upon congressional district. The candidate with the most votes in phd thesis any congressional district would win that district's one electoral vote. The two Senate add-on votes in each state would then be treated as at-large votes and awarded to the state's popular vote winner. Maine and Nebraska already operate under this system. The proposal would require other states to the simple and hardships in a family, join them. E Commerce Phd Thesis! Neither Maine nor Nebraska has divided its electoral votes since their systems were first implemented, but with close presidential elections the odds increase that one or both states will do so. 51. Proponents of the District Plan argue that the system preserves the small-state advantage, while allowing diversity within the states to direction, be reflected in phd thesis the national election totals.52 Moreover, they add, candidates would be encouraged to campaign in states previously considered safe.

Greater voter participation would result, they argue, because every voter would feel that his vote counts. Paper! Other Electoral College critics dismiss the District Plan, arguing that the plan fails to address the problem of a popular vote winner failing to win the presidency.53 Indeed, Bush's margin of victory in the Electoral College would have been greater under the District Plan, despite his popular vote loss.54. The District Plan retains some of the advantages of the e commerce, current Electoral College arrangement. America's presidential election system should encourage national coalition building, and campaigning by districts would certainly work toward this goal.55 However, many of the other benefits envisioned by District Plan proponents are unlikely to come to pass. Greater voter participation is improbable, particularly in lopsided or safe congressional districts -- and most congressional districts are safe. This so-called reform may actually have the opposite argumentative, effect from e commerce what was intended in states that are close overall but have congressional districts that are not. Even worse, the primary incentive created by paper the District Plan is an increased motivation for gerrymandering.

State boundaries have one significant advantage over congressional district boundaries: They are reasonably permanent and e commerce phd thesis, cannot be changed by an incumbent class of officials.56. Another problem created by the District Plan is that it diverts attention from statewide and national issues. Thesis! It discourages candidates from addressing issues that appeal to the state as a whole and might encourage candidates to visit district rich, high-population centers to phd thesis, the exclusion of rural districts. Moreover, if a state votes in pieces, consequential issues would fall out thesis direction of the larger debate in e commerce favor of local grievances. Focusing on a few swing districts would repeat on a fragmented scale the swing state problem. Candidates might visit only a few close districts and thesis direction, ignore areas considered safe.

Despite these arguments against the District Plan, the current system allows a state to phd thesis, switch to the District Plan if it decides that doing so would be beneficial within its borders -- and it may do so without the necessity of passing a constitutional amendment. Moreover, the state can switch back to a winner-take-all system if implementing the District Plan causes more problems than it solved (as it is likely to do). Constitutional amendments are not completed -- or undone -- nearly as easily. Proportional Plan. Under the joys and hardships of life in a essay, Proportional Plan, the phd thesis, Electoral College would be retained, but the electoral votes in each state would be allocated based upon the percentage of the popular vote won. Some versions of this plan call for whole electoral votes to be divided in software editing research the interest of accuracy.57 Others also propose that the total number of electoral votes needed to win should be lowered to a 40 percent threshold.58. Proponents argue that the e commerce, plan would preserve the states' Electoral College strength, but that the write hmong, results would be closer to the national popular vote outcome.59 They further argue that the voices of e commerce, minority voting groups would be reflected in the final election tally because even ballots cast for third-party candidates could be reflected in thesis direction the national results.

Presidents could be elected without winning the popular vote, but such an outcome would be less likely than under the current system. Other Electoral College opponents deem even the phd thesis, small remaining possibility of a popular vote loser President to be unacceptable.60. The Proportional Plan is yet another option that sounds good on the surface, but that creates problems in practice. First, constant fighting would erupt over election tallies. After all, a swing of one-tenth of a percent in one or several states could change the argumentative, outcome of the election. Potentially, at least one electoral vote in each of the 50 states would be open to dispute every presidential election year.61 Worse, because this type of election is so similar to a direct popular election system, it contains many of the same downfalls: multiple candidacies, close elections, runoffs, greater potential for fraud, and greater incentives for extremist candidates to join the fray.

Definitive election outcomes are discouraged. Close vote totals and challenges to election outcomes would become the norm. Colorado, however, is currently considering adoption of this plan. A Colorado citizens' organization -- financed by a group from San Francisco and phd thesis, funded by direction a Brazilian millionaire who resides part-time in California62 -- recently collected enough signatures to place a referendum on e commerce phd thesis, its November 2004 ballot.If passed, this referendum would supposedly replace Colorado's winner-take-all system of casting electoral votes with a system of proportional allocation, making Colorado the only state to enact such a method in presidential elections.63. The referendum, however, has a glaring flaw.

It purports to let Colorado voters decide the method of allocating the state's electoral votes, despite the fact that the Constitution gives this power to state legislatures, not state citizens.64 For constitutional purposes, the difference is very real. If the referendum passes, the most likely result is a series of court challenges in Colorado. Proponents of the referendum argue that state statutory and constitutional provisions make the people equivalent to the legislature when they act through referendum or initiative. Hmong! Therefore, they conclude, passage of e commerce phd thesis, a referendum or other citizen initiative is report a perfectly legal and valid manner of phd thesis, changing electoral vote allocations in the state. These proponents, however, have forgotten the application essays, Supremacy Clause of the U. S. Constitution: State laws and constitutions may not trump the U.S. E Commerce! Constitution. The U.S. Constitution is the thesis, supreme law of the land and preempts all other laws. That same Constitution explicitly designates each state's legislature as the entity with authority to decide the manner of appointing electors.

States (whether by referenda or other means) may certainly delegate legislative power to citizens for state purposes, but they may not delegate the state legislature's constitutionally mandated duties in the national presidential election process. This principle has been upheld by the Supreme Court in venerable old cases and some very recent decisions after the last presidential election. Speaking about an Ohio plan that would allow the people to act in place of the legislature for certain purposes related to ratifying constitutional amendments, the Court observed in 1920 that the Founders wrote the constitutional language based upon their wish to secur[e] deliberation and consideration before any change [to the Constitution] can be proposed.65 In short, the Court held, when the Constitution says the Legislature, it means the phd thesis, Legislature. Hmong! The Court explained that: The framers of the Constitution might have adopted a different method.

Ratification might have been left to a vote of the people, or to phd thesis, some authority of government other than that selected. The language of the article is law school application tips plain, and admits of no doubt in its interpretation. It is not the function of courts or legislative bodies, national or state, to alter the method which the e commerce phd thesis, Constitution has fixed.66. In even simpler terms, however, the text, Court also pointed out what almost any middle-school child should know: A Legislature is a representative body, not the people themselves. What did the framers of the Constitution mean in requiring [action] by e commerce `Legislatures'? That was not a term of uncertain meaning when incorporated into the Constitution. What it meant when adopted it still means for the purpose of interpretation. A Legislature was then the representative body which made the laws of the people.67. This principle applies to the constitutional process for research paper, electing a President, just as it applies to the constitutional amendment process.68. State legislatures certainly may choose a proportional method of electoral vote allocation if they deem such a method to be in the best interest of their state.

However, if one state acting on its own (particularly a small state) were to enact a proportional method of allocating electoral votes, the primary effect of its action would be to e commerce phd thesis, significantly dilute its voting strength as compared to report, the other states because no presidential candidate will spend much time in a state in which he is likely to e commerce, influence only one swing electoral vote. No wonder so few states have enacted anything like this before. Text Argumentative! State legislatures will better serve their citizens if they leave the winner-take-all system in place. America's election systems have operated smoothly for more than 200 years because the Electoral College accomplishes its intended purposes. America's presidential election process preserves federalism, prevents chaos, grants definitive electoral outcomes, and prevents tyrannical or unreasonable rule. The Founding Fathers created a stable, well-planned and carefully designed system -- and e commerce phd thesis, it works. Past elections, even the elections of Presidents who lost the text argumentative, popular vote, are testaments to the ingenuity of the Founding Fathers. In each case, the victor was able to phd thesis, succeed only because his opponent did not build the national coalition that is required by the Electoral College.

In each case, smaller states were protected from their larger neighbors. In each case, the presidential election system functioned effectively to give the country a President with broad-based support. Alexander Hamilton was right when he described the Electoral College in The Federalist No. 68. Perhaps the Electoral College is imperfect -- but a perfect solution is doubtless unachievable. Nevertheless, the presidential election process devised by law school essays tips the Framers is certainly excellent. Tara Ross is a lawyer in Texas and e commerce, the author of thesis direction, Enlightened Democracy: The Case for the Electoral College (World Ahead Publishing, November 2004). 1. The Federalist No.

68, at 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 2. Prior to George W. Bush's win, the last President to win the electoral vote but lose the popular vote was Benjamin Harrison in 1888. 3. See, e.g. Phd Thesis! , Susan Milligan, The Electoral College: Move Is Afoot for Direct Vote , B. Globe, Nov. Text Argumentative! 12, 2000, at A21. 4. Ben Wildavsky, School of Hard Knocks , U.S. News World Rep., Nov.

20, 2000, at 52, 52. 5. J. E Commerce Phd Thesis! M. Balkin, The Constitution as a Box of Chocolates , 12 Const. Comment. 147, 148 (1995). 6. James A. Michener, Presidential Lottery: The Reckless Gamble in Our Electoral System 3 (1969). 7. Commission on Electoral College Reform, American Bar Association, Electing the President 3-4 (1967). 8. Application Essays! The Federalist No. 68, at e commerce phd thesis, 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 9. Application Essays! U.S.

Const. amend. XII. 11. See id . art. II, § 1, cl. 2-4. 15. See Federal Register, 2004 List of States and Votes: Allocation of Electoral Votes Based on e commerce, the 2000 Census , U.S. Nat'l Archives Records Admin., at allocation.html (last visited Oct. 2, 2004).

16. U.S. Const. Thesis Direction! art. II, § 1, cl. 2. 17. E Commerce Phd Thesis! Although some early legislatures did select the presidential electors themselves, all states and law school essays tips, the District of Columbia now hold popular elections for President. See, e.g. Phd Thesis! , Bush v. Book! Gore, 531 U.S. 98, 104 (2000) (per curiam) (The individual citizen has no federal constitutional right to vote for electors for the President of the United States unless and until the state legislature chooses a statewide election as the means to implement its power to appoint members of the Electoral College. . . . [The state legislature] may, if it so chooses, select the electors itself.); see also McPherson v. Blacker, 146 U.S. 1, 34-35 (1892).

18. Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 21-A, § 802 (West 1992); Neb. Rev. Stat. E Commerce Phd Thesis! § 32-1038 (1998). 19. Act of Feb. Law School Essays Tips! 3, 1887, ch. E Commerce Phd Thesis! 90, 24 Stat. 373 (current version at 3 U.S.C. §§ 1-21 (2000)). 20.

3 U.S.C. § 1 (2000). 23. See U.S. Const. amend XII. 24. See Federal Register, supra note 15, at the simple joys and hardships of life essay, 25. Phd Thesis! U.S. Const. amend XII. 27.

The Federalist No. 68, at 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 28. The Federalist No. Editing Research Paper! 10, at 76 (James Madison) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 29. Phd Thesis! 2 The Debates in the Several State Conventions, on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, at 253 (Jonathan Elliot ed., 2d ed.

1836). 30. Letter from research paper John Adams to John Taylor (Apr. 15, 1814), in 6 The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States 447, 484 (Charles Francis Adams ed., 2d prtg. 1969). 31.

Letter from Benjamin Rush to John Adams (July 21, 1789), in e commerce 1 Letters of text, Benjamin Rush 522, 523 (L. H. Butterfield ed., 1951). 32. James Madison, Notes of Debates in e commerce the Federal Convention of 1787, at 64 (Adrienne Koch ed., bicentennial ed., W.W. Norton Co.

1987) (1966). 33. The Federalist No. The Simple Joys And Hardships In A Family Essay! 39, at 236 (James Madison) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 34. Senate Comm. on e commerce phd thesis, the Judiciary, 91st Cong., Direct Popular Election of the argumentative, President (Comm. E Commerce Phd Thesis! Print 1970) (Minority Views of Messrs. Eastland, McClellan, Ervin, Hruska, Fong, and Thurmond), available at (citation omitted).

35. See, e.g., Rethinking the Electoral College Debate: The Framers, Federalism, and One Person, One Vote, 114 Harv. L. Rev. 2526, 2532 n.31 (2001); see also Lawrence D. Thesis! Longley Neal R. Peirce, The Electoral College Primer 2000, at 136 (1999). 36. All election results cited in e commerce phd thesis this article were obtained from of life essay Congressional Quarterly's Presidential Elections or the e commerce, U.S.

National Archives and Records Administration's Web site. See Congressional Quarterly Inc., Presidential Elections: 1789-1996 (1997); Federal Register, U.S. Electoral College, U.S. Nat'l Archives Records Admin., at (last visited Oct. 2, 2004). 37. See, e.g., James MacGregor Burns, The Deadlock of Democracy: Four-Party Politics in text America 251 (1963), quoted in Judith Best, The Case Against Direct Election of the President: A Defense of the Electoral College 66 (1975). 38. See Ronald Reagan, Reagan, In His Own Hand 243 (Kiron K. Skinner et al. eds., 2001) (making a similar argument). 39.

E.g., Patrice Hill, W.Va. Miners Favor Bush Over Gore on Fossil Fuels, Wash. Times, Oct. E Commerce! 11, 2000, at A12; Chris Mondics, Gun Issue a Difficult One for the simple joys in a, Gore, Balt. Sun, Nov. 5, 2000, at 5C. 40. Electing the President, 2000: The Insiders' View 170 (Kathleen Hall Jamieson Paul Waldman eds., 2001) (quoting Bill Knapp, senior advisor to the Gore/Lieberman campaign). 41.

Id. at 204(quoting Karl Rove). 42. Longley Peirce, supra note 35, at 153-54. 43. Kathryn Jean Lopez, Hillary Is Wrong: An Interview with Charles R. Phd Thesis! Kesler, Nat'l Rev. Online (Nov. And Hardships Essay! 13, 2000), at 44. Phd Thesis! See, e.g., Neal R. Peirce Lawrence D. Longley, The People's President: The Electoral College in American History and the Direct Vote Alternative 211-12 (rev. ed., Yale Univ. Press 1981) (1968).

Longley and Peirce contend instead that the two national parties are in decline due to the advances made in mass communication in recent years. Id. 45. See, e.g., Judith A. Best, The Choice of the software editing, People? Debating the e commerce, Electoral College 55 (1996); see also Robert M. Hardaway, The Electoral College and the Constitution: The Case for the simple of life family, Preserving Federalism 21 (1994) (What the advocates of direct election fail to phd thesis, take into account, however, is that these consistently large pluralities and majorities are the result of the very Electoral College system they are seeking to destroy.). 46. Best, supra note 45, at 57. 48. Research Paper! For a discussion of the discrepancy that typically exists between popular vote totals and Electoral College vote totals, see id. at e commerce phd thesis, 9-15; Hardaway, supra note 45, at 125-28.

49. See, e.g., Best, supra note 37, at 191-204 (noting the ability of the Electoral College to isolate incidents of law school essays tips, fraud); see also Hardaway, supra note 45, at 25-28 (discussing the e commerce phd thesis, 1960 election and the uncertainty that could have resulted from the close count and the alleged fraud). 50. Recounts in New Mexico were briefly discussed, but were not pursued. A changed outcome in New Mexico would not have changed the outcome of the national election. 51.

Maine adopted its District Plan in 1969, putting it into thesis, effect for the first time during the 1972 presidential election. Nebraska adopted its plan in time for the 1992 presidential election. See Longley Peirce, supra note 35, at 106-07 (discussing the circumstances under which Maine and e commerce, Nebraska adopted procedures for the simple joys and hardships essay, awarding electoral votes by district). 52. See L. Paige Whitaker Thomas H. Neale, Congressional Research Serv., The Electoral College: An Overview and Analysis of Reform Proposals 17-18 (2001) (reporting the arguments of District Plan proponents). 53. See, e.g., id.; see also David W. Abbott James P. Levine, Wrong Winner: The Coming Debacle in the Electoral College 126 (1991) (discussing the crucial shortcoming of the District Plan: It does nothing to e commerce, correct the wrong-winner perversion); Peirce Longley,supra note 44, at 142 (discussing the disparities that would still exist between the popular and electoral vote totals under a District Plan). 54. See, e.g., Ky Fullerton, Bush, Gore, and the 2000 Presidential Election: Time for the Electoral College to Go?, 80 Or.

L. How To! Rev. 717, 734 (2001) (citing Rhodes Cook, This Just In: Nixon Beats Kennedy, Wash. Post, Mar. 25, 2001, at B2). Bush would have won 288 to 250 in the electoral vote. Cook, supra, at B2. 55. Proponents sometimes argue that the e commerce, District Plan would prevent campaigning from focusing on swing states.

True enough, but candidates would likely focus on swing districts instead. See Peirce Longley,supra note 44, at 142. 56. See Best, supra note 45, at 61-62 (discussing the increased incentives for gerrymandering). 57. Colorado is currently considering a plan to allocate its electoral votes proportionately, according to popular vote outcomes in the state. See discussion infra notes 62-68 and accompanying text. 58.

Whitaker Neale, supra note 52, at 19-20 (relating the software, logistics proposed for a proportional division of electoral votes).

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analytica essay How to develop and write an e commerce phd thesis, analytic essay. Argument : Writing an analytic essay requires that you make some sort of argument. Argumentative? The core of this argument is called a thesis. It is your claim, succinctly stated in a single sentence. What do budding literary critics such as yourselves argue about? You make a pervasive, persistent case that a certain thing is true about a piece of literature. This thing should not be readily obvious to the casual reader of the literature in question. It is what you draw out of the book or essay, how you interpret it. It is a claim that must be supported by specific evidence from the text. Thesis statement: At least once during the course of e commerce writing your essay, isolate what you consider to be your thesis.

Is your proposition both arguable and reasonable? If it is obvious (i.e. Mary Rowlandson used the book report, Bible for comfort during her captivity) you don’t have an e commerce, argument. Argument requires analysis (i.e. taking things apart and how to write, explaining them). E Commerce? One test that may help is asking yourself what the opposite side of your argument would be.

A good, complicated thesis (which was proposed by one of your classmates) is that Although Mary Rowlandson says she often used the Bible as a source of comfort during her captivity, a closer reading of her narrative suggests her faith may have been more troubled by her experience than she lets on. One useful structure for writing thesis statements is the report on hoot, although form used above: Although x seems to be true about this piece of literature, y is in e commerce phd thesis, fact more true (or makes our thinking about x more complex). In this form you present both sides of your argument at once and the simple essay, show which side you’re on. Your job in the paper is to convince your reader to join you. Another way to write an effective thesis statement is to use the form If we look closely at x (e.g. how Bradford defines freedom) we discover y (that ). In order to find something to e commerce phd thesis argue: Look for images or metaphors that the author uses consistently. What other sort of pattern can you identify in the text? How do you interpret this pattern so that your reader will understand the book, essay, poem, speech, etc. better? What philosophical, moral, ethical, etc. The Simple Joys And Hardships Of Life In A Family Essay? ideas is the author advocating or opposing?

What are the phd thesis, consequences of accepting the author's argument? Explain how the work functions as a piece of rhetoric-- how does the thesis direction, author attempt to e commerce convince his or her reader of something? For instance, what widely held beliefs do they use to support their argument? How do they appeal to emotions, logic… Re-examine something that the text or most readers take for granted (that Thoreau’s book Walden represents his attempt to software research paper escape from society). Question this major premise and see where it takes you. Ask yourself if an author’s literary argument is inconsistent with itself or is in phd thesis, some way philosophically dangerous, inadequate, unethical, or misleading. Examine how characters are presented in how to write, a story.

How do they help the main character to develop? Which characters are trustworthy? Which are not? Why are they presented this way? What counts as evidence: Structure : How the parts of the book or essay follow one another; how the phd thesis, parts are assembled to make a whole? Why does the author start where they start, end where they end? What is the logical progression of thought? How might that progression be intended to affect the reader What effect might this progression of ideas have on a generic reader or on a reader from the time period in which the application, work was written? Does the piece move from the general to the specific or vice versa? If you could divide the book/essay into e commerce phd thesis, sections, units of meaning, what would those sections be?

How are they related to each other? Note that chapters, while they form obvious sections can themselves be grouped. Referring to the text : In writing analytic papers that address any kind of literature, it is necessary to refer to the text (the specific words on the page of the application tips, book) in order to support your argument. This means that you must quote and interpret passages that demonstrate or support your argument. Quotation is e commerce phd thesis, usually stronger than paraphrase.

Remember also that your purpose in writing an essay is thesis, not merely to paraphrase or summarize (repeat) what the author has said, but to e commerce phd thesis make an argument about how the make their point, or how they have said what they have said. Language : includes the way an author phrases his or her sentences, the key metaphors used (it’s up to you to explain how these metaphors are used, why these metaphors are appropriate, effective, ineffective, or ambiguous). Is the way a sentence is phrased particularly revealing of the report, author’s meaning? Practical Essay-writing Hints: Please title your paper and phd thesis, make the and hardships of life, title apt and enticing--I LOVE a good title. It puts me in a good mood before I start reading.

Be clear about phd thesis whether you’re writing about a book, an essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. Walden is law school essays, a book comprised of chapters. Each of these chapters could also be called an phd thesis, essay. Within these essays, Thoreau sometimes tells stories. Editing Research? The book itself is not a story, but closer to a narrative, which is non-fiction. Always go through at least two drafts of you paper . Let your paper sit, preferably for 24 hours between drafts sometime during the process of your writing. Phd Thesis? Eliminate first person pronoun (I) in your final draft (it’s OK for rough drafts and report on hoot, may help you write). If your paragraphs are more a full page or more in length it is more than likely that they are tooooooo long . E Commerce Phd Thesis? Probably you have too many ideas in the air at once. Direction? Consider breaking the paragraph in half--into two smaller, but related arguments. Your reader needs a break, needs more structure in order to be able to follow your meaning.

If several of your paragraphs are exceedingly short (4-5 lines), it is likely that you are not developing your ideas thoroughly enough--that you are writing notes rather than analysis. Short paragraphs are usually used as transitional paragraphs, not as content paragraphs. (Short paragraphs can be used in the rhetorical devise of reversal where you lead your reader down a certain path (to show them one side of the argument, the one you are going to oppose) and phd thesis, then turn away from that argument to state the text argumentative, true argument of your paper.) Employ quotation often. E Commerce? One quotation per argumentative paragraph is usually necessary. Depending upon report on hoot, the length and complexity of the passage or topic you're dealing with, more quotations may be useful to prevent you from getting too far away from the text. Your quotations combined with your interpretations are your proof. Phd Thesis? Be sure that you show your reader how they should interpret these quotations in and hardships of life in a family, order to follow your argument. (Almost every quotation should be followed by an interpretation, a deeper reading of what is being said and how its being said. This interpretation demonstrates how the quotation supports the e commerce, claim you're making about it). Book? Pay attention to metaphor, phrasing, tone, alliteration, etc.

How is the author saying what they are saying--what does that teach us about the text? Remember to e commerce phd thesis write directive (sometimes called topic) sentences for your paragraphs . The first sentence of any paragraph should give your reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to say and how the paragraph will connect to the larger argument. It should have more to book do with what you have to say about the materials than what the author him or herself has said. Transitions between paragraphs : try to get away from using The next, First of e commerce all Another thing. Direction? to connect your paragraphs. This is the list method of e commerce structuring a paper--not an integrated, logical approach. A really strong transition makes the logical connection between paragraphs or sections of a paper and gives the reader a sense that you’re building an argument. To make sure you are making a well-connected argument, ask yourself how the last sentence of each paragraph and the first sentence of the next are connected. Each of the how to write hmong, sentences within your paragraphs should be related somehow (follow from, refer to, etc.) the e commerce phd thesis, one that precedes it, and the one which follows it. This will help the reader follow the flow of your ideas. The order of your paragraphs should reveal a developing argument.

On the most basic level, you should be able to consciously justify the presence and application essays tips, placement of every word in every sentence, every sentence in e commerce, every paragraph, every paragraph in every essay . To repeat: in revising your papers after the first draft (which is the simple and hardships in a family, always, inevitably to phd thesis some degree confused because you are involved in the process of working your ideas out), you should be highly conscious of essays what you are doing and why you are doing it.

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Regardless of whether you have to back up just 20 gigabytes (GBs) or 200+ GBs, you won’t be incurring additional backup fees. Phd Thesis! It’s just going to be just one fixed price per year per computer. If you have 2 or 3 home computers to backup, then you will have to get a subscription for each of these computers under the Carbonite Home plan. Each of these will have its own backup account (which is going to be an how to write hmong, exact replica of how you store data on each computer) in Carbonite’s data center. Now if you think that you prefer to have all your computers backed up under one business account, then you might like to look into the Carbonite Core, Carbonite Power, or Carbonite Ultimate plans. If you need to backup more than one computer and want all your computers reflected in one administrative browser-based dashboard for easy management, then the Carbonite Core plan may be the plan for you. The Carbonite Core plan was formerly known as the e commerce, Carbonite Pro plan when it was first introduced to the market.

Who is the Carbonite Core plan for? If you need to backup more than one computer and want all your computers reflected in one administrative browser-based dashboard for easy management, then the Carbonite Core plan may be the plan for law school essays tips, you. For the Carbonite Core plan, you get: Unlimited laptops and desktops, NAS devices, and external hard drives can be backed up per subscription plan. Automatic and continuous backup of all your business data, financial records, and other crucial files to e commerce Carbonite’s highly secure data centers. With a simple browser-based dashboard, you can centrally manage and monitor the book report, backup status of all your business computers regardless of the location of your employees. You can access and restore all the files that you have backed up from anywhere and anytime you need or want to. E Commerce Phd Thesis! You will have free apps to sync, access, and share files. Law School Application Essays! If you have a healthcare company or business, Carbonite’s solution also supports HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) compliance. You have a Free valet install, meaning Carbonite’s award winning support team will install the software for your business for free. All you have to do is phd thesis, call to schedule a time.

You get U.S.-based support 7 days a week. This plan supports both Windows and Mac computers. The Carbonite Core plan, which cost $269.99 a year, provides 250 GB’s of shared backup storage for unlimited computers, external hard drives, and thesis direction NAS devices. Note that you can add extra storage space in case you need more for an affordable price of $99.99 per year per phd thesis 100 GB. Also note that the Carbonite Core plan protects only computers running Windows 7, 8, or 10 and Macs with OSX 10.7 and above. So if you have no Windows file servers, databases and live applications (such as SQL, Exchange, and family Oracle), and phd thesis Hyper-V to backup, your best option will be to go with the how to hmong, Carbonite Core plan. If you have to backup Windows file servers, databases and live applications, and Hyper-V, then you might like to phd thesis look at Carbonite Power plan or the Carbonite Ultimate plan. What if you want to backup unlimited laptops and computers PLUS a server? Then you might like to consider the Carbonite Power plan. If you want to backup unlimited desktops and write laptops and have ALL the functionalities and features of the Carbonite Core plan BUT want to include backing up one server, then the Carbonite Power plan is the plan for you.

The Carbonite Power plan is a derivative of what used to be known as the Carbonite Pro plan and the Carbonite Server plan when these plans were first introduced in the market. Who is the Carbonite Power plan for? If you want to backup unlimited desktops and laptops and have ALL the functionalities and features of the Carbonite Core plan BUT want to phd thesis include backing up one server, then the Carbonite Power plan is the plan for you. For Carbonite Power plan, you get: Support for how to, unlimited servers (physical and virtual), databases, live applications, Hyper-V, NAS devices, and phd thesis external hard drives per law school application essays tips subscription plan. You will be able to backup data for one server (running Windows Server 2003, 2008, 2011, 2012, or 2016) and individual virtual machines, thereby providing your business with greater flexibility. Your server data will have military-grade AES 256-bit encryption. Your servers will remain online during backups so you do not have to plan for interruptions. You can also customize backup schedules to allow you to work according to your business’s workflow.

This plan supports both Windows and Mac computers. For the e commerce, Carbonite Power plan, which cost $799.99 a year, this provides 500 GB’s of shared backup storage for unlimited computers and how to hmong a server image backup and bare metal restore for one physical or virtual server. E Commerce! Note that you can add extra storage in case you need more for the simple essay, an affordable price of $99.99 a year per phd thesis 100 GB. If you want to backup unlimited desktops and laptops and have ALL the functionalities and features of the Carbonite Power plan BUT want to include backing up unlimited servers, then the editing research paper, Carbonite Ultimate plan is the plan for e commerce, you. The Carbonite Power plan is also a derivative of what used to hmong be known as the Carbonite Pro plan and the Carbonite Server plan when these plans were first introduced in the market. Who is the Carbonite Ultimate plan for? If you want to backup unlimited desktops and laptops and have ALL the e commerce phd thesis, functionalities and features of the Carbonite Power plan BUT want to include backing up unlimited servers, then the Carbonite Ultimate plan is the plan for law school application tips, you.

For Carbonite Ultimate plan, you get: Support for unlimited servers (physical and virtual), databases, live applications, Hyper-V, NAS devices, and external hard drives per e commerce phd thesis subscription plan. You will be able to and hardships of life in a family essay backup data for phd thesis, unlimited number of servers (running Windows Server 2003, 2008, 2011, 2012, or 2016) and individual virtual machines, thereby providing your business with greater flexibility. Text! Your server data will have military-grade AES 256-bit encryption. Your servers will remain online during backups so you do not have to plan for interruptions. You can also customize backup schedules to allow you to work according to your business’s workflow. This plan supports both Windows and Mac computers. For the Carbonite Ultimate plan, which cost $799.99 a year, this provides 500 GB’s of shared backup storage for e commerce, unlimited computers and unlimited server image backups and bare metal restore for one physical or virtual server. Note that you can add extra storage in case you need more for an affordable price of $99.99 a year per 100 GB.

Which Backup Plan Is Right For Your Business? By now, you should have an write, idea of e commerce which online backup solution is text argumentative, right for your business. E Commerce! If you still are not certain, you might like to direction consult with your information technology (IT) people to determine your business needs. To summarize, here again is e commerce, a quick rundown or guide regarding which Carbonite Business plan might suit your business: Carbonite Home plan. This backup solution is perfect for personal use or for a home-based business or home office that needs to backup one or two computers. Text! You can backup unlimited data at a fixed price per computer per year. Carbonite Core plan. If you have a small office with more than 2 computers, external hard drives, and NAS devices, this plan is perfect for your business. This plan will work if your total shared backup storage requirement for all your devices is less than 250 GBs.

If you find yourself needing more storage space, you can always add more storage to your plan. Carbonite Power plan. If you need to backup a server in addition to your multiple computers, external hard drives, and phd thesis NAS devices, then this is the software research, plan for phd thesis, you. Normally, businesses that have more than three employees and have a Windows file server for its business are suited to and hardships family essay this plan. Carbonite Ultimate plan. If you need to e commerce phd thesis backup an unlimited number of servers in addition to thesis your multiple computers, external hard drives, and NAS devices, then this is the plan for you.

Businesses that handle a lot of data and have multiple on-location servers would be best served by this plan. Please Note: We just wanted to let you know that pricing plan may be subject to change as of e commerce this writing. We do not have any control with any pricing changes that Carbonite may decide to implement. However, we will do our best to keep up-to-date with the pricing schedules. We highly suggest that you use Carbonite’s free valet installation. Paper! Carbonite’s tech support can configure Carbonite for optimal performance with your existing hardware infrastructure. How To Maximize Returns On Your Investment In Carbonite. In order for you to maximize the efficiency of Carbonite’s backup solutions and to get the most out of e commerce phd thesis your investment in the service, we highly suggest that you do the following:

Use Carbonite’s FREE Valet Installation. We highly suggest that you use Carbonite’s free valet installation. Carbonite’s tech support can configure Carbonite for optimal performance with your existing hardware infrastructure. By doing so, you will be able to text argumentative maximize efficiency of the software for backup as well as recovery. Use The Best Internet Connection Service. Just like any cloud-based service, the efficiency of the service is also a function of your internet connection speed. Hence, your rate of backup for all your business data and files is only as good as your internet connection speed. According to Carbonite, with its enhanced server technology, businesses may achieve backup rates in excess of one gigabyte (1 GB) per second. We therefore suggest that you contact your internet service provider to inquire about their internet connection offerings.

Generally, cable connections work well. If you have cable for business, so much the phd thesis, better. Using an online backup solution such as Carbonite is a smart way to protect your business from risks associated with natural or man-made disasters that can befall your business. Including Carbonite in your business continuity and recovery planning is definitely a step in the right direction. Using a cloud backup solution such as Carbonite is a smart way to protect your business from risks associated with natural or man-made disasters that can befall your business. We hope that this breakdown of Carbonite’s business backup solutions can help you decide on which plan is best for law school essays, you and your business. P.S.

If ever you decide to e commerce phd thesis get Carbonite for your business, make sure to use the Carbonite discounts below. You can get significant savings on Carbonite Office and Carbonite Home plans with these offer codes so why not take advantage of them? The instant savings are no doubt extra money in your pocket. Did you find our breakdown of Carbonite’s business backup offerings helpful? Are you using or planning to use Carbonite for your business? Feel free to share your thoughts. 24 thoughts on “ Carbonite Business: Which Office Backup Plan Is Right For You? ” The thing about Carbonite is argumentative, that it will purge a file after 30 days of deletion.

So if you delete a file on your computer, it’s still backed up by Carbonite for 30 days. That’s enough time for you to get it back in e commerce, case you still need it. After that, the file is purged. So Carbonite pretty much just backs up what’s on your computer. That shouldn’t be much of law school application essays tips a problem since the Carbonite plans are very affordable. You can choose a plan that can back up a number of computers so that you won’t have to end up deleting files. Carbonite gives a great system to e commerce phd thesis protect our files. It centralizes everything without having to do anything manually.

Since we can always retrieve our files from how to hmong any computer, we don’t have to bring any kind of external backup. My team can meet their clients anywhere and not worry about leaving a file behind. A week ago, someone broke into e commerce phd thesis our office. Write! There were a couple of laptops that were taken and some of the e commerce phd thesis, desktops were tampered with as well. It was a shocking scene but at least we didn’t have to text argumentative worry about our files since we’ve been backing up with Carbonite. The hardware could always be replaced but the phd thesis, our files are irreplaceable. No one has to worry about backing up files with Carbonite.

That means everybody can just concentrate on his or her work. Text! That’s productivity in the work office. It gives me peace of mind to e commerce know that Carbonite uses the thesis direction, same kind of e commerce encryption technology as the thesis, banks. If that kind of technology is good enough for phd thesis, the banks, then it’s good enough for me. The Prime Plan should work for any business, be it small or big. The courier recovery service is an awesome option to book on hoot have in case you want to phd thesis really speed up your recovery, especially if you have a lot of thesis direction data backed up. The thing I like about Carbonite is that we can choose a plan that works well for e commerce phd thesis, us. We don’t have to settle for book report on hoot, a plan that doesn’t suit our business and at phd thesis, the same time, pay so much for it. Their plans for small businesses are very affordable. As a graphic artist, I need a lot of memory space for all my works.

I rely a lot on external devices and I also use a couple of computers for my projects. I’m glad that Carbonite can back up multiple computers and external devices. I’m really sold on Carbonite. Thanks for essays, sharing the information. I don’t run a business or anything like that but I do see the need for me to phd thesis back up our computers at home.

The Server Pro Bundle plan seems to offer the thesis direction, best deal since it can back up both server and other hardware like computers and phd thesis external hard drives. The price isn’t bad as well. We made the right choice with Carbonite. With its affordability and ease-of-use, we don’t need to worry about file backups and additional cost. Essays Tips! At first, we thought we needed to have some kind of IT structure to accommodate Carbonite in our office. It turned out e commerce phd thesis, that all we needed was a good internet connection. Law School Application Essays Tips! Now, we have a reliable data management system with Carbonite. I never thought it was possible to share data without the use of flash drives.

Thanks to Carbonite, data sharing is very easy. We have cut down on the printing. We also don’t have to e commerce rely on emails since we can all access the files online. Application Essays! The Server Pro Bundle Plan is e commerce phd thesis, perfect for the simple of life family essay, us in the office. The Pro Bundle Plan of Carbonite is most recommended.

This is great for businesses that deal with a lot of data and files. Phd Thesis! Not only are the workstations backed up but so are the servers. At the price it goes for, any small business can afford it. Your Carbonite review is very useful most especially for a small business owner like me. Thanks for the in depth description of all the plans. I now have a good idea as to which plan is good for thesis, me. Thanks again. Carbonite works well in e commerce phd thesis, our workplace. It’s a “hands-free” software that requires little attention. Law School Application Essays Tips! All our files are backed up automatically, real time. Thanks for your review on Carbonite.

You covered everything I wanted to e commerce know about it. We have been using Carbnite way before it offered hybrid backup. Their service just keeps getting better and text argumentative better. The business plans of Carbonite are all very flexible and affordable. It’s now pretty clear to me why Carbonite is the e commerce phd thesis, preferred choice of software research paper small business owners. The hybrid backup from the Server Plan is perfect for us. Nowadays, we don’t just rely on the cloud to e commerce backup our files. We can also back up locally which means our files can easily be retrieved and accessed anytime, The hybrid backup of Carbonite is perfect for how to write hmong, our workplace, The free valet installation of Carbonite is phd thesis, definitely a big plus. But it’s worth noting that it doesn’t take a lot of time to install the software. All it really takes is a couple of minutes.

There’s no downtime at all. Company files are highly confidential. They just can’t be backed up to text argumentative the cloud by any service provider. Carbonite is our choice of e commerce online backup service provider because it encrypts our files and transfers them online securely. We feel safe with Carbonite. Everything about Carbonite is simple. The installation of the software only text, took a couple of e commerce minutes and we didn’t have a hard time familiarizing ourselves with the navigation because of the thesis direction, simple interface. We are now reaping the benefits of the Carbonite Pro Plan. E Commerce! BYOD or better known as bring your own device is write, now stricly prohibited in our office. With Carbonite, there’s no need to practice BYOD because we can all access our corporate files online. This is the most in depth write up on Carbonite that I have ever read.

Now I’m really sure that Carbonite is the most reliable and affordable online backup for e commerce phd thesis, my accounting business. Editing Paper! Thank you for phd thesis, sharing the article. Comments found on thesis direction this site do not reflect the views of the 95box as these comments are posted by site visitors. Please be respectful with your comments. Make sure your comments or postings are not harmful and do not ridicule another person. We do not have any obligation to e commerce monitor, edit, or review any comments and we assume NO responsibility or liability arising from the content of such comments on our site.

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