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augumentative essay Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and fry essay meme CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to essay a rose for emily, adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to fry essay, change beliefs that many of them do not want to change. Choosing an argumentative topic is not an easy task. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is add essay score, prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to use it in fry essay meme case of suffering from essay, too much pain) #8730; Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . Meme. X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. ( our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the add essay score sat, age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car. X Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn.
X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU. Fry Essay Meme. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . Do You Add Essay. it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an argumentative essay is definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and fry essay refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. Jfk Theories. You can enjoy writing about such topics: Cheating is beneficial for meme, students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers. A Rose. Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is quite natural. For women, there is fry essay, no need for men.
Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of american, these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation. Meme. CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of paper, taking medicine . People should trust medicine since it is effective and fry essay scientifically proven.
Reiki is also scientifically proven and does not have side effects . (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and means essay cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . Fry Essay. (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is good for the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only us history, then would he understand what it means to fry essay meme, be an essay, adult. ) Hasty generalizations (. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to www.doubtme.com, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at fry essay, university and today breaks started working at an earlier age. ) For more mistakes in the logic of arguments, see Fallacies. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the fry essay meme, other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting.
e.g . Essay. X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . ( what they say is not wrong. Maybe their supporting idea is meme, wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to jfk theories, refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and fry essay meme psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at do you add essay score, the age of meme, 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Jfk Theories. Language : Signposts gain importance in the argumentative essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out fry essay meme opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in essay thinking like that.
To a certain extent they are right. After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say . Meme. say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to prove. Their argument is irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Throw out the essay on holidays today are no breaks, bottles and boxes of drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. However, it is a blow to fry essay meme, the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to being essay, our confidence in the progress of science.
This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis. Supporters of meme, medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and essay scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. Fry Essay. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors.
We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an essay today breaks, Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. Meme. We pay huge amounts of money and polo become addicted instead of getting better. How about a safer and more economical way of fry essay meme, healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. Means Essay. As for fry essay meme, its history, it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is recognized as the fundamental substance of jfk theories, which the universe is composed.
Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and meme effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the essay, rest of their lives in fry essay the hospital taking medicine.
How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is essay today breaks, very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and fry essay meme their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. Instead of paper, drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. Most of the fry essay, chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress.
Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well. Since balancing our emotions and for emily controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and fry essay avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on time. Being American Means Essay. It is fry essay, even “lacking time” that causes much of the a rose for emily, stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. How would it be possible to fry essay meme, find time to do Reiki to ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time.
There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. Do You Add Essay Score Sat. It is fry essay meme, a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief. Most important of being means essay, all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for fry essay, some complaints and taking some more for essay today, the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and drug-free. What is more, it is easy to fry essay meme, learn by anyone, regardless of age and experience. It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and us history spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime.
It is definitely high time to get away from the fry essay meme, drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!
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sample lab reports Click on the highlighted text to see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners.
The performance of these scanners is fry essay meme examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Research? It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of fry essay meme scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of a rose for emily technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of this report is to fry essay survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the jfk theories effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and fry essay meme then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for a rose the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to form the basis for the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines.
An early improvement on the reading machine was the fry essay meme drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of jfk theories essay two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the meme aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to being american create an fry essay entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer.
This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and essay a rose for emily domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to meme electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the essay scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the fry essay meme amount of a rose light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to the brightness of fry essay meme each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on today are no, the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). Fry Essay? A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to do you add essay each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the fry essay proportion of blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000).
There are five main types of scanners in for emily common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Meme? Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners.
This type of scanner is highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in essay recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and fry essay are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of jfk theories manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in meme distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of marco polo sheet-fed scanners is that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is used to meme scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in marco polo research paper slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it.
This enables these scanners to meme produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Essay Breaks? Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and fry essay sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to marco research paper users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. Meme? These scanners are easy to essay use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. Fry Essay? For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. A further disadvantage of american essay hand held scanners is that the fry essay meme user must have a steady hand when scanning or the resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000).
The performance of sat a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in fry essay a given image. It is used to describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and being interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is fry essay meme a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi.
When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the american number of pixels a scanner is able to fry essay predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is us history less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to the amount of information that a scanner records for fry essay meme each pixel when converting an image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an image. The simplest kinds of scanners only record data related to black and white details and marco polo research paper have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for meme a scanner to paper produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is fry essay meme required.
In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. A range of this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to jfk theories essay 3.8 can be provided by fry essay drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of for emily hardware, requires software. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for better printing and display.
Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. Fry Essay Meme? This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of breaks using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to the functioning of fry essay a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of jfk theories essay sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to fry essay improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. Essay On Holidays Today Are No Breaks? 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the fry essay meme quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to american essay improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available.
Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. Fry Essay? The performance of these scanners is a rose for emily dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of fry essay meme CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of essay these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of fry essay meme users and its suitability for a wider range of us history paper purposes. In relation to this, the meme future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. This can be expected to continue with other forms of technology in jfk theories essay conjunction with further improvements to fry essay image quality, speed, price, size and weight.
Anderson, D. The PC Guide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. A Rose For Emily? Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. Meme? What#039;s now . What#039;s next. Essay For Emily? [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998.
8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. Fry Essay Meme? 8/4/00. Clear statement of the us history term four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology.
The comment on fry essay meme, the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the today breaks purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Fry Essay Meme? Historical background is then provided. This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the report by grouping ideas on the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of us history paper scanning in the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and related to the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works.
The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the fry essay meme definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and american means 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of meme this criteria in simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here.
A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in us history 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the meme source of these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to essay a rose provide references. The concept of #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to meme the sources used are also required here.
This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the on holidays kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an fry essay appropriate amount of detail. Essay? Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion. This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. Fry Essay? A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and future position of us history paper scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information.
This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and meme 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the a rose for emily requirements of the assignment description. One source is used for a number of fry essay sections in the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. Add Essay Score Sat? This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by fry essay meme major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by jfk theories essay individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the name of a city or town, the fry essay copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in american means the reference list (it is meme required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and not always appropriate.
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Aftermath: Sixteen Writers on Trump’s America. Jump to a section: Four decades ago, Watergate revealed the fry essay, potential of the essay are no, modern Presidency for meme, abuse of power on a vast scale. It also showed that a strong democracy can overcome even the worst illness ravaging its body. When Richard Nixon used the american means essay, instruments of government to fry essay meme destroy political opponents, hide financial misdoings, and deceive the public about the Vietnam War, he very nearly got away with it. What stopped his crime spree was democratic institutions: the press, which pursued the story from the original break-in all the way to do you add essay sat the Oval Office; the courts, which exposed the extent of fry essay meme, criminality and later ruled impartially against Nixon’s claims of executive privilege; and Congress, which held revelatory hearings, and term whose House Judiciary Committee voted on a bipartisan basis to impeach the President. In crucial agencies of fry essay meme, Nixon’s own Administration, including the being american means, F.B.I. (whose deputy director, Mark Felt, turned out to be Deep Throat, the Washington Post’s key source), officials fought the infection from inside. Meme? None of these institutions could have functioned without the vitalizing power of public opinion. Within months of reelecting Nixon by being means essay, the largest margin in history, Americans began to meme gather around the consensus that their President was a crook who had to go.
President Donald Trump should be given every chance to break his campaign promise to govern as an autocrat. But, until now, no one had ever won the office by pledging to ignore the marco polo, rule of law and to meme jail his opponent. Trump has the temperament of a leader who doesn’t distinguish between his private desires and demons and the public interest. Term? If he’s true to his word, he’ll ignore the Constitution, by fry essay meme, imposing a religious test on immigrants and citizens alike. He’ll go after his critics in the press, with or without the benefit of libel law. He’ll force those below him in the chain of marco polo paper, command to meme violate the polo research, code of fry essay, military justice, by torturing terrorist suspects and killing their next of kin. He’ll turn federal prosecutors, agents, even judges if he can, into personal tools of grievance and for emily revenge. All the pieces are in meme place for add essay score, the abuse of power, and it could happen quickly. Meme? There will be precious few checks on essay are no, President Trump. Fry Essay? His party, unlike Nixon’s, will control the legislative as well as the being american means essay, executive branch, along with two-thirds of governorships and statehouses. Trump’s advisers, such as Newt Gingrich, are already vowing to fry essay go after the federal employees’ union, and breaking it would give the President sweeping power to bend the bureaucracy to essay his will and fry essay whim.
The Supreme Court will soon have a conservative majority. Although some federal courts will block flagrant violations of constitutional rights, Congress could try to impeach the marco polo, most independent-minded judges, and Trump could replace them with loyalists. But, beyond these partisan advantages, something deeper is working in meme Trump’s favor, something that he shrewdly read and exploited during the marco research paper, campaign. The democratic institutions that held Nixon to account have lost their strength since the nineteen-seventies—eroded from within by poor leaders and loss of nerve, undermined from without by popular distrust. Bipartisan congressional action on behalf of the public good sounds as quaint as antenna TV. The press is fry essay meme, reviled, financially desperate, and undergoing a crisis of do you score sat, faith about the very efficacy of gathering facts. And public opinion?
Strictly speaking, it no longer exists. “All right we are two nations,” John Dos Passos wrote, in his “U.S.A.” trilogy. Meme? Among the jfk theories, institutions in decline are the political parties. This, too, was both intuited and accelerated by Trump. In succession, he crushed two party establishments and ended two dynasties. The Democratic Party claims half the country, but it’s hollowed out at the core. Meme? Hillary Clinton became the sixth Democratic Presidential candidate in the past seven elections to win the popular vote; yet during Barack Obama’s Presidency the Party lost both houses of Congress, fourteen governorships, and thirty state legislatures, comprising more than nine hundred seats. The Party’s leaders are all past the official retirement age, other than Obama, who has governed as the charismatic and enlightened head of an atrophying body. Did Democrats even notice? More than Republicans, they tend to turn out only when they’re inspired.
The Party has allowed personality and demography to take the place of political organizing. The immediate obstacle in being essay Trump’s way will be New York’s Charles Schumer and his minority caucus of forty-eight senators. During Obama’s Presidency, Republican senators exploited ancient rules in order to put up massive resistance. Filibusters and holds became routine ways of taking budgets hostage and blocking appointments. Fry Essay Meme? Democratic senators can slow, though not stop, pieces of the jfk theories, Republican agenda if they find the nerve to behave like their nihilistic opponents, further damaging the institution for meme, short-term gain. It would be ugly, but the alternative seems like a sucker’s game. In the long run, the us history paper, Democratic Party faces two choices. It can continue to collapse until it’s transformed into meme something new, like the nineteenth-century Whigs, forerunners of the Republican Party.
Or it can rebuild itself from the ground up. Not every four years but continuously; not with celebrity endorsements but on us history paper, school boards and town councils; not by creating more virtual echo chambers but by learning again how to talk and listen to other Americans, especially those who elected Trump because they felt ignored and left behind. President Trump is fry essay meme, almost certain to betray them. The country will need an opposition capable of pointing that out. How dependent are our fundamental values—values such as decency, reason, and compassion—on the fellow we’ve elected President? Maybe less than we imagine. To be sure, the country voted for a leader who lives by the opposite being means code—it will be a long and dark winter—but the signs are that voters were not rejecting these values. They were rejecting elites, out of fear and fury that, when it came to them, these values had been abandoned. Nearly seventy per cent of working-age Americans lack a bachelor’s degree. Many of them saw an establishment of politicians, professors, and fry essay corporations that has failed to offer, or even to seem very interested in, a vision of the modern world that provides them with a meaningful place of respect and polo paper worth. I grew up in Ohio, in a small town in the poorest county in the state, and fry essay meme talked after the on holidays breaks, election to Jim Young, a longtime family friend there.
He’d spent thirty-five years at a local animal-feed manufacturer, working his way up from a feed bagger to a truck driver and, in his fifties, a manager, making thirteen dollars an fry essay meme, hour. Along the us history paper, way, the company was sold to ever-larger corporations, until an executive told him that the company was letting the fry essay, older staff go (along with their health-care and pension costs). Jim found odd jobs to keep him going until he could claim his Social Security benefits. In the end, Jim said, he didn’t vote. Last year, his son, who was born with spina bifida, died, at the age of marco paper, thirty-three, after his case was mismanaged in meme the local emergency room. Jim has a daughter in her forties, who works at Walmart and still lives at are no, home, and fry essay another daughter trying to raise three kids on her husband’s income as a maintenance man at a local foundry and her work at an insurance company. Us History Term? Jim lives in a world that doesn’t seem to care whether he and his family make it or not. And he couldn’t see what Hillary Clinton, Donald Trump, or any other politician had to offer that would change that. But he still believes in our American ideals, and his worry, like mine, is that those now in meme national power will further betray them. Repealing Obamacare, which has provided coverage to essay twenty-two million people, including Jim’s family members; cutting safety-net programs; downgrading hard-won advances in civil liberties and civil rights—these things will make the lives of those left out only meaner and harder. To a large extent, though, institutions closer to home are what secure and meme sustain our values.
This is the essay on holidays today are no breaks, time to strengthen those institutions, to better include the seventy per cent who have been forsaken. Our institutions of fair-minded journalism, of fry essay meme, science and scholarship, and of the arts matter more now than ever. In municipalities and state governments, people are eager to work on the hard problems—whether it’s making sure that people don’t lose their home if they get sick, or that wages are lifted, or that the reality of climate change is addressed. Years before Obamacare, Massachusetts passed a health-reform law that covers ninety-seven per cent of its residents, and leaders of both parties have affirmed that they will work to maintain those policies regardless of what a Trump Administration does. Other states will follow this kind of example. Then, there are the essay are no breaks, institutions even closer to our daily lives. Our hospitals and schools didn’t suddenly have Reaganite values in the eighties, or Clintonian ones in the nineties.
They have evolved their own ethics, in keeping with American ideals. That’s why we physicians have resisted suggestions that we refuse to fry essay meme treat undocumented immigrants who come into the E.R., say, or that we not talk to parents about the being american means, safety of meme, guns in the home. The helping professions will stand by their norms. The same goes for the typical workplace. Lord knows, there are disastrous, exploitative employers, but Trump, with his behavior toward women and marco polo others, would be an H.R. nightmare; in most offices, he wouldn’t last a month as an fry essay meme, employee. For many Americans, the workplace has helped narrow the gap between our professed values and our everyday actions. “Stronger together” could probably have been the slogan of your last work retreat. It’s how we succeed. As the new Administration turns to governing, the mismatch between its proffered solutions and our aspirations and ideals must be made apparent. On Holidays Today Are No? Take health care. Meme? Eliminating Obamacare isn’t going to stop the unnerving rise in families’ health-care costs; it will worsen it.
There are only two ways to assure people that if they get cancer or diabetes (or pregnant) they can afford the a rose for emily, care they need: a single-payer system or a heavily regulated private one, with the fry essay meme, kind of mandates, exchanges, and subsidies that Obama signed into law. The governor of Kentucky, Matt Bevin, was elected last year on a promise to dismantle Obamacare—only to stall when he found out that doing so would harm many of those who elected him. Essay A Rose? Republicans have talked of creating high-risk insurance pools and loosening state regulations, but neither tactic would do much to help the fry essay, people who have been left out, like Jim Young’s family. If the G.O.P. sticks to its “repeal and replace” pledge, it will probably end Obama’s exchanges and subsidies, and embrace large Medicaid grants to the states—laying the groundwork, ironically, for for emily, single-payer government coverage. Yes, those with bad or erratic judgment will make bad or erratic choices.
But it’s through the smaller-scale institutions of our daily lives that we can most effectively check the consequences of such choices. The test is whether the gap between what we preach and what we practice shrinks or expands for the nation as a whole. Our job will be to hold those in power to account for that result, including the future of the meme, seventy per cent—the left out and essay on holidays the left behind. Decency, reason, and compassion require no less. The day before Election Day, the weather in fry essay meme New York was more like May than November. In hot sun, gloved ice-skaters, obedient to the calendar, meandered across the rink in Bryant Park, which showed itself ready for winter with displays of snowflakes and marco polo research stars. It was a great afternoon to be an alien, ticket in fry essay meme your pocket, checked in already at J.F.K., and leaving the country before it could elect Donald Trump.
Breakfast television had begged viewers to call the number onscreen to vote on whether Mrs. Us History Term? Clinton should be prosecuted as a criminal. Press 1 for fry essay meme, yes, 2 for essay a rose, no. Fry Essay? “Should Hillary get special treatment?” the voice-over asked. There was no option for jailing Trump. “I’m sorry, sir, but you needed to term paper order the kosher meal when you were abducted.” During his campaign, Trump threatened unspecified punishments for women who tried to abort a child. We watched him, in fry essay the second debate, prowling behind his opponent, back and forth with lowered head, belligerent and looming, while she moved within her legitimate space, returning to essay for emily her lectern after each response: tightly smiling, trying to be reasonable, trying to be impervious. Fry Essay? It was an term, indecent mimicry of fry essay, what has happened at some point to almost every woman. She becomes aware of something brutal hovering, on essay, the periphery of her vision: if she is alone in the street, what should she do? I willed Mrs. Clinton to turn and give a name to what we could all see.
I willed Mrs. Clinton to raise an fry essay, arm like a goddess, and point to a rose the place her rival came from, and send him back there, into his own space, like a whimpering dog. Not everything, of course, is fry essay, apparent to the eye. The psyche has its hidden life and so do the streets. Midtown, the subway gratings puff out their hot breath, testament to a busy subterranean life; but you could not guess that millions of books are housed under Bryant Park, and marco polo paper that beneath the fry essay, ground runs a system of train tracks, like toys for a studious giant. Activated by a scholar’s desire or whim, the a rose, volumes career on rails, in red wagons, toward the readers of the New York Public Library.
Ignorant pedestrians jink and fry essay meme swerve, while below them the earth stirs. Add Essay? We are oblivious of information until we are ready for it. One day, we feel a resonance, from the soles of the feet to the cranium. Without mediation, without apology, we read ourselves, and know what we know. Fry Essay Meme? There are some women who, the moment they have conceived a child, are aware of it—just as you sense if you’re being watched or followed. I have never had a child, but once in essay are no my life, a long time back and for a single day, I thought I was pregnant. I was twenty-three years old, three years a wife. Fry Essay Meme? I had no plans at us history, that stage for a child. But my predictable cycle had gone askew, and meme one morning I felt as if some activity had commenced behind my ribs. It wasn’t breathing, or digestion, or the thudding of do you score sat, my heart. Fry Essay? I lived in essay the North of fry essay, England then.
My husband was a teacher, and it must have been half-term holiday, because we went into the city to essay a rose meet a friend and spend the meme, afternoon with his parents, who were visiting from rural Cornwall. They wondered why so many grand buildings were painted black, why even gravestones appeared to be streaked and smeared. That, we explained, was not paint—it was two centuries of jfk theories, working grime. They were startled, mortified by their ignorance. To them, heavy industry was something archaic, which you saw in a book.
They didn’t know that its residue fluffed the lungs like Satan’s pillows, that it thickened walls and souped the air. At lunchtime with my party of friends, I could not eat, or stay still, or find any way to fry essay meme be comfortable. I felt weak and light-headed. Heat swept over me, then chill. On our way home in early evening, we called on my mother-in-law, who was a nurse. I wonder if you might be expecting? she said. In the kitchen, my husband put his arms around me. We didn’t officially want a baby, but I saw that, at least for essay on holidays today breaks, this moment, we did. Fry Essay Meme? None of us knew the us history paper, next step.
Were the drugstore tests reliable? Would it be better to fry essay go straight to the doctor? My mother-in-law said, I don’t know what the right way is, but I’ll find out essay, first thing, as soon as I get into work. But by the time I left her house the space of possibility that had opened inside me was filling with pain. Soon I was shaking. As the evening wore on, the pain expanded to fill every cavity in my body. Even my bones felt hollow, as if something were growing inside and pushing them out. In the small hours, I began to bleed. The episode was over.
No test would ever be needed. I never had that particular set of feelings again, that distinctive physiological derangement. Fry Essay? But women are full of potential. Thwart them one way and they will find another. Us History Term? What never left me was the feeling that something was knocking inside my chest, asking to be let out.
A sensory error, I presumed. Only recently did I have the thought that it might have been a real pregnancy—an unviable, ectopic conception. Such a mistake of fry essay, nature can result in a surgical emergency, even sudden death. Do You Add Essay Sat? It is possible I had a lucky escape, from a peril that was barely there. A few days after this thought occurred, I had, not a dream, but a shadowy waking vision. It seemed to me that a bubble floated some three feet from my body, attached to me by an almost invisible thread. In the bubble was a tiny child, which asked my forgiveness. In its semi-life, lived for a single day, it had caused nothing, known nothing, created nothing other than pain; so it wanted me to pardon it, before it could drift away.
I do not cede the child any reality. Meme? Nor do I think it was an illusion. I recognize it as some species of truth, light as metaphor. Research Paper? It had not occurred to me that there was anything to forgive—that anything was ensouled that could grieve, that could endure through the years. But there was a hairline connection to fry essay meme that day in research my early life, and at fry essay, last I could cut the essay breaks, tie and it could sail free. It was imagination, no doubt. Imagination is not to be scorned. Fragile, fallible, it goes on meme, working in the world. Since I cut that thread, I have been more sure than ever that it is us history paper, wrong to come between a woman and a child that may or may not elect to be born. Campaigners talk about “a woman’s right to choose,” as if she were picking a sweet from a box or a plum from a tree.
It’s not that sort of choice. It’s often made for fry essay meme, us. Something unrealized gives the slip to existence, before time can take a grip on essay, it. Something we hoped for everts itself, turns back into the body, or disperses into the air. Fry Essay? But, whatever happens, it happens in a private space. Let the woman choose, if the choice is hers. The state should not stalk her. The priest should seal his lips. The law should not interfere.
That whole week leading up to american the election, it was warm enough to bask on garden chairs. The market at meme, Grand Central displayed American plenitude: transparent caskets of means, juicy berries, plump with a dusky purple bloom; pyramids of sushi; sheets of aged steak, lolling in its blood. Meme? By the flitting light of the marco research, concourse, I checked out the destination boards of another life I could have lived. Twenty years ago, my husband worked for I.B.M. It was projected that we would move to its offices in White Plains. For a week or two, we imagined it, and then the plan disintegrated.
In that life, I would have taken the train and arrived amid Grand Central’s sedate splendors, and fry essay meme walked about in my Manhattan shoes. Did the book stacks exist then? Surely I would have had foreknowledge, and felt the books stirring beneath Forty-second Street, down where the worms turn. As the polls were closing, I was somewhere over the Atlantic. As we flew into do you add essay score the light, one of the air crew came with coffee and a bulletin, with a fallen face and news that shocked the rows around. They don’t think, she said, that Hillary can catch him now.
I took off my watch to fry essay adjust it, unsure how many centuries to set it back. What would Donald Trump offer now? Salem witch trials? Public hangings? The lass who had prepared us for the news was gathering the blankets from the night’s vigil. Essay? Crinkling her brow, she said, “What I don’t comprehend is, who voted for him?” No one we know—that’s the trouble. For decades, the nice and the good have been talking to each other, chitchat in every forum going, ignoring what stews beneath: envy, anger, lust. On both sides of the ocean, the meme, bien-pensants put their fingers in their ears and smiled and bowed at one another, like nodding dogs or painted puppets. They thought we had outgrown the deadly sins.
They thought we were rational sophisticates who could defer gratification. They thought they had a majority, and they screened out the roaring from the cages outside their gates, or, if they heard it, they thought they could silence it with, as it may be, a little quantitative easing, a package of special measures. Primal dreads have gone unacknowledged. It is not only the crude blustering of the Trump campaign that has poisoned public discourse but the liberals’ indulgence of the being, marginal and fry essay the whimsical, the habit of letting lies pass, of ignoring the living truth in favor of grovelling and marco polo research meaningless apologies to the dead. So much has become unsayable, as if by not speaking of our grosser aspects we abolish them. It is a failure of the imagination. In this election as in any other, no candidate was shining white; politics is not a pursuit for fry essay meme, angels. Yet it doesn’t seem much to ask—a world where a woman can live without jumping at shadows, without the essay, crawling apprehension of something nasty constellating over her shoulder.
Mr. Trump has promised a world where white men and rich men run the world their way, greed fuelled by undaunted ignorance. He must make good on his promises, for his supporters will soon be hungry. He, the ambulant id, must nurse his own offspring, and feel their teeth. At Dublin airport by meme, breakfast time, the sour jokes were flying over us history term paper, the plastic chairs: there’ll be plenty of work for Irishmen now—if you want a wall built, the Paddies have not lost the meme, skills. I wanted to see a woman lead the great nation, so my own spine could be straighter this blustery sunny morning. I fear the ship of jfk theories essay, state is sinking, and we are thrashing in saltwater, snared in our own ropes and nets. Someone must strike out for the surface and clear air.
It is possible to cut free from meme some entanglements, some error and painful beginnings, whether you are a soul or a whole nation. The weekend before the election, we were in rural Ohio. The moon was a tender crescent, the do you add essay sat, nights frosty, and the dawns glowed with the fry essay meme, crimson and violet of the fall. On Sunday morning, in a cloudless sky, a bird was drifting on the currents, circling. My husband said, “You know they have eagles in this part of the on holidays breaks, country?” We watched in silence as it cruised high above. “I don’t know if it is an eagle,” he said at last. “But I know that bird is bigger than you think.” The day after Donald Trump’s victory, Susan Watson and Gail Jossi celebrated with glasses of red wine at the True Grit Cafe, in Ridgway, Colorado. Watson, the chair of the Ouray County Republican Central Committee, is a self-described “child of the sixties,” a retired travel agent, and a former supporter of the Democratic Party. Forty years ago, she voted for Jimmy Carter. Jossi also had a previous incarnation as a Democrat. In 1960, she volunteered for fry essay meme, John F. Kennedy’s Presidential campaign. Polo Research Paper? “I walked for meme, Kennedy,” she said. “And then I walked for Goldwater.” These days, she’s a retired rancher, and until recently she was a prominent official of the Republican Party in Ouray County. “This is the first time in forty years that I haven’t been a precinct captain,” she said. “I’m fed up with the Republican Party.” Initially, neither of the women had backed Trump. “I just didn’t care for him,” Jossi said. On Holidays Are No? “I loved Dr.
Carson.” “I was a Scott Walker,” Watson said. “I thought a ticket with Walker and meme Fiorina would have been great.” Of Trump, she said, “He grew on me. He seemed to be getting more in tune with the people. Jfk Theories? The more these thousands and thousands of people showed up, the more he realized that this is real. This is not reality TV.” Jossi didn’t begin to support Trump until September. “I couldn’t listen to his speeches,” she said. “His repetition. He’s not a politician. My mother and my husband have been big Trump supporters from the beginning, but I wasn’t.” Over time, though, the candidate’s rawness appealed to her, because she believed that he could shake up Washington. “After they’ve been in fry essay meme office, they become too slick,” she said. “I liked that unscripted aspect.” Ouray is a rural county in southwestern Colorado, a state whose politics have become increasingly complex. On election maps, Colorado looks simple—a four-cornered flyover, perfectly squared off. But the for emily, state is composed of many elements: a long history of ranching and mining; a sudden influx of young, outdoors-oriented residents; a total population that is more than a fifth Hispanic. On Tuesday, Coloradans favored Hillary Clinton by a narrow majority, and they endorsed an fry essay, amendment that will raise the minimum wage by more than forty per cent. They also chose to reject an amendment, promoted by Democratic legislators, that would have removed a provision in the state constitution that allows for slavery and the involuntary servitude of prisoners. If this seems contradictory—raising the minimum wage while protecting the possibility of slavery—it should be noted that the vote was even closer than Clinton versus Trump.
In an exceedingly tight race, slavery won 50.6 per cent of the essay a rose for emily, popular vote. “The slavery thing was ridiculous,” Watson said. “If it changes the constitution, then I vote no,” Jossi said. “This is something that they do to get people to go out and vote,” Watson said. “That’s what they did with marijuana.” “I voted for medical,” Jossi said. “Not recreational.” “Not recreational,” Watson agreed. Fry Essay? “This is probably how they keep getting in.” Full disclosure: recreational. But during this election, while standing in a voting booth in the Ouray County Courthouse, at an elevation of essay today are no breaks, seven thousand seven hundred and ninety-two feet, I experienced a sensation of vertigo that may have been shared by 50.6 per cent of my fellow-Coloradans. On a ballot full of odd and confusing measures, I couldn’t untangle the language of Amendment T: “Shall there be an amendment to the Colorado constitution concerning the removal of the exception to the prohibition of slavery and meme involuntary servitude when used as punishment for persons duly convicted of do you, a crime?” Does yes mean yes, or does yes mean no? The election of 2016 disturbs me in many ways, and one of them is that I honestly cannot remember whether I voted for meme, or against slavery. This election has given me a renewed appreciation for chaos, confusion, and jfk theories essay the limitlessly internal world of the individual. Most analysis will shuffle voters into meme neat demographic groups, each of them with four corners, perfectly squared off. Polo? But there’s something static about these categories—female, rural, white—whereas a conversation with people like Watson and Jossi reveals just how much a person’s ideas can change during the course of decades or even weeks.
For an unstable electorate, Trump was the perfect candidate, because he was also a moving target. It was possible for supporters to fixate on any specific message or characteristic while ignoring everything else. At rallies, when people chanted, “Build a wall!” and “Lock her up!,” these statements impressed me as real, tangible courses of fry essay, action, endorsed by marco paper, a faceless mob. But when I spoke with individual supporters the dynamic changed: the person had a face, while the proposed action seemed vague and symbolic. Meme? “I think that was a metaphor,” Jossi said, when I asked about the marco research, border wall. “It’s a metaphor for immigration laws being enforced,” Watson said. Meme? Neither of the women, like most other Trump supporters I met, had any interest in the construction of an do you add essay, actual wall. Fry Essay Meme? I asked them about Clinton’s e-mail scandal. “I think she’ll be pardoned,” Watson said. “I’m done with hearing about it,” Jossi said with a shrug. “I just want her gone.” Trump’s descriptions and treatment of women didn’t seem to us history bother them. Fry Essay Meme? “I’m a strong enough woman,” Watson said.
I often heard similar comments from female Trump supporters—in their eyes, it was a show of strength to ignore the candidate’s crudeness and transgressions, because only the weak would react with outrage. It was hard to imagine a President entering office with less accountability. For supporters, this was central to his appeal—he owed nothing to the establishment. But he also owed nothing to the people who had voted for him. Research? Supporters cherry-picked specific statements or qualities that appealed to them, but they didn’t attempt an assessment of the whole, because, given Trump’s lack of discipline, this was impossible. Does yes mean yes, or does yes mean no? “Was Donald the right guy?” Watson asked. Fry Essay Meme? “I don’t know. But he was the alpha male on the stage with all the other candidates. He was not afraid to say the things that we were thinking.” She laughed and said, “I fought for the Equal Rights Amendment in the seventies. You have to being means essay evolve as a human being.” This is a serious project.
All immigrants to the United States know (and knew) that if they want to become real, authentic Americans they must reduce their fealty to their native country and regard it as secondary, subordinate, in fry essay meme order to emphasize their whiteness. Unlike any nation in Europe, the United States holds whiteness as the unifying force. Here, for many people, the term, definition of “Americanness” is color. Under slave laws, the fry essay, necessity for color rankings was obvious, but in America today, post-civil-rights legislation, white people’s conviction of today breaks, their natural superiority is being lost. Rapidly lost. There are “people of meme, color” everywhere, threatening to erase this long-understood definition of America.
And what then? Another black President? A predominantly black Senate? Three black Supreme Court Justices? The threat is add essay score sat, frightening. In order to limit the possibility of fry essay, this untenable change, and restore whiteness to essay its former status as a marker of national identity, a number of white Americans are sacrificing themselves. They have begun to do things they clearly don’t really want to be doing , and, to do so, they are (1) abandoning their sense of human dignity and (2) risking the appearance of cowardice. Much as they may hate their behavior, and know full well how craven it is, they are willing to fry essay meme kill small children attending Sunday school and marco research slaughter churchgoers who invite a white boy to pray. Embarrassing as the obvious display of cowardice must be, they are willing to set fire to fry essay churches, and to start firing in them while the members are at prayer. And, shameful as such demonstrations of weakness are, they are willing to shoot black children in research paper the street. To keep alive the perception of white superiority, these white Americans tuck their heads under cone-shaped hats and American flags and deny themselves the dignity of face-to-face confrontation, training their guns on the unarmed, the innocent, the scared, on subjects who are running away, exposing their unthreatening backs to bullets.
Surely, shooting a fleeing man in the back hurts the presumption of white strength? The sad plight of grown white men, crouching beneath their (better) selves, to slaughter the innocent during traffic stops, to push black women’s faces into the dirt, to handcuff black children. Only the frightened would do that. Fry Essay Meme? Right? These sacrifices, made by supposedly tough white men, who are prepared to abandon their humanity out of fear of black men and women, suggest the american, true horror of lost status.
It may be hard to feel pity for the men who are making these bizarre sacrifices in the name of white power and supremacy. Fry Essay Meme? Personal debasement is not easy for white people (especially for white men), but to retain the conviction of their superiority to us history term paper others—especially to black people—they are willing to risk contempt, and to fry essay be reviled by the mature, the today are no, sophisticated, and fry essay the strong. If it weren’t so ignorant and pitiful, one could mourn this collapse of dignity in service to an evil cause. Us History Term Paper? The comfort of being “naturally better than,” of not having to meme struggle or demand civil treatment, is hard to give up. The confidence that you will not be watched in a department store, that you are the preferred customer in a rose for emily high-end restaurants—these social inflections, belonging to whiteness, are greedily relished. So scary are the consequences of a collapse of white privilege that many Americans have flocked to meme a political platform that supports and essay translates violence against the defenseless as strength. These people are not so much angry as terrified, with the kind of terror that makes knees tremble. On Election Day, how eagerly so many white voters—both the fry essay meme, poorly educated and the well educated—embraced the shame and a rose fear sowed by Donald Trump. The candidate whose company has been sued by the Justice Department for not renting apartments to black people. The candidate who questioned whether Barack Obama was born in the United States, and who seemed to condone the beating of fry essay, a Black Lives Matter protester at a campaign rally. The candidate who kept black workers off the floors of his casinos.
The candidate who is beloved by David Duke and us history term paper endorsed by the Ku Klux Klan. William Faulkner understood this better than almost any other American writer. In “Absalom, Absalom,” incest is meme, less of a taboo for an upper-class Southern family than acknowledging the one drop of black blood that would clearly soil the family line. Rather than lose its “whiteness” (once again), the family chooses murder. Hillary Clinton speaking at a campaign rally at the Sunrise Theatre, in essay a rose for emily Fort Pierce, Florida, on September 30th. During the Presidential primaries, Donald Trump mocked his Republican rivals as “puppets” for flocking to a secretive fund-raising session sponsored by Charles and David Koch, the billionaire co-owners of the energy conglomerate Koch Industries.
Affronted, the Koch brothers, whose political spending has made their name a shorthand for special-interest clout, withheld their financial support from Trump. But on Tuesday night David Koch was reportedly among the revellers at fry essay, Trump’s victory party in a Hilton Hotel in New York. Trump campaigned by attacking the us history, big donors, corporate lobbyists, and political-action committees as “very corrupt.” In a tweet on October 18th, he promised, “I will Make Our Government Honest Again—believe me. But first I’m going to have to #DrainTheSwamp.” His DrainTheSwamp hashtag became a rallying cry for supporters intent on ridding Washington of corruption. But Ann Ravel, a Democratic member of the Federal Elections Commission who has championed reform of political money, says that “the alligators are multiplying.” Many of Trump’s transition-team members are the corporate insiders he vowed to fry essay meme disempower. On Friday, Vice-President-elect Mike Pence, the new transition-team chair, announced that Marc Short, who until recently ran Freedom Partners, the Kochs’ political-donors group, would serve as a “senior adviser.” The influence of the Kochs and jfk theories their allies is particularly clear in the areas of energy and the environment. The few remarks Trump made on these issues during the campaign reflected the fondest hopes of the meme, oil, gas, and coal producers. He vowed to withdraw from the do you score, international climate treaty negotiated last year in Paris, remove regulations that curb carbon emissions, legalize oil drilling and mining on federal lands and in fry essay meme seas, approve the Keystone XL pipeline, and weaken the Environmental Protection Agency. For policy and personnel advice regarding the american means, Department of fry essay, Energy, Trump is relying on Michael McKenna, the president of the lobbying firm MWR Strategies. McKenna’s clients include Koch Companies Public Sector, a division of Koch Industries.
According to Politico, McKenna also has ties to american the American Energy Alliance and its affiliate, the meme, Institute for Energy Research. These nonprofit groups purport to be grassroots organizations, but they run ads advocating corporate-friendly energy policies, without disclosing their financial backers. In 2012, Freedom Partners gave $1.5 million to the American Energy Alliance. Score Sat? Michael Catanzaro, a partner at the lobbying firm CGCN Group, is the head of Trump’s energy transition team, and has been mentioned as a possible energy czar. Among his clients are Koch Industries and Devon Energy Corporation, a gas-and-oil company that has made a fortune from fry essay meme vertical drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Another widely discussed candidate is Harold Hamm, the billionaire founder of the shale-oil company Continental Resources, who is a major contributor to the Kochs’ fund-raising network. Wenona Hauter, of Food and Water Watch, says that Hamm has “done all he can to subvert the existing rules and regulations.” Myron Ebell, an outspoken climate-change skeptic, heads Trump’s transition team for the E.P.A. Ebell runs the energy-and-environmental program at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, an term, anti-regulatory Washington think tank that hides its sources of financial support but has been funded by fossil-fuel companies, including Exxon-Mobil and Koch Industries. David Schnare, a self-described “free-market environmentalist” who has accused the E.P.A. of having “blood on its hands,” is a member of the E.P.A. working group.
Schnare is the meme, director of the Center for Energy and the Environment at the Thomas Jefferson Institute, part of being essay, a nationwide consortium of anti-government, pro-industry think tanks. He is fry essay meme, also the essay, general counsel at the Energy and Environment Legal Institute, which has received funding from coal companies. In 2011, Schnare started hounding the climate scientist Michael Mann, who had been a professor at the University of Virginia, by filing public-records requests demanding to see his unpublished research and his private e-mails. The legal wrangling tied up Mann’s work until 2014, when the Virginia Supreme Court ordered Schnare to desist. The Union of meme, Concerned Scientists has described these actions against climate scientists as “harassment.” Norman Eisen, who devised strict conflict-of-interest rules while acting as Obama’s ethics czar, says, “If you have people on do you score sat, the transition team with deep financial ties to the industries to be regulated, it raises questions about whether they are serving the public interest or their own interests.” He ruled out Obama transition-team members who would have had a conflict of interest in meme their assigned areas, or even the appearance of one. “We weren’t perfect,” he said. “But we tried to being means level the playing field because, let’s face it, in the Beltway nexus of corporations and dark money, lobbyists are the delivery mechanism for special-interest influence. ” Questions to Trump’s transition team about its conflict-of-interest rules went unanswered, as did questions to the lobbyists and industry heads involved. But the fry essay, composition of the group runs counter to a set of anti-lobbyist proposals that Trump released in us history October, to be enacted in fry essay meme his first hundred days. It called for a five-year ban on White House and congressional officials becoming lobbyists after they leave public office, and being a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying for a foreign government.
The tenth item on the list of fry essay meme, proposals is the Clean Up Corruption in Washington Act, which would implement “new ethics reforms to Drain the Swamp and jfk theories reduce the corrupting influence of special interests on our politics.” Trevor Potter, who served as the commissioner of the meme, F.E.C. under George H. W. Jfk Theories Essay? Bush and Bill Clinton, and meme is now the president of the Campaign Legal Center, described Trump’s ethics proposals as “quite interesting, and quite helpful.” He was puzzled, though, by the vagueness of the “Drain the Swamp” act. Add Essay Score? “It’s a complete black box so far,” Potter said. Fry Essay Meme? Potter wondered if Trump’s lack of specificity reflected internal divisions. He noted that Don McGahn, who served as the Trump campaign’s attorney, is an opponent of almost all campaign-finance restrictions. “Many on the transition team are registered lobbyists who are deeply invested in the system Trump says he wants to today are no breaks change,” Potter said. “It looks like the lobbyists and special interests are already taking over.” If the leader of a government issues an order that men and women below him cannot, in meme good conscience, enact, what are they to do? In July, 2008, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, of California, who had stunned the political establishment by leveraging his celebrity and outsider status to reach disaffected voters, was in an embarrassing political predicament. Us History Term Paper? The Governor had brandished a broom at rallies, promising to “sweep out the bureaucracy” and defeat “girlie men” lawmakers who stood in his way. Now the Democratic-led legislature was unable to fry essay agree on a budget. Paper? So Schwarzenegger adopted a radical tactic: he ordered the state to reduce the fry essay, pay of nearly two hundred thousand state employees to marco polo research paper the federal minimum wage, of $6.55 an hour, until the legislature met his demands. The order reached the desk of a bureaucrat named John Chiang, a former tax-law specialist who was the state controller. In that job, Chiang, a forty-six-year-old Democrat, was responsible for issuing paychecks and monitoring cash flow. Born in fry essay New York, to immigrants from jfk theories essay Taiwan, he had grown up in the Chicago suburbs, in one of the fry essay, first Asian families in the neighborhood.
It was an uneasy mix. On the Chiangs’ garage, people spray-painted “Go home, gook,” “Go home, Jap,”and “Go home, Chink.” After studying finance, and earning a law degree from jfk theories essay Georgetown, Chiang started his career at the Internal Revenue Service in Los Angeles. Meme? In 1999, his younger sister, Joyce, a lawyer for the Immigration and Naturalization Service in Washington, went missing. Three months later, her remains were found on the banks of the Potomac. For Emily? The death was ruled a homicide, but no one was charged. It altered her brother’s life. “I will return to dust,” he said later. “You just want to use this life to do some good.” In 2006, Chiang ran for controller, upset a Democratic favorite in the primary, and won. When he received Schwarzenegger’s order to reduce the pay of state workers, Chiang was surprised. Under Schwarzenegger’s plan, the workers would receive their full salaries once a budget was approved. Fry Essay Meme? But California had enough cash in its accounts, and, in Chiang’s view, the essay a rose for emily, Governor’s move could violate the Fair Labor Standards Act. Moreover, he thought, it was cruel.
It was the height of the financial crisis, and mortgage defaults were up more than a hundred per cent over fry essay meme, the previous year. “I wanted Governor Schwarzenegger to jfk theories help lead California through this fiscal crisis,” Chiang told me last week. “Here’s a man who worked hard, he’s been blessed, but, more important, he’s been entrusted by the voters of California to lead in good and bad times. And to think that you take action that would endanger thousands of public servants just struck me as beyond the pale.” Chiang refused to meme implement the Governor’s executive order. In a statement at the time, he said that the a rose, order was “nothing more than a poorly devised strategy to put pressure on the Legislature.” At a rally of state workers, Chiang called them “innocent victims of a political struggle.” Schwarzenegger sued Chiang’s office. Fry Essay? In court papers, Chiang replied that, even if he wanted to comply, he would need ten months to reconfigure the state’s computer system. As the being american essay, case wound through the judicial system, Chiang became, to some, an unlikely hero. The Sacramento Bee , adapting the iconic image of fry essay meme, a protester at Tiananmen Square, published a cartoon that depicted Chiang as a lone resister before a line of polo research paper, Hummers, with “Arnold” stencilled on the bumper of the lead vehicle. The Liberal O.C., a progressive blog, nicknamed him “the Controllernator.” Chiang’s resistance became a case study in how a bureaucracy stymies the requests of an executive who offends its professionalism and sense of mission.
When General Dwight D. Eisenhower was preparing to take office, Harry Truman predicted, “Poor Ike—it won’t be a bit like the Army. He’ll find it very frustrating.” Professor Eric Posner, of the University of Chicago Law School, is the co-author of meme, “The Executive Unbound,” a chronicle of the expanding power of the for emily, U.S. Presidency. Last week, after Donald Trump won the election, Posner told me that, with both houses of Congress in meme Republican control, the greatest obstacle to the President’s use of power would be not the separation of powers but, more likely, the isolated actions of individuals in government. “Sometimes they won’t actually do what the President tells them to do, or they drag their feet, or they’ll leak to the press to try to embarrass him,” Posner told me. “That’s pretty unusual, because when that happens the term, employees risk losing their job, or even going to meme jail if they leak confidential information.” Because Chiang held an independently elected office, his latitude to resist was far greater than it is for most government employees. The consequences of resistance can be dire. Jfk Theories? In 1981, nearly thirteen thousand air-traffic controllers challenged the new President, Ronald Reagan, by staging an illegal strike. Fry Essay Meme? Reagan fired them and broke their union. Schwarzenegger’s attempts to impose his will eventually foundered.
As a candidate, he reached beyond usual Republicans by vowing to create “fantastic” jobs and by thrilling audiences, at essay on holidays are no, his rallies, with a soundtrack that featured Twisted Sister’s “We’re Not Gonna Take It” (a song that Trump used at his rallies). But Schwarzenegger, who had never held public office, proved incapable of reorganizing government, defeating labor unions, capping state spending, or weakening teacher tenure. Meme? His relationship with the G.O.P. soured. In 2011, he left office with his public approval rating at near-historic lows. The lawsuit against a rose, Chiang remained officially unresolved until Schwarzenegger’s successor, Jerry Brown, dropped the suit. (Chiang permitted himself a modest celebration: “I am pleased and fry essay thankful that Governor Brown saw this litigation as a frivolous waste of hard-earned tax dollars.”) In 2015, Chiang became California’s Treasurer, and he will be a candidate for governor in 2018. When I asked him what lesson he takes from being essay his refusal to obey the orders of the executive, he said, “I think, always, you look deep into your conscience and then you move from there. People have a sense of why they serve.” He added, “At times, we will prevail; at times, we will fail. Fry Essay Meme? But to means stand and watch idly and do nothing—I think people will regret if things go along and fry essay meme they didn’t offer up their very best.” The Supreme Court operates in marco counterpoint to the rest of the meme, government.
The Justices do not initiate; they respond. Every major political issue of the day eventually winds up in their courtroom, and they either embrace or resist what’s happening in the rest of the world. When Franklin D. Roosevelt pushed the for emily, New Deal through Congress, the conservatives on fry essay meme, the Court, for jfk theories essay, a time, fought him to a standstill. When the civil-rights movement gathered steam, the fry essay, Justices gave first a hesitant and then a fuller endorsement of the cause. Research Paper? But resistance from the Justices never lasts too long. The truism that the meme, Supreme Court follows the election returns happens to be true. Elections have consequences. Us History Paper? For the past eight years, the Court has been called upon to respond to President Obama’s agenda.
In certain crucial ways, a majority of the Justices have upheld the work of the fry essay, Administration, most notably in do you add essay sat two cases that posed existential threats to the Affordable Care Act. Meme? In other cases, the us history paper, Court has rebuked the President. In Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, the Court rejected the fry essay, Administration’s view that the A.C.A. required closely held corporations to do you add essay sat subsidize forms of birth control that the owners opposed on religious grounds. Over all, the fry essay meme, Court has reflected the fierce partisan divisions in the country. Conservatives won many cases (striking down campaign-finance regulations and gutting the core of the term paper, Voting Rights Act), while liberals won others (expanding gay rights and reaffirming abortion rights). The Trump Presidency will shape the Justices’ work even before they decide a case. Meme? If Trump succeeds in overturning the Affordable Care Act, the Court’s two landmark endorsements of that law, in 2012 and marco polo 2015, will become nullities, like rave reviews of a closed restaurant. George W. Bush, the previous Republican President, had to wait until his second term to make his first appointment to fry essay meme the Supreme Court. Trump will have a vacancy to fill as soon as he takes the oath of office. Do You Score? Antonin Scalia died in February, but Mitch McConnell, the fry essay, Senate Majority Leader, decreed that the seat would be held open, to be filled by the next President. The voters mostly ignored this brazen defiance of institutional norms, but its consequences, as McConnell intended, have been enormous.
In an unusual move for being essay, a Presidential candidate, Trump released a list of twenty-one people whom he might consider as nominees. Fry Essay? The list includes some curiosities, such as Mike Lee, the senator from Utah (who revealed, the morning after the election, that he had voted for the Independent Evan McMullin), and american means essay Margaret Ryan, who serves on fry essay, the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. But most are Republican appointees to the federal courts of appeal or state supreme courts, and american means essay all appear to meme be strongly conservative in outlook. Polo? If one is nominated and confirmed, the new Justice will probably vote much as Scalia did. McConnell’s blockade prevented the creation of the first liberal majority since the Nixon Administration. Instead, there will be a conservative majority of five Justices, with Anthony Kennedy occasionally and John Roberts rarely voting with the liberals. Confirmation of any Trump nominee should be a mere formality. When Hillary Clinton appeared to be the likely winner, several Republican senators suggested that they would keep Scalia’s seat open throughout her term; eight Justices were enough for them.
Democrats take a more genteel approach to judicial confirmations of nominees from the opposition party. At confirmation hearings, the senators from the Democratic minority will doubtless ask the nominee a series of questions about such issues as gay rights, Roe v. Wade, and the Citizens United case, regarding campaign finance. The nominee will answer with generalities and evasions. Fry Essay? Trump’s party narrowly controls the Senate, but any Republican defections on a matter of this magnitude are unlikely. Democrats have never mounted a successful filibuster against polo paper, a Republican Supreme Court nominee, and McConnell would probably abolish the practice if they even tried. So Trump will have his Justice in short order.
The new Court will then begin confronting the fry essay, Trump agenda. Two issues are likely to jfk theories essay stand out. In the period leading up to the 2016 election, Republican-dominated state legislatures passed a series of voter-suppression initiatives, including photo-identification requirements and limitations on early voting and absentee voting. Meme? (These efforts may have limited Democratic turnout in several battleground states, including Wisconsin, Ohio, and essay on holidays are no North Carolina.) Some lower federal courts, especially those with judges appointed by President Obama, began interpreting what was left of the Voting Rights Act as justification for meme, curtailing these practices. A conservative majority on american means, the Court would likely give the states a free hand, which would allow them to enact even greater restrictions. The other area is fry essay meme, immigration. Trump made the building of a wall along the Mexican border and the eviction of roughly eleven million undocumented immigrants the centerpiece of jfk theories essay, his campaign. He has not detailed how he plans to round up so many people, but he will surely tighten immigration enforcement; just as surely, the targets will turn to the courts for fry essay, relief. Undocumented immigrants by definition enjoy fewer rights than citizens, and us history term their fate is likely to become a defining issue for the new Court.
Looking farther ahead involves playing a high-stakes game of actuarial roulette. The Court’s senior liberals, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer, are eighty-three and meme seventy-eight, respectively; Kennedy is eighty. Means? The chances for dramatic change on such issues as abortion rights and affirmative action hinge on their continued service. The one certainty about the Court is that it never stands in meme the way for long. On Holidays Today Are No Breaks? In broad terms, it reflects the political tenor of its era.
If Trump and the ideological tendency he represents remain ascendant, the Court will mirror those views, too, and probably sooner rather than later. Presidents shape Supreme Courts, not the other way around, and meme it is Donald Trump’s turn now. Essay? At the risk of sounding like a total candy-ass, I swear I have developed P.T.S.D. from the fry essay meme, venom of jfk theories, this election. O.K., even before voting season began, I was wobbly enough to be seeing a shrink. But when I confessed to her, a month ago, that I was sleeping less and checking news outlets compulsively, like a rat pushing a bar down for fry essay, a pellet, she said, “So are a hundred per cent of term paper, my patients.” Then she added, “So am I.” A friend’s cardiologist told her that patients had been flooding into his office or calling from meme emergency rooms with false reports of tachycardia.
Those of us who experienced trauma as children, often at the hands of bullies, felt old wounds open up just hearing Trump’s fierce idiom of outrage. On Holidays Today Are No? All of us used to be kids. All of us were, at fry essay meme, some point, silenced by someone bigger and louder saying, “Wrong, wrong,” but meaning “It’s not what you’re doing that’s wrong—it’s who you are that’s wrong.” Language is key. Trump’s taunting “nyah-nyah”s are the idiom of threat and vengeance. For him, it’s not enough to jfk theories ban abortion; women who have abortions should be punished. It’s not enough to defeat Hillary Clinton; we have to hate, jail, and meme possibly even kill her. Eric Trump responded to David Duke’s endorsement not by saying, “We don’t want his vote,” but with the line “The guy does deserve a bullet.”
This violent poetry has been gathering force on our airwaves for decades. It started with shock-jock radio and moved to Fox News. Essay Today Are No Breaks? Then, there’s the ubiquitous browbeating by social media, which, I suspect, has contributed to the tripling of the suicide rate for adolescent girls in the past fifteen years. It was only a matter of time before a hair-triggered guy took this vernacular to the national political stage. Nasty talk didn’t start with Trump, but it was the province of people we all viewed as idiots—schoolyard mobs, certain drunks in bars, guys hollering out of moving cars. “I’m doing some reorganizing—are there any of your possessions that you want to fry essay meme keep?” When a Presidential candidate mocks a disabled man or a Muslim family that has sacrificed a son for our country, the behavior is stamped with a big “O.K.” Some Trump supporters felt O.K. shoving and jfk theories essay hitting protesters. At a Wisconsin football game, a fan wore an fry essay, Obama mask and a noose.
If you ever doubted the power of poetry, ask yourself why, in any revolution, poets are often the first to be hauled out and shot—whether it’s Spanish Fascists murdering Garcia Lorca or Stalin killing Mandelstam. Being Means? We poets may be crybabies and sissies, but our pens can become nuclear weapons. Like Trump, I trained early for the gutter brawl. I grew up in a huge state with an “X” in its middle, marking the place where the fry essay, mouthy and the well-armed crisscross the boundaries of propriety like cattle rustlers. Littler than my cohort, I learned that a verbal bashing had a lingering power that a bloody nose could never compete with. Do You Add Essay Score Sat? When a boy named Bubba said, “Your mama’s a whore,” I shot back, “So what? Your nose is meme, flat.” The vicious language of this election has infected the whole country with enough anxiety and vitriol to launch a war.
American lawn signs used to be low-key. You might see venomous slogans on bumper stickers, but not where anybody actually lived. Jfk Theories? In Florida this Halloween, one yard featured black effigies hanging in the trees above a Trump sign. Strange fruit indeed. Whatever you think of Hillary Clinton, there’s no question that she was the fry essay, more circumspect candidate, and that’s partly why her detractors hated her. She was “politically correct.” By my yardstick, that means trying not to hurt people’s feelings (whether Bubba said something mean about your mother or not). And yet, among a huge portion of essay, our population, this registers not as civility but as insincerity. We Democrats have mostly tried to follow Clinton’s example, but I confess that, among friends, I’ve often enjoyed making ad-hominem attacks on Trump and his family in a way that—on reflection—shames me. And, certainly, the left has made use of fry essay, that insidious “If/then” construction that Trump favors (i.e., “If I were President, you’d be in jail”). A putative friend once told me, “If you eat endangered fish, I won’t be friends with you anymore.” I replied, “If I cared more about a fish than a person, I’d examine my values.” Today, I’m examining my values.
As a Buddhist pal said to me on Election Night, “America has spoken.” Now it falls to us to listen with gracious and us history open hearts. This is fry essay, not giving in or giving up. The hardest thing about democracy is the boring and irritating process of listening to people you don’t agree with, which is tolerable only when each side strives not to polo research paper hurt the meme, other’s feelings. To quote my colleague George Saunders, let today be National Attempt to jfk theories Have an meme, Affectionate / Tender Thought About Someone of the Opposing Political Persuasion Day. And (please, God) every day hereafter as well. The beginning of an end is sat, hard to see: the moment when a marriage started to meme fall apart, the half-sentence of heartless scorn, an unmendable cut; the hour when the first symptoms of today are no breaks, a fatal illness set in, dizziness, a subtle blurring of vision, a certain hoarseness; the fry essay, season when a species of sparrow, trying to fly north, falls, weakened by the heat; and the day when the people of a nation began to lose faith in their form of government. The election of Donald Trump, like all elections, is an essay, ending, the ending of one Presidency and the beginning of fry essay, another. But, unlike most elections, Trump’s election is something different: it ends an era of sat, American idealism, a high-mindedness of rhetoric, if not always of action, which has characterized most twentieth- and twenty-first-century American Presidencies, from F.D.R. to Eisenhower, from Reagan to Obama, from the New Deal order to the long era of civil rights. The beginning of another, very different end lies quite far back in American history. “The fate of the greatest of all modern Republics trembles in the balance,” Frederick Douglass said, in meme a speech he gave in Philadelphia, in being american 1862, titled “The Reasons for fry essay meme, Our Troubles.” Born into slavery, Douglass had escaped in 1838. What astonished him, as the Civil War raged, was how blind Americans were to its origins. “To what cause may we trace our present sad and deplorable condition?” he asked.
Americans of Douglass’s day blamed the research paper, election of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists, and Southern politicians for the division of the nation. Douglass blamed slavery: “We have sought to bind the chains of meme, slavery on the limbs of the black man, without thinking that at last we should find the other end of that hateful chain about our own necks.” The rupture in the American republic, the division of the American people whose outcome is the election of Donald Trump, cannot be attributed to Donald Trump. Nor can it be attributed to James Comey and the F.B.I. or to us history the white men who voted in very high numbers for Trump or to the majority of white women who did, too, unexpectedly, or to fry essay meme the African-American and Latino voters who did not give Hillary Clinton the edge they gave Barack Obama. Essay Today Are No Breaks? It can’t be attributed to the Republican Party’s unwillingness to fry essay meme disavow Trump or to the Democratic Party’s willingness to promote Clinton or to a media that has careened into a state of chaos. There are many reasons for our troubles.
But the deepest reason is inequality: the forms of political, cultural, and economic polarization that have been widening, not narrowing, for decades. Inequality, like slavery, is a chain that binds at both ends. Trump’s election does not mark the end of an essay, era of civil peace: no state has seceded, or will. But, if the nation is not at arms, it is at war with itself and with its ideals. In Douglass’s day, the war that was fought over the meaning of the words “liberty” and “equality” claimed the lives of fry essay meme, three-quarters of a million Americans. But it ended slavery. When Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, in essay a rose for emily January, 1863, Douglass was in fry essay meme Boston with “an immense assembly,” largely of black abolitionists. “We were waiting and add essay score sat listening as for meme, a bolt from the american essay, sky, which should rend the fetters of four millions of slaves,” Douglass recalled. The crowd sang the hymn “Blow Ye the fry essay, Trumpet, Blow”: “Ye mournful souls, be glad.” Many Americans, having lost faith in a government that has failed to address widening inequality, and in the policymakers and essay today are no breaks academics and fry essay meme journalists who have barely noticed it, see Trump as their deliverer. They cast their votes with purpose. A lot of us history, Trump voters I met during this election season compared Trump to Lincoln: an emancipator. What Trump can and cannot deliver, by way of meme, policy, remains to be seen; my own doubts are grave.
Meanwhile, though, he has added weight to the burden that we, each of us, carry on our backs, the polo research, burden of old hatreds. Fry Essay? Frederick Douglass, a man of Lincoln’s time and, decidedly, not of our own, tried to lift those burdens with the a rose for emily, strength of his ideals. Douglass had been fighting for women’s rights since Seneca Falls, in 1848, and he fought for fry essay, female suffrage. He expected women to lead the nation by essay are no, speaking for themselves, declaring, “I believe no man, however gifted with thought and speech, can voice the wrongs and present the fry essay meme, demands of women with the american essay, skill and fry essay effect, with the power and us history authority of woman herself.” Many Americans of Douglass’s day believed that they saw, in equal rights for black men and even for meme, women, the beginning of the end of the essay on holidays breaks, American experiment. “It is thought by many, and said by fry essay, some, that this Republic has already seen its best days; that the us history term paper, historian may now write the story of its decline and fall,” Douglass said, in a speech called “Composite Nation,” in 1869. To those who predicted doom, Douglass repeated what he had said when the war was just beginning: “The real trouble with us was never our system or form of fry essay, Government, or the principles underlying it; but the peculiar composition of our people, the relations existing between them and the compromising spirit which controlled the ruling power of the country.” For Douglass, the american means essay, aftermath of the fight to end slavery was a lesson about the persistence of inequality: it had already begun to fry essay meme take a new form, in proposals to deny constitutional protections to essay on holidays are no Chinese immigrants. Hatred of the Chinese, especially by those who wanted to exploit their labor, was, Douglass argued, new wine in fry essay old bottles, slavery by another name.
And he condemned it: “I want a home here not only for the negro, the mulatto and the Latin races; but I want the Asiatic to find a home here in the United States, and feel at home here, both for his sake and for do you add essay score, ours. Right wrongs no man.” Douglass had his blind spots. Fry Essay Meme? Everyone does. Mine drive me crazy—just knowing they’re there does. Trump was elected because he got something right, about the add essay sat, suffering of Americans, and about the arrogance of politicians, of academics, and of the press. What he got wrong can be proved only by the forces of humility, of fry essay, clarity, and jfk theories of honesty. When does an ending begin? Douglass saw that the end of a republic begins on the day when the heroism of the struggle for equality yields to the cowardice of resentment. That day has not come. It is thought by many, lately, and said by some, that the republic has seen its best days, and that it remains for the historian to fry essay meme chronicle the history of its decline and fall. I disagree.
Sparrows may yet cross the sky. When my parents lived in the Soviet Union, having a Jewish-looking “physiognomy,” as it was called, proved a daily liability. Standing in line for marco polo paper, eggs or milk or ham, one could feel the meme, gaze of the essay are no breaks, shopkeeper running down one’s nose, along with the implied suggestion “Why don’t you move to Israel already?” Social media in the era of Trump is essentially Leningrad, 1979. Trump supporters on Twitter have often pointed out my Jewishness. “You look ethnic” was one of the kinder remarks, along with the fry essay meme, usual litany of lampshade drawings, oven photos, the “Arbeit Macht Frei” gate at Auschwitz, and means essay other stock Holocaust tropes. Fry Essay Meme? It is impossible to know if the person pointing out your ethnicity and telling you to jump into an oven is an amateur troll in St. Petersburg, Florida, or a professional troll in St. Petersburg, Russia. What this election has proved is just how intertwined those two trolls may be. “Russia will rise from her knees!” Those were the lyrics I heard outside a suburban train station in St. Petersburg half a decade ago. The song was coming out us history paper, of an ancient tape player next to a bedraggled old woman selling sunflower #42; seeds out of a cup.
She examined my physiognomy with a sneer. At the time, this seemed like just a typical Russian scene, the fry essay meme, nation’s poorest citizens bristling at their humiliation after losing the Cold War, their ire concentrated on a familiar target, the essay, country’s dwindling population of Jews. The surprise of 2016—post-Brexit, post-Trump—is just how ably the meme, Russians weaponize those lyrics, tweak them to “Whites will rise from their knees!” and megaphone them into so many ready ears in jfk theories essay Eastern and Western Europe and, eventually, onto fry essay meme our own shores. The graffito “Russia is for the Russians,” scribbled next to a synagogue, and the words “Vote Trump,” written on a torched black church in Mississippi, are separated by essay today are no breaks, the cold waters of the Atlantic but united by an imaginary grievance—a vigil for better times that may never have existed. I can understand these people. Fry Essay? Growing up in american nineteen-eighties Queens, my friends and I, as young Russian immigrants, unfamiliar with the language, our parents working menial jobs, looked down on blacks and Latinos, who were portrayed as threats by the Reagan Administration and fry essay its local proxies. The first politicized term I learned in America was “welfare queen,” even as my own grandmother collected food stamps and received regular shipments of orange government cheese. We hated minorities, even though the neighborhoods many of us lived in were devoid of them. I didn’t attend public school, because my parents had seen one black kid on the playground of the being american, excellent school I was zoned for, and so sent me to a wretched parochial school instead. There was an meme, apocryphal story going around our community about a poor Russian boy beaten so badly by a black public-school kid that his mother killed herself.
If Ronald Reagan was the distant protector of essay a rose, us endangered white kids, then Donald Trump was a local pasha. My buddies and I walked past his family’s becolumned mansion, in Jamaica Estates, with a sense of awe. Donald was a straight shooter, a magnate, a playboy, a marrier of Eastern European blondes, a conqueror of meme, distant Manhattan. He was everything a teen-ager in Queens could dream of being. If we were ever blessed to meet him, we knew he would understand the do you add essay sat, racism in our hearts, and we his. Successful people like him made us secure in our own sense of whiteness.
Thirty years later, every Jew on Twitter who has received a Photoshopped version of fry essay meme, herself or himself in a concentration-camp outfit followed by “#MAGA” knows how fleeting that sense of essay on holidays breaks, security can be. The idea that Jews should move to their “own” country, Israel, brings together racial purists from meme Nashville to Novosibirsk. The jump from Twitter racism to a black church set aflame on a warm Southern night is steady and predictable. Putin’s team has discovered that racism, misogyny, and anti-Semitism bind people closer than any other experiences. These carefully calibrated messages travel from Cyrillic and English keyboards to Breitbart ears and Trump’s mouth, sometimes in the space of hours. The message is clear. People want to rise from score their knees. Even those who weren’t kneeling in the first place. Fry Essay Meme? My parents and grandparents never fully recovered from the strains of having lived in an authoritarian society. Daily compromise ground them down, even after they came to do you sat America.
They left Russia, but Russia never left them. How do you read through a newspaper composed solely of lies? How do you walk into fry essay meme a store while being Jewish? How do you tell the truth to do you add essay your children? How do you even know what the truth is? A few days ago, I visited a local public school. On a second-grade civics bulletin board I saw written in meme large letters: “Citizens have rights —things that you deserve; RESPONSIBILITIES —things you are expected to do; RULES —things you have to follow.” The message seemed to have come from a different era.
What did those words have to do with America in 2016? I reflexively checked FiveThirtyEight on being means essay, my phone. I thought, I grew up in fry essay meme a dystopia—will I have to die in one, too? #42; An earlier version of this article misstated what kind of seeds the woman was selling. Less than a month after Barack Obama took office, Rick Santelli, of CNBC, announced from the floor of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, “We’re thinking of having a Chicago tea party.” Santelli, a conservative showman, was complaining that day about the new Administration’s modest proposal to help struggling homeowners, whom predatory lenders had persuaded to take on unaffordable mortgages. Santelli is not a critic of Wall Street, but his rant reflected the wave of populist rage that began with the means, financial crisis of 2008. It set off revolutions within both parties, targeting just about anybody who seemed rich and powerful. Meme? In 2016, two utterly different and equally unlikely politicians ran for President, and succeeded beyond anyone’s expectations: first Bernie Sanders, then Donald Trump.
The economic crisis became obvious in September, 2008, when Lehman Brothers failed. Within days, it was evident that all the essay, major American financial companies, and, by extension, all the major financial companies in the world, were faltering. To help avert the most devastating economic depression in history, the political system took a temporary break from meme its hyper-partisanship and paralysis. Barack Obama and John McCain interrupted their Presidential campaigns to fly to Washington for an emergency meeting with President George W. Bush. Congress authorized the government to spend as much as seven hundred billion dollars to stabilize the polo research paper, big banks.
After Obama won the election, he made it clear that he would continue with this approach. Altogether, these fiscal interventions were more aggressive than any ever taken by the federal government, surpassing even those taken by Franklin D. Roosevelt during his Hundred Days. Meme? The two parties shared the blame for the catastrophe. For decades after the New Deal, the government supervised the economic system, placing on it various restraints and polo paper controls. That role eroded in the nineteen-eighties and nineties, when Republicans and Democrats reduced the constraints, allowing junk mortgages and the exotic financial products based on them to proliferate. By the start of the twenty-first century, Wall Street was donating heavily to Democrats, too. In 2008, Obama received more contributions from the financial sector than McCain, and the trend was resumed and magnified this year, with Hillary Clinton’s campaign. Democrats happened to be in power when the economy bottomed out, in June, 2009; by then, millions of Americans had seen their life savings vanish. The system had failed, and when people think of the system they think of the party in charge. In the fry essay, end, financial institutions got trillions of dollars’ worth of help to stay afloat, far more than the us history term paper, government spent on fry essay, economic stimulus, unemployment benefits, or mortgage relief. The cities where finance is headquartered, especially New York and San Francisco, recovered quickly, while the suffering in great swaths of the rest of the country continued.
Bankers got bonuses; their neighborhood theatres and restaurants were full. The size and being american means essay influence of the half-dozen or so largest financial institutions grew substantially, and almost no one who led them was visibly punished. This past March, the fry essay, National Archives released documents that had been under seal, in which the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission made a series of “referrals” of cases to the Justice Department for possible criminal prosecution. The most famous name on the list was Robert Rubin, the former Treasury Secretary and Citigroup executive. The main government body responsible for dealing with the essay breaks, crisis, the Federal Reserve Board—removed from direct democracy and run rather mysteriously by academic economists—made an ideal target for populist rage.
Fed policies benefitted the rich more than others: low interest rates were paired with “quantitative easing,” in fry essay which the paper, Fed purchased the kinds of meme, financial instruments that most people don’t have, like mortgage-backed securities and long-term bonds. Hedge-fund managers who played the rising markets with borrowed funds did well; people on salaries who saved a little money every month and put it in interest-bearing accounts did poorly. By 2010, the Tea Party had become a national movement, and dozens of its adherents were elected to Congress. The left generated a protest movement, too, with Occupy Wall Street, which revolted against the mainstream of the Democratic Party and led to the emergence of Sanders and Elizabeth Warren as major Party figures. Astonishingly, the main political beneficiary of all this energy was Donald Trump, a plutocrat with a long history of taking on too much debt, stiffing his business partners, and not paying taxes.
But, while most of his primary opponents ran on more familiar limited-government themes, and Hillary Clinton was fending off the attack from Sanders, Trump figured out that a Republican could run against Wall Street. He made unsubstantiated, sweeping, and brutally effective attacks on Clinton for having “done nothing” for research, thirty years about the economic troubles of middle-class and poor Americans. Trump is meme, almost certain to enact policies that will exacerbate those difficulties. He will undo as much as he can of efforts like the do you add essay score, 2010 Dodd-Frank law, which returned some regulation to the financial system. He will cut taxes in ways that will increase inequality, and restrict trade in ways that will decrease prosperity. He will not reappoint Janet Yellen, the most unemployment-obsessed Federal Reserve chair in American history—after having subjected her to a barely veiled anti-Semitic attack, in a campaign ad that called her a tool of “global special interests.” It is yet another tragic consequence of the financial crisis that it has brought to fry essay meme power the politician most likely to create the next one. “We are about to marco polo research paper begin our descent into fry essay Los Angeles” is the opening line of “The Graduate.” It is heard in the background, as the camera lingers on the face of Benjamin Braddock (Dustin Hoffman), lost in uncomfortable reflection.
The line sets the tone for the lurid tale that is about to unspool. I thought of this foreshadowing sixteen months ago, on the day that Donald J. Trump announced his bid for the Presidency. The sight of him riding a gold escalator down into the belly of Trump Tower to announce his good news made one thing clear to me: he was ready to begin his descent to the Presidency. For a long time, it seemed like a joke. How could this six-time-bankrupt billionaire-slash-reality-TV star expect to be taken seriously? His opening move—labelling Mexican immigrants rapists—immediately lost the left, and his demotion of essay a rose, John McCain, a former P.O.W., from hero to meme loser looked as if it would cost him the do you score, establishment right.
But, after tussling with Megyn Kelly at the first G.O.P. debate, and fry essay suggesting that she had blood coming out of her “wherever,” he accomplished the unthinkable: he lost Fox News. How did this mango Mussolini expect to win the White House? Who was left to vote for him? Apparently, half the country. Shortly after that first debate, I joked in the writers’ room of my now defunct television program, “The Nightly Show,” that Trump could win. I was immediately shouted down and american means essay told, in very funny terms, that I was out of my mind. But I was half serious when I made that prediction: a part of fry essay, me was deeply uneasy with the type of energy that surrounded the Trump insurgency. Add Essay? It was the same energy I’d felt around the “birther” movement a few years earlier—a concerted attempt to delegitimize the first black President. Meme? It was then that my colleagues and I decided to title our coverage of the a rose for emily, election “Blacklash 2016, the Unblackening.” A little more than a hundred years ago, D. W. Griffith’s “The Birth of fry essay meme, a Nation” was screened at means, Woodrow Wilson’s White House.
The film gave a distorted but sensational view of the Reconstruction South, where white heroes, in the form of the Ku Klux Klan, put uppity black villains back in their places. It was the meme, Klan’s job to rescue white women from the black devils who were trying to rape them and create a mongrel race. The reality, of course, is that mixed-race Americans were largely the result of the cream being poured into the coffee, as it were, and not the other way around. But this lie—the myth of the black sexual predator—was powerful, both onscreen and off. Being? It provoked a resurgence of the K.K.K., and fry essay meme reportedly led President Wilson to say that Griffith’s film was “like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is research paper, all so terribly true.” For African-Americans, Wilson’s comment was not only an fry essay meme, official delegitimization but, arguably, the worst movie review ever. Jfk Theories Essay? When Donald Trump expended so much effort not only criticizing President Obama but attempting to un-Americanize him, he was drawing a direct line from fry essay that horrible legacy to himself. During the election, I’d hear the campaigners chanting, “Take our country back,” or “Make America great again,” and I wondered who they thought had stolen their country. Well, the chief suspect lives at us history term paper, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.
It appears that Obama’s biggest mistake was P.W.B., Presidenting While Black. I’m shocked by what happened last week, but not surprised. I don’t mean to suggest that every person who voted for Trump is a racist. But there’s no denying that his message appealed to the lesser angels of the American psyche. Questioning Obama’s birthright, threatening to ban Muslims, painting entire immigrant groups as felons to be feared—these are not policy positions. They are incendiary words and images meant to ignite a movement. My hope is fry essay meme, that, right now, our country is more ready to come together than to be driven farther apart. But if making America great again means restoring a history that’s been written with lightning, buckle up—because we’re going to us history paper be on fry essay meme, a collision course with very loud thunder. Do You Add Essay Score? I’m twenty-seven, and in some ways my life has been consonant with the experience of women throughout history. Fry Essay Meme? The first time someone tried to grab me by the pussy, I was in middle school, and research paper the next half-dozen times it likewise wasn’t by choice.
But in most respects I have luxuriated in fry essay unprecedented choice and paper freedom. I was the fry essay meme, child of immigrants in a conservative Southern state, yet I had birth control and essay a credit card and fry essay meme an uncontested right to education. Ambition and carelessness both came naturally to me. Even as a girl, I knew that I was uncommonly lucky, which is what encouraged me, when I was eleven, to write off pussy-grabbing as a pathetic, confusing cultural vestige. It would die out eventually, I thought, because women would be recognized as equals. Men who groped you—particularly the ones who did it on a whim, out of aggressive boredom—would be shamed into do you add essay sat the mausoleum, shoved into a corner next to coat hangers and coverture. Then, on Tuesday, nearly fifty per cent of the American voters put Donald Trump into the Oval Office.#42; We picked a President whose ex-wife once testified that he ripped out her hair and raped her, a man who’s been accused of sexual assault and misconduct by fry essay meme, almost two dozen women, a man whose own words corroborate his accusers’ claims. Trump bragged, on the “Access Hollywood” videotape, about essay, committing sexual assault—one of many hideous offenses that he instinctively believed would make him appear powerful. And, for millions of meme, Americans, it seems, they did.
The night after the election, my girlfriends and I joined a protest that had been announced, earlier that day, on Facebook, and jfk theories essay which brought thousands of fry essay, people to Union Square, in Manhattan. The crowd was young and colorful, restless and expectant. A gentle rain wilted signs that said “Not the End” and “We Will Look Out for Each Other”; two men in front of me waved a rainbow banner and a blacked-out American flag. An organizer with a bullhorn rebuked the Democratic Party, prompting wolf whistles and paper applause. My girlfriends and I hugged one another, our eyes smeared and swollen. We hadn’t thought that Hillary Clinton’s campaign was specifically focussed on fry essay, women, but we experienced her loss as a woman-specific disaster. The men in american our lives seemed to fry essay meme feel the marco polo research, stab of fry essay meme, it somewhat less. Breaks? The rain intensified as we marched from Union Square to fry essay meme Trump Tower.
We high-fived cabdrivers and whooped at the office workers who opened their windows to cheer. “Our body, our choice!” the women around us chanted, and essay men echoed, “Her body, her choice!” We traded flowers and fry essay meme cigarettes, yelled “Pussy grabs back.” But fifty-three per cent of white women voted for a white-supremacist sexual predator; selfishness, in so many circumstances, begets the same consequences as hate. A sign floated above the crowd, flashing red, white, and blue in marco the reflection of police lights: “Why Don’t Sexual Assault Victims Come Forward? Because Sometimes We Make Their Attackers the Leader of the fry essay, Free World.” I had been foolishly sure that the “Access Hollywood” tape would sink Trump’s chances. After its release, I asked my friends how many times someone had forcibly grabbed them. “Twenty,” a woman who grew up taking the subway in New York City said. “Five to ten?” another friend replied, adding, earnestly, “So not that much.” We were fortunate, I thought; we could talk about jfk theories essay, assault clearly and fry essay casually. Marco Polo Paper? We could trust that these men were losers. We were wrong.
I’m part of the generation that has forced a mainstream reckoning with the meme, misuse of other people’s bodies; we are the victims and the dissidents of police brutality and american means sexual assault. During the Obama Administration, in no small part because of the respect that the First Couple instilled for women and people of color, I had begun to feel, thrillingly, like a person. My freedom no longer seemed a miraculous historical accident; it was my birthright. But my freedom was always conditional, and perhaps never very important to meme anyone but me. I’m afraid that the empathy and respect that I have always had to display to survive as a woman of color will never be required from men or from whites. I understand, now, that I mistook a decrease in active interference for add essay score, progress toward a world in which my personhood was seen as inextricable from everyone else’s. On the meme, march from Union Square, a woman with corn-silk hair under a baseball cap told me that she felt abandoned by the men in means her family, who had voted for Trump, and had teased her for having what they saw as special interests. “I’m afraid that a man will hurt me in public, and everyone around will think it’s O.K.,” she said.
I heard a friend shouting my name and I turned in her direction. Fry Essay Meme? “I’m here,” I said. Essay For Emily? “I can’t lose you,” she said, pulling me into the group. We were farther from being the equals of men, or even of one another, than we had imagined. But we’d been shown the distance. We kept walking uptown. #42; An earlier version of this article misstated the portion of the American electorate that voted for Donald Trump. In the campaign’s final days, even as members of Donald Trump’s inner circle had begun to acknowledge privately that he faced almost certain defeat, one of his advisers had the good sense to deprive him of his cell phone. The first, fatefully ill-advised letter from F.B.I. Director James Comey had dropped a week earlier, palpably complicating Hillary Clinton’s otherwise inevitable-seeming triumph. If, for once, Trump could be restrained from further Twitter self-immolation, who knew? The day after Clinton’s concession speech, the President-elect had his phone back. Thursday morning, he met with President Obama at meme, the White House and afterward described the a rose, experience in language that, uncharacteristically, approached humility. It didn’t last.
Around dinnertime, he tweeted a familiar whine: “Just had a very open and fry essay successful presidential election. Now professional protesters, incited by the media, are protesting. Very unfair!” A shock but not a surprise; no previous evidence suggested that Trump was familiar with the phrase “right of the people peaceably to assemble.” (Nine hours later, when a more conciliatory tweet issued forth—“Love the fact that the small groups of today, protesters last night have passion for our great country”—one sensed that the phone had been repossessed.) After my first face-to-face encounter with Trump—twenty years ago, in his Trump Tower office—I returned to my own and told a colleague, “This guy’s a performance artist.” At the fry essay meme, time, I innocently assumed that I would eventually glimpse a human self inclined to the occasional genuine emotion. Trump was then fifty. It had been two decades since he shifted the focus of the family real-estate business from middle-class housing in add essay score Queens to fry essay meme “classy” luxury Manhattan high-rises. His persona—inseparable from all that he intended the “ TRUMP ” brand to signify—was fully, immutably intact. To one degree or another, in our encounters with others we all inhabit a persona that masks our most intimate reflections, doubts, and feelings. Beyond Trump’s extraordinary talent as a salesman, his singular dubious achievement has been to a rose for emily remain fully in character at all times. He has deliberately chosen to exist only fry essay as a persona, never as a person. The essential Trumpian conundrum: he seems the do you, most legible of men, yet, for all the meme, fine work of his many biographers, none has figured out polo research paper, what truly goes on inside his head.
When Trump tells a lie—to paraphrase William Maxwell, he tends to “lie with every breath he draws”—it never feels premeditated. The lie is a reflex. And no persona, no matter how artfully devised, can stifle a reflex. Among the grave uncertainties our country now faces, we can only wonder what becomes of “Donald Trump” once President Trump takes the fry essay, oath of office. A Rose For Emily? I asked a number of fry essay meme, highly regarded actors and acting teachers what to expect from jfk theories essay a leader with such a thoroughly calculated persona. Richard Feldman (Juilliard): “My hunch—and it can only fry essay be a hunch—is that the persona is essay, a complete creation, complete unto itself and fry essay meme almost without volition.
What makes Trump so powerful is that he believes his own story. Do You? When he says that those women made up those stories of sexual assault, what makes him feel authentic is that some part of him believes that. “My dismay is fry essay, that millions of being means essay, people don’t get that, no matter how deep their dissatisfactions, they were still willing to fry essay meme vote for someone who’s clearly a hollow person. Can you be deeply hollow? I don’t know what’s there. I wonder if ever, at three o’clock in the morning, he faces himself or is being means, afraid. I don’t know how deeply he believes in what he’s created.” Mark Wing-Davey (New York University): “The persona he’s chosen is a megalomaniacal persona with soft edges, because he wants to inspire confidence in the person with whom he’s doing the meme, deal. Do You Add Essay Score Sat? Unfortunately, there’s a massive credibility gap between someone who believes himself to be this magnificent negotiator and someone who is carrying the fry essay meme, hopes and dreams of the whole country.
Empathy is a crucial ingredient to paper being an actor. Trump lacks the ability to produce empathy in the audience.” Austin Pendleton (HB Studio): “With a really great actor, it always comes down to meme a feeling of spontaneity, that what they’re giving out is for emily, what happens to them in the moment . Trump has that—the freshness of a really fine actor-artist. The reason his positions are all over the map is meme, because he lives in the moment. Jfk Theories? That’s electric to fry essay meme people, far more important than whatever it is he actually says. Because if people were really paying attention to what he says he would never, ever have been elected.” Mercedes Ruehl (HB Studio): “ ‘Persona’ comes from essay are no Latin, and it means mask. When one acts, one tries to access the real self within the character. Trump is remaining at the level of persona. In the footage of that meeting with Obama, I saw what I felt was humility.
Can he drop the persona and act out of his self? I hope he can; his self is the only thing that can save his Presidency. But he would have to be like St. Paul, cut down on the road to Damascus—the greedy tax collector, and fry essay meme God says ‘Follow me,’ and he does.” I hope that you are feeling, if not precisely better, then at least not so demoralized. On Wednesday, after he won, you reached out to me, seeking advice, solidarity. You wrote, My two little sisters called me weeping this morning. I had nothing to give them. I felt bereft. What now ? Keep telling the truth from an ever-shrinking corner ? Give up ? I answered immediately, because you are my hermana, because it hurt me to hear you in such distress. I offered some consoling words, but the truth was I didn’t know what to say.
To you, to essay a rose for emily my godchildren, who all year had been having nightmares that their parents would be deported, to fry essay meme myself. I thought about us history term paper, your e-mail all day, Q., and I thought about you during my evening class. My students looked rocked. A few spoke about meme, how frightened and being essay betrayed they felt. Two of them wept.
No easy task to meme take in today are no the fact that half the voters—neighbors, friends, family—were willing to elect, to the nation’s highest office, a toxic misogynist, a racial demagogue who wants to make America great by destroying the civil-rights gains of the past fifty years. What now ? you asked. And that was my students’ question, too. What now ? I answered them as poorly as I answered you, I fear. And so I sit here now in the middle of the night, in an attempt to meme try again. American? So what now?
Well, first and foremost, we need to feel. We need to connect courageously with the fry essay, rejection, the fear, the vulnerability that Trump’s victory has inflicted on for emily, us, without turning away or numbing ourselves or lapsing into cynicism. We need to bear witness to what we have lost: our safety, our sense of belonging, our vision of our country. We need to mourn all these injuries fully, so that they do not drag us into despair, so repair will be possible. And while we’re doing the hard, necessary work of fry essay meme, mourning, we should avail ourselves of the old formations that have seen us through darkness. We organize. We form solidarities. Essay On Holidays Today Are No? And, yes: we fight. To be heard. Meme? To be safe.
To be free. For those of us who have been in the fight, the prospect of more fighting, after so cruel a setback, will seem impossible. At moments like these, it is easy for even a matatana to feel that she can’t go on. But I believe that, once the shock settles, faith and energy will return. Because let’s be real: we always knew this shit wasn’t going to be easy. Colonial power, patriarchal power, capitalist power must always and everywhere be battled, because they never, ever quit. Essay? We have to keep fighting, because otherwise there will be no future—all will be consumed. Those of us whose ancestors were owned and bred like animals know that future all too well, because it is, in part, our past. And we know that by fighting, against all odds, we who had nothing, not even our real names, transformed the universe. Our ancestors did this with very little, and we who have more must do the same. This is the joyous destiny of our people—to bury the arc of the moral universe so deep in justice that it will never be undone.
But all the fighting in the world will not help us if we do not also hope. Fry Essay Meme? What I’m trying to cultivate is not blind optimism but what the philosopher Jonathan Lear calls radical hope. Marco Polo Research Paper? “What makes this hope radical ,” Lear writes, “is that it is directed toward a future goodness that transcends the current ability to understand what it is.” Radical hope is not so much something you have but something you practice; it demands flexibility, openness, and what Lear describes as “imaginative excellence .” Radical hope is our best weapon against fry essay meme, despair, even when despair seems justifiable; it makes the survival of the end of on holidays are no breaks, your world possible. Fry Essay Meme? Only radical hope could have imagined people like us into existence. And I believe that it will help us create a better, more loving future. I could say more, but I’ve already imposed enough, Q.: Time to face this hard new world, to return to the great shining work of our people. Darkness, after all, is breaking, a new day has come.
The New Yorker offers a signature blend of news, culture, and the arts. It has been published since February 21, 1925. This article appears in other versions of the essay breaks, November 21, 2016, issue, with the meme, headline “Aftermath.” Sign up for the daily newsletter: The best of The New Yorker every day. Watch: The photographer and essay for emily filmmaker Katy Grannan travels around America to capture the nation’s mood in 2016. Do you have a tip for The New Yorker that requires anonymity and security?
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Defining The Bibliography Reference Types For An Output Style. The Bibliography area of the output style editor is where you determine exactly which fields are included for fry essay a specific reference type (i.e., book, journal, web page) and you determine the being means essay placement of the fields, the punctuation, any formatting and indicate under what conditions the field should print (always, only for source types that are electronic, or always for meme source types that are print). You can also include comments about each field in each reference type to serve as a reference or reminder of details for that output style. Use any examples in the Instructions to Authors or Style Guide when creating your style. Important Note: every output style MUST have at least a generic reference type defined in the bibliography area. Marco. The generic reference type is fry essay used as a default and will be used by any reference in your database that does not find its appropriate reference type. If possible, we recommend defining each reference type that you store in your database. To create a bibliography definition: Verify that the Bibliography tab is displayed in the main area of the output style editor. By default, your bibliography formatting will be created for references that are in a single language.
You have the option to essay are no, add additional language formats if your bibliography will have references in more than one language). To create a bibliography that supports multiple languages, click here to fry essay, learn about adding alternate languages. Under Reference Type , select Generic . Different reference types often require different types of formats so you must evaluate each one and make changes as necessary. For example, a Journal may require the do you Periodical Name be italicized and fry essay meme, a Book reference may require the Title be underlined. Once you define the Generic reference type, you can copy the formatting from the Generic type to the other types. From there you only need to make modifications as necessary. • In the Reference Type list, select the reference type you want to create.
Notice that the Output Field Order box is on holidays are no now empty. • Verify that Generic appears in fry essay meme, the Copy Fields from list. Use this feature as a quick way to define various reference types. Copy from the reference type that most closely matches the type you are defining. Add Essay Sat. For example, if you have already defined Book, Whole and you want to fry essay, define Book, Section you can copy from Book, Whole then make any needed modifications. Tip: If you are creating the output style for a publication in the Humanities, we suggest making the Generic format similar to essay on holidays are no, a Book example. If you are creating an output style for the Sciences, we suggest making the fry essay Generic format similar to a Journal example. The Fields for this type box shows all the fields available for the Reference Type, Generic . (The fields change depending on the type of reference you have chosen.) Select the Authors, Primary field and click the right arrow icon to move it to us history paper, the Output Field Order box. Continue selecting each field that you need, in the order you want it to fry essay meme, appear. Under Preview of Bibliography Output , click the Update button to see the fields you have added. You need to means, click the meme Preview button every time you make a change to the particular reference type in order to see the updated information.
Under Output Field Order , select a field and look at the Field Settings displayed to the right of the window. Click through the research paper various fields and notice how the Field Settings change to guide you through the format defining process. The first group of settings determines the formatting of the field itself as opposed to fry essay, the format of the elements within the field. You also designate in the Field Settings when that particular field should print -- always, when the source type in the reference is set to print or when the source type is set to electronic. In some cases, such as Volume , there is very little to establish. A Rose For Emily. In others, such as Author , there are many specific characteristics that need to be defined. Meme. Note: Under Field Settings, if you want to precede or follow particular fields with a tab or carriage return (i.e., a new line), enter the appropriate t (tab) or n (carriage return) character. Tip : Detailed information about Field Settings typically used for defining a periodical are listed below. Essay. This will help you become familiar with the different types of fry essay meme options available for the various fields.
Tip : A word about punctuation used throughout a reference type – punctuation is normally included with the field it is used with, however, in essay, some instances you will need to include the punctuation with the field that precedes or follows. RefWorks will automatically omit a defined field if there is no information for the field in a particular record. If you have defined the meme field setting to include the essay today are no punctuation, that punctuation will still appear, even though there is no information for it. So, when you generate your bibliography, you will see stray punctuation marks. You may need to modify your format to include punctuation for a particular field with the fry essay field that follows it (The page number field is a good example. Today Are No. It generally appears at fry essay meme the end of a format and if your record does not have this information to display, your format may end with stray punctuation, so include the being punctuation for fry essay meme the field before page number in term, the “precede with” area of the fry essay page field setting.). You can always manually edit your bibliography using your word processor, but this may be time consuming. Paper. We do recommend you thoroughly check your final bibliography, as the information you have imported into RefWorks may be inaccurate or incorrect, but you should also check for odd punctuation as well. Author Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Compiler and Translator) Enter any information you would like to include about meme this field. This field is today are no breaks information only and does not affect the formatting or output.
Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. The number of meme author names to be included in the bibliography. You can include all of the names or some portion of them. Selecting Include All overrides the other settings. Enter 2 in the If more, show first box and do you add essay sat, select Italic. Click Update and see the display change to two authors and display the et al in italics. By default, RefWorks inserts the fry essay word Anonymous in marco research, place of author names if the author field in a reference is meme left blank. If you want to being means, insert another word, such as Unknown, delete Anonymous and type Unknown.
If you want the field left blank, delete Anonymous and don't replace it with anything. Meme. If you want to jfk theories essay, replace the author with the title, click the Use Title box. Varies depending upon where the separator is located (i.e., between first and second author or between the fry essay meme second and third author, etc.). In our example under If only being means 2 use , press the spacebar type and (without the meme quote marks) then press the spacebar again. It will display as ( and essay, ). You need to include a space on each side of meme the and or the result will be John JonesandBob Smith. Leave the comma in the If more than 2 use box and in the Before Last box. Notice that there are spaces after the comma and before and after the and.
These settings may be different than the add essay settings for subsequent authors. Under Name select the correct order of the names for the output style. For example, if the style requires names to be last name first followed by a comma and space, then the first name and middle name, select Last, First Middle. The Initial box determines the format of the fry essay name. For example, if the first name should be a full name and middle name an initial only, you should select First M . Under Case Setting , select any casing requirements (Last name in uppercase or Entire name in uppercase).
These options determine the setting for all names after the first author. In many formats, the first author is Last, Middle First but all other authors are First Middle Last. The Precede With and Follow With fields determine what comes before and after the author in a reference that contains only one author. Do You Sat. If, as in our case, author is the fry essay meme first field in the reference, you do not want a preceding character so leave this box blank. If you want to follow the author with a period, leave the period in jfk theories, the Follow With box. Keep in mind that all fields in the Field Settings area have a Precede With and Follow With option. If you have Follow With characters of a period and a space and a Precede With in the very next field of a space what will actually show between the two fields will be a period and two spaces. The Precede With and meme, Follow With fields determine what comes before and do you, after the author field in a reference that contains multiple authors. Title Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary)
Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting , select None. To change it to Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the fry essay Case Setting box. Uppercase capitalizes the entire title (e.g., THIS IS THE ENTIRE TITLE), and Lowercase format all of the on holidays today characters as lowercase, even the first word in the title (e.g., this is the entire title). Title case capitalizes the fry essay first letter of the first word and all significant words in the title (e.g., This is the Entire Title). Words not capitalized in Title case include certain articles, prepositions and conjunctions such as a, an, and the. Essay For Emily. Sentence case capitalizes the first word of the meme title only (e.g., This is the entire title). Note: If you have proper nouns or specific words that MUST be capitalized or italicized in being, your bibliography, we recommend leaving the case setting option as None . Meme. When None is selected, RefWorks will print the paper title EXACTLY as it is fry essay entered in your database including casing and font attributes (bold, italic, underline, etc.).
Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting, select None. To change it to Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the Case Setting box.
Periodical Name Format: Some Periodicals have both a full name and an abbreviated name. Essay. For example, Journal of Biology may be abbreviated J.Biol. There are several options for the periodical name format. To choose to have a preference in using the full name or abbreviated name, select Full if present, otherwise abbreviated or Abbreviated if present, otherwise full. Or, you may specify using only fry essay meme one, full or abbreviated, by selecting Full Only or Abbreviated Only. If you use the abbreviation and want a particular mark to follow it add the mark to the Follow abbreviations with box.
Follow abbreviation with: Any entry in this field would be in addition to what you defined in the Field Settings area. Volume, Issue, Pub Year, and essay a rose, Pages Fields. Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is fry essay meme information only and essay on holidays, does not affect the formatting or output. Options for these fields are very similar. Because they are numeric fields, you may choose to add a numeric suffix to the field. RefWorks adds the appropriate suffix for meme the number.
Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the field (for example, if it should appear as Vol. 10, you need to essay on holidays today are no breaks, include the fry essay Vol. in the precedes area). Us History Paper. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the fry essay next field. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the field (for example, if the issue should appear as (1), you need to include a left parentheses ( in the Precedes With area and a right parentheses ) in jfk theories, the Follow With area. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to fry essay, precede or follow the on holidays are no breaks field. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Enter any preceding characters (fore example “p.” might be used -- make sure include a blank space after the p. if needed) . Fry Essay. Select the Page Range Setting (If you wanted the essay for emily output to show 149-159, select Full End Page, for the output to be 149-59, select Abbreviated End Page and for 149, you would select Start Page Only.) The program assumes you want to fry essay meme, separate pages with a dash. Adding this field to an output style allows you to type in your own text and format it as bold, underline, italics, superscript or subscript. Simply type the essay text in the Text to fry essay meme, insert box and click the box next to the appropriate format.
One common use for this is in the Book, Section reference type. A book section frequently requires you to include information on the book itself as well as the section information. You may need to create a format like: Book Section Title. American Means. In Book Title. In this case, you would type In in the Text to insert box and select Italic as the fry essay formatting option. All other fields with the exception of Descriptors have just the basic Field Settings. The Descriptors field also has an option for the separator between the words. Us History Paper. Some of fry essay these fields may be useful for various reasons. For example, if you are printing a bibliography from a reference list for a particular class you may want to term paper, include the notes field for fry essay meme reference. If you do not define a reference type, Report for example, and you import a reference that is a Report, RefWorks automatically uses the definition you created for the Generic type.
In general the Generic type is the same as the Journal reference type in the already defined formats. You can easily change this using the polo research paper Copy feature discussed above. If you selected Book for example, the Generic Reference is now patterned after the Book Reference Type. In the meme Bibliography Settings area you specify the overall layout of the bibliography. Verify that you are in the Bibliography area (the bibliography tab should be grey and prominent). Click Bibliography Settings to expand and display the settings options.
Select the appropriate sort order for the bibliography. In Order They Are Cited. References are listed in being american, the order they are cited in meme, the paper. All Authors, Year Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year. References with the being american exact same authors and meme, year are then sorted by title. All Authors Title. References are first sorted by the entire Author field. References with the same authors are then sorted by title. First Author, Year Other Authors.
References are sorted by the first author only, then, for references with the same first author, by for emily year. Fry Essay Meme. References with the same first author and year are then sorted based upon all other authors. First Author, Number of Authors Year. References are sorted by us history paper the first author only and then by the number of fry essay meme authors in the reference. For example, if the first author is the same, references with three authors sort before references with four. References with the american means same first author and the same number of authors are then sorted by fry essay meme year. Author, Year Ascending Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year with the being oldest first.
References with the exact same authors and year are then sorted by meme title. All Authors Title (MLA) This sort combines all authors and titles (for references with no author) into one sort. Other sorts place references without authors at jfk theories the top of the list. Title, Year descending.
References are sorted first by title and then by year with most recent articles at the top. Periodical, Year descending. Sorts by periodical name and then by year with the most recent at the top. Year descending, Author. Sorts first by year with the most recent at the top and within the same year by author. Year descending, Title. Sorts first by year with the most recent at fry essay the top and on holidays today are no, within the same year by fry essay meme title. Year descending, Periodical.
Sorts first by essay year with the most recent at fry essay meme the top and within the same year by periodical name. Year ascending, Title. Sorts first by year with the oldest at the top and within the same year by title. Sorts references by jfk theories the ID number. If the bibliography should have a title before it begins, type the title in the Reference List Title box. The title is automatically centered on the page when you view or print the document. Select Include empty fields in the reference output if, for example, you want the page number field included in the bibliography even if there is no page number in the reference.
If you do not select this option, RefWorks automatically takes out meme empty fields. Most output styles do not call for empty fields to be included, so this option should be cleared. Select Apply APA Rules for Electronic Source field inclusion if your style should follow the new APA guidelines that require inclusion of a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) if available, in the bibliography. When this option is selected, RefWorks will look for Digital Object Identifier (DOI) information for the reference and print that first. If there is no DOI in the reference, then the RefWorks will print the information in are no, the Links and the Retrieved Date fields. If there is no DOI or Links information, RefWorks will print the Database information for a particular reference.
This applies to all reference types except Unpublished Material and Web Pages. For Unpublished Material the Database and Retrieved Date will print if there is no DOI or Links. For Web Pages, the Accessed Date and Database will print if there is no DOI or Links. Note: This setting only applies to references where the Source Type field is set to Electronic . Under Indent Setting select the appropriate indent. Select Normal if the first line of each reference should be indented, Hanging if all lines except the first should be indented or None . Under Line Spacing , select the spacing to fry essay meme, apply to all lines within the reference. Your choices are Single , Double , or Triple . American. RefWorks automatically inserts one blank line between references in the bibliography. Make the appropriate selection from the drop-down box for consecutive works by the same author. Meme. In some cases it may be appropriate to substitute dashes for the author names. Enter the appropriate Precede with and Follow with characters for each reference. For example, you may want to follow each reference with a period.
Text After Bibliography could be used to specify punctation for all bibliography entries. Placing the ending punctuation in us history term paper, the bibliography settings would eliminate the need to include ending punctuation for every defined reference type.